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倒装句讲解与练习


倒装句讲解与练习
英语的基本句型是主语 + 谓语。如果将主语与谓语调换, 称倒装句。 装句分全倒装句和半倒装句。 一、 全倒装: 主语与谓语交换位置不需任何助动词, 叫全倒装。 全倒装有以下三 种情况: 1、当 here, there, out, in, up, down 等副词放在句首时, 句子需全倒装: There goes the bell! 铃响了! There

lived an old man. bus.注意: Here comes the

①在这种情况下倒装仅限于不及物动词或 be 动词, 像 go, come, mush 等。

②主语如果是代词时不需倒装如 Away he went. 他走远了。 2、方位状语在句首, 如: In front of the house stopped a police car. Nearby were two canoes in which they had come to the island. Under the tree sat a boy. 3 、直接引语在句首, 这种情况可倒装也可不倒装 "What does it mean?" asked the boy 或 the boy asked. 二、半倒装: 主语与谓语的助动词交换位置称半倒装, 有以下数种情况: 1,否定意义的词在句首, 句子半倒装, 例如: little, never, not, no, hardly, rarely,seldom Never shall I forget you. happening. Little did I understand what he said to me at that time. 2、 几对并列连词如 not only?but also, hardly? when 等连接两个并列句, At no time was the man aware of what was

连词在句首, 前句半倒装, 后句不倒装: Not only was everything he had taken away from him, but also his German citizenship was taken away. No sooner had I got to the bus stop than the bus started.

注意:

①not only?but also 连接两个并列主语时不需倒装, 如:Not only

you but also I like playing chess. ②neither?nor 在句首时, 前后两句都需倒装,Neither do I have a sister nor does my husband. 3、only 在句首强调状语, 主句半倒装: Only then did I realize that I was wrong.Only in this way can I learn from my fault. Only when the war was over in 1918, was he able to get back to work. 注意: only 强调主语不倒装:Only the teachers can use the room. 4、so?that 句型, so 在句首时, 主句倒装, that 从句不倒装: So easy is it that a clild can learn it.So hard did he work that he finally won the fame. I saw the film, so did he. 5.省略了 if 的虚拟条件句 Had I been informed earlier, I could have done something.Were she here,

she would support the motion. 1.His mother had talked to him for many minutes while he was watching TV,but ____. A.a little did he hear little heard he 2.—— Hello,Zhu Hua.I’ll have to return to Canada because I’ve worked here for a year.—— _____! A.What tim?flies time fly 3.During the war, ____but also he lost his wife and his child. A.not was his job in the lab taken away lab taken away B.not only was his job in the B.How time flies C.What does time fly D.How does B.little did he hear C.little heard he D.a

C.not merely his job in the lab was taken away D.not just was taken away his job in the lab 4.—— We have to stop talking here outside.Listen,_____!—— Hurry up, or we’ll be late. A.There goes the bell D.Goes the bell there 5.I think this is the first time that we have met.___anywhere. A.Before have we never seen each other other C.Each other have we seen never before other 6.___! You should take this chance to attend it. A.How important conference is it is C.What an important conference is it it is 7.She didn’t come to the party last Sunday.___,she must have made the party more exciting. A.If she came B.Would she come C.Had she come D.Did she come D.What an important conference B.How an important conference it D.Never before have we seen each B.Never before we have seen each B.There does the bell go C.There the bell goes

8.They finally managed to climb to the top,but __then. A.went the children down the hill go C.down the hill went the children D.down the hill the children went B.down the hill did the children

9.I received his mother’s telephone call at eleven.__that he was badly hurt in an accident yesterday. A.Then did I know B.Only then I knew C.Only then did I know D.Only then knew I 10.—— What sport do you like best?—— Springboard diving(跳板跳水). ___ to dive into water from high board!

A.What a fun is it is

B.How fun it is

C.How a fun is it

D.What fun it

11.—— The old man wouldn’t stay at home for a rest even if it rained. —— ____.He would feel sick if he stayed home for one day. A.So would my grandpa B.So wouldn’t my grandpa D.Nor wouldn’t my grandpa

C.Neither would my grandpa

12.___for us to surf(冲浪) on the sea in summer! A.What exciting is it exciting it is 13.By no means ___ to our plan for the trip. A.will she agree B.she will agree C.agrees she D.will agree she B.How exciting is it C.What exciting it is D.How

14.The child tiptoed(翘起脚尖走) quietly to the bird.___into the forest when he was about to catch it. A.Flew it away B.Away flew it C.Away it flew D.Flew away it

15.Little Tom is an orphan._____,he has to make a living by himself. A.A child as he is he is 16.___he gave that we should take more exercise in our spare time! A.What a good advice good advice 17.Hardly had she walked out of the woods ___ she heard the strange scream coming from behind a tree. A.than B.until C.since D.when B.How a good advice C.What good advice D.How B.Child as he is C.Child as is he D.A child though

18.___that we couldn’t catch up with him. A.So fast he ran did he run 19.We have been on duty for four hours and ____. B.So fast did he run C.So fast ran he D.Such fast

A.now comes your turn B.now does your turn come C.now your turn comes D.comes now your turn 20.We haven’t seen each other for many months.__! A.What I missed you B.What did I miss you C.How I missed you D.How did I miss you 21.__can you find out how many chickens there are! A.Counting them have you counted them 22.Between the two mounts___and they decide to build a ropeway(索道). A.lies a very deep valley C.a very deep valley lies B.does a very deep valley lie D.a very deep valley lays B.By counting them C.Only by counting them D.Only

23.They went into a small house but ___. A.no persons did they find C.not a person did they find B.not a person found they D.not a person they found

24.—— My mother does a lot of housework before going to work,but she has never been late.—— _____. A.So does my mother B.Neither does my mother C.Nor has my mother D.So it is with my mother 25.Everyone has arrived at eight and ____.A.then does the meeting begin B.then begins the meeting C.begins the meeting then D.does the meeting begin then

26.__it is for us to see that he does his work so well! A.What surprise B.How surprise C.What a surprise D.How a surprise

27.Look over there.___! A.Around the corner is walking a policeman policeman walking C.Around the corner a policeman is walking a policeman D.Is around the corner walking B.Around the corner is a

28.___,we could forgive him for his mistakes! A.Were he still a child D.He were still a child 29.Henry often helps look after Granny Wang,but___. A.seldom is George C.seldom does George B.seldom George does D.seldom looks George after Granny Wang B.If he is still a child C.Is he still a child

30.—— The water changes into thick ice covering rivers and lakes in winter in Harbin. —— ____ in Urumqi and children go skating on it then. A.So is it B.So it does C.So it is D.So does it

31.I remember that ____ an old church on the top of the hill many years ago. A.used to be there had 32.Could you write me a letter ___? A.when will you get home D.when you get home 33.Mother told Rose to buy some sugar in the supermarket and ___. A.she did so B.so she did C.so did she D.she did such B.when do you get home C.when you will get home B.there used to be C.there used to have D.there

34.___shortly after it stopped raining. A.There appeared a colorful rainbow in the sky B.In the sky did a colorful rainbow appear C.There a colorful rainbow appeared in the sky D.There in the sky a colorful rainbow appeared 35.After the patients went into the office,__working. A.only a doctor did they see C.only a doctor they saw B.only a doctor saw they D.only a doctor had they seen

36.We have looked for the lost sheep almost everywhere,but nowhere __ ___. A.we can find it find 37.Only since they gave up that good chance___ to show their invention again. A.have they had no chance C.they have no chance B.they have had no chance D.have they no chance B.can we find it C.can find we it D.we can it

38.You can see a large signal on the wall: ____! A.Long lives the PRC D.Long do the PRC live 39._____,she may not catch up with her sister Lisa. A.Hard though she works D.Hard even if she works 40.___these ancient buildings in this city are! A.What perfectly protected C.How perfectly protected B.How perfect protected D.What perfect protected B.Hard although she works C.Hard works she B.Long live the PRC C.Long does the PRC live

41.Nothing but two ancient Chinese coins ____ after they took out the jar. A.did they find in it it found they 42.He is strict in everything and strict with everyone._____. A.My father is always such C.Such is my father B.My father is always so a strict man D.So a strict man is my father B.they found in it C.in it did they find D.in

43.If you don’t go to his birthday party next Friday,_____. A.so do I B.so will I C.nor do I D.nor will I

44.Since everyone has come back here,___. A.on goes our discussion B.goes on our discussion

C.on does our discussion go

D.does on our discussion go

45.__when we passed by its nest. A.Up into the blue sky did the bird fly bird flew C.Up into the blue sky flew the bird the bird 1.B。具有否定意义的副词如:little,seldom,never,hardly,scarcely,rarely 等 位于句首时,句子的主谓部分倒装。 2.B。how time flies=how fast time flies“时间过得真快”。因为被感叹的部 分是副词 fast,因此感叹词用 how,感叹句需用陈述语序。 3.B。not only...but also 连接两个并列分句,且 not only 位于句首时,该分句 主谓部分倒装。 4.A。在以 here,there,up,down,in,on,out,away,off 等副词开头的句子里,主语 是名词时,句子主谓全部倒装,以示强调。但主语是人称代词时,不倒装。 5.D。否定副词 never before 提前到句首时,句子用部分倒装。 6.D。由于被感叹的部分是可数名词单数 conference,所以感叹词用 what,感叹句 需用陈述语序。 7.C。Had she come=If she had come。if 引导虚拟语气条件状语从句,在口语 中或非正式场合可以把 if 省略掉而改用部分倒装。 8.C。介词短语位于句首,且谓语为不及物动词的句子,句子的主谓全部倒装。 9.C。only 修饰句子的状语(副词、介词短语、状语从句)位于句首时,句子的主 谓部分倒装。 10.D。句子中 fun 是不可数名词,感叹词需要用 what。 11.C。Neither would my grandpa=My grandpa wouldn’t stay at home for a rest,either.否定副词 neither,nor 提前到句首,句子用部分倒装。 12.D。形容词 exciting 前用感叹词 how,感叹句用陈述语序。 13.A。表示否定意义的介词短语在句中作状语置于句首时,句子的主谓部分倒装。 这样的介词短语有:by no means,at no time,in no way,not in the least 等。 D.Flew up into the blue sky B.Up into the blue sky the

14.C。参见注4。 15.B。Child as he is=Although he is a child。as 引导让步状语从句时,通 常要把作表语的形容词或名词、作状语的副词或动词原形提前到句首,同时注意,作表 语的单数名词前无形容词时要把不定冠词去掉。 16.C。名词 advice 用感叹词 what,advice 是一个不可数名词。 17.D。hardly...when...表示“一??就”。注意,主句主谓要用部分倒装。 18.B。 在 so...that 的句型中“so+形容词或副词”提前到句首时, 主句主谓部分 倒装。19.A。时间副词 now/then 置于句首,其谓语又是 come,go,begin 等,这时应该 用全部倒装语序。 20.C。how 修饰句子的谓语动词,句子表示“我是多么想念你啊!” 21.C。参见注9。 22.A。参见注8。 23.C。“not a (an)+可数名词的单数形式”提前到句首时,句子要用部分倒装。 24.D。 如果前面提及不止一件事情, 说明另一个人也是如此要用 so it is/was with sb.。 25.B。参见注19。 26.C。surprise 是一个抽象名词,通常作不可数名词,但这里说明某次具体情况, surprise 可以用作可数名词,前面加不定冠词 a (surprise 没有复数形式)。类似词有 shame,pity 等。 27.A。参见注8。 28.A。Were he still a child=If he were still a child。 29.C。参见注1。 30.D。so does it=the water also changes into thick ice covering the rivers and lakes in winter in Urumqi.说明乌鲁木齐的天气也是如此。 31.B。there used to be 构成倒装句式,表示过去曾出现过的情况。 32.D。when you get home 时间状语从句用陈述语序,一般现在时表示将来。 33.A。so 替代前面提到的要求所作的事情,此时不用倒装。

34.A。there 后面可以跟不及物动词 appear/live/stand/lie 等,说明某处出 现/存在某现象或某事物,此时句子主语必须是名词。 位于句首时,句子不倒装。 36.B。具有否定意义的副词 nowhere 提前到句首时,句子用部分倒装。 37.A。句子中 only 修饰 since 引导的时间状语从句置于句首,主句用部分倒装形 式。 38.B。口语中一些祝福语可以用倒装语序。“Long live(动词原形)+主语”表示 “祝某人或某事物万岁”。 39.A。though 引导让步状语从句时,有时把句子的表语或状语提前到句首。 40.C。句子中 perfectly protected 相当于形容词作表语,因此感叹词用 how。 41.B。 表示否定意义的不定代词 nothing 在句中用作宾语置于句首, 句子不需要用 倒装语序。 42.C。当 such 作句子的表语,位于句首代替上文情况时,句子通常用倒装语序。 43.D。nor will I=I will not go to his birthday party next Friday, either.if 引导说明将来情况的条件状语从句,主句的时态应该是将来时态。 44.A。参见注4。 45.C。表示方位的副词及介词短语置于句首,名词作句子的主语 时,句子的主谓用全部倒装。 35.C。only 修饰句子的宾语


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