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(精讲特训)2014高考英语 考前必备导学案 Unit1 Great scientists(新人教版必修5)


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2014 高考考前争分必备导学案:Unit1 Great scientists(人教版,必修五)

假定你是李华,希望通过外籍教师 Peter 找一个英语笔友。请写一封短信,描述一下你理想中笔友的 条件,并说明为什么选这样的笔友。具体条件包括:年

龄;性别;爱好(旅游、运动、宠物等)。注意: 1.词数 100 左右; 2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯; 3.开头语已为你写好。 Dear Peter, I?m writing to ask whether you are able to do me a favor. I want to have a pen friend, hopefully a girl in her early twenties, and with interests similar to mine. In my mind, she is someone who is interested in traveling, swimming, and playing table tennis. Besides, it would be better for her to have a pet dog as I have kept one at home for some time. With such a pen friend, I think I can share with her our traveling experiences, taking care of pets, or whatever we have in common. And I believe I will improve my English by doing so and learn more about her country. I look forward to hearing from you soon. Best regards, Li Hua ●单元知识必背 1.Conclude 断定,推断出;(使)结束。达成(协定) (1) We may conclude from his appearance that he is a heavy smoker. We may conclude him to be a heavy smoker from his appearance. (2)He concluded his speech with some amusing remarks. (3)A trade agreement was concluded between the two countries. (4)in conclusion,to conclude 总之 draw a conclusion 得出结论 jump to conclusions 贸然断定 2.attend vt.&vi. 出席;参加;照料,护理 (1) attend a meeting/wedding /a lecture/college/church 听报告,上大学,做礼拜 (2) Are you being attended to, Sir? 先生,有人接待您吗? (3) I have some urgent business to attend to/deal with. (4) Attend carefully to what she is saying.注意,留神看,倾听 (5) The president was attended by severa l members of his staff.陪同,伴随 3. expose 暴露,揭露,显露,使接触 (1) Don?t expose your skin to direct sunlight, or you?ll get burnt. Exposed to direct sunlight, your skin will get burnt. (2) She was exposed as a liar.
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(3) He smiled suddenly, exposing a set of amazingly white teeth. (4) We want to expose the kids to art and culture as much as possible. 4. cure 治愈,矫正 (1)The doctor can't cure her of the cancer. (2)Nothing can cure you of your bad habits. (3)This is cure for SARS. 5. absorb 吸收,吸进(液体、气体等);理解,获取(信息); (1)absorb water/light/heat (=take in) 吸收水/光/热 (2) Did you absorb everything the professor said? (3)He was absorbed in deep thought. 6. suspect 怀疑;不信任 n 嫌疑犯 (1)I began to suspect that they were trying to get rid of me. (2)The drug is suspected of causing over 200 deaths. 7. blame n.&vt.责备;责任 (1)Do you blame him for the accident? Do you blame the accident on him? (2)It?s you, rather than the driver that are to blame for such a traffic accident. (3)Why do I always take/bear the blame for the accident? 承担责任 8. contribute vt.& vi.投(稿) , 捐献,促进,作贡献; (1)She contributes regularly (an article) to the magazine. (2)It?s high time we contributed food and clothes to the homeless people. (3)A proper amount of exercise contributes to good health. (4)Everyone should make contributions to protecting the environment. 9. make sense 讲得通;有意义 (1)This sentence just doesn?t make sense, no matter how you read it. (2)There is no sense in getting upset about that. (3) I can?t make sense of it in a sense; it?s beyond me.理解/就某种意义来说 10. put forward 提出,推荐;将……提前 put away/aside 放在一边;收拾起来;储存 put down 写下;镇压;放下 put forth 提出;颁布 put off 延期,推迟
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put on 穿、戴 上;(速度、体重)增加;上演 put out 扑灭,熄灭 put through 接通电话 put u p 举起;建造;张贴 put up with 忍受,忍耐,容忍 ●重点句型: 1. So many thousands of terrified people died every_time there was an outbreak. 因此每次暴发(霍乱)时, 就 有大批惊恐的人死去。 连词 the minute/moment/second; the+序数词+time; each/every +time The first time he did the experiment, he succeeded. When he did the experiment for t he first time, he succeeded. 2. Only_if you put the sun there did the movements of the other planets in the sky make sense. 只有当你把 太阳放在中心位置上,天空中其他行星的运动才能说得清楚。 Only when he took off his sunglasses did I pick him out in the crowd. ●词义辨析 (1)defeat 和 beat 是同义词,其宾语必须是“人或一个集体”。如 a team, a class, a school, an army 等。 (2)win 表示在较强的竞争中取得了胜利,常带的宾语有:game, war, prize, fame, battle 等。win 还可 作为不及物动词来用。 —Did he____ the match? —Certainly. No one can_____ him. C.win against; win D.beat; defeat 巩固训练 . ●重点单词 ●重点单词 1.__________ n.特征;特性 2.__________ vt. & vi.结束;推断出→conclusion n.结论;结束 3.__________ vt.打败;战胜;使受挫 n.失败 4.__________vt.照顾;护理;出席;参加 5.__________ vt.暴露;揭露;使曝光→exposion n.暴露 6.__________n.治愈;痊愈 vt.治愈;治疗 7.__________n.挑战 vt.向……挑战→challenger n.挑战者 8.__________vt.吸收;吸引;使专心 9.__________ vt.怀疑 n.被怀疑者;嫌疑犯 10.__________vt.预见;预告→forecast v.预报
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A.defeat; win over B.win; match

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11.__________ vt.责备;谴责 n.过失;责备

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12.__________vt.污染;弄脏→pollution n.污染 13.__________ n.柄;把手 vt.处理;操纵 14.__________ vt. & n.连接;联系 15.__________vt.宣布;通告→announcement n.通知;宣告 16.__________ vt.命令;指示;教导→→instructions n.指示,说明 17.__________vt.建设;修建→construction n.建设;建筑物 18.__________ vt. & vi.捐献;贡献;捐助→contribution n.贡献 19.__________vi. & vt.(使)旋转;纺(线或纱) 20.__________vt.拒绝;不接受;抛弃→rejection n.拒绝 ;抛弃 ●重点短语 1._________________提出 3._________________使显露;暴露 5._________________除……之外;此外 7._________________ 调查;研究 9._________________ 反对 11._________________应受责备 ●单项选择 1.It doesn‘t make sense ______ after ______. You should cheer up and practice hard instead. A.to complain; being defeated C.complain; being defeated B.complain; defeating D.to complain; defeating 2._________________ 得出结论 4.____________将……和……联系起来 6._________________ 讲得通;有意义 8._________________ 有时 10._________________对……严格的 12._________________ 肯定地

2.The doctor ______ the patient with great care and said there was nothing wrong with him. A.tested B.attended C.examined D.checked

3.—What do you think of the plan he ______ at the meeting? —Very good. But the most important is to put it into ______. A.put up; action B.put forward; practice C.put aside; practice D.put away; truth

4.Eating too much fat can_____ heart disease and cause high blood pressure. A.relate to B.contribute to C.attend to D.devote to

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5.The Town Hall ______ in the 1800?s was the most distinguished building at that time. A.to be completed B.having been completed 6.______the sun for long will get you sunburnt. A.Exposed to B.Being exposed to C.Exposing to D.To expose to C.completed D.being completed

7.Although this medicine can cure you ______ your illness, it has a bad effect ______ you. A.for; in B.for; on C.of; on D.of; at

8. When I opened the door, I found my father sitting in his chair, completely____ a magazine. A.absorbing in B.absorbed in C.absorbing to D.absorbed to

9. -How about joining us in the game? A.relate to B.handle to

-I?m sorry. I have an urgent matter to ______. D.refer to

C.attend to

10.Children ___ to difficult situations are better at handling those ___ tasks. A.exposing; challenging B. exposed; challenged C.exposed; challenging D.exposing; challenged 11.________ for the breakdown of the school computer network,Alice was in low spirits. A.Blaming B.Blamed C.To blame D.To be blamed

12. ______good service,the restaurant offers different kinds of traditional Wu An dishes. A.Far from B.Apart from C.Instead of D.Regardless of the results of the exam come out.

13. The headmaster has promised us that we shall get informed A.in case B.every time C.ever since D.the minute

14. ________you take part in physical activity A.Only if;you will B.Only if;will you

be able to keep fit and stay healthy. C.Unless;you will D.Unless;will you

15. When I came in,I found Lucy A.seated;listening ●完成句子

by the window

to music.

B.seated;listened

C.seating;listened D.seating;listening

1. It's announced that driving after drinking______(导致)thousands of traffic accidents every year. 2. It’s the most instructive lecture________________(我听过) since I came to this school. 3. She smiled suddenly, __________________(露出一口洁白的牙齿) 4. On arriving the destination, I _______________(深深吸引)in the fantastic natural scenery. 5. I can’t follow these instructions----they __________(根本没道理)at all. 6. ____________________(只有你尽力学习), can you be the first to win the prize. 7. While _________________(物理老师对我们很严格), we are enthusiastic about her lesson.
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8.Whatever the suggestion from China is, it ____________(被拒绝) by the prime minister Abe. 9. Everyone is encouraged to _______(捐助衣物)to those suffered severely in the typhoon. 10. (个人简介)姓名: 性别: 年龄: 学校:武安三中 爱好: 特长。

___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ● 短文改错 In the winter vacation, I paid a visit a mountain village in a suburb of Handan. No sooner had I got off the bus when I was greatly surprising to see all the changes. It was far better than I had been expected. Now every family can drin k cleanly running water. The villagers needn?t carry water himself any more. Firewood is no longer used for cooking. Marsh gas, a new cheap clean energy, make it very convenient to cook and light. As all the families have color TV set, they can enjoy plays at home. It impressed me most was that the best building in a village was the school. I hope the mountain village will become better and better.

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1.characteristic n.特征;特性

2.conclude vt. & vi.结束;推断出→conclusion n.结论;结束 3.defeat vt.打败;战胜;使受挫 n.失败 4.attend vt.照顾;护理;出席;参加 5.expose vt.暴露;揭露;使曝光→exposion n.暴露 ? 6.cure n.治愈;痊愈 vt.治愈;治疗

7.challenge n.挑战 vt.向……挑战→challenger n.挑战者 8.absorb vt.吸收;吸引;使专心 9.suspect vt.怀疑 n.被怀疑者;嫌疑犯→suspicion n.怀疑→suspicious adj.有疑心的 10.foresee vt.预见;预告→foretell v.预言→forecast v.预报

?

11.blame vt.责备;谴责 n.过失;责备

12.pollu te vt.污染;弄脏→pollution n.污染 13.handle n.柄;把手 vt.处理;操纵 14.link vt. & n.连接;联系 15.announce vt.宣布;通告→announcement n.通知;宣告 16.instruct vt.命令;指示;教导→instruction n.教授;传授→instructions n.指示,说明 ? 17.construct vt.建设;修建→construction n.建设;建筑物

18.contribute vt. & vi.捐献;贡献;捐助→contribution n.贡献 19.spin vi. & vt.(使)旋转;纺(线或纱) 20.reject vt.拒绝;不接受;抛弃→rejection n.拒绝;抛弃 ? 1.put forward 提出

2.draw a conclusion 得出结论 3.expose...to 使显露;暴露 4.link...to... 将……和……联系或连接起来 5.apart from 除……之外;此外 ? 6.make sense 讲得通;有意义

7.look into 调查;研究 8.at times 有时
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9.be against 反对 10.(be) strict with 11.be to blame 对……严格的

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应受责备

12.with certainty 肯定地 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 1—5 ACBBC 1.pay a visit to 2.no sooner…than 3.surprised 4.I had been expected 5.drink clean running water 6.himself(themselves) 7.Marsh gas makes it very convenient 8.TV sets 9.What impressed me most was that 10.in the village 1. contributes to/leads to/results in 2. I have attended 3. exposing a set of amusing remarks 4. was absorbed in/impressed by 5. make no sense 6. Only if you make every effort can you… 7. physics teacher is strict with 8. will be rejected 9. contribute clothes hardly…when 6—10 BCBCC 11—15 BBDBA

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