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2014必修6module5


Module 5

Cloning

克隆

核心词汇 1.Jurassic Park is an i____________ land where there live dinosaurs. 2.—This dress makes me look fat. —N____________,you look great!

3.My opinion is i____________ with his.I completely agree with him. 4. The black mountain c____________ sharply with the white snow. 5.At present,a c____________ of the birth rate is still an emergency in some Asian countries. 6.His ____________(皱巴巴的)skins suggest that he is quite old. 7.____________(陪伴)by Hammond’s two grandchildren,they are sent on a tour through Jurassic Park. 8.All young men are required to do two years of ____________(强制性的)military service. 9.It is known to all that sunshine is ____________ to plants but not all know how it ____________ them.(benefit) 10.People are ____________ by ___________ attacks so they live in ____________ as the situation is ____________.(terrify) 高频短语 1.________________ (火)燃尽,烧完自灭 2.________________ 与……形成对照 3.________________ 扑倒在……上 4.________________ 错误地 5.________________ 把……当成……对待 6.________________ 依靠,依赖 7.________________ 如下 8.________________ 摧毁 9.________________ 摆脱控制 10.________________ 据我们所知 11.________________ 分解 重点句式 1.____________,he discovers the secret of how to create life. 还在上大学时,他就发现了怎样创造生命的秘密。 2.____________ on a cold November night ____________ I saw my creation for the first time. 那是一个寒冷的十一月份的晚上,我第一次看到了我的“杰作”。 3.I wish I ____________ this creature,I wish I ____________ on the other side of the world,I wish I ____________! 但愿我没有制造出这个家伙,但愿我身处世界的另一边,但愿我可以消失得无影无踪! 4.If you ______ clone a man, ______ you do it? 如果你会克隆人,你会做吗? 5.But ____________ would restrict the biodiversity of the breed. 但仅仅依靠少数克隆的动植物会限制生物的多样性。 句型梳理 1.【教材原句】 The novel immediately became very popular and it is generally agreed that it is one of the best science fiction stories ever written.(P57) 这部小说立即受到欢迎,并被一致认为是写得最好的科幻小说之一。 【句法分析】 (1)It is agreed that...是一个固定句式,意为“……被一致认为……”,其中 it 作形式 主语,that 引导的从句是主语从句,类似的结构如:

It is said/reported/believed/hoped/required/suggested/thought that...据说/据报道/人们相信/人们希望/人 们要求/人们建议/人们认为……。 ① It was agreed that we should hold another meeting. 大家一致同意我们应该再开一次会。 ② It is said that the couple have left the country. 据说那对夫妇已经离开了这个国家。 (2)注意下列句式的变化: ③ It is said that he has gone abroad.=He is said to have gone abroad.据说他已出国了。 ④ It is said that he is studying abroad.=He is said to be studying abroad.据说他正在国外学习。 ⑤ It has been suggested that bright children should take their exams early. =Bright children are suggested to take their exams early.有人建议天资聪明的孩子提前考试。 【即境活用】 13.Her husband is said ________ to study abroad.When do you know he left? A.to have gone B.to go C.going D.having gone 14.(2009 年高考全国卷Ⅱ )It is often ________ that human beings are naturally equipped to speak. A.said B.to say C.saying D.being said 2. 【教材原句】 I wish I had not created this creature, I wish I was on the other side of the world, I wish I could disappear!(P59) 但愿我没有制造出那个家伙,但愿我身处世界的另一边,但愿我可以消失无踪! 【句法分析】 wish 后面接一个宾语从句时,常常表示一种假想的情况,一般要用虚拟语气。宾 语从句中用虚拟语气一般分下列三种情况: (1)如果假想的情况与主语的愿望同时发生, 则宾语从句谓语动词用过去时, be 动词用 were 的形式。 ① I wish I knew what was going to happen. 但愿我知道将要发生什么事。 ② I wish I flew like a bird.我多么希望我能像鸟一样飞。 (2)假如宾语从句中的谓语发生在主语的愿望之前,则从句中的谓语动词应用过去完成时。 ③ They wished that they hadn’t lost the opportunity to realize their dream.他们多么希望他们没有失去 实现梦想的机会。 ④ (朗文 P2284)I wish I had been alive in the twenties. 我希望生活在 20 年代。 (3)如果宾语从句中假想的情况在主语的愿望之后发生,从句谓语动词用 “would/could+动词原形” 的形式。 ⑤ I wish that all the matter would have a good end. 我希望所有的一切会有一个好结局。 ⑥ I wish he wouldn’t go out every night. 但愿他不要每晚都出去。 【即境活用】 15.I wish I ________ a chance to talk with you about my writing before you left. A.have B.had C.had had D.will have 16.How I wish I ________ in medicine instead of history when I was at college! A.had majored B.should major C.majored D.would major .单项填空 1.News reports say peace talks between the two countries ________ with no agreement reached. A.have broken down B.have broken out C.have broken in D.have broken up 2.—The ceremony has already started.

—Look!The flag is ________ now. A.being raised B.risen C.being rose D.raising 3.Isn’t it time that you________someone’s life________easier? A.will make;a bit B.made;a lot of C.made;a bit D.have;a little 4.I was still sleeping when the fire________,and then it spread quickly A.broke out B.put out C.came out D.got out 5.—I have got a headache. —No wonder. You ________ in front of that computer too long. A.work B.are working C.have been working D.worked 6.The village has developed a lot________we learned farming two years ago. A.when B.which C.that D.where 7.After graduation from high school,I went to college;______,all my friends got wellpaid jobs. A.meanwhile B.while C.when D.besides 8.—Congratulations! —Thank you.But for your help,we ________ in the experiment. A.will never succeed B.shouldn’t have succeeded C.couldn’t have succeeded D.mustn’t have succeeded

参考答案 1.imaginary 2.Nonsense 3.identical 4.contrasts,5.control 6.wrinkled 7.Accompanied 8.compulsory 9.beneficial;benefits 10.terrified;terrorist;terror;terrifying 1.burn out 2.contrast with 3.throw oneself on...,4.by mistake 5.treat...as 6.rely on 7.as follows,8.knock out 9.get out of control 10.as far as we know,11.break down 1.While studying at university 2.It was; that 3.had not created; was; could disappear 4.could; would 5.to rely on a few cloned animals or crops 句型梳理 1.【教材原句】 The novel immediately became very popular and it is generally agreed that it is one of the best science fiction stories ever written.(P57) 这部小说立即受到欢迎,并被一致认为是写得最好的科幻小说之一。 【句法分析】 (1)It is agreed that...是一个固定句式,意为“……被一致认为……”,其中 it 作形式 主语,that 引导的从句是主语从句,类似的结构如: It is said/reported/believed/hoped/required/suggested/thought that...据说/据报道/人们相信/人们希望/人 们要求/人们建议/人们认为……。 ① It was agreed that we should hold another meeting. 大家一致同意我们应该再开一次会。 ② It is said that the couple have left the country. 据说那对夫妇已经离开了这个国家。 (2)注意下列句式的变化: ③ It is said that he has gone abroad.=He is said to have gone abroad.据说他已出国了。 ④ It is said that he is studying abroad.=He is said to be studying abroad.据说他正在国外学习。 ⑤ It has been suggested that bright children should take their exams early. =Bright children are suggested to take their exams early.有人建议天资聪明的孩子提前考试。 【即境活用】 13.Her husband is said ________ to study abroad.When do you know he left? A.to have gone B.to go C.going D.having gone 解析:选 A。句意:据说她丈夫已出国学习去了。你知道他是什么时候走的吗?It is said that sb.... 可以转换成 Sb.is said to do...,再者,由后一问句可知“他已经走了”,所以用 to do 不定式的完成式, 故选 A。 14.(2009 年高考全国卷Ⅱ )It is often ________ that human beings are naturally equipped to speak. A.said B.to say C.saying D.being said 解析:选 A。句式结构 It is said that...“据说……;人们常说……”。it 为形式主语,指代 that 从句。 本句话的意思为“人们常说,人天生具有语言能力。” 2. 【教材原句】 I wish I had not created this creature, I wish I was on the other side of the world, I wish I could disappear!(P59) 但愿我没有制造出那个家伙,但愿我身处世界的另一边,但愿我可以消失无踪! 【句法分析】 wish 后面接一个宾语从句时,常常表示一种假想的情况,一般要用虚拟语气。宾 语从句中用虚拟语气一般分下列三种情况: (1)如果假想的情况与主语的愿望同时发生, 则宾语从句谓语动词用过去时, be 动词用 were 的形式。 ① I wish I knew what was going to happen. 但愿我知道将要发生什么事。 ② I wish I flew like a bird.我多么希望我能像鸟一样飞。 (2)假如宾语从句中的谓语发生在主语的愿望之前,则从句中的谓语动词应用过去完成时。

③ They wished that they hadn’t lost the opportunity to realize their dream.他们多么希望他们没有失去 实现梦想的机会。 ④ (朗文 P2284)I wish I had been alive in the twenties. 我希望生活在 20 年代。 (3)如果宾语从句中假想的情况在主语的愿望之后发生,从句谓语动词用 “would/could+动词原形” 的形式。 ⑤ I wish that all the matter would have a good end. 我希望所有的一切会有一个好结局。 ⑥ I wish he wouldn’t go out every night. 但愿他不要每晚都出去。 【即境活用】 15.I wish I ________ a chance to talk with you about my writing before you left. A.have B.had C.had had D.will have 解析:选 C。句意是:我真是希望在你离开之前与你谈一谈我的写作问题。根据“before you left”可 知,说话者是表达与过去事实相反的愿望,所以要用过去完成时。 16.How I wish I ________ in medicine instead of history when I was at college! A.had majored B.should major C.majored D.would major 解析:选 A。动词 wish 后面宾语从句中的谓语动词需用虚拟语气,表示与过去事实相反用过去完 成时。根据 when I was at college 判断,这里要表达的是与过去事实相反的愿望,故用 had majored。 单项填空 1.News reports say peace talks between the two countries ________ with no agreement reached. A.have broken down B.have broken out C.have broken in D.have broken up 解析: 该题考查动词短语的用法区别。 break down 表示“(计划、 谈判等)失败; 坚持不下去了”; break out 表示“(战争、火灾、疾病等)爆发;发生”;break in 意思是“强行进入;插嘴”;break up 表示“分 开;拆散;散会;放学”。根据句中 with no agreement reached 可知,两国和平谈判失败。 答案:A 2.—The ceremony has already started. —Look!The flag is ________ now. A.being raised B.risen C.being rose D.raising 解析:本题考查时态和语态。is being raised 表示“正在被升起”。 答案:A 3.Isn’t it time that you________someone’s life________easier? A.will make;a bit B.made;a lot of C.made;a bit D.have;a little 解析:句意:“难道不该是你使别人生活得舒适的时候了吗?”It’s time that...从句用虚拟语气,谓语 动词用 made 或 should make;a lot of 不可修饰比较级,故答案是 C。 答案:C 4.I was still sleeping when the fire________,and then it spread quickly A.broke out B.put out C.came out D.got out 解析:句意:“我还在睡觉突然失火了,而且火势迅速蔓延”。本题旨在考查词义辨析,根据题意答 案为 A。 答案:A 5.—I have got a headache.

—No wonder. You ________ in front of that computer too long. A.work B.are working C.have been working D.worked 解析:句意:“我现在头痛。”“这不奇怪;你在电脑前一直工作这么长时间。”考查时态,work 这 个动作从过去开始,一直延续到现在仍在进行,故答案是 C。 答案:C 6.The village has developed a lot________we learned farming two years ago. A.when B.which C.that D.where 解析:考查定语从句。首先应确定先行词为 the village,再根据从句中不缺主语、宾语且已有时间 状语,很容易得出答案。 答案:D 7.After graduation from high school,I went to college;______,all my friends got wellpaid jobs. A.meanwhile B.while C.when D.besides 解析:句意是:“高中毕业后,我上大学去了,同时,我的朋友全都找到了收入不错的工作”。此处 指“我去上大学的同时”,所以要用 meanwhile。另外,while 和 when 后面不会出现逗号。besides 意为“除此之外”。 答案:A 8.—Congratulations! —Thank you.But for your help,we ________ in the experiment. A.will never succeed B.shouldn’t have succeeded C.couldn’t have succeeded D.mustn’t have succeeded 解析:句意:“祝贺!”“谢谢你!要不是你的帮助,我们的实验不会成功的。”根据“But for your help” 可知,要用虚拟语气,couldn’t have succeeded“本来不可能成功”。 答案:C


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