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2013版高考英语 专题强化测评(四)动词和动词短语

2013 版英语高考专题辅导与训练精练精析(SDZY) :专题强化测评(四)动词和 动词短语
(限时 30 分钟) Ⅰ. 单项填空 1. The bridge being built in Hainan province fell down, so those who _______ the project were severely punished. A. applied to C. took charge of B. looked out for D. took the place of

2. [2011·抚州模拟]My computer has a virus. I asked my friend to take a look at it. She can _______ any computer problems. A. get out C. take out B. pick out D. sort ou t

3. [2011·南昌模拟]We were going to go out, but _______ watching TV at home because of rain. A. took up C. set out B. came out D. ended up

4. The school has very strict rules about cheating in exams, so no one can _______ it. A. play a trick on C. get away with B. account for D. look forward to

5. [2011·临沂模拟]The secret of her success may _______ the fact that she knows when to study and when to play. A. result in C. fill in B. lie in D. take in

6. [2011·济南模拟]The town was surrounded by the enemy, but the people in town _______ until help came a month later. A. took off C. got up B. gave in D. held out

7. You’re telling me a lie. Your facial expression has _______. A. given you away C. given you off 8. This company is closing up, B. given you out D. given you up so lots of workers will be _______.

A. laid down C. laid off

B. laid out D. laid aside

9. She waited until the footsteps had _______ and everything became silent. A. died down C. died away B. died out D. died off

10. —Did he say anything that _______ you especially? —Not really. Actually I slept through his speech. A. adjusted to C. referred to B. attached to D. appealed to

11. The children cheered up when they saw hundreds of colorful balloons _______ slowly into the sky. A. floating B. raising C. marching D. rising

12. Reading _______ the mind only with materials of knowledge; it is thinking that makes what we read ours. A. furnishes B. covers C. satisfies D. instructs

13. —I’d like to go to the cinema with you, Dad. —Sorry, my darling, but the film is _______ for adults only. A. permitted B. promised C. intended D. designed

14. It’s too early to say whether IBM’s competitors wil l be able to _______ their products to the changing market. A. contribute B. adapt C. attach D. adopt

15. They will _______ their laptop computer brand in the newspaper, with a 10 percent discount for the customers. A. inform B. advertise C. announce D. publish

16. Since then many movies from the mainland have won various awards. Meanwhile, movies made in Taiwan and Hong K ong have _______ international fame,too. A. developed C. accepted B. achieved D. became

17. I’m a shy guy. It _______ me most when a stranger stares at me for a long time. A. excites C. frightens B. disappoints D. embarrasses

18. How badly reform is needed was _______ recently by the rising youth crime figures. A. suspected C. influenced 19. My plan _______, and I got them to agree. A. did B. worked C. accepted D. got B. indicated D. announced

20. —Will a pencil _______? —I’m afraid not. Only a pen can be used in the exam. A. count Ⅱ. 完形填空 Searra, an eight-year-old brain cancer patient, was a “regular” in the Radiation Department. With my office located near the 21 , I could hear Searra, also called CC, coming. Several 22 CC. B. fit C. do D. satisfy

steps behind, CC’s grandmot her, also called Mommie, would follow as she tried

I had prepared toys and coloring materials for her in my office. When she walked into the 23 , it was time to socialize with us and to see what she could color for 24 before

her treatment. I was surprised by the love CC had for Mommie. she was feeling, every reply referred to her time 27 25 26 I asked her about home life, or how with Mommie, the funny stories they 28 with radiation treatment, the

and how much she loved her. When CC was first

therapists(治疗专家) told her they’d give her a quarter each day if she promised to keep her 29 still on the treatment table. So on the last day of 6-week treatment, the therapists 31 32 30

what big toy she was going to buy with all her buy a toy. I’m going to buy something for Mommie

. CC replied, “Oh, I am not going to a ll the nice things she does for me. ” 33 showed that loving others 34 at

CC taught me about what is really important in life. She

is the best gift you can give another. Certainly, CC has an excuse to complain or be the world for a childhood totally heard her 36 35

from other children’s in her class. I have never 37 energy level, which keeps

about her hairless head, swollen body or

her from playing outside. CC reminds me not to 38 the love people give us for granted and to look beyond the 39 to be more thankful

superficiality(表面情况) that is often found in daily life. I am

for what I have today and not to complain what is behind me or what lies ahead. CC, just like many other cancer patients, is a true 40 , so let’s make the best of what we have today.

21. A. road 22. A. coming up with C. keeping up with 23. A. hospital C. studio 24. A. herself 25. A. Whenever C. However 26. A. spent 27. A. said 28. A. cured C. treated 29. A. leg 30. A. realized 31. A. checks C. bills 32. A. unlike C. as to 33. A. constantly C. never 34. A. excited C. surprised 35. A. similar 36. A. talk 37. A. high 38. A. look 39. A. reminded C. requested 40. A. girl C. exception

B. car

C. store B. putting up with D. keeping in touch with B. department D. waiting room

D. entrance

B. Mommie

C. doctors B. Whatever D. Wherever

D. nurses

B. taken B. shared

C. cost C. spared B. experienced D. experimented

D. wasted D. told

B. face B. noticed

C. head C. knew B. belongings D. change B. because of D. in front of B. seldom D. occasionally B. curious D. angry

D. hand D. wondered

B. familiar B. think B. normal B. take

C. different C. complain C. full C. link B. informed D. admitted B. example D. patient

D. unfortunate D. ask D. low D. think


做完上面完形填空再拓展一下自己的知识吧! 【知识积累】 (1)the Radiation Department a quarter swollen adj. socialize with sb. 放射科 二十五美分 肿胀的 与某人交往

(2)She constantly showed that loving others is the best gift you can give another. 她经常向人们展示的是:“爱一个人是你能给她(他)的最好的礼物。” 主从复合句,that 引出宾语从句作及物动词 show 的宾语。句尾是个省略了 that 的定语从句,修饰先行词 the best gift。that 在从句中作 give 的宾语。 【拓展提升】 用方框中所给的短语填空 prepare. . . for. . . ;socialize with;refer to;take. . . for granted;make the best of 1. Although she didn’t mention any names, everyone knew who she was _______. 2. Excuse me for not introducing you to Kermit. I _______ it _______ that you two knew each other. 3. Since we can’t get any new equipment right now, let’s _______ what we have. 4. People don’t _______ their neighbours as much as they used to. 5. The Chicago Bears are busy _______ themselves _______ the big game.


答案解析 1.【解析】选 C。考查动词短语。句意:在海南省正建的一座大桥倒塌了,因此负责这项工程的那些人受 到了严惩。apply to 应用于;look out for 小心;take charge of 负责;take the place of 代替。 2.【解析】选 D。考查动词短语的辨析。根据题意“她能解决电脑出现的任何问题”可知答案。sort out 解决,整理;pick out 辨别, 选出,挑出;take out 取出;get out 离开,出去。 3.【解析】选 D。考查动词短语。句意:我们本打算出去,但由于下雨最终在家看电视了。end up doing 最终做了某事;take up 占据,从事;come out 出来,出版;set out 开始。 4. 【解析】 C。 选 考查动词短语。 句意: 这所学校对考试作弊有严格的规定, 没人能逃避惩罚。 away with get 做坏事而逃避或不受责备、惩罚;play a trick on 戏弄;account for 占据,是??的原因;look forward to 盼望。 5.【解析】选 B。考查动词短语。句意:她成功的秘密可能在于她知道劳逸结合。result in 导致;lie in 在于;fill in 补充,消磨掉;take in 吸收。 6.【解析】选 D。考查动词短语。句意:城镇被敌人包围了,但是城镇的人坚持到底,直到一个月后救援 到来。take off 起飞,事业腾飞;give in 屈服;get up 起来;hold out 坚持。 7.【解析】选 A。考查动词短语。句意:你在说谎。你的面部表情已经出卖了你。give. . . away 出卖, 暴露;give. . . out 使??精疲力竭;give off 发出(气味、光等);give up 放弃。

8.【解析】选 C。句意:这个公司就要停业了,所以很多工人将会被解雇。lay down 中断,放弃;lay out 把??打昏,布置;lay off 解雇;lay aside 把 ??放在一边。 9.【解析】选 C。考查动词短语的辨析。句意:她一直等到脚步声渐渐消失,一切归于平静。die away (声 音、光线等)慢慢减弱直至消失;die down(程度上)由强变弱;die out(种族、习惯、观念等)绝迹, 消失;die off(一个接一个地)死去。 10.【解析】选 D。考查动词短语。问句句意:他说的话里有特别吸引你的内容吗?adjust to 适应;attach to 依附于;refer to 提到,指的是。appeal to(某物)吸引(某人) 。 11.【解析】选 D。考查动词。句意:看到数百个彩球慢慢地飞上天,孩子们欢呼起来。rise 上升,升起, 上涨,是不及物动词, rise into the sky 升上天空。float 指在液体的表面“漂浮”;raise 升高,提高, 是及物动词,要带宾语;march 行军,进行。 12.【解析】选 A。考查动词的词义辨析。句意:阅读为大脑只是提供知识的原料,思考才能使其变为我们 的东西。furnish. . . with. . . 在此意为“为??提供??”。cover 覆盖;satisfy 满足;instruct 指导。 13.【解析】选 C。考查动词。此处意为“这部电影是仅给成年人播放的”。be intended for sb. / sth.

为某人或某目的而设计或编写。 14.【解析】选 B。考查动词。句意:断言 IBM 的竞争对手是否能将产品改进以适应变化的市场还为时尚早。 adapt . . . to. . . 使??适应??。contribute 捐赠,投稿;attach. . . to. . . 把??附在?? 上;adopt 收养,采纳。 15.【解析】选 B。考查动词。句意:他们将在报纸上为他们的笔记本电脑做广告,顾客可享受 10%的折扣。 advertise sth. 登广告。 inform sb. of sth. 通知某人某事;announce 宣布;publish 发表。 16.【解析】选 B。考查动词。后一句的句意:同时,台湾和香港制作的电影也获得了国际名声。achieve / win / find / gain fame 赢得名声。 17.【解析】选 D。考查动词。句意:我非常害羞。若一个陌生人长时间盯着我看,我会非常尴尬的。此处 表示“使人感到尴 尬”,故应使用 embarrass。excite 使人激动;disappoint 使人失望;frighten 使人 害怕。 18.【解析】选 B。考查动词的词义辨析。句意:最近不断上升的青少年犯罪人数表明改革是多么迫切。 indicate 表示表明,暗示。suspect 怀疑;influence 影响;announce 宣布。 19.【解析】选 B。考查动词。句意:我的计划奏效了,我让他们同意了。do 行,可以,work 奏效,起作 用,C、D 都是及物动词,可排除,根据句意应选 B。 20.【解析】选 C。考查动词。句意:——铅笔行吗? ——恐怕不行。考试只能用钢笔。do 在这里表示“行, 可以”,符合句意。count 有价值,重要;fit 合适;satisfy 满足。 21.【解析】选 D。因为我的办公室在“入口(entrance)”处,所以能够听到 CC 来了。 22.【解析】选 C。奶奶在后面想赶上 CC,所以选 keeping up with。 23.【解析】选 B。CC 是我们放射科的常客,所以她每次走进我们“科室(department)”,就和我们联 络一下感情,hospital 范围太大。 24.【解析】选 B。下文只提及了 Mommie,提到 CC 对 Mommie 的爱,所以应该是为 Mommie 画点什么。 25.【解析】选 A。该句句意是每当我问及她的家庭生活时,所以用 whenever。 26.【解析】选 A。CC 会提到与奶奶一起“度过(spent)”的时光。 27.【解析】选 B。此处应该是她们一起“分享(shared)”过的故事。 28.【解析】选 C。根据下文应是对 CC 进行放射“治疗(treat)”。 29.【解析】选 C。文章提到这女孩是脑癌患者,治疗部位当然是头部。 30.【解析】选 D。根据此处情景,她的治疗专家都很“想知道(wonder)”她想买什么玩具。 31.【解析】选 D。她用的是六个星期的治疗中积攒的“零钱(change)”。 32.【解析】选 B。她想给奶奶买东西,是因为奶奶为她所做的美好的一切,所以用 because of。 33. 【解析】 A。 选 根据第三段每当问及家庭生活时, 都会说到她奶奶, CC 所以小女孩“常常 (constantly) ”

向人展现“爱一个人是你所能给她(他)的最好的礼物”。 34.【解析】选 D。CC 并没有因为命运对她不公而抱怨,或者是感到“生气(angry)”。 35. 解析】 C。 【 选 因为癌症, 她经常得接受治疗, 所以 CC 的生活自然与其他同龄人“不一样 (different) ”。 36.【解析】选 C。小女孩有理由“抱怨(complain)”,但她从不抱怨。 37.【解析】选 D。她是一名癌症患者,所以体能自然就较“低(low)”。 38.【解析】选 B。CC 提醒了我不要认为别人对我们的爱是理所当然的。take something for granted 认 为某事理所当然。 39.【解析】选 A。小女孩的行为“提醒(reminded)”了“我”应该感激我们现在所拥有的,而不是去抱 怨我们的过去或者是将来。上一句中的 CC reminds me 也是提示信息。 40.【解析】选 B。一个八岁的小女孩与病魔作斗争,并关爱她周围的人,给我们每个人树立了真正的“典 范(example)”。 【拓展提升】 1. referring to 4. socialize with 2. took; for granted 5. preparing; for 3. make the best of


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