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英语:一轮复习讲义课件Unit3《Under


Unit 3
Ⅰ.高频单词思忆

Under the sea 基础落实

1 . H e fled ( 逃 跑 ) t o L o n d o n a f t e r a n argument with his family. 2.Hotel accommodation (住宿) is included in the price of your holiday. 3.She has a very close relationship (关系)

with her sister.
4.The old man lived on a pension (退休金).

5.We dragged(拖) the fallen tree clear of the road.

6.The captain gave orders to abandon(舍弃)
the ship. 7.She stressed the importance of good teamwork. 8.Her face was reflected in the mirror.

9.The fence marks the boundary property and hers.
10.There was only a narrow

between my

gap between the

bed and the wall.

Ⅱ.重点短语再现
1. ahead of (表示空间)在??前面;(表示时 间)先,预先 2. stop sb.(from) doing sth.阻止某人做某事 3. aim at 向??瞄准 4.in the meantime在此期间;与此同时 5. help...out 帮助(某人)摆脱困境或危难;协 助 6. be/become aware of 对??知道、明白;意识 到?? 7. upside down 上下翻转;颠倒的(地);乱七 八糟的(地) 8.(be) scared to death 吓死了

Ⅲ.典型句式运用
1.This was the call that announced there was about to be a whale hunt.这是宣告捕鲸

行动马上就要开始的号角。
考点提炼 be about to do表示打算或即将发 生的动作,但它不与表示 将来时间的副词 或其 他具体 将来时间状语 连用。但可以与when连 用,构成固定句型。

2.“In the meantime,Old Tom,and the others are having a good feed on its lips and tongue,”...在这段时间里,老汤姆和其他虎

鲸会饱餐一顿的,鲸唇和鲸舌就是它们的美
食?? 考点提炼 in the meantime意为“在??期 间 , 同时”,其同义词是meanwhile。

3.The sea was rough that day and it was difficult to handle the boat.那天海面上风 大浪高,很难操纵船只。 考点提炼 形 容词+不定式”结构中,不定式与主语在意义上 动宾关系 主动 be+adj.+to do在“主语+系动词+




,但要用

形式表被动意义;如

介词 果不定式的动词是不及物的,要在不定式后边 。用于这种句式中的形容词常为:easy, difficult,heavy,hard,nice,bitter,dangerous,interesting,important,comfortable,

pleasant,impossible等。

此句型中还可用it作 形式主语 ,常构成以下结
构:It’s+adj.+for sb.to do sth.对某人来 说做某事?? It’s+adj.+of sb.to do sth.某人如此??而 做某事

4.It seemed there was a surprise waiting
for me around every corner...看起来好像每 个角落里都有惊喜在等着我?? 考点提炼 It seemed...意为“ 看来??”, 其中seem为 动词 ,意为“看起来像??,似 乎??,好像??”。

导练互动
重点单词

1.urge
“Man overboard!Turn the boat around!” ______ George,shouting loudly.(回归课本 urged P20) ?观察思考 She urged him to stay.她力劝他留下。 The report urged that all children be taught to swim. 这份报告呼吁给所有的儿童教授游泳。 He urged his horse forward.他策马前行。

归纳总结 urge vt.催 ;极力主张;驱策。 促 (1)urge sth./sb.on催促某物/某人前进 urge sb.to do sth.催促某人做某事 urge sb.into doing sth.催促某人做某事 (2)urge that...极力主张,强调,从句谓语形式 为(should)+动词原形

It is urged that...坚决要求??,从句谓语形
式为(should)+动词原形

即学即用 (1)他要求所有学生参加这次活动。

He urged all the students to take part __ in this activity.
(2)我强调他要尽自己最大的努力。 I urged that he (should) do his best. (3)有人极力主张他应受到惩罚。

It was urged that he should be punished .

2.accommodation
...,as I was sorting out my accommodation,...(回归课本P20) ?观察思考 Can we find accommodations at a hotel for

tonight?
我们今晚能找到旅馆住宿吗? This hotel has accommodations for 500

guests.
这家旅馆能容纳500人。

归纳总结 accommodation n. 住处 ;停留处;和解,调 解;(pl.)住宿,膳宿 (1)make accommodations for...为??提供膳宿 book accommodation at a hotel向旅馆预订房间 arrange sb.’s accommodation给某人安排住处 (2)accommodate vt.向??提供住宿(或膳 宿);容纳;为??提供空间;考虑到;顾及; 帮忙;给??提供方便;顺应,适应(新情况) accommodate...to=adapt...to使??适应 accommodate oneself to=adapt (oneself) to适 应;顺应 accommodate sb.with sth.=supply sb.with sth. 给某人提供???

即学即用

(1)客座艺术家们只好自掏腰包支付食宿费用。
Guest artists have to pay for their own accommodations and meals. (2)旅馆房间不足。 The hotel accommodation is scarce. (3)这幢房子可容纳两家人居住。 The house can accommodate two families.

(4)银行将提供一笔贷款给你。

The bank will accommodate you with a
loan . (5)你必须使自己适应形势。 You will have to accommodate yourself to the situation.

3.abandon
From James’s face,I could see he was terrified of being abandoned by us.(回归 课本P21)

?观察思考
The child was abandoned by his parents. 这孩子被父母遗弃了。

The crew abandoned the burning ship.
水手们离弃了燃烧着的船。 I abandoned my dream of being a doctor.

我放弃了当医生的梦想。
She abandoned herself to despair. 她陷入了绝望之中。

归纳总结 放任,放纵 abandon vt. 遗弃,放弃 ;n. abandon one’s post放弃职位 abandon the plan放弃计划 abandon a ship弃船 abandon one’s wife抛弃妻子 abandon oneself to...纵情;沉溺于?? 。

with abandon放纵地,放任地
abandoned adj.无约束的;无度的;放荡的

易混辨异
abandon,desert,quit,cancel (1)abandon与desert都可指抛弃、遗弃某人,但 desert常指逃避义务或违背誓约等,有责难之意。 (2)quit指停止或放弃信仰、行动、工作等,如

quit smoking停止吸烟;quit the job辞职。
(3)cancel指取消原定的计划或安排。

即学即用 (1)大雪迫使许多驾驶者弃车步行。 Snow forced many drivers to abandon their vehicles. (2)她对和解不再抱有希望。

She abandoned hope of any reconciliation.
(3)他无所顾忌地乱开支票。 He signed cheques with careless abandon.

4.reflect
I’m sitting in the warm night air with a
cold drink in my hand and reflecting on the day...(回归课本P24)

?观察思考
That choice reflects your good taste. 那个选择反映了你的高雅品味。

She was left to reflect on the
implications of her decision. 由她负责考虑她这个决定会牵扯哪些问题。 On the way home he reflected that the interview had gone well. 回家的路上,他琢磨着这次面试非常顺利。

归纳总结 reflect vt. 映射 ; 反射 ;vi. & vt. 思考 (1)reflect sb./sth.in sth.(指镜子等)映出 某人/物的影像 reflect sth.from sth.从某物(表面)反射(光、

热、声等)
reflect on/upon sth.思考某事 (2)reflection n.反射,反照,反映;映像 be lost in reflection陷入沉思中

即学即用
(1)她坐着,在思考自从他买下这个农场以来发生 了多少变化。 She sat reflecting on how much it had changed since he’d bought the farm.

(2)这种材料吸音,而不产生回音。
This material absorbs the sound,and

doesn’t reflect it .
(3)这一事件给相关人士都造成了恶劣影响。 This incident reflects badly on everyone involved.

5.scare
I told myself they weren’t dangerous but that didn’t stop me from feeling scared to death for a moment!(回归课本P24) ?观察思考 He doesn’t scare easily.他不轻易害怕。 The high price is scaring away possible buyers. 高昂的价格把有意光顾的买主给吓跑了。 Don’t let the noise scare you;it’s only the wind. 别让那声音把你吓住,那不过是风声罢了。 The thunder scared the children. 雷声使孩子吓了一跳。

归纳总结 scare vt. 恐吓 ;vi. 受惊吓 。 (1)scare sb.away/off把某人吓跑 scare sb.out of wits吓蒙了,吓坏了

scare sb.into/out of sth.(doing sth.)吓得某
人做/不敢做某事 (2)scared adj.惊恐的,恐惧的 be scared of害怕?? be scared to do sth.害怕干某事

be scared to death吓死
be scared stiff吓得呆若木鸡 (3)scary adj.恐怖的;吓人的?

即学即用
(1)那声音把我吓坏了。 That noise scared me . (2)他动不动就害怕。 He scared easily .

(3)他们点起火来把狼吓跑。
They lighted a fire to wolves. (4)有些父母试图用吓唬的法子使孩子守规矩。 Some parents try to scare their children into behaving well . scare off

6.be/become aware of
The first thing I became aware of was all the vivid colours surrounding me— purples,reds,oranges,yellows,blues and

greens.(回归课本P24)
?观察思考 He said that the government was aware of

the problem.
他说政府已意识到这个问题。 She was aware of the fact,but she could not face it yet. 她已认识到这一事实,然而她还不能面对它。

归纳总结 be/become aware of意为:__________________ 对??知道,明白; __________。 意识到?? (1)be aware that?clause知道;体会到??

make sb.aware that...提醒某人注意??
make sb.aware of...使某人注意到?? as far as I’m aware据我所知 (2)develop an awareness of...逐渐懂得?? lack of awareness缺乏认识

易混辨异 aware,concious 二者都可表示“意识到的”,都可用于be

aware/conscious of结构。
(1)aware指感官上的知觉。 I’m aware that she is dishonest.

我知道她不诚实。
I suddenly felt aware of somebody watching me.

我突然觉得有人盯着我看。
(2)conscious指内心所意识到的感觉。 He is hurt but still conscious. 他受了伤,不过神志还清醒。

即学即用
(1)大多数人知道酒后开车的危险。 Most people are aware of the dangers of driving after drinking. (2)我想你还不知道这对我有多重要。

I don’t think you’re aware of how
important this means to me. (3)她发觉东西被偷了。 She became aware that something had been stolen.

7.help...out
What evidence was there that Old Tom was
helping the whalers out?(回归课本P21) ?观察思考 Can you help me out with the maths problem? 你能帮我解决这道数学题吗? He helped the old man out of the car. 他帮助那位老人从汽车里出来。

I can’t help wondering what happened to
that little girl. 我忍不住想那个小女孩出了什么事。

归纳总结 help out意为:帮助??摆脱困境或危难 。

help sb.(to) do sth.帮某人做某事
help (to) do sth.帮忙做某事 cannot help doing sth.禁不住做某事 cannot help but do sth.不能不/不得不做某事 help oneself (to sth.)自用;自取所需(食物

等)
help sb.with sth.帮助某人做某事

即学即用 (1)在我失业时,没有人帮助我。 Nobody helped me out when I lost my job. (2)简帮助他摆脱了经济困难。 Jane helped him out of his financial

difficulties.
(3)这一慈善团体的宗旨是帮助人们实行自助。 This charity aims to help people to help themselves. (4)我情不自禁地笑起来。 I can’t help laughing.

8.It took over half an hour to get the boat back to James,...我们花了半个小时 才把船调转过头来,回到詹姆斯落水的地 方,??
?典例体验 It took her all afternoon to finish it. 她用了整个下午才完成这项工作。 It takes us thirty minutes to walk from here to the bus station.

我们从这儿步行到车站要用30分钟。 It will take the students two hours to finish their homework. 学生做完作业要用两个小时。

归纳总结 (1)在It takes (sb.) some time/sth.to do sth.

句型中,take意为“ 花费,需要 ”,take前也可
用具体名词作主语。 It takes/took/will take sb.some time to do sth.是一固定句型。也可用于It takes/took/ will take sb.some money to do sth.。

(2)it作形式主语时,还可构成以下句型: 强调句型:It is+被强调部分+who/that... It is the first/second time that...某人第几 次做某事 It is (high) time that sb.did/should do sth. 是某人该做??的时候了 It’s said/reported/thought that...据说/报 道/认为?? It’s a pity/a shame/a wonder that...可惜/ 奇怪的是?? It happens/appears/seems that...恰巧/好 像?? It seems/looks as if...看起来好像?? It’s up to sb.to do sth....该某人做某事

即学即用

(1)汤姆每天要用三个小时的时间做作业。
It takes Tom three hours to do his homework everyday. (2)写书要花很多时间。 Writing books must take a great deal of time. (3)这次旅行用了我三天时间。 The journey took me three days.

考题回扣
【例1】 A that she was going off to sleep,

I asked if she’d like that little doll
on her bed. A.Seeing C.See 解析 空格处须用现在分词。 课文原文 We ran down to the shore in time to see an enormous animal opposite us throwing itself out of the water and then crashing down again. (北京高考) B.To see D.Seen see这一动作由句子的主语“I”发出,故

【例2】 The little girl who got lost

decided to remain
for her mother. A.where

A

she was and wait
(山东高考)

B.what

C.how
解析

D.who
remain在此意为“留下,逗留”,where

she was在句中作地点状语。句意为:这个迷路 的小女孩决定待在她原来的地方等待她妈妈。 课文原文

The water was quite shallow but where the
reef ended,there was a steep drop to the sandy ocean floor.

【例3】—Did you watch the basketball match
yesterday? —Yes,I did.You know,my brother in the match. A.is playing

B

(安徽高考) B.was playing

C.has played
解析

D.had played

句意为:——你昨天看篮球赛了吗?—

—看了。你要知道,我的弟弟在那场比赛中上场 打球。故此处应该用过去进行时态。

课文原文 On the afternoon I arrived at the station, as I was sorting out my accommodation,I heard a loud noise coming from the bay.

【例4】As nobody here knows what is wrong with the machine,we must send for an engineer to A.handle C.face 解析 A the problem.(湖北高考) B.raise D.present 句意为:因为这儿没有人知道机器出了

什么故障,所以我们必须去请一位工程师来解 决这个问题。handle处理,解决;raise抬高; 饲养;养育;提出(问题等);face面对,面

临;present呈现;介绍;赠送。
课文原文 The sea was rough that day and it was

difficult to handle the boat.

【例5】During the period of recent terrorist activities,people touch any unattended bag. B not to (上海高考)

A.had always been warned
B.were always being warned C.are always warning D.always warned 解析 由句意可知,people与warn之间是被动

关系,故排除C、D两项;A项是过去完成时,表
示“过去的过去”,而语境中没有这种时间提 示,故选B项,即“人们一直被警告不要去触动

任何无人看管的包裹”。

课文原文

From James’s face,I could see he was
terrified of being abandoned by us.

写作技能
议论文的语篇连接词
在议论文中,列举事实、陈述理由或说明原 因时,常用for one thing...and for another...,in the first place,to begin with,first(ly),second(ly),third(ly),in

addition,besides,first and most important,
last but not least,等。这类连接词在近几年高 考的写作中运用十分广泛。

以下是2006年广东高考英语写作题的参考范文,

在谈到通讯工具变化所带来的负面影响时,作者就
用到了firstly...secondly...last but not least...来列举三条理由。请欣赏: However,this change has bad as well as good effects,especially dependence on the Internet. Firstly,as we lack enough practice, we are losing the beauty of hand written Chinese words which express the writer

better while machine words all have the same
looks. Secondly ,our spelling becomes worse

if we rely on the machine too much. Last but not least ,the PC screen does harm to our
eyes.I prefer the old way of communication even though it is much too slow in the eyes of many people.

即时练习

以下是选自2008年福建高考英语试题写作题的范文。
请在文章的空白处填入适当的语篇连接词 As a boy of 17,I am outgoing,good at English and have experience of working well with children aged from 7 to 12.I think it is a kind of win?win activity.thing For one take care of theFor another thing children. can improve my English,make more friends,and ,I can help ,I

enrich my life during the summer vacation.

自主检测
Ⅰ.品句填词
1.He was caught trying to flee (逃离) the

country.
2.Over 70 minutes of music can be accommodated (容纳) on one CD. 3.I have established a good working relationship (关系) with my boss.

4.That car of yours should have been
pensioned (退休) off years ago.

5.None of the tribes speak the same tongue/ language (语言). 6.Don’t live in.The water’s too s hallow here. 7.The moon r eflects the sun’s rays. 8.The baby had been a bandoned by its mother. 9.We worked for four hours without a pause. 10.Pictures of diseased lungs s cared me into quitting smoking.

Ⅱ.短语运用
scare...to death,a pack of,reflect on,help out,ahead of,aware of,be about to,in the meantime,witness to,upside down 1.He said that the manager had already been aware of the problem. 2.On the first day of my father’s shop, there were so many people there.I managed to help out after school. 3.You have hung that picture upside down .

Look,the clouds are at the bottom.

4.He reflected on the likely result of this course of action. 5.When I first saw a real snake,I was scared to death . 6.The manager has gone abroad for a two-? week’s meeting;in the meantime Mr.Wang

has been in charge of the company.
7.The driver witnessed to having seen the man leaving the building.

8. A pack of angry shoppers want to demand

their money back.
9.I was about to began to rain. go out when suddenly it

10.Tom runs very fast.In the 100?meter
race yesterday,he soon ran ahead of others.

Ⅲ.完成句子
1.The little boy was afraid of being left at home alone (被单独留在家里). 2.The house showed no sign of having been damaged(没有被破坏的迹象).

3.Mark often attempts to escape being fined (企图逃避罚款) whenever he breaks traffic
regulations. 4. Not having been told the exact departure time (没有被告知准确的起飞时间),Mr.Smith

missed his flight.

5.For many years people in that country had been accustomed to being treated like animals (被人像动物一样对待). 6.Listen! The song being sung (正被唱的那支 歌) is very popular with the young people. 7. Having been used for a long time (因为用 了很长时间),the watch needs to be mended. 8.When I arrived at his home,I found him being scolded by his mother (正受母亲责 备).

9.I was surprised at his having been made monitor(他被选为班长). 10.She was proud of being invited to give a speech at the meeting(被邀请在会议上作报 告).

Ⅳ.单项填空
1.It took a long time for the connection between body temperature and illness A.to make B.to be made

B .

C.make
解析

D.being made

在确定体温和疾病之间的关系上花了很

多时间。It takes time to do sth.做某事花 费时间;connection与make之间是被动关系, 故B项符合题意。

2.—Have you moved into the new house? —Not yet,the rooms A.are being painted A .

B.are painting
C.are painted D.are being painting 解析 不能搬进新房子的原因是“还正在粉刷 房间”,用进行时。由于主语rooms是paint这

个动作的承受者,所要用被动语态。

3.You will have to

C

yourself to the B.hold D.include

situation.
A.contain C.accommodate 解析

accommodate oneself to...适应;顺应。

表示容纳时,contain指容器能容纳多少物品;

hold表示建筑物可容纳多少人等;include表示
包括;而accommodate指旅馆等能为多少旅客提 供 食 宿, 也 指 交通 工 具 能搭 载 多 少乘 客 。 句 意 为:你必须使自己适应形势。

4.Though the man was badly hurt in the accident,he was still think clearly.

C

and could

A.awake
C.conscious 解析

B.aware
D.confused 考查形容词的辨析。awake醒着的;

aware意识到的;认识的;conscious有意识 的;神志清醒的;confused混乱的;糊涂的。

根据前面的提示“badly

hurt

in

the

accident”以及后面的“could think clearly” 可知,此人的神志是“清醒的”。

5.I was scared

D when I saw the tiger jumped out of the cage and ran to the little child. A.to the death C.into the death 解析 B.of death D.to death

考查动词scare的用法。“吓得要死”为

一固定说法,即“be scared to death”。

6.People have planted a great many trees in order to C wind and sand in the B.hold up D.hold out

desert.
A.hold down C.hold back 解析

hold down压制;限制;hold up(使)

推迟;耽搁;支撑;hold back阻挡;抵制;

hold out维持;坚持。句意为:人们种了大量
的树以阻挡风沙。由此可知只有C项符合句意。

7.Most parents are not

D

the danger of

their babies’ eating jelly,which causes most unfortunate incidents to happen. A.well aware to B.very aware of C.aware that D.well aware of

解析

考查形容词用法 。空白处后面不是句

子,故排除C项;aware后面接of,故排除A项; 另外表示“清醒地,充分地认识到”时,表语 形容词aware的修饰语应使用well,不用very。

8.His debt was
A.dragging;down B.drawing;down C.pulling;down D.dragged;down

A

the whole family

.

解析

drag sth.down把??拖垮,符合要求。

draw sth.down把??拉下来;pull down拆毁。 本句不是被动,故不可用D项。

9.Most young girls were scared were scared city. A.to;to C.of;to B.to;of D.of;of

B

stay

outside after 10∶00 p.m.because they
being robbed in the

10.It is not important is important. A.how old are you

D ;it is how you

feel, how you think,and what you do that

B.you are how old
C.how you are old D.how old you are

解析

考查名词性从句。it为形式主语,真正

的主语为主语从句how old you are,名词性从 句要用陈述语序。

11.Fearing further attacks,most of the population had A.deserved C the city. B.conducted

C.abandoned

D.reflected
A of planes, to other

12.At first Mr.Sally was b u t t w o y ears later, business.

countries on business is his main

A.scared;flying
B.frightening;flight C.frightened;flight

D.scaring;flying

13.I could never watch any movie more than
once, B good it is. B.however D.whichever A.whatever C.whenever 解析

句意为:无论是多好的电影我都不看第

二遍。however good it is=no matter how
good it is。

14.—Sorry to have hurt you.



A

.You didn’t mean to,did you?

A.Forget it B.Take it easy C.All right D.Don’t say so

解析

Forget it 没关系;不必在意;Take it

easy 别着急;别紧张;All right 好吧; Don’t say so 不要这样说。根据句意,应选A。

15.—Miss Li isn’t in the teachers’ office now.She ___ be in the classroom, B I think.

—No,she
A.must;mustn’t B.must;can’t C.can’t;can’t D.can;mustn’t 解析

be there.I saw her in the

reading room just now.

由上下句知,第一个空为“一定”在教

室;由 I saw her in the reading room just

now 知,第二个空为“不可能”。

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