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必修四 Unit2 Reading 1


Unit 2

Working the land

Rice is our main food. What will happen if there is suddenly no rice to eat?
?

In the late 1990s, Brown, an American scholar, came up with the theory of Chinese Menace(威胁), which said that in the 2030s, Chinese population will add up to 1.6 billion, and had the question who would feed the large population in China as well as in the world.

Just at that time, a Chinese scientist declared to the world that China can solve the problem by himself and help to solve the same problem in the world.

A Pioneer For All People
Yuan Longping

“Father of Hybrid Rice”

1.Fast reading
Read the text quickly and then match the following main ideas with the right paragraphs.

Main idea of each paragraph

Para 1

A. Dr Yuan’s dreams.

Para 2
Para 3 Para 4

B. Dr Yuan’s personality.
C. Dr Yuan’s biography. D. Dr Yuan’s appearance and his achievements.

2.Careful reading:
Read the passage carefully and finish the following tasks.

Para. 1 Dr Yuan’s appearance and his achievements

Q1: What does Dr Yuan look like?
He has a sunburnt face and arms and a slim, strong body. He is more like a farmer than a scientist.

Q2: What is his achievement?
He grows what is called super hybrid rice, which makes it possible to produce 20% more of the crop in the same fields.

Para. 2
Time 1930
1953 As a young man

Dr Yuan’s biography
events

Born in 1930
Graduated from southwest agricultural college

Hunger was a great problem

Saw the great need for increasing the rice output
200 million tons was produced

In a recent harvest now

Circulating his knowledge

Para. 3 1) Dr Yuan’s personality
① Which of the following description about Dr Yuan’s personality is not true?

A. He is satisfied with his life because he is now rich
and famous.

B. He cares little about money and fame.
C. He would rather work than lead a comfortable life.

D. He enjoys a simpler life than most rich
and famous people.

Can you use some words to describe Dr. Yuan’s personality?

intelligent

hard-working
active

confident
selfless

determined

modest
energetic

Para. 3 2) Dr Yuan’s Hobbies:
listening to violin music playing mah-jong swimming reading

Para.4

Dr Yuan’s dreams 1) The first dream

2) The second dream

1) The first dream:

Para.4

Produce a kind of rice that could feed more people

? plant-- as tall as sorghum ? ear-- as big as a corn ? grain-- as huge as a peanut

Para.4 To export his rice so that it can be grown all over the world

3. Summary -- Fill in the blanks
Yuan Longping, who grows what is called ______ super hybrid rice, was born into a poor farmer’s family in 1930. When he was young he found hunger was a disturbing _________ problem in many parts of the countryside. So he searched for a way to increase rice harvests without _________ expanding the area of the fields. In 1974, he became the first agricultural pioneer in the world to grow rice that has a high ______. output This special strain of rice makes it possible to produce 20% more of the crop in the same fields.

3. Summary -- Fill in the blanks
_________ Thanks to his research, the UN has more tools in the battle _____ to rid the world of hunger. Yuan Longping is quite _________ satisfied with his life. He feels being famous gives him less __________ freedom to do his research, and he also cares little about money, _________ ______ therefore he gives millions of yuan to equip others for their research in agriculture.

How to solve hunger? Prevent the pests from eating our crops Improve the quality of the soil ★ Reduce the waste of food

Develop the technology to…
Make good use of the waste land

Invent a new kind of food…

5. Consolidation --paraphrase and translating
1. Although he is one of China's most famous scientists, Yuan Longping considers himself a farmer, for he works the land to do his research.
(Line 1-2,Para 1)

→ Yuan Longping thinks he is just a farmer, even though he is one of the greatest scientists in China. →尽管是中国最著名的科学家之一,袁隆平仍然认为自己是个农
民,因为他在田里耕作,进行科学研究。

5. Consolidation --paraphrase and translating
2. As a young man, he saw the great need for increasing the rice output. (Line12-14,Para 2) →When he was a young man, he knew how important it was to produce bigger rice crops. →年轻时,他就看到了稻田增产的巨大需求。

5. Consolidation --paraphrase and translating
3. At that time, hunger was a disturbing problem in many parts of the countryside. (Line 14-15,Para 2) →At that time/ Then, much of the countryside was troubled by hunger. →当时,饥荒是许多农村地区面临的严重问题。

5. Consolidation --paraphrase and translating
4. Using his hybrid rice, farmers are producing harvests twice as large as before.(Line 23-24, Para 2) → As they use his hybrid rice, farmers are producing twice as much rice as before.
→用他的杂交水稻种子,农民种出的粮食比以前多了一倍

5. Consolidation --paraphrase and translating
5. Spending money on himself or leading a comfortable life also means very little to him. (Line 28-29,Para 3) → He is not interested in buying things for himself or in having a comfortable life. →在自己身上花钱或者享受舒适的生活对袁博士 来说意义不大。

5. Consolidation --paraphrase and translating
6. Just dreaming for things, however, costs nothing. (Line 31,Para 4) → It does not cost anything to dream for something. →梦想是不花本钱的。


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