大庆实验中学 2015—2016 学年度上学期 高一年级英语期中考试试题
说明：1. 本套试题答题时间 120 分钟，总分为 150 分。 2. 本套试题共分四部分：听力、阅读理解、语言知识运用、写作。 第一部分：听力（共两节，满分 20 分） 第一节（共 5 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个
选项中选出最佳选项， 并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一 小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. Where does the conversation take place? A. In a store. B. In the street. C. In a park. 2. When will the music show start? A. At 8:20. B. At 8:30. C. At 8:40. 3. What is the man doing? A. Offering help. B. Giving permission. C. Asking for suggestion. 4. What does the man tell the woman to do? A. Teach her son by herself. B. Have confidence in her Son. C. Ask the teacher for extra help. 5. What can we learn from the two speakers? A. They are brother and sister. B. They like stories. C. They may grow up together. 第二节（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项， 并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话前，你将有时间阅读各个小题，每小题 5 秒钟。听完后， 各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6 至 7 题。 6. What month is it now? A. September B. October. C. November. 7. What do we know about the speakers? A. They both enjoy sports. B. They are both in training. C. They are both football players. 听第 7 段材料，回答第 8 至 10 题。 8. Why does the woman refuse to speak to John? A. John lost her telephone. B. John didn’t keep his promise. C. John doesn’t want to tell his story. 9. When does the woman agree to meet John? A. At 5 o’clock. B. At 6 o’clock. C. At 7 o'clock. 10. What is the probable relationship between the two speakers? A. Friends. B. Boss and employee. C. Teacher and
student. 听第 8 段材料，回答第 11 至 13 题。 11. What did the girl do last night? A. She went to the cinema. B. She celebrated her sister's birthday. C. She looked for her physics book. 12. When will the speakers meet? A. At 12:13pm. B. At 12:30pm. C. At 12:15pm 13. Why is the girl worried about her physics exam? A. She hasn’t prepared well. B. She has no exam papers. C. She has lost her physics book. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 14 至 16 题。 14. Where does the conversation probably take place? A. On a ship. B. In an airplane. C. In a restaurant. 15. Which of the following is TRUE? A. The man is a teacher now. B. The man traveled a lot on business before. C. The man was perhaps a soldier during the Second World War. 16. What is the man going to do? A. Visit his grandson. B. Fetch his wife. C. Travel around the world. 听第 10 段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. What was there in the desert where all was dry? A. A young flower. B. A small camel. C. A young tree. 18. How was her feeling when hearing the sun's reply? A. worried. B. Sad. C. Pleased. 19. What was all the young flower wanted to do? A. Have a chance to lie in this corner of sand. B. Bring a little bit of beauty to this world. C. Have a chance to live in this corner of sand. 20. What happened one day? A. The hunter took her away. B. The hunter came by and removed her. C. The hunter came by and stepped on her. 第二部分：阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） A An 80-year-old man was sitting on the sofa in his house along with his 45-year-old highly educated son. Suddenly a crow（乌鸦）perched on the tree near their window. The father asked his son, ''What is this? '' The son replied, ''It is a crow. ''
After a few minutes, the father asked his son the 2nd time, ''What is this? '' The son said, ''Father, I told you just now. It's a crow. '' After a little while, the old father again asked his son the 3rd time, ''What is this? '' ''It's a crow, a crow, a crow.'' said the son loudly. A little after, the father again asked his son the 4th time, ''What is this? '' This time the son shouted at his father, ''Why do you keep asking me the same question again and again? 'IT IS A CROW'. Are you not able to understand this? '' A little later the father went to his room and came back with an old diary, which he had kept since his son was born. On opening a page, he asked his son to read that page. When the son read it, the following words were written in the diary: ''Today my little son aged three was sitting with me on the sofa, when a crow was sitting on the window. My son asked me 23 times what it was, and I replied to him all 23 times that it was a crow. I hugged him lovingly each time he asked me the same question again and again for 23 times. I did not at all feel angry; I instead felt love for my innocent child. '' 21. What does the underlined word ''perched'' mean in the passage? A. knocked B. flew C. landed D. covered 22. Why did the Father ask the same question again and again? A. Because he couldn't understand what his son said. B. Because he was too old to remember anything. C. Because he wanted to make his son angry. D. Because he wanted to see how patient his son would be. 23. How old was the old man when his son asked him 23 times ''What is this''? A. 80 years old. B. 45 years old. C. 38 years old. D. 35 years old. 24. What is the most suitable title for the passage? A. A crow. B. Father's love. C. An old dairy. D. An old man. B We like to think that the reasons for seeking wealth are common. Humans, by nature, like to be comfortable, like to have power and like to have the choices and freedom offered by lots of money. Yet in fact, people's understanding in the meaning of wealth is different around the world. The new Barclay's Wealth Insights study finds that the rich of emerging (新兴 的) markets view wealth very differently from Europeans with quite a long rich history and Americans with a slightly shorter rich history. The study surveyed 2,000 people from 120 countries with investible assets (可 投资资产) of $1.5 million or more. They shared some common views: a large majority of rich people from all over the world agreed that wealth enabled them to buy the best products and that wealth gave them more freedom of choice in their lives. Most also agreed that wealth was a reward for hard work. But the differences are more interesting.
Respect — Asians and Latin Americans were more likely (49% and 47% ) to say that wealth allowed them to get respect from friends and family. Only 28% of Europeans and 38% of Americans said respect was a byproduct (副产品) of wealth. Happiness — About two thirds of Europeans and Americans said wealth made them happy. But it had a greater happiness influence in emerging markets, with 76% of Asians and Latin Americans saying wealth made them happy. Role models — Less than half of Americans and Europeans said the wealthy set an important example to others to be successful, compared with 71% of Latin Americans and 61% of Asians. Spending — Wealthy Europeans were more likely to spend their money on travel and home decoration. Latin Americans seemed to put the highest spending on education, while Americans' spending in charity (慈善) was much more than the rich in any other area of the world. 25. According to the passage, which continents belong to the emerging markets? A. Europe and America. B. Europe and South America. C. Asia and Latin America. D. Asia and America. 26. People generally hold the opinion that humans seek wealth to _____. A. gain respect from others B. enjoy power and free choices offered by wealth C. wish for happiness D. show off and gain rights 27. Which of the following might the writer not agree with? A. Most rich people in the survey agreed wealth was a reward for their hard work B. Wealth had a greater happiness influence on the rich in Asia and Latin America. C. Wealthy Latin Americans were more likely to spend money on travel and home decoration. D. Nearly half of the rich in emerging markets regarded respect as a byproduct of wealth. 28. What does the passage mainly talk about? A. Happiness lies in wealth. B. Wealth brings happiness, respect and admiration. C. People seek wealth to enjoy life. D. Wealth is translated differently around the world. C With online courses (课程), anyone can gain knowledge in any field of interest for free. You can educate yourself and get a certificate after finishing the course. Coursera It offers high-quality courses from top universities for free to everyone to improve your resume (履历), advance your career, expand your knowledge, and gain your confidence. This online learning website provides courses from Princeton University, Stanford University, University of California, and University of Pennsylvania. Learn more at https://coursera.com. Udemy Its goal is to promote education by enabling anyone to learn online. It seeks
to hugely change education by inviting millions of experts worldwide to teach and share what they know. Whether you want to learn business, arts, health, music or technology, there is a course for you. Learn more at https://udemy.com. iTunes U If you are a student who uses Apple devices (设备), you will be happy to know that you have access to iTunes U, which gives you access to different educational courses from all leading universities for free! Learn more at https://iTunesU.com. Skillfeed If you hope to learn a new skill, or improve your Photoshop skills, it offers unlimited access to high-quality video courses from a worldwide community of instructors. You have a month’s free trial, after which you will pay a monthly fee to gain unlimited access to all courses. Learn more at https://skillfeed.com. UC Berkeley It offers courses in Japanese, legal studies and public health. Since they are recordings of actual lectures, they are short of lecture notes and extra materials. However, each course has audio(声音的) recordings of lectures through iTunes U or video recordings of lectures through YouTube. Learn more at https://ucberkeley.com. 29. What do Coursera and iTunes U have in common? A. They’re aimed at providing career guidance. B. Experts worldwide will give lectures on them. C. Learners take their courses only by using apple devices. D. They provide free courses from top universities. 30. Which of the following asks for money for offering courses all the time? A. Udemy B. Skillfeed C. Coursera D. UC Berkeley 31. The main purpose of this text is to _____. A. to show how to get a certificate online B. to advertise some courses from top universities C. to introduce some websites to people to study online D. to develop education by asking people to learn online D Scientists have always been interested in the high level of organization in ant societies. American researchers have watched ants build life-saving rafts to keep afloat (飘浮的) during floods. They also have recorded how ants choose their next queen — the female whose job is to produce eggs. New technology is helping to improve researchers’ understanding of the insects. But there is still a lot to be learned. Fire ants living in Brazilian forests are perfectly at home in an environment where flooding is common. To save themselves, the insects connect their legs together and create floating rafts. Some ant rafts can be up to 20 centimeters wide. David Hu is an engineer with the Georgia Institute of Technology, also known as Georgia Tech, saying, "If you have 100 ants, which means 600 legs, 99 percent of those legs will be connected to a neighbor. So they're very, very good at keeping this network. " David Hu and other Georgia Tech researchers wanted to study ants and the secret
of their engineering. They froze ant rafts and then looked at them with the help of computed technology, or CT images. The pictures showed that larger ants serve in central positions to which smaller ants hold. The larger ants create pockets of air that keep the insects afloat Scientists say small robots or materials that can change shape could be programmed in a similar way, working towards a shared goal. Researchers at North Carolina State University are also studying ants. They examined how Indian jumping ants choose the leader of the colony when they lose their top female or queen. 32. The author takes fire ants as an example to tell us _____ . A. how ants seek food B. how ants survive C. how ants communicate D. how ants live together 33. What can we know from what David Hu said? A. Ants know the way to join together closely. B. Ants know the way to keep safe in the river. C. Ants know the way to look for each other. D. Ants know the way to build a large raft. 34. Why did the larger ants serve in central positions in their ant rafts? A. To stress their importance. B. To protect themselves. C. To fight against their enemies. D. To defend the queen 35. What ideas do the ants give us according to the passage? A. We can use similar-shaped machines in flooding areas. B. We can combine small robots or materials into larger ones. C. Small and shape-changeable things might work just like ants do. D. Small robots or materials in the shape of ants can be made. 第二节（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 Nearly everyone has spent at least one night lying in bed wishing for sleep. But for many, it's a nightly struggle. The key, or secret, is to experiment. What works for some might not work as well for others. 36 Set a regular bedtime. Go to bed at the same time every night. 37 Try not to break this routine on weekends when it may be attractive to stay up late. If you want to change your bedtime, help your body adjust (调整). 38 If you're getting enough sleep, you should wake up on time naturally without an alarm. As with your bedtime, try to keep your regular wake-up time even on weekends. Be smart about napping (打盹). Though taking a nap can be a great way to become energetic again, especially for older adults, it can make insomnia (失眠) worse. 39 If you must nap, do it in the early afternoon, and limit it to thirty minutes. Fight after-dinner drowsiness( 睡意 ). What should you do when getting sleepy before your bedtime? 40 For example, washing the dishes, or calling a friend. If you give in to the drowsiness, you may wake up later in the night and have difficulty getting back to sleep.
A. Wake up at the same time every day. B. Spend more time outside in the day time. C. When it's time to sleep, make sure the room is dark. D. Get off the couch and do something to avoid falling asleep. E. If insomnia is a problem for you, consider giving up napping. F. It's important to find the sleep methods that work best for you. G. Choose a time when you normally feel tired so that you can fall asleep easily. 第三部分：语言知识运用（共三节，满分 55 分） 第一节：完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C、D）中，选出可以填入空白处的最 佳选项。 I visited the Miss Bee's a couple of times a week that summer. Sometimes she gave me less change. Other times she 41 me more for what I bought, or sold me a(n) 42 newspaper instead of one that was new. Going to the 43 was more like going into battle. "That can of beans is only twenty-nine cents!" I 44 her one afternoon. I had watched 45 the numbers change on the cash register (现金出纳机), and Miss Bee had 46 35 cents. She didn’t seem embarrassed that I had 47 her overcharging (making sb pay too much for sth). She just looked at me over her glasses and fixed the 48 . All 49 long she found ways to trip me up. No sooner had I learned how to pronounce bicarbonate of soda (小苏打) and memorized its 50 on the shelf, than Miss Bee rearranged (重新布置) the shelves and made me 51 for it all over again. One morning I was to return to Brooklyn, I 52 to get a packet of gum (口香糖). "All right, Miss Potential," she said." What did you 53 this summer? I believe my job is to teach every child I meet life 54 to help them. 55 you get older, you will be glad that our paths crossed!" Until one day my 56 came to me with homework problems. "They're too hard," she said. "Could you finish my math problems for me?" "If I 57 them for you how will you ever learn to do it yourself?" I said. 58 , I was back at that general store where I had learned the hard way to check up my 59 along with the cashier. As my daughter went back to her homework, I 60 : had Miss Bee really taught me something all those years before? 41. A. supplied B. charged C. offered D. afforded 42. A. old B. new C. local D. foreign 43. A. center B. office C. store D. market 44. A. advised B. promised C. warned D. corrected 45. A. strictly B. closely C. patiently D. immediately 46. A. added B. stolen C. saved D. put 47. A. seen B. caught C. felt D. admitted 48. A. attitude B. money C. method D. price 49. A. spring B. summer C. autumn D. winter
50. A. source direction 51. A. look 52. A. got on 53. A. find 54. A. lessons troubles 55. A. If 56. A. baby 57. A. create 58. A. Frequently 59. A. bill 60. A. asked
B. quality B. B. B. B. pay stopped in meet values
C. location C. call C. took off C. know C. meanings C. Because C. daughter C. follow C. Clearly C. log C. realized
D. D. fight D. put up D. learn D. D. Though D. sister D. share D. Suddenly D. list D. doubted
B. When B. son B. solve B. Luckily B. data B. wondered
第二节：单项填空（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 61. Take your time — it's just _____ short distance from here to _____ restaurant. A. /; the B. a; the C. the; a D. /; a 62. —Will you show me how to download these songs? —Press “Enter” and follow the on?screen _____. A. information B. instructions C. equipment D. descriptions 63. This restaurant wasn't _____ the restaurant we went to last week. A. half as good as B. as half good as C. as good as half D. good as half as 64. I’m glad to learn that his attitude _____ this plan is similar _____ mine. A. to; with B. towards; as C. to; to D. about; in 65. —Johnson is indeed a wise man. —Oh, yes. How often I have regretted _____ his advice! A. to take B. taking C. not to take D. not taking 66. —Hey! What's the rush? —The plane ________ at 4:00 and I need to see my uncle off. A. will take off B. takes off C. has taken off took off 67. We were _____ at the news that our football team had lost the match. A. astonished B. astonishing C. excited exciting 68. —What was the party like? —Wonderful. It is years _____ I enjoyed myself so much. A. after B. when C. before since 69. Many things _____ impossible in the past are very common today. A. consider B. considered C. considering consider
70. —How about going for a picnic this weekend? —Why not? _____. A. I’ve got that B. It’s up to you C. That’s settled D. Have a good time 第三节（共 10 题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容（1 个单词）或括号内单词的正确形式。 During national holidays, famous landmarks and tourist 71 (attract) in China are usually very crowded. For example, in Beijing the Forbidden City often 72 (become) overcrowded with tourists, so people can hardly enjoy themselves. Because of this, some tourists might get 73 bad impression of these places. In order to deal 74 this situation, it could be best for people 75 (lower) their expectations (期望) of a perfect visit — it can’t be avoided that there will be a lot of tourists 76 you visit places of interest. This problem can 77 (solve) if people visit different places. Besides, it's 78 (possibility) that we avoid this overcrowding by 79 (choose) to visit famous places during the year's off season (淡季). You could also visit 80 (equal) interesting but less known places instead. 第四部分：写作（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节：短文改错(共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分) 文中共有 10 处语言错误。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧)，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（\）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2. 只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 Nowadays, the Internet develops very fast that it has become really popular. Some students regarded it as a great helper. Because there has a lot of information online, they can surf the Internet for any information in a short time. This is also very easy to talk with others by using the Internet. Therefore, other students think there is some online information what is not good for students. Besides, spend too much time playing games will not only have a bad effect on their studies but also do harm for health. I think we should make properly use of the Internet. It is of great important to separate good plants from wild weeds. 第二节：书面表达 （满分 25 分） 假如你是李华，你的澳大利亚网友 Eric 最近写信给你，信中说他刚进入高中后虽然学习 成绩很好，但却不善于与他人交流，因此缺少朋友，经常感到很孤独。请你据此给他写一封 电子邮件。内容要点如下： 1. 对他的情况表示同情; 2. 针对他的问题提出建议; 3. 相信他会走出困境。
注意: 1.词数 100 左右; 2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。 Dear Eric, ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________ Yours sincerely Li Hua
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高一上学期英语期中考试答案 听力： 1-5 ACCBC 6-10 BABBA 11-15 BBABC 16-20 AACBC 阅读理解：21-24 CDCB 25-28CBCD 29-31DBC 32-35 BABC 36-40 FGAED 完形填空：41-45 BACDB 46-50 ABDBC 51-55 ABDAB 56-60 CBDAB 单项填空：61-65 BBACD 66-70 BADBC 语法填空：71. attractions 72. becomes 73.a 74. with 75. to lower 76. when/while 77. be solved 78.possible 79. choosing 80.equally 短文改错： 第一处. ? develops very fast? very—so 第二处. ?regarded it? regarded—regard 第三处. ?there has a lot of? has—is 第四处. ?This is also? This—It 第五处. Therefore, other? Therefore—However 第六处. ?information what? what—that/which 第七处. ?spend too much? spend—spending 第八处. ?do harm for? for —to 第九处. ? make properly use? properly—-proper 第十处. ?of great important? important—importance 书面表达： I’m really sorry to hear that you are feeling lonely after entering the high school. You should remember that it is very common and other students may face the same problem, so don't worry too much. Here is my advice for you. You can join a study club, which I think will be of help to meet new friends, because common hobbies are the basis of making friends. Besides, I advise you to help others when they are in trouble, and ask them to help you when you have difficulty. After all, friendships start with communication. I hope these will help you to make more friends. I’m m convinced that you will get out of the trouble.
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