Module 1 Our Body and Healthy Habits
Grammar Grammar 1 nouns used as verbs 名词转化为动词 很多表示物件、身体部位或某类人的名词可以用作动词，某些抽象名词也可用作动词。名词 和动词在转化时，有时不改变意思，有时意思也相应地变化，在学习的过程中注意记忆总结。 1 名词和动词在转化时， 有时不改变意思
，有时也相应地变化。 eye n. 眼睛 .（用眼睛看）注释，端详 ship n. 船， v. 用船装 help v. 帮助 n. 帮助 love v. 爱 n.. 爱 picture 能画， 照片 v. 用图表示，描述 2 有些名词和动词在转化时会发生元音改变或词尾变化 blood----bleed sell----sale sing---- song advise----advice bathe----- bath believe---- belief e.g.We ship grain to Africa.我们把谷物运往非洲。 These desks and chairs are coated with dust. 这些桌椅落上了灰尘。 We lunched together.我们一起吃了午餐。 3 Look at the verbs in bold. What are the nouns of these verbs? When Zhou Kai’s mother saw him heading towards the front door without a jacket on, she eyed him anxiously. B And I’m not overweight so I never have to diet 4 1) She mothered the orphan 他慈母般地照顾这个孤儿。 He wolfed his meal. 他狼吞虎叨地吃饭． 2）Tom braked the car. 汤姆刹了车。 My mother is knifing a piece of meat. 母亲在切一块肉。 His job is to milk the cows. 他的工作就是挤奶。 3）He is busy bottling wine.. 他正忙于把酒装瓶。 They canned apples． 他把苹果放在了罐子里。 4） Will you please mail the letter？ 你送这封信，好吗? 5） They wintered in the south. 他们在南方过的冬。 They are going to honeymoon in America． 他们打算去美国度蜜月。 6）Don't sir me so much． 不要这么先生、先生地叫我。 Step 3 Practice 1． Complete the sentences using the words as verbs.
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Example: Stop mothering me! I’m not a child. 1. This apartment _________ six people and a dog. 2. She ________ the silk gently. 3. It _________ really delicious. 4. Can you ________ me those papers? Suggested answers: houses fingered tastes hand 2．Complete the following sentences 1. Did you ____（预定）a seat on a plane yesterday? 2. Please ____ （递）me the book. 3. They ____ (取名)their dog Bob. 4. She ____（护理；照顾）her aged mother every day. Key for reference 1. book 2. hand 3. named 4. nurses Grammar 2 一般将来时(The future simple tense) Step 1 Introduction a. Are the following sentences making a prediction or talking about an intention? “you’ll catch a bad cold,” said his mother. “I’ll be fine,” said Zhou Kai, as he opened the door. “Zhou Kai, you’ll get ill, you know you will.” b. Look at the following sentences and phrases. Complete the sentences with will or be going to. Can you lie down, please, and I’ll examine you? I’ll write you a prescription. My wife’s going to visit her this afternoon. My wife’s going to pick me up in a quarter of an hour. And I’ll ring the hospital. You use __________when the speaker decides to do something as he speaks. You use __________ when someone has decided to do something before. 1.一般将来时表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态 Zhou kai, you’ll get ill. I’ll buy you a toy. My sister’s going to see you off. will 和 be going to 都可以用来表达将要发生的事情，区别如下： (1).单纯谈到将来的事情，没有主观因素，可用 will. It will become warm when spring comes.春天到来，天气将会变暖。 I will be twenty next month.下个月我就 20 岁了。 (2).表示说话人的推测，用 will. She will be all right after taking the medicine.吃了这药，她就会好的。 That will be your house.那是你的家吧。 (3).表示一种倾向，用 will. Each time he comes to Beijing, he will visit the Great Wall.每次他来到北京，他都要游览长城。 Without water, man will die.没有水人会死。
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(4).表示说话时决定马上要做的动作（多半是听了对方的话后所做出的反应） ，用 will. A: My chest hurts when I breathe.我呼吸时，胸部疼痛。 B: Lie down please, and I’ll examine you.请躺下，我给你检查一下。 (5).表示经过事先考虑或安排后的意思,即“打算做某事”，用 going to do. My friend is in hospital now, but he is going to come out tomorrow. 我朋友现在医院， 但是他明天 就要出院了。 She has borrowed some books from the library. She is going to make a careful study.她从图书馆借 了一些书。她打算好好作番研究。 (6)在口语中，表示将要发生的事情时，多用 be going to . What’s going to happen? 将要发生什么事？ Is there going to be a party tomorrow evening? 明天晚上有聚会吗？ (7)表示根据已有的、并被注意到的迹象将要发生的事情 They are going to miss the train.他们要赶不上火车了。 （说话者注意到他们出发时已经太晚了） Look at those dark clouds; it’s going to rain.看那些乌云，要下雨了。 (8).be going to 可用于表示将来时间的条件状语从句，will 却不能。 If he is going to participate in the competition, he’d better get prepared.如果他打算参加这个竞 赛，他最好做好准备。 If we are going to start early, 5 o’clock is ok. 如果我们计划早出发，5 点就可以。 (9).will 可用于表示意愿、拒绝等的条件状语从句中。 If Tom won’t come, we will lose the game.如果汤姆不愿意来，我们将输掉这场比赛。 If he will do something useful, he will save the boy.如果他愿意做些有益的事，他会就这个男孩 的。 Step 2 Explanations will 和 be going to 的区别 在下列情况下用 will: 1.根据说话者的见解和观点对未来作出预言时 I think Smiley will make a good footballer. Smith will beat Patterson with a knock-out in the second round. 2.在说话时突然做出的决定时，一般用 will 的缩写形式’ll I’m tired. I think I’ll go to bed. — Come to supper. — OK, thanks. I’ll bring a bottle. 3.表示意图、提议、许诺、自愿做某事或坚持做某事时 —There’s the door-bell. — I’ll go. I will stop smoking— I really will! 4.表示请求和邀请时 Will you give me a hand? Will you come in and have a drink? 5.表示命令或威胁时 You will start work at six o’clock. I’ll bit you if you do that again. 6.表示习惯和规律时 She will greet me when she meets me. Man will die.
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在下列情况下用 be going to 1.根据现在所见，预计不久肯定会发生的事情时 Look!—it’s going to rain! The car is going to turn over. 2.谈及打算或事先决定了的事情时 What are you going to be when you grow up? —Why have you torn the paper into pieces? —I am going to rewrite it. Step 3 Practices Complete the following sentences. Use be going to or will. My son has a pain in his stomach and ________ have an X-ray. It’s ten o’clock and I’ve got a headache. I think I ________ take an aspirin. I’ve thought about it a lot and I _________ start diet tomorrow. I want to lose weight. My daughter has decided to study medicine. She _____be a doctor. Oh no, my medicine is almost finished! I _______ask the doctor for another prescription. The doctor saw me today and _______see me again next week. My best friend is in hospital but ______ come out tomorrow. It’s cold outside. I think I ______wear my coat. Practice 1．Jim and Li Lei __________（watch）the football match this evening． 2．We are going to play ping-pong on Saturday． （改为一般疑问句并作否定回答） —__________ __________ going to play ping-pong on Saturday？ —__________，we __________． 3．我叔叔今晚要来。 My uncle __________ __________ __________． 4．我们要讨论这本书。 We _____ ______ ______ ______ ______ this book． 5．---Do you tell Julia about the result ? ---Oh, no ,I forgot. I ______her now. A. will be calling B. will call C. call D. am to call 6. Look at the dark clouds in the sky . I think it _____rain. A will B shall C must D is going to 7. If he ____be head teacher of this class , I will not go to this class . A is going to B will C was to D should 8.---- Write to me when you get home ---- ____. A. I am going to B. I will C. I should D. I can 9. That ____ be Dr. Wang’s clinic. Let’s go and have a look. A. is going to B. will C. is not going to be D. will not. 10. My younger brother ____be 15 years old next year. A. is going to B. will C. is to D. should 11. Let’s keep to the point or we _____ any decisions. A. will never reach B. have never reached C. never reach D. never reached
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--- You’ve left the light on. --- Oh, so I have. _______ and turn it off. A. I’ll go B. I’ve gone C. I go D. I’m going 13. If he _____ to college, he _____ a lot more. A. will go; will learn B. will go; is going to learn C. goes; will learn D. goes; is going to learn 14. --- Sorry, I forgot to post the letter for you. --- Never mind, _____ post it myself tonight. A. I’m going to B. I prefer to C. I’ll D. I’d rather 15. ---Write to me when you get home. --- ____________. A. I must B. I should C. I will D. I can 1.are going to watch 2. Are you No aren’t 3. is coming tonight 4. are going to talk about 5.B 6.D7.A8. B 9. B. 10. B 11. A 12. A13. C 14. C 15C Homework: Finish the exercises 2,3,4 on page 67,68.