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专题13 语法填空之词性转换


专题 13 语法填空之词性转换 语法填空之:用括号中词语的正确形式填空 分类: 一. 动词题: (1) 缺谓语,要考虑人称 , 时态,语态。 , 。 (2) 已有谓语考虑填非谓语动词, 即 doing, to do,done. , 。 ① 作主语,经常性发生动作用 V-ing,某次特定动作用 to do 注意:在疑问句和 there is no?用型中用 V-ing 而不用 to do ② 作目的状语或在形容词后作状语,一般用 to do ③ 作伴随状语,通常用分词:与逻辑主语是主动关系,用 V-ing 形式,被动则用 done 形式 二. 词类转换题 (1) 用名词:注意单复数 ①作主语 ②作宾语 (及物动词,介词后) ③被形容词,形容词性物主代词(his, my, your 等),或冠词(+形容词)修饰。 (2) 用形容词:①作表语(系动词后,如:be, feel, sound, remain, stay, turn, get 等 ②作定语(修饰名词) ③作补语 (表性质状态) (3)用副词: ①修饰动词 ②修饰形容词 ③修饰副词 ④修饰整个句子 ⑤作状语 (4)词性不变,需要词根前加 un, im, in, il, ir, dis 等 或在词根后加 less 等 (5)若括号给出动词,也可能考虑词类转换,若给出形容词或副词,有可能考察其比较级 和最高级 I.单句语法填空 1. ---It was_________ (embarrass) that I made several pauses in my speech. ---Forget it. After all, it was your first speech. 2. I’m calling to enquire about the position _______(advertise) in yesterday’s China Daily. 3. Columbus is said to _______ (discover) America in 1492. 4. We can win the _____(argue) if we present the facts clearly. 5. Beautifully _______(locate) in a quiet spot near the river, the hotel attracts a lot of people to stay. 6. _______(transport) goods by train can reduce pollution in a way. 7. If you can’t get through to her, try _________(phone) her mother. 8. --- Why are you so late? --- I was in half the way when it _____(occur)to me that I had left my notebook home, so I

had to fetch it. 9. _____(thank) , I managed to get through the game and the pain was worth it in the end. 10. Diet and exercise are _____(equal) important .

11. If the population of the Earth keeps on increasing at its present rate, there will eventually not be enough resources ________(leave) to support life on the planet. 答案 left 过去分词做后置定语。 12. By the middle of the 21st century, if present trends continue, we _________(use)up all the oil that drives our cars, 答案。

13. He looked up and there came the teacher with a look in her eyes that said he
(discover). 答案

______

14. When we are young we are full of energy. We have the __3___(good)conditions in our lives. Good memories, good understandings and so on. 答案 best.考查最高级。根据 in our lives 可知此处要用形容词的最高级形式。

15. Last weekend as I was riding in the bike lane alongside the truck, we reached a crossing and it turned to the right, (hit) me and my bicycle 答案 hitting.考查非谓语动词。主句的主语 it 是 hit 的逻辑主语,而且是主谓关系,故用现在 分词。 16. Even days after I reported the event to the police, they failed to (proper) solve this situation or even return my calls. 答案 properly.修饰动词要用副词。 17. Eventually, I decided (contact) University Student Legal Services for help about this matter. 答案 to contact. decide to do sth.决定干某事。 18. The small damage may not seem worth all the trouble, but what if I had been seriously (injure)? 答案:injured.此处用 injured 为形容词“受伤的” 。 19. Maybe it is true that we do not know what we have got until we lose it, but it is also true that we do not know what we have been (miss)until it arrives.

答案:missing.根据句意此处要用现在完成进行时。 20. Do not rely on (wealthy), because there is something that is more valuable. 答案:wealth.介词后要用名词。


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