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焊接检验员试卷


以下中文只作参考,如有不符,以英文为准。 焊接检验员试卷 (参考 AWS. D1.1:2004)
姓名 日期 分数

1. Which of the following is a basic joint configuration?以下哪项为基本接头类型? a. A tee joint T 型接头 b. A single V joint 单边 V 型

接头 c. A single J joint 单边 J 型接头 d. All of the above 以上所有 2. All the following are weld joints except :以下为焊缝接头,除了: a. A butt joint.对接接头 b. An edge joint.角接头 c. A groove joint 坡口接头 d. A lap joint.搭接接头 3. A non – fusion discontinuity that is located at the root area of a welded joint is called:焊接接头根部的 未熔缺陷称为: a. Porosity 气孔 b. A hot tear 热裂纹 c. Incomplete joint penetration.接头未熔透 d. All of the above 以上所有 (840℉) 449oC (840oF) 4. A process that uses a filler metal with a liquidus state that does not exceed 449℃ and that does not melt the base material is :使用温度不超过 449℃(840℉)的液态填充金属,但是不 会熔化母材,这一工艺称为: a. SMAW 手工焊条电弧焊 b. Brazing 铜焊 c. Soldering.钎焊 d. Resistance welding 电阻焊 5. The brazing process is commonly defined as a liquid – solid phase joining method accomplished at a temperature above :铜焊一般定义为在 温度以上进行的液固态连接方法: a. 232 o C (450 o F) b. 343 o C (650 o F) c. 449 o C (840 o F). d. 504 o C (940 o F) 6. A convex weld surface :凸起焊接表面: a. Curves inward 向内弯曲 b. Curves outward.向外弯曲 c. Contains a hollow 含有凹陷 d. Does both a and c above a 和 c 7. The welding process that is sometimes referred to as “ stick welding” is : “焊条电弧焊”的焊接工艺 为: a. SAW 埋弧焊 b. SMAW.手工焊条电弧焊 c. GMAW.熔化极气体保护电弧焊
1

d.

GTAW. 气体保护钨极电弧焊 中出现:

8. Tungsten inclusions are found during :夹钨现象通常在 a. GMAW 熔化极气体保护电弧焊 b. GTAW 气体保护钨极电弧焊 c. SMAW.手工焊条电弧焊 d. None of the above 以上都没有

9. Embrittlement, caused by a physical or chemical change in the metal, is a reduction in :由物理或化学变 化引起的金属变脆,是 的减弱: a. Ductility.延展性 b. Hardness 硬度 c. Hydrogen 含氢量 d. All of the above 以上所有 10.The fillet weld size is based on the :角焊缝的尺寸基于以下: a. Effective fillet weld throat.有效焊喉 b. Length of fillet weld.角焊缝长度 c. Theoretical weld.理论焊缝 d. Length of fillet weld leg 角焊角长度 11.In welding, temperature indicating sticks are used to monitor :在焊接中,测温仪用于监测: a. Preheat temperatures.预热温度 b. Postheat temperatures.后热温度 c. Interpass temperatures.层间温度 d. All of the above 以上所有 12.A discontinuity that appears as a series of the remelted dots beside a weld, resembling a trail left in striking a match is called :焊缝旁边出现的一系列再熔点缺陷,类似闪击留下的痕迹,称为: a. Linear porosity 线性孔 b. Arc strikes.电弧划伤 c. Undercut 咬边 d. Slag 焊渣 13.To be acceptable, a concave fillet weld must have an actual leg dimension that is :能被接受的凹角焊的 实际角尺寸必须: a. Longer than the size.长于理论尺寸 b. Shorter than the size 短于理论尺寸 c. Equal to the size 等于理论尺寸 d. Equal to the throat 和焊喉相等 14.The melting and fusing of the filler metal and base metal into a straight continuous weld pass is called a: 填充金属焊母材熔融填入直的连续焊道,称为 a. Multipass weld 多道焊接 b. Depressed bead 平焊 c. Stringer bead. 直焊 d. Weave pattern 摆动焊 15.A depression on the face of a fillet weld that reduces the cross section of the weld when measured at the depression is called :角焊缝表面量得的减少焊缝横截面的凹陷称为: a. Depressed bead 凹槽 b. Excessive convexity 过分凸起 c. Insufficient throat.焊喉不足
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d.

Insufficient leg 焊角不足

16. A protrusion or rollover of weld metal beyond the toe or root is called :超出焊趾或焊角的焊接金属突 起,称为: a. Overlap 焊瘤 b. Undercut.咬边 c. Reinforcement 加强 d. Overfill.过多填充 17.A round discontinuity that occurs in the weld and is then distributed in line, parallel with the weld is called:焊缝中的圆形不连续,呈 线性分布,与焊缝平行,这种不连续称为: a. Melt – through 熔透 b. Linear porosity.线性气孔 c. Cluster porosity 簇状气孔 d. A crack 裂纹 18.A welding process in which shielding is provided by the electrode covering is called :用电极遮盖物做 保护的焊接工艺称为: a. SMAW.手工焊条电弧焊 b. GTAW 气体保护钨极电弧焊 c. GMAW 熔化极气体保护电弧焊 d. Brazing 铜焊 19.A slag – type discontinuity is produced by :渣型不连续由 a. SMAW. 手工焊条电弧焊 b. GTAW 气体保护钨极电弧焊 c. GMAW 熔化极气体保护电弧焊 d. brazing 铜焊 产生:

20.Weld metal that completely fills the groove and is fused to the base metal throughout its total thickness is called:焊接金属完全填充坡口,并彻底熔穿母材,称为: a. Partial joint penetration 部分接头渗透 b. Plate thickness 钢板厚度 c. Theoretical throat 理论焊喉 d. Complete joint penetration.全熔透 21.A disadvantage of the GMAW process is: 熔化极气体保护电弧焊工艺的缺点为: a. That slag removal is required.需要清除焊渣 b. That there is an excessive amount of post – weld cleaning.需要超额的焊后清理 c. That shielding gas must be protected from draft 保护气体必须防风 d. All of the above.以上所有 22.On a welding symbol, the flag symbol indicates :在焊接符号中,旗状符号表示: a. A shop weld.车间焊缝 b. A repair weld.返修焊缝 c. A field weld 现场焊缝 d. Weld – all – around.整周焊缝 23.On a welding symbol, the horizontal line connecting the arrow and the tail is called the :在焊接符号中, 连接箭头和尾部的水平线称为: a. Main line 主线 b. Reference line.参考线 c. Symbol line 符号线
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d.

AWS line AWS 线

焊角角焊 24.The theoretical throat dimension for a 10 mm (0.4 inches) leg fillet weld is :10mm(0.4 英寸) 缝的理论焊喉尺寸为: a. 5 mm (0.2 inches) b. 7 mm (0.3 inches). c. 10 mm (0.4 inches) d. 13 mm (0.5 inches) 25.For a given size weld, the theoretical throat for a concave fillet weld is :对于给定尺寸焊缝,凹角焊理 论焊喉为: a. The same for a convex fillet weld 与凹角焊一样 b. Larger for a convex fillet weld.比凹角焊大 c. Smaller for a convex fillet weld.比凹角焊小 d. Equal to the effective throat.与有效焊喉一样 26.Overlap is a weld profile condition where the angle formed at the junction between the weld and base material is :在焊缝和母材连接处形成的交迭这种焊缝外形条件: a. Less the 90 degrees from the plate surface 与钢板表面小于 90° b. Equal to 90 degrees from the plate surface. 与钢板表面等于 90° c. Greater than 90 degrees from the plate surface. 与钢板表面大于 90° d. An internal flaw only detectable with ultrasonic testing.只能用超声波才能发现的缺陷 27.The most critical part of any weld is :任何焊接的主要部分为: a. The weld reinforcement.焊缝补强 b. Correct heat input.正确的热量输入 c. Polarity.极性 d. The root pass 根部焊道 28.The heat – affected zone is the portion of the :热影响区是 的一部分: a. Metal that is added to produce the weld joint.用于产生焊接接头的金属 b. Base metal that has been melted and solidified.被熔化并凝固的母材 c. Base metal that has not been melted but where properties have been altered by the welding heat 未 熔化,但因焊接而改变性能的母材 d. Original metal that is welded.焊接的原母材 29.Arc strikes are typically caused by :电弧点击一般由 引起: a. Molten particle splashed that are splashed out of the molten puddle 熔融坑飞溅出来的熔化颗粒 b. Excessive heat during the welding process 焊接过程中的过多热量 c. The use of improper or wet electrodes 使用不适合或湿焊条 d. Welding operator error.焊工错误 30.A welding inspector could expect to find a crater crack :焊接检验员希望在 发现表面裂纹: a. At the beginning of the weld.焊接开始时 b. Somewhere between the beginning and the end of the weld.焊接开始和结束时的某处 c. At either the beginning or the end of the weld 焊接开始或结束时 d. At the end of the weld.焊接结束时 31.The designer has detailed the joint B-U2-GF for the welding of two structural members. What is the acceptable range of root opening dimensions for that joint configuration ?设计人员详细规定了两个结 构部件的焊接接头 B-U2-GF。哪个是此接头可接受的根部间隙尺寸范围? a. 0 to 1/8” b. 1/16” to 3/16”
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c. 0 to ?” d. 0 to 3/16” e. None of the above 以上都不是 32.Which of the following would be an acceptable electrode for GMAW of 3” thick A514 steel ?厚度为 3 英寸的 A514 钢板的 GMAW,以下哪个是可接受的电焊条? a. E10XT b. ER100S c. ER110S d. All of the above 以上所有 e. None of the above 以上都不是 33.For the conditions listed in question #3, what is the required preheat and inter-pass temperature ?对问题 3#的条件,以下哪个是要求的预热和层间温度? a. 225?F minimum b. 225 ?F maximum c. 225 ?F Min. - 450 ?F Max. d. 225 ?F Min. – 400 ?F Max. e. None of the above 以上都不是 34.What is the depth of the undercut on this weld sample ?此焊接样本咬边的深度为? a. 1/16: b. .003 mm c. 1/32” d. 5.01 mm e. 1.5 mm 35.The weld reinforcement on this sample is 样本中焊缝补强为: a. 1/32” – 1/8” b. 0.8 mm – 3.2 mm c. ?” – 5/8” d. Both a and b a 和 b e. None of the above 以上都不是 The following information applies for questions 36 through 42 below: A welding procedure is being qualified for the welding of A514 plate for a bridge application. The welding process to be used is FCAW, and the weld configuration is a single-V-groove weld with a steel backing. The thickness of the test coupon is 1-1/2”. This procedure coupon is being welded in the 2G position. 根据信息,回答 36 至 42 题: 正评定的焊接工艺为用于桥梁的 A514 钢板。 使用 FCAW 工艺, 焊接形式为带有钢衬垫的单 V 型坡口。 试件厚度为 1-1/2”。试件焊接在 2G 位置。 36.What is a matching filler metal classification for this procedure ?哪个是此工艺的可匹配填充金属分 类? a. E11XT with a minimum impact strength of 20 ft-lbs at 0 ?F E11XT, ?F 的冲击强度至少为 20 ft-lbs 0 b. E10XT c. E8XT d. E8XT with a minimum impact strength of 20 ft-lbs at -18 ?C E8XT,-18 ?C 的冲击强度至少为 20 ft-lbs e. None of the above 以上都不是 37.What is the required preheat and inter-pass temperature for this procedure ?哪个是此工艺需要的预热 及层间温度? a. 150 ?C Min. - 205 ?C Max. b. 125 ?F Min. - 400 ?F Max.
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c. 50 ?C Min. - 230 ?C d. a and b above e. b and c above 38.For what thickness will this procedure be qualified if the required tests are passed successfully ?如果此 试验顺利通过,哪种厚度为此工艺评定的? a. ?” – 3” b. 3” maximum c. Unlimited d. ?” to 1-1/2” e. None of the above 39.Refer to “Acceptance criteria for ASTM A514 and A517 steel shall be based on visual inspection performed not less than 48 hours after completion of the weld.” the most probable reason for required a 48 hour delay in inspection is :关于“ASTM A514 和 A517 钢板的接受标准基于焊接完成至少 48 小 时后的目测“。需要 48 小时延时检验的最可能理由为” a. Provide adequate time for welding personnel to leave the area 考虑到足够的时间让焊接人员离开 现场 b. Permit repairs to be made before acceptance 允许在接受之前修补 c. Susceptibility of A514 and A517 materials to delayed hydrogen crackingA514 和 A517 材料的氢致 裂纹 d. Permit any weld porosity present at time of welding to clear up 允许在焊接时将焊接气孔清除干净 e. Weld surface slag is easier to remove after it has cooled. 冷却后,焊接表面焊渣易于清理 40.If the welder who performs this procedure qualification test is also qualified, in what positions is he qualified for procedure welding ?该工艺合格,同时该焊工合格,他可以焊接哪些位置? a. Horizontal groove and fillet welds in plate 钢板上的水平坡口和角焊缝 b. Flat and horizontal groove and fillet welds in plate. 钢板上的平放和水平坡口,以及角焊缝 c. Vertical groove and fillet welds in plate.钢板上的垂直坡口和角焊缝 d. Overhead groove and fillet welds in plate 钢板上的仰焊坡口和角焊缝 e. Flat groove welds only 只是平坡口焊缝 41.What is the F-number of the filler metal being used ?此填充金属使用什么 F 号码? a. 1 b. 3 c. 6 d. 5 e. None of the above 以上都不是 42.What test specimens are required for this qualification test ?此评定试验需要什么试件? a. 2 tensiles, 2 root bends, 2 face bends2 拉伸,2 根部弯曲,2 表面弯曲 b. 2 tensiles, 4 side bends2 拉伸,4 侧面弯曲 c. 2 tensiles, 2 macroetch specimens, 4 side bends4 拉伸,2 宏观腐蚀试验样块,4 侧面弯曲 d. 2 tensiles, 2 macroetch specimens, 2 root bends, 2 face bends2 拉伸,2 宏观腐蚀试验样块,2 根部 弯曲,2 表面弯曲 e. None of the above 以上都不是 43.during the evaluation of a guided bend test specimen, a 5/16” corner crack is observed. There is no evidence of slag inclusions or other fusion type discontinuities. The specimen is 在导向弯曲试件评定 中,发现一个 5/16”的角裂。没有含有焊渣或其他熔化型的不连续。此试件为: a. Acceptable 可接受 b. Rejectable because the crack is greater than ?”拒绝,因为裂纹大于?” c. Rejectable because the crack is greater than 1/8” 拒绝,因为裂纹大于 1/8”
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d. Disregarded and a replacement specimen taken from the original weldment 可以忽视,并用相同试 件替换 e. Disregarded and a replacement specimen take from a different weldment 可以忽视,并用不同试件 替换 The following information applies for questions #44 through #49 根据以下信息,回答 44 至 49 题 A welder is be qualified on a groove weld in the horizontal position on 8” schedule 80 using the SMAW process. The material being jointed is API 5L Grade X42 to API 5L Grade X52. 一个焊工考 8”的坡口横焊, 合格。被焊接的材料为 API 5L 等级 X42 至 API 5L 等级 X52。 44.For what thickness is this qualification valid ?此评定的有效厚度为? a. 5/16” – ?” b. ?” minimum – unlimited 最小?”—无限制 c. 0.187” minimum – unlimited 最小—无限制 d. All of the above 以上所有 e. None of the above 以上都不是 45.What is a recommended filler metal for this weld ?此焊接推荐使用 a. E6010 b. E7010 c. E7018 d. a or b above e. b or c above 填充金属:

46.For what range of diameters is this qualification valid ?此评定的有效直径覆盖范围为: a. ?” through 4” ?”至 4” b. 4” or smaller 4”或更小 c. 4” or larger4”或更大 d. All diameters 所有直径 e. Test diameter and above 测试直径及以上 47.What test specimens are required ?需要什么样的试块? a. 2 face bends, 2 root bends, 2 表面弯曲,2 根部弯曲 b. 1 face bend, 1 root bend1 表面弯曲,1 根部弯曲 c. 2 face bends, 2 root bends, 2 reduced section tensile2 表面弯曲,2 根部弯曲,2 拉伸 d. 4 side bends4 侧面弯曲 e. None of the above 以上都不是 48.What is the required preheat and inter-pass temperature for welding this joint ?焊接此接头需要的预热 和层间温度为? a. None 无 b. None as long as the base metal is above 32 ?F 无,只要母材高于 32 ?F c. 50 ?F minimum 至少 50 ?F d. 150 ?F minimum 至少 150 ?F e. None of the above 以上都不是 49.What F-number(s) apply to proper filler metal for this weld ?此焊接使用的填充金属的 F 号为? a. 1 & 6 b. 2 & 6 c. 6 & 21 d. 4 only 只是 4 e. None of the above 以上都不是 50.What is the heat input in J/in for a weld made with the GMAW process Using 26 volts, 260 amps and 6
7

in/min. travel speed ?在 GMAW 焊接过程中, 26V、260 安培,速度为 6 in/min,以焦耳计算的热 输入为:

Joules per inch =

Volts × Amps × 60 Travel Speed

电压 x 安培 x60 焦耳/英寸= 移动速度

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