Laughter is good for you Welcome to the unit
Ⅰ.课前预习：汉译英。 1、笑声 4
、喜剧演员 2、海报 5、喜剧 3、最喜欢 6、马戏团
Ⅱ. 阅读教材，思考下列问题。 Poster 1: 1. What kind of expression is the man wearing? 2 What is he doing there? Poster 2: 1. What is the second poster about? 2. From the poster, can you tell what the book is about? Poster 3: 1. What is this poster about? 2. What do you know about crosstalk? Poster 4: 1. What does this poster focus on? 2.Can you name two actors of the comedy?
1. Everyone agrees that laughter is good for you. (1) laughter n.. 笑声，笑 Eg. The laughter from the next room is very noisy. 隔壁房间的笑声很吵。
例题 1、Hearing his words, the boys burst_________. A. in a laughter B. into laughter C. in a laugh D. into a laugh
(2). be good for 对…有好处; 对……适合; 对…..适宜 Eg. Reading is good for you. 阅读对你有好处。 This beach is good for swimming but bad for surfing.沙滩适宜游泳不适宜冲浪。 例题 2： The doctor, who was good _____ me while I was in hospital, told me reading in bed was bad _____ my eyes. A. to , for B. for, to C. for, at D. at. of
2. humour /humor
n. 【U】 幽默，幽默感
常见搭配：out of humour 心情不好，不高兴 , Have a/no sense of humour 有/无幽默感 Eg. The teacher often tells us stories full of humour. 老师常给我们讲幽默故事。 Adj. humorous 幽默的, 滑稽的
3. Which of the events above do you think will be the funniest? 你认为上面那件事最有趣? 句法分析:此句为复杂疑问句,其结构为: 特殊疑问词（what, who, which, when, why, where, how 等）+do you think /suppose+其余部分(陈述语序) Eg. Who do you think is the tallest in your class? Why do you think the earth‘s temperature keeps rising? 例题 3：He made another wonderful discovery, A. which I think is C. which I think it _______ of great importance to science.
B. which I think it is D. I think which is
例题 4： __________ the film will end? A. How do you think C. You think how B . What do you think
D. How do you think that
认真阅读下面的短文，并根据所读内容在文章后表格的空格里填上适当的词，每空不超过 3 个单词。 Jim Carrey has become one of the most recognized faces in the world —and it is precisely because of his face that he has achieved such fame. He was Born in New Market, Ontario, Canada on January 17th, 1962 to a working class family, and growing up poor was tough for young Jim Carrey, While in his teens, he had to take a job as a janitor（看门人） when his father lost his job. And after a short time he had to leave school. He described himself as being very angry at this time in his life, yet one good thing came out of it. He developed a tremendous sense of humour . He didn‘t have any friends because he didn‘t want any. Between school and work there just wasn‘t much time for a childhood. At 15 though, he had enough time to start performing at a famous Toronto comedy club where he began to perfect his skills. Jim Carrey got his big break in 1990, when he played a role in the new comedy show Living Color . In 1994, he broke into films. It was the Year of the Funny Face. Jim Carrey is in the limelight now and he hasn‘t looked back since. Since that famous year Carrey has slowed down a bit. His films have come out less often but have continued to make waves . Liar was a tremendous success with audience everywhere and put him back on top. It also brought his salary back up 20 million. Then came The Truman Show, a film which proved to the world that Jim Carrey was more than just a funny face. In fact, Jim was awarded a Golden Globe for his dramatic performances. Though he didn‘t win an Oscar, the fans at least think Jim Carrey is golden. The future looks good for Jim Carrey. He has a lot of devoted fans who love his wild style of physical comedy. He has proven his ability to weather a storm and come out on top. Canada has been producing fine comedic talents for years, and Jim Carrey is definitely the best of the new breed.
1. Nationality Talents
On January 17th,1962 2.________________ A tremendous sense of 3.________; a wild style of 4.________ In 1977 He 6._____at a famous comedy club in Toronto 7.____________ He played a role in 8.____ called Living Color. In 1994 He 9.____________. Later He succeed in the films Liar and 10.___________.
Ⅰ.课前预习：汉译英。 1、 单口喜剧___________ 3、备受喜爱的___________ 5、取笑某人__________ 7、 现场直播的________ 9、牙刷________ 11、嚎叫___________ 13、大脑 __________ 2、 幽默_________ 4、对---做出反应________ 6、排队______ 8、鲜为人知的________ 10、镜子_________ 12、对---有影响______________ 14、毕竟，终了_________
Ⅱ.快速阅读课文,回答问题。 1. What is the article about?________________________________________________________ 2. How many types of stand-up are there?_____________________________________________ 3. What is laughter good for?______________________________________________________
Ⅰ.判断正误 1. Quite a few stand-up comedians have become famous as television and film actors later on in life. 2. The fact that when Crystal hosts the Academy Awards, he always keeps a toothbrush in his pocket for good luck is only known to a few people. 3. Billy Crystal has no plans to go on making films, or to go on telling jokes. 4. The reason why people who laugh a lot live longer is that when you laugh, your brain sends chemicals around your body that are good for you. Ⅱ. 根据课文内容填空 Stand-up is one of the 1______ well-known and well-loved types of comedy. In observational comedy, the comedian makes jokes 2_______ humorous things he or she observes in everyday life. Prop comedians use things to tell their jokes. Physical comedians use their 3_________ to make jokes. Impressionist comedians act or speak 4____ a well-known person, which is called doing an impression of the person, Billy Crystal is one 5______ person who have become famous as television and film actors later 6____ in life. He is popular 7______all age groups and has the ability to amuse people all 8________ the world. Doctors have been researching what effect stand-up and other forms of comedy have 9______people. They have discovered that people who laugh a lot live longer. This agrees with
the English saying ―10_________ is the best medicine‖. III. Exercises: Book Page 4: C1&C2
There were smiling children all the way. Charily they knew at what time the train passed their homes and they made it their business to stand along the railway, wave to complete strangers and cheer them up as they rushed towards Penang. Often whole families stood outside their homes and waved and smiled as if those on the trains were their favorite relatives. This is the simple village people of Malaysia. I was moved I had always traveled to Malaysia by plane or car, so this was the first time I was on a train. I did not particularly relish the long train journey and had brought along a dozen magazines to read and reread. I looked about the train. There was not one familiar face. I sighed and sat down to read my Economics. It was not long before the train was across the Causeway and in Malaysia. Johore Baru was just another city like Singapore, so I was tired of looking at the crowds of people as they hurried past. As we went beyond the city, I watched the straight rows of rubber trees and miles and miles of green. Then the first village came into sight. Immediately I came alive; I decided to wave back. From then on my journey became interesting. I threw my magazines into the waste basket and decided to join in Malaysian life. Then everything came alive. The mountains seemed to speak to me. Even the trees were everything as if I was looking at it for the first time. The day passed fast and I even forgot to have my lunch until I felt hungry. I looked at my watch and was surprised that it was 3:00 p.m. Soon the train pulled up at Butterworth. I looked at the people all around me. They all looked beautiful. When my uncle arrived with a smile, I threw my arms around him to give him a warm hug (拥抱). I had never done this before. He seemed surprised and then his weather-beaten face warmed up with a huge smile. We walked arm in arm to his car. I looked forward to the return journey. ( )1. The author expected the train trip to be _____. B. pleasant D. dull smiling. I stared at
A. adventurous C. exciting (
)2. What did the author remember most fondly of her train trip? A. The friendly country people.
B. The mountains along the way. C. The crowds of people in the streets. D. The simple lunch served on the train. ( )3. Which of the following words can best take the place of the word "relish" in the second paragraph?
A. choose B. enjoy C. prepare for ( ( ) 4. Where was the writer going? A. Johore Baru.
D. carry on D. Singapore.
B. The Causeway. C. Butterworth.
)5. What can we learn from the story?
A. Comfort in traveling by train. B. Pleasure of living in the country. C. Reading gives people delight. D. Smiles brighten people up.
1. 能理解课文的课标词汇短语和句型,掌握其常见用法. 2. 学习词汇，掌握重点词汇的用法。.
Ⅰ.汉译英 1.直接与---交谈___________ 3 在观众面前_________ 5 指向_________ 7、绊倒___________ 9、打开________ 11、无声电影_________ 13、最终________ 2、拿….开玩笑__________ 4、对…有好处__________ 6、减肥__________ 8、后来____________ 10、编造____________ 12、对---有影响_________ 14、毕竟________
1.People have always enjoyed laughing, and there has always been humour. 人们总是喜欢笑,并且总是含有幽默感. (page 2 line 1) humour n. 意为：________________ He read a story full of humour just now. 译：________________________ have a / no sense of humour Our Maths teacher ________________________(很有幽默感) in a good / bad humour 心情好、坏 humorous adj. funny, or making you laugh:
2.A stand-up comedian may make fun of an audience member, or he or she might decide to tell different jokes in response to the reactions of an audience. (p2 L5-6) 单口喜剧演员可能就某一观众开玩笑，或是根据观众的反映讲不同的笑话。 make fun of 取笑；拿…… 开玩笑 同义短语：play jokes on play a trick on make jokes about laugh at
eg. It‘s cruel to make fun of people who stammer. 译______________________________ Don‘t play jokes on that poor girl. 译________________________________________ Don‘t be serious. He just played a trick on you just now.译______________________________ 3.If you hear a comedian telling jokes about the way people behave when they queue up in line, ……. (P2 L 10-12) queue up 排队（等候）=wait in line queue up for 为……而排队等候 译：他们排队等候看电影。___________________________________________
4．If a comedian points to a computer tennis game and says ……(page 2 line 16) point to 指向； point out 指出 point at 指着 a point of view 观点 on the point of … 正在……之时 point ……at
to the point 中肯，扼要； off the point 离题 1）It‘s rude to _______ your fingers ______ people. 2) He ____________ that they were mistaken.
3) The hands of the clock now _________ half past three. 4) I was ________________________________ (正要离开房间)the telephone rang. 5) There‘s no point in getting angry. 5. These comedians act or speak like a well-known person.(P2 L20) act vi./ vt. 表演；采取行动；扮演，担任角色； n. 行动 1) He acted as if he'd never met me before. 2) Don't be so silly - you're acting like a child! 3) Ellis Pike was chosen to act the part of the lawyer in the film. 4) We went to Canada to travel and my cousin _________ as our guide. （2005 湖南） A played B showed C acted D performed
6．One such a person is Billy Crystal . Billy Crystal 就是这样的人。 such adj. 如此，这样的，用来修饰形容词，当 such 与 one, no, any, all, many, some , few,
several 连用时，such 放在这些词的后面。即 one,no ,any, all, many, some, few, several + such I have one such English- Chinese dictionary. All such possibilities must be considered. 7. People around the world enjoy watching him when he hosts the Academy Awards. (p2 L 26-27) award n. 奖，奖品；奖金； vt.授予；判给；裁定 get / win/ receive an award an award ceremony
award sb. sth. = award sth. to sb.
8. Each time, he performs his stand-up routine in front of millions of people when the show is broadcast live on TV.(page 2 lines 28-29)每次,当节目在电视上现场直播时他都是在上百万人 面前表演他的单口喜剧节目。 live adj. 现场的, 作定语,主要用来描述鸟、鱼等动物 有生命的， （作表语或后置定语）
living adj. 活的，健在的，现行的（可作前置定语和表语） lively adj. 有生机的， 活泼的 选词填空 ① The teacher had a gift for making his lessons __________ . ② ---What a pity! I haven‘t got a ticket for the football match. ---Don‘t worry. It‘ll be broadcast ___________. ③ His grandfather is the only soldier __________ after the war was over. ④ We saw a real ___________ rattlesnake(响尾蛇) on the road. ⑤ John caught a ___________ fish this morning. 9. Instead of telling the joke he had planned, Crystal made up a new one.(P3L39) 克里斯托没有讲预先准备好的笑话，而是即兴编了一个。 made up 一词多义。不同词义：
1) __________I made up an excuse about having to look after the kids. 2) _________I have ? 20 000 and I need ? 25 000 but my parents have promised to make up the difference. 3) _________Road accident victims make up almost a quarter of the hospital's patients. 4）_________The book is made up of a number of different articles 5) __________She was always very heavily made up.
I. 用所给词组的适当形式填空。 React to , make fun of, rely on, follow in the footsteps of, trip over, Pass away, come up with, later on, howl with laughter, have affection for
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.
Chinese audience _____________ Zhao Benshan‘s performances. It is impolite to__________ those poor or disabled. They will also feel sad as we do when The whole audience_____________ when the comedian stepped onto the stage with a big red Do you mind helping move this heavy box? Someone might ________ it after darkness falls. People in different countries _________ immediately________the earthquake in Japan. Nowadays we _______ increasing _________ computers to help us. The pirates hid all the treasures in the cave. However, nobody found them________ no The lawyer was expected to _________ some suggestions after reading all those documents. He loves his parents so much that his mum has had the most important position in his mind
being made tricks. nose and funny make-ups.
matter how hard people tried.
since his dad___________. 10. He_______ of other famous scientists and tried to make contributions to the important research. I I..单项选择 （ ）1. I‘m calling to enquire about the position_____ in yesterday‘s China Daily. A. advertised B. to be advertised C. advertising D. having advertised
（ ）2. All the students in class laughed because their Chinese teacher_____ himself just now. A. made a joke about C. made jokes on B. made a joke of D. played a joke of
（ ）3.Not only______ to New York but also _______ there for a time. A he has been; did he work C has he been; did he work B he has been; he worked D has he been; he worked
（ ）4. He must have_____ the funny story. I cannot believe it is true. A. picked up B. turned up C. done up D. made up
（ ）5. You‘d better come and watch the basketball match tonight. It is _______. A. alive B. living C. lively D. live
（ ）6. I‘m not familiar with this place. It‘s the first time I ________here, you know. A. am B. was C. have been D. had been
（ ）7. He won‘t apologize to me unless his mother ________ him to. A. asks B. asked C. will ask D. has been asking
（ ）8. Don‘t get off the bus until it ________. A. stops B. stopped C. has stopped D. will stop
（ ） 9. I shall never forget those days ______ I lived in the countryside with the famers, _______ has a great effect on me. A that; which B when; who C which; that D when; which
（ ）10. ________ I sympathize, I can‘t really do very much to help. A While B When C As D If
（ ）11. The room ________ white last year is my study. A to be painted B being painted C painted D having been painted
（ ）12. _________ it is to go for a camp on such a fine day! A What a fun B What fun C How funny D How a fun
1. 掌握有关戏剧方面的词汇以及这部分中出现的重点单词及句型的用法。 2．按要求完成相关练习。
一、阅读 Page 6 A、B 部分，找出下列单词和短语。 1、导演_______ 4、幕布_______ 7、服装_______ 10、由---组成_______ 合作探究： 1. All the actors in a play are called the cast. (page6) 一部戏剧的全体演员被称为演员表。 ＊charge n. [U] responsibility for controlling or caring for something: Her ex-husband has charge of the children during the week and she has them at the weekend. His boss asked him to take charge of the office for a few days while she was away. ＊in charge being the person who has control of or is responsible for someone or something: Who will be in charge of the department when Sophie leaves? I left Jack in charge of the suitcases while I went to get the tickets. 2. If you are an actor, you need to now where your character is supposed to stand on the stage. (page6) 如果你是演员，你需要知道你的角色应该站在舞台的哪个地方。 ＊suppose: vt. to expect and need: 2、女演员_______ 5、话筒_______ 8、舞台_______ 3、男演员_______ 6、灯光_______ 9、台词_______
Investment of this kind supposes (= would not be possible without) an increase in the company's
profits this year. ＊be supposed to 应该 You are supposed to finish the work before 8:00 o‘clock this evening. 3. This means all the action occurs at one time, in one place.(page 6) 这意味着所有的情节发生 在一个时间，一个地点。 ＊Occur 1. vi. (especially of accidents and other unexpected events) to happen: An accident involving over ten vehicles has occurred in the east-bound lane. If any of these symptoms occur while you are taking the medicine, consult your doctor immediately. 2. vi. + adv. or prep. to exist or be present in, among, etc: Violence of some sort seems to occur in every society. Minerals occur naturally in the earth's crust. ＊occur to sb The thought did occur to me. 自我检测:I __________ along the street looking for a place to park when the accident ______. A went; was occurring C was going; occurred B went; occurred D was going; had occurred
（ ）1. The office is ______ the secretary while the boss is out. A. in charge of B. in the charge of C. take charge of D. on duty
（ ）2. It______ to me that she didn‘t know I had moved into the new house. A. broke B. happened C. took place D. occurred
（ ）3. The house is ________ steel and glass, not bricks. A. made of B. made from C. made up of D. consisted of
（ ）4.—When can I use your computer? —Never!_____ should you touch it. A. At no time B. In no time C. At any time D. At one time
（ ）5. Lily has made good progress in English this _______. A. term B. pattern C. part D. point
（ ）6. My cousin ________me not to take weight-loss medicine, but I just won‘t listen. A. is advising B. advised C. advises D. has been advising
（ ）7. Frightened by the snake, the girl ________ crying near the well. A. burst in B. burst upon C. burst into D. burst out
（ ）8. He _____ dead, for many people saw the truck hit him badly last night. A. must have B. must have been C. can‘t be D. must be
（ ）9. He ________ his hand and _____ to report his answers when asked to.
A. rose, raised
B. raised, raised
C. raised, rose
D. rose, rose
（ ）10. She seems to have _____ weight since she looks a lot thinner than before. A. lost B. put on C. added to D. reduced
（ ）11. _____ its excellent view, the mountain attracts more and more visitors every year. A. Famous to B. Famous as C. Famous for D. Famous
（ ）12. I will stay at home and watch the ______ football match this evening. A. living B. lively C. alive D. live
Grammar and usage (1)
1.掌握非谓语动词做主语、定语和宾语补足语时的用法。 2. 按要求完成有关练习。
★ 不定式： 主动形式 一般式 完成式 进行式 ★ 动名词 主动形式 一般式 完成式 ★ 动名词 主动形式 一般式 完成式 doing _______ 被动形式 being done having been done doing ________ 被动形式 _______ having been done _______ to have done to be doing 被动形式 to be done __________ /
动词除了在句子中充当谓语外，还具有名词、形容词及副词的性质动词的非谓语形式， 可在句中作主语、表语、宾语、定语、补语和状语等，称作非谓语动词，包括动词不定式、 分词和动名词。 （一 ） 动 词 不 定 式 的 特 征 及 用 法 1.动词不定式的构成及特征 “to +动词原形”构成动词不定式，是一种非谓语形式，在句子中不能作谓语，没
有人称和数的变化，它具有名词、形容词和副词的特征。 2.动词不定式的用法 动词不定式具有名词、形容词和副词的特征，在句子中可以作主语、表语、宾语、 定语和状语。 1. 作主语 例如：To learn English well is not easy. 或 It is not easy to learn English well.
动词不定式作主语时，往往用 it 作形式主语，这种句型可归纳为下面的句型： It is + adj.+ 动词不定式 如果要说明不定式的动作执行者，可以用 for It is + adj.+ for sb. to do sth. 2. 作表语 My wish is to become a teacher. 3. 作宾语 Most of us like to watch football matches. 4. 作宾语补足语 He told me to be here on time. 5. 作定语 I have nothing to say about that thing. 6. 作状语 He stopped to have a look. 3.动词不定式的否定形式 动词不定式的否定形式 not + to + 动词原形 例如： He asked me not to make such a mistake. 4.动词不定式与疑问词连用 疑问代词 who, what, which 和疑问副词 when, where, how, why 等后面可以接动词不 定式，构成动词不定式短语，可以在句子中作主语、宾语、表语等成分。 例如：(1) He doesn‘t know how to use the machine. (2) How to use the machine is a question. (3) The question is when to go there. （二 ） 动 词 不 定 式 的 时 态 和 被 动 形 式 （不定式作宾语） （不定式作主语） （不定式作表语） 动词不定式是非谓语动词的一种， 由
不定式符号(to)加动词原形构成。不定式的形式有五种： 1． 一般式 to do 例如：I like to read English. 2． 进行式 to be doing 例如：He seemed to be reading something at that time. 3． 完成式 to have done 例如：He seemed to have cleaned the room. 4． 被动式 to be done 例如：The work is to be done soon. 5． 完成被动式 to have been done 例如：The boy is said to have been sent to hospital yesterday.
分词是动词非谓语形式的一种，包括现在分词和过去分词。现在分词表示：主动，动作 正在进行。过去分词表示：被动，动作已经完成。 （一）分词的作用 分词在句中可以作定语、表语、状语和宾语补足语。例如： 1．作定语 Do you know the boy standing at the gate? Have you read the book written by Lu Xun？ 2．作表语 We are excited at the news.The news he told us is exciting. 3．作宾语补足语 I heard him singing a song in the classroom. We found the ground covered with snow. 4．作状语 While lying in bed, he listened to some music. Seen from the hill, the village looks move beautiful. 分词作状语时，它的逻辑主语就是句子的主语，否则分词前面必须有自己的主语。 （二）分词的时态 现在分词分一般式和完成式，而过去分词则没有时态形式的变化。 现在分词的一般式表示动作与谓语动词同时发生，或在谓语动词之前发生。例如： Knowing his uncle would come, he began to make some preparations. 现在分词的完成时，表示的动作发生在谓语动词表示的动作之前。常用作状语。例如： Having finished his homework, he went to bed. （三）现在分词的被动式 被动一般式 being done 被动完成式 having been done This is one of the new supermarkets being built in our city. Having been told many times, he was able to operate the machine. （四）分词的否定形式 分词的否定式，由 not+分词构成，例如：
Not having heard the news. I wrote to him again. Not knowing how to work out the maths problem, I went to the teacher for help. （五）分词独立主格结构 当分词的逻辑主语与主句的主语不同时， 带逻辑主语的分词
短语成为独立主格结构，在句法功能上起状语作用。例如： Weather permitting, they will go and visit the science museum. The meeting being over, they all left the room.
A. don‘t make A. getting along
1. The teacher asked us ______so much noise. B. not make C. not making B. to get along with D. to have got along with D. not to make 2. Andrew is really outgoing. As I know, he is easy ______. C. to be getting along
3. I‘ll give a talk tomorrow. I‘m thinking about ______.
A. what to say — Nothing much. A. do 5. Mary prefers ______. A. sing and dance
B. how to say
C. what can I say
D. how can I say
4. — What are you busy ______ these days? B. doing C. to do D. done D. to sing than dancing
B. singing to dancing C. to sing to dance
Grammar and usage (2)
1.掌握非谓语动词做主语、定语和宾语补足语时的用法。 2. 按要求完成有关练习。
1. Don‘t let me catch you ______. A. do that again B. to do that again C. doing that again D. done that again
2. — What did you do in the garden? — I watched my father ______ his motorbike. A. to repair B. repaired C. repairing D. repairs
3. You should really avoid ______ at home alone as he is old and ill. A. your father stay C. your father‘s staying B. your father to stay D. your father who stays
4. John didn‘t want to risk ______ wet as he had only one suit. A. getting B. to get C. being got D. to be got
5. It is no use ______ to borrow any more money. A. to try B. try C. tried D. trying
动名词是动词非谓语形式的一种,由动词加 ing 构成。 动名词既有动词特征， 也有名词特 征。 动名词在句中可以作主语、表语、宾语和定语。例如：
⑴ Smoking does great harm to people‘s health. ⑵ My job is looking after children. ⑶ I have finished reading the novel. ⑷ We have got a swimming pool in our school. 动名词的否定形式由 not +动名词构成。例如： He made me angry by not taking the medicine.
（作主语） （作表语） （作宾语） （做定语）
动名词的复合结构由名词所有格或物主代词加上动名词构成。例如： Would you mind my opening the door? 动名词的一般式，表示的动作可以与谓语动词同时发生或在前，或在后。 例如： We all enjoy listening to music.(同时发生) Do you remember meeting me there?（在谓语动词前发生） 动名词的完成式表示在谓语动词之前完成的动作。例如： I regret not having been taken to the Great Wall when I was a child. She attended the party without being invited.
1. Let‘s have a rest. The _______ work made me very _______. A. tired; tired B. tiring; tiring C. tired; tiring D. tiring; tired
2. Sugar, when _______ with water, dissolves(溶解) quickly. A. mixed B. mixing C. mix D. is mixed
3. _______ and happy, Tonny stood up and accepted the prize. A. Surprising B. Surprised C. Being surprised D. To be surprising
4. ______ more attention, the trees could have grown better.
B. to give
D. having given
5. Cleaning women in big cities usually get _______ by the hour. A. pay B. paying C. paid D. to pay
Period 7 Task(1)
1. _____ anything about the accident ,he went to work as usual. A. Not known B. Known not C. Knowing not D. Not knowing 2. —Have you decided when_____? —Yes, tomorrow morning. A. to leave B. to be leaving C. will you leave D. are you leaving 3. I really enjoy_____ that kind of job. A. do B. doing C. to do D. to be doing 4. —There‘s a hole in your bag. —l know. I am going to have it_____. A. mend B. mending C. mended D. to be mended 5. The next morning she found the man in bed, _____ dead. A. lying B. lie C. lay D. laying
(1) How can we write a summary?____________________________________ (2) Read the writing on page 107. ? the 1st sentence: _________________________ ? the 2nd sentence: _________________________ ? the 3rd sentence: ________________________ ? and then…: how the story develops
假设你叫李华,你所在的学校拟聘请一位美籍教师教受英语，你们英语角昨天就此事进 行了讨论。大多数赞成此事，少部分有些担心，最后一致同意聘请。请你根据下表内容用英 语写一篇短文，介绍一下讨论的情况，以便发表在校报上。 大多数看法 1．有利于学习地道的英语 2．有利于培养学习英语的兴趣 3．有利于提高英语听说能力 少部分看法 1．外籍教师不熟悉中国学生的实际 2．有些学生可能听不懂外籍教师讲课 结论 聘任外籍教师有 助于学生学习英 语
注意：1、词数：120 左右； 2、写成短文形式，不要逐条翻译； 3、开头已为你写好，不计入总词数。 4、参考词汇 ① 聘任 employ ② 英语角 the English Corner ③ 结论 conclusion ④ 地道的英语 real English It is said that our school is going to employ an American teacher…..
Period 8 Task (2)
按要求完成有关练习。 自主学习 单项选择 1. —Good morning. Can I help you? —I‘d like to have this package_____, madam. A. be weighed B. to be weighed C. to weigh D. weighed 2. Slowly she opened the letter, _____. A. her hands trembled slightly B. slightly her hands were trembled C. her hands slightly trembling C. trembling her hands slightly 3. All ______will be present at the conference . A. parties concerned B. parties concerning C. concerned parties D. concerning parties 4. _____ more attention, the trees could have grown better. A. Given B. To give C. Giving D. Having given 5. She reached the top of the hill and stopped_____ on a big rock by the side of the path. A. to have rested B. resting C. to rest D. rest 6. Last summer I took a course on_______. A. how to make dresses B. how dresses be made C. how to be made dresses D. how dresses to be made 7. The murderer was brought in, with his hands_____ behind his back. A. being tied B. having tied C. to be tied D. tied 8. The secretary worked late into the night, _____ a long speech for the president. A. to prepare B. preparing C. prepared D. was preparing 9. I can hardly imagine Peter_____ across the Atlantic Ocean in five days. A. sail B. to sail C. sailing D. to have sailed 10. —The light in the office is still on. —Oh, I forgot_____. A. turning it off B. turn it off C. to turn it off D. having turned it off
翻译 1. In an interview, he told us that he is always happy to take on new foreign students. ____________________________________________________________________ 2. The most famous are the Canadian Mark Roswell, known in China as Dashan, and David Moser(Mo Dawei ) from the USA. ______________________________________________________________________
Some people bring out the best in you in a way that you might never have fully realized on your own. My mom was one of those people.
My father died when I was nine months old, making my mom a single mother at the age of eighteen. While I was growing up, we lived a very hard life. We had little money, but my mom gave me a lot of love. Each night, she sat me on her lap and spoke the words that would change my life, "Kemmons, you are certain to be a great man and you can do anything in life if you work hard enough to get it." At fourteen, I was hit by a car and the doctors said I would never walk again. Every day, my mother spoke to me in her gentle, loving voice, telling me that no matter what those doctors said, I could walk again if I wanted to badly enough. She drove that message so deep into my heart that I finally believed her. A year later I returned to school-walking on my own! When the Great Depression(大萧条)hit, my mom lost her job. Then I left school to support the both of us. At that moment, I was determined never to be poor again. Over the years, I experienced various levels of business success. But the real turning point occurred on a vacation I took with my wife and five kids in 1951.I was dissatisfied with the second-class hotels available for families and was angry that they charged an extra$2 for each child. That was too expensive for the average American family. I told my wife that I was going to open a motel (汽车旅馆)for families that would never charge extra for children. There were plenty of doubters at that time. Not surprisingly, mom was one of my strongest supporters. She worked behind the desk and even designed the room style. As in any business, we experienced a lot of challenges. But with my mother's words deeply rooted in my soul, I never doubted we would succeed. Fifteen years later, we had the largest hotel system in the word-Holiday Inn. In 1979 my company had 1,759 inns in more than fifty countries with an in income of $ 1 billion a year. You may not have started out life in the best situations. But if you can find a task in life worth working for and believe in yourself, nothing can stop you. 1.What Kemmons'mom often told him during his childhood was_______. A. caring B. moving C. encouraging D. interesting
2.According to the author, who played the most important role in making him walk back to school again A. Doctors. B. Nurses. C. Friends. D. Mom.
3.What caused Kemmons to start a motel by himself A. His terrible experience in the hotel. B. His previous business success of various levels. C. His mom's support. D. His wife's suggestion.
4.Which of the following best describes Kemmons' mother A. Modest ,helpful and hard-working. C. Careful, helpful and beautiful. B. Loving, supportive and strong-willed. D. Strict, sensitive and supportive.
5.Which of the following led to Kemmons' success according to the passage A. Self-confidence, had work, higher education and a poor family B. Mom's encouragement, clear goals, self-confidence and hard work. C. Clear goals, mom's encouragement, a poor family and higher education. D. Mom's encouragement, a poor family, higher education and opportunities.5 第二节 翻译 将划线部分的句子英文译成中文， 中文译成英文。 After giving a talk at a high school, I was asked to pay a visit to a special student. 1.An illness had kept the boy home, but he had expressed an interest in meeting me, and it would mean a great deal to him. I agreed. During the nine-mile drive to his home, I found out something about Matthew. He had muscular dystrophy（肌肉萎缩症）. When he was born, the doctor told his parents that he would not live to see five, and then they were told he would not make it to ten. Now he was thirteen. He wanted to meet me because I was a gold-medal power lifter(举重运动员),2. and I knew about overcoming obstacles (障碍) and going for my dreams. I spent over an hour talking to Matthew. Never once did he complain or ask, ―Why me?‖ He spoke about winning and succeeding and going for his dreams. Obviously, he knew what he was talking about. 3.He didn‘t mention that his classmates had made fun of him because he was different. He just talked about his hopes for the future, and how one day he wanted to lift weight with me. When we finished talking, I went to my briefcase(衣箱) and pulled out the first gold medal I won and put it around his neck. I told him he was more of a winner and knew more about success and overcoming obstacles than I ever would. He looked at it for a moment, then took it off and handed it back to me. He said, ―You are a champion(冠军). You earned that medal. Someday when I get to the Olympics and win my own medal, I will show it to you.‖ 4.去年夏天我收到了 Matthew 父母的来信。 telling me that Matthew had passed away. They wanted me to have a letter he had written to me a few days before: Dear Rick, My mom said I should send you a thank-you letter for the picture you sent me. I also want to let you know that the doctors tell me that I don‘t have long to live anymore. But I still smile as much as I can. I told you someday I was going to the Olympics and win a gold medal. But I know now I will never get to do that. But I know I‘m a champion, and God knows that too. When I get to Heaven, God will give me my medal and when you get there, I will show it to you. 5.谢谢你对我的爱。. Your friend, Matthew
1________________________________________________ 2________________________________________________ 3________________________________________________ 4________________________________________________
一、仔细阅读课文，找出下列短语。 1.为?腾地方______________ 2.朝---扔_____________ 3.把纸撕成两瓣______________ 4.闯进；突然闯入____________ 5.怒目而视__________________ 6.递出；拿出；____________ 7.冲出去____________________ 8. 撞到某人____________________ 二、阅读课本 14 和 15 面的内容，回答以下问题。 Read the first play in the textbook and try to ask the following questions: 1. Is there a bench in the courtyard? __________________________________ 2. What does the word “invisible” mean? _____________________________ 3. Is this a comedy? Why or why not? ___________________________________ Read the second play in the textbook and answer the following questions? 4. How many characters are there in the play? Who are they? _____________________________________________________ 5. Who do you think is the main character in the play? ________________________________________________________ 6. What does the King actually want? ________________________________________________________
情态动词加 have done 都是对过去事情的推测，区别只在于情态动词的不同 一、 ―must+have+done‖ 表示对过去事情的肯定推测，译成―一定做过某事‖，该结构只用 于肯定句。 1. It must have rained last night, for the ground is wet. 昨晚一定下雨了，因为地面还是湿的。 2. You ____________________________ to the servant. 你和仆人说话，一定是发疯了。 二、 ―can't+have+done‖表示对过去事情的否定推测，译成―不可能做过某事‖。 1. Mr. Smith can?t have gone to Beijing, for I saw him in the library just now. 史密斯先生不可能去北京了，我刚才还在图书馆见过他。
2. Mary_______________your money. She has gone home. 玛丽不可能偷你的钱， 她回家去了。 三、 ―can+have+done‖ 表示对过去行为的怀疑，用于疑问句，译成―可能做过……吗？‖。 1. There is no light in the room. Can they have gone out? 屋里没有灯，他们可能出去了吗？ 2. There is nowhere to find them. Where __________________? 到处找不到他们，他们可能到 什么地方去呢？ 四、 ―could+have+done‖ 是虚拟语气，表示对过去事情的假设，意思是本来能够做某事而 没有做。 He could have passed the exam, but he was too careless. 本来他能够通过考试， 但是他太粗心。 五、 ―may+have+done‖ 表示对发生过的事情的推测，意思是―可能已经‖或―也许已经‖，用 于肯定句中。 —What has happened to George? —I don't know. He may have got lost.—乔治发生了什么事？——我不知道，他可能迷路了。 六、 ―might+have+done‖ 表示对过去事情的推测，might 与 may 意思相同，但可能性更小。 多用于虚拟语气结构中。 1. He might have given you more help, even though he was busy. (MET90) 他或许会多给你一 些帮助，即使他很忙。 2. She ___________________greater progress, if you had given her more chances. 如果你多给她点机会，她可能已经取得更大的成绩。 七、 ―would+have+done‖ 虚拟语气，表示对过去事情的假设，意思是―本来会做‖。 1. I would have told you all about the boy's story, but you didn't ask me. 我本来会告诉你这个小男孩的故事，但是你没有问我。 2. Without your help, I wouldn't have achieved so much. 没有你的帮助，我是不会取得如此大 的成绩。 八、 ―should+have+done‖ 意思是―本来应该做某事，而实际没做。‖ ―shouldn?t+have+done‖ 表示本来不应该做某事，而实际做了。含有指责对方或自责的含意。 1. Tom, you are too lazy. The work should have been finished yesterday. 汤姆，你太懒惰了，这项工作本来应该昨天就做完的。 2. Look, Tom is crying. I __________________________ on him. 看， 汤姆哭了， 我本来不应该 对他如此严厉。 九、 ―ought to+have+done‖ 表示过去应该做而实际并没有做，译成―理应做……‖，往往表示 遗憾。与―should+have+done‖用法基本一样。 I ought to have gone home last Sunday. 我理应上星期日回家。 You ought not to have given him more help. 你不应该帮助他那么多。 十、 ―need+have+done‖ 表示本来需要做某事而没有做。 ―needn?t+have+done‖则表示―本来不 需要做某事而做了‖。
I needn?t have bought so much wine—only five people came. 我本来没有必要买这么多酒，只 来了五个人。 He ________________________ the station. In that case, be wouldn't have missed the train. 他本来需要快点去车站，那样的话，他就不会误了火车。 ★牛刀小试 （ ）1.【2012 北京卷】33. We ______ the difficulty together, but why didn‘t you tell me? A. should face B. might face C. could have faced D. must have faced （ ）2. 2011 江苏卷,--I left my handbag on the train, but luckily someone gave it to a railway official.—How unbelievable to get it back! I mean, someone ______ it. A. will have stolen B. might have stolen C. should have stolen D. must have stolen （ ）3 .〖10 安徽〗Jack described his father, who ______a brave boy many years ago, as a strong– willed man A. would be B. would have been C. must be D. must have been （ ）4 .〖10 湖北〗It‘s said that they have swum to the island from the continent, but they ________（不可能做到）because the ocean in between is too wide. (do) （ ） 5.〖09 上海〗 It____ have been Tom that parked the car here, as he is the only one with a car. A. may B. can C. must D. should
（ ）1.〖09 重庆〗—Hi, Tom. Any idea where Jane is? —She_____in the classroom. I saw her there just now. A. shall be B. should have been C. must be D. might have been （ ）2.〖09 江苏〗He did not regret saying what he did but felt that he it differently. A. could express B. would express C. could have expressed D. must have expressed （ ）3.〖08 天津〗She have left school, for her bike is still here. A.can‘t B.wouldn‘t C.shouldn‘t D.needn‘t （ ）4.〖08 江西〗What a pity!Considering his ability and experience, he A.need have done C.can have done D.might have done （ ）5.〖08 重庆〗— —You A.may B.can C.should D.would （ ）6.〖08 山东〗Thank you for all your hard work last week.I don‘t think we it without A.can manage B.coul D.can have managed （ ）7.〖07 陕西〗I told your friend how to get to the hotel, but perhaps I have driven her there. A.could B.must C.might D.should （ ）8.〖07 浙江〗— —You have given her so much food. A.wouldn‘t C.shouldn‘t D.mustn‘t （ ）9.〖07 福建〗My MP4 player isn‘t in my bag.Where A.can B.must C.should D.would
（ ）10〖08 全国Ⅰ〗—Have you got any idea for the summer vacation? —I don‘t mind where we go______there‘s sun, sea and beach. A.as if B.as long as C.now that D.in order that
（ ）1〖07 浙江〗Many of them turned a deaf ear to his advice, they knew it to be valuable. A.as if C.even though D.so that （ ）2.〖05 广东〗You‘d better take something to read when you go to see the doctor you A.even if C.in case D.in order that （ ）3（河南省郑州智林学校 2010 届高三下学期模拟测试二） ---What are you going to do this afternoon? ---I will probably go for a walk it stays fine. A. unless B. so long as C. even if D. as if （ ） 4 （陕西省宝鸡市 2010 届高三教学质量检测三） I'll bring some medicine just some of us get sick while travelling． A．As if B．in case C．even though D．as long as （ ）5.（山东省潍坊七中 2010 届高三上学期期中考试）The government demands that the factory send the waste water out _______it has been made clean. A. even though B. as if C. so that D. only if （ ） 6 （云南师大附中 2010 届高三第一次月考） According to the rules of the school， you must ask for leave in advance you have a doctor‘s diagnose note． A．even though B．as if C．now that D．unless （ ）7（山东省淄博市 2010 届高三第一次摸底考试）It‘s nine thirty now and you'd better go, __________ you'll miss the train. A. or else B. unless C. as if D. now that
as if 从句的语气及时态 1． as if 从句用陈述语气的情况。 当说话者认为句子所述的是真实的或极有可能发生或 存在的事实时。 It sounds as if it is raining． 听起来像是在下雨。 He talks as if ___________ drunk． 从他谈话的样子来看他是醉了。 2． as if 从句用虚拟语气的情况。 当说话人认为句子所述的是不真实的或极少有可能发 生或存在的情况时。从句虚拟语气动词时态的形式如下： （1）如果从句表示与现在事实相反，谓语动词用一般过去时。
You look as if you didn‘ t care． 你看上去好像并不在乎。 He talks as if _______________________________． 他说话的样子，好像他知道她在哪里似的。 （2）从句表示与过去事实相反，谓语动词用―had＋过去分词‖。 He talks about Rome as if he had been there before． 他说起罗马来好像他以前去过罗马似的。 The girl listened ________________________ stone． 那女孩倾听着，一动也不动，像已经变 成了石头似的。 （3）从句表示与将来事实相反，谓语动词用―would／could／might＋动词原形‖。 He opened his mouth as if he would say something． 他张开嘴好像要说什么。 It looks as if ____________snow． 看来好像要下雪了。 当 as if 和 as though 从句的主语与主句一致时，该主语和后面的动词可以省略。于是便出现 下面几种结构： 1)as if +不定式 He opened his lips as if (he were) to make some reply. 2)不定式+形容词或形容词短语 Carrie felt as if unable to endure such a life. 嘉莉觉得似乎无法再忍受这种生活了。 He lay still for a long while, as if dead. 3)as if +介词短语 He looked about as if (he was) in search of something. 4)as if +现在分词 From time to time Jason turned round as though (he was) searching for someone. John paused as if expecting Mary to speak. 约翰停下来，似乎是等玛丽开口。 5)as if +过去分词 The football player is rolling on the ground as if hurt badly in the leg.
（ ） 1. 【2012 辽宁卷】 30. Leave your key with your neighbor __ you lock yourself out one day. A. as long as B. even though C. in case D. as if （ ） 2011上海卷 37 The police officers in our city work hard _____ the rest of us can live a safe life. A. in case B. as if C. in order that D. only if （ ） 2011湖南卷 33 Jack wasn‘t saying anything, but the teacher smiled at him _______he had done something very clever. A .as if B. in case C. while D. though （ ）4.〖08 全国Ⅰ〗—Have you got any idea for the summer vacation? —I don‘t mind where we go______there‘s sun, sea and beach. A.as if B.as long as C.now that D.in order that （ ）5.【2012 北京卷】35. Don‘t handle the vase as if it ____ made of steel. A. is B. were C. has been D. had been