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【第一板块 第2节 如何写好复合句及含非谓语结构的句子[来源:学优高考网396800]


高三一轮总复习英语 ·新课标 · I

第二节

如何写好复合句及含非谓语结构
的句子

高考评分标准中的“复杂结构的运用及较多的语法结

构”就是指句子结构的复合性和句型的多样性。不论是复
杂结构的运用,如含有名词性从句、定语从句或状语从句 的复合句,还是较多的语法结构,如分词和

不定式等非谓

语动词的运用都指向句式的转换问题。不容置疑,这些复
杂结构的运用及较多的语法结构会增加文章的表达力度、 提升文章的档次。
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高三一轮总复习英语 ·新课标 · I

一、复合句

在书面表达中,运用简单句固然可以减少表达过程中的
失误,但是,书面表达中不尝试使用复杂句,写作水平永远 上不了档次。因此,要大胆地尝试使用复合句。





高三一轮总复习英语 ·新课标 · I

1.简单句变为复合句

在英语中,复合句是由一个主句和一个或者几个从句所
构成的句子。汉语的句式往往短小精悍。而正式场合英语的 句式为了追求语言表达的准确度,往往层层限制,多采用层 次复杂的复合句式。在复合句式中,主要的思想用主句来显 示,而其他次要的思想则根据它们和主句的逻辑关系,分别

变为从句、短语。高中英语作文明确要求学生能够运用多种
句式,这其实是要求学生除了掌握简单句以外,也要学会熟 练运用多种基本的复合句。善于改变句式,才能使文章更加 流畅生动。
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高三一轮总复习英语 ·新课标 · I

简单句变为复合句,使文章看起来更有层次感,更为多

样化。复合句往往体现了写作者对语言较强的驾驭能力。
I am tired.I still do my homework.(简单句) →Although I am tired,I still do my homework.(复合 句) →I am tired,but I still do my homework.(并列句) 通过比较,我们不难看出,后两个句子明显比前一个句 子更有层次感,逻辑也更加严谨。





高三一轮总复习英语 ·新课标 · I

2.多种手段灵活运用

巧妙灵活地使用各种句式,可以有效避免千篇一律的弊
病,提高文章的品位。高中生在进行英语写作的时候,既可 以使用同义词语或结构表达相同的意思,也可以交替使用 长、短句等丰富表达手段。下面是两个在作文题目中提示出 信息的句子。

(1)现在有时间看课外书、参观博物馆,学习电脑;
(2)现在有时间看新闻、读报纸等。





高三一轮总复习英语 ·新课标 · I

有部分同学表达为:

(1)Now we have more time to read some books and visit
museums. (2)And we also have more time to read newspapers and watch news on TV.





高三一轮总复习英语 ·新课标 · I

在总字数只有 100多字的高中英语作文中应该竭力避免

使用一些长度类似、结构相同的句型。以上两个句子的长度
接近,句式相同,应该注意改进。如若改为下面方式来表 达,长短句合理使用,就会为文章增光添彩,体现出作者深 厚的写作功底。 Now I have more free time.I can follow my interests such

as reading , visiting museums , and taking computer
lessons.In the evening,I can watch news on TV or read newspapers.





高三一轮总复习英语 ·新课标 · I

二、使用非谓语动词或独立主格结构

在书面表达中,可以运用非谓语动词 ( 分词、不定式、
动名词 ) 或独立主格结构把几个松散的句子整合起来,对句 式加以简化,使写出来的句子更加准确、得体、精炼、灵 活。





高三一轮总复习英语 ·新课标 · I

我们休息了片刻,然后开始欢快地玩耍,唱歌跳舞、下

象棋、讲故事。
We had a short rest.Then we began to play happily.We sang and danced.Some told stories.Some played chess. →After a short rest,we had great fun playing,singing and dancing,telling stories and playing chess.





高三一轮总复习英语 ·新课标 · I

在实际写作中,要想提高文章档次,就必须在文章中灵
活使用复合句和高级表达方式。只有这样,才能从整体上提 升文章的档次品位。





高三一轮总复习英语 ·新课标 · I

Ⅰ.用适当的连接词填空 1.Neither Jack ________ his wife can play the piano.

2.Let's go out for a walk ________ you are too tired.
3.So what will happen ________ you don't like your

major?
4.________ he was ill,he could not go to school. 5.We chat with our colleagues all the time,________ we have lunch,or leave work together.
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高三一轮总复习英语 ·新课标 · I

6.Excuse me for breaking in,________ I have some

news for you.
7.He helps me do the cleaning ________ I help him with his physics. 8.The car broke down,________ we had to find a telephone.

9.Hurry up,________ you'll be late.
10 . It must have rained last night , ________ the

ground is wet.





高三一轮总复习英语 ·新课标 · I

【答案】

1.nor

2.unless

3.if

4.Because

5.whether

6.but

7.while

8.so

9.or

10.for





高三一轮总复习英语 ·新课标 · I

Ⅱ.用复合句或非谓语结构改写下列句子 1 . The sun gives off heat and light.This makes it

possible for the plants on the earth to grow.
_____________________________________________ 2 . I was walking along Park Road towards the

east.Suddenly an old man came out of the park on the other
side of the street. _____________________________________________ 3.My brother was riding the bike and I sat on the seat behind him.

____________________________________________
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高三一轮总复习英语 ·新课标 · I

4 . I am Wang Shan.I am sixteen years old.I am

attending Beijing Yangguang Middle School presently.
___________________________________________ 5.He was deep in thought.He forgot his lunch. __________________________________________ 6 . A man is shaking hands with my father.He is a policeman. __________________________________________





高三一轮总复习英语 ·新课标 · I

7.We have lost the game.This is the fact.

__________________________________________
8.He was late.This made his teacher unhappy. __________________________________________ 【答案】 1.The sun gives off heat and light,which

makes it possible for the plants on the earth to grow. 2.I was walking along Park Road towards the east when an old man came out of the park on the other side of

the street.





高三一轮总复习英语 ·新课标 · I

3.My brother was riding the bike with me sitting on

the seat behind.
4 . I am Wang Shan , a girl of sixteen , presently attending Beijing Yangguang Middle School. 5.Deep in thought,he forgot his lunch. 6.The man who is shaking hands with my father is a policeman. 7.The fact is that we have lost the game.

8.His being late made his teacher unhappy.






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