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【外研版必修4】2014高考英语一轮复习配套课件:Module


(2012· 山师附中高三检测)根据提示,用英语写一篇 120词左右的短文介绍乔布斯的传奇人生。

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人物

生卒

经历

成就

1955.4.25 1976创办 乔布斯 出生 Steve 苹果电脑 2011.10.5 Jobs 公司 去世

发明iPhone iPad系列电 子产品,2009时代最佳美 国CEO(财富杂志)和年度 风云人物之一

__________________________________________________ __________________________________________________

__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________
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【满分作文】 ①Steve Jobs, the former CEO and one of the founders of Apple, was born on February 24th, 1955 in America and died on October 5th, 2011. In 1976, when he was 21 years old, Jobs formed Apple Computer.Jobs created many wellknown digital

products, including iPad, iPod and so on.In 2007, Jobs was elected as the greatest businessman of the year by the Fortune Magazine.②In 2009 he was listed as the best decade American CEO by Fortune Magazine, and also the same year he was elected as one of Time Magazine Persons of the Year.
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③He is a perfect combination of art and technology of IT leaders, a person who changed the world.

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【高级词汇】
founder n.创建者 digital products数字产品 list vt. 把……列为combination n.结合,混合

【佳句变换】
①Steve Jobs, known as the former CEO and one of the founders of Apple, was born on February 24th, 1955 in America and died on October 5th,2011. ②In 2009, he ranked as the best decade American CEO by Fortune Magazine, made one of Time Magazine Persons of the Year. ③A perfect combination of art and technology of IT leaders made Steve Jobs, a person who changed the world.
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A 考纲词汇——思忆
figure 1.______ n.人物 2. publish vt.出版 ______ support 3. _______ vt.支持 replace 4. _______ vt.取代;以……代替 5. escape vi.逃跑;逃避 ______

6.straight adj.直的 ______ clear 7. ______ vi.(烟雾)消散
producer produce production 8.________ n.生产者→_______ vt.生产→_________ n.生产
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leading lead leader 9.______ adj.主要的→ ____ vt.领导→ ______ n.领导者 10. educate vt.教育→ education n.教育→ educator n.教育者 ______ ________ ________

11. agriculture n.农业→ agricultural adj.农业的 __________ __________
original origin 12. ________ adj.原来的;最初的→ ______ n.起源→ originate ________ v.起源 import export 13. _______ vt.出口→ ________ vt.进口 quantity quality 14. ________ n.数量→ ________ n.质量 15. brief adj.简短的;简洁的→ briefly adv.简短地,简洁地 ____ _______ 16.explosion n.爆炸;爆炸声→ explode vi.爆炸 _______ _______

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——字词入章,相得益彰 It is clear to everyone that nothing can replace
mother's love and care.His mother,who has many fine qualities,spent a large quantity of money on his education.He became an outstanding figure in his field soon after his graduation.His first book was published last week.In brief,it is his mother that supports him wholeheartedly all the time and helps him achieve success.

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B 重要短语——识记
1.bring up 培养;养育 __ 2.as a result of 由于……的结果 __ 3.be known for 因……而出名/闻名 ___

4.earn one's living 谋生 _____
5.come __ power 掌权 to 6.have/make a breakthrough 取得突破;攻破 ____________ 7.the key to doing sth 做某事的关键 _____ 8.experiment with 对……进行实验 ____ 9.convert... __... 把……转化为…… to 10.attach...__... 把……系到……上 to
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C 经典句式——再现
1.the key to (doing)sth.(做)某事的关键;……的钥匙 the key to feeding people He thought that ______________________(养活世人的关键)was to have more rice and to produce it more quickly. 2.a way to do sth/of doing sth做……的方法/方式 by doing sth通过做某事 one way to do this He thought there was only ________________(做这件事的唯一一 by crossing different species of rice plant 种方法)—____________________________________(通过使不同 种类的水稻杂交),and then he could produce a new plant which could give a higher yield than either of the original plants.

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3.keep sb/sth doing sth使……一直做某事 keep the The tubes were attached to a long stick which helped ________ rocket moving in a straight direction _________________________________(使火箭直直地前进).

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A 核心单词——巧布点,基石奠 support vt.& n.支撑;维持;供养;支持
Earth is the only planet known to support life.
(2011· 江西卷,阅读D) 地球是所知的唯一可以支持生命的星球。

in support 准备给予支援的
支持或支援某人/某事物 in support of sb/sth________________________ in support of We all speak _____________a ban on drunken driving. 我们都支持禁止酒后驾驶。
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——看看高考怎么考 If she doesn't want to go, nothing you can say will________her. A.persuade (2012· 大纲卷Ⅰ,35) B.promise

C.invite
答案 A

D.support

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quantity n.量;数量;大量
a large quantity of大量的 large quantities of大量的;许多的 In quantity ___________大量地 a quantity of/quantities of既可修饰可数名词,也可修饰不可 数名词,a quantity of+n.作主语时,谓语动词的单、复数 取决于名词,quantities of+n.作主语时,谓语动词用复数。 A quantity of money has been spent in bringing up his

children.
=Quantities of money have been spent in bringing up his children.他在教育孩子方面花了许多钱。
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小贴士

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escape v.逃跑;溜走;逃避;(指气体、液体等)漏 出;被忘掉n.逃亡;出口
Pygmy rabbits also rely on winter cover by digging tunnels through the snow to escape predators.(2012· 浙江卷,阅读A)

特别矮小的兔子冬天通过在积雪中挖通道以躲避捕食者。 doing escape _______sth逃避做某事 escape from从……逃走 疏忽;没注意到某人 escape sb's notice____________________ make an escape逃走 九死一生 narrowly escape=have a narrow escape_________

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escaping ①Can you see the heat _________ through a window? 你能看到从窗户散发出的热气吗?
②Her name _______me.我想不起她的名字了。 escapes

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小贴士 (1)escape 表示具体的“逃跑”,为vi.常与from等搭配,表

示抽象的“逃避”为vt.。
(2)escape表示“被忘掉”时,不能用于被动语态。类似的还 有:come up(被提出),get through(被通过),run out(用 完),come out(出版)等。

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——满分作文之佳句 a.We must obey the school rules,or we can't escape punishment. (天津卷) b.Whoever breaks the law won't avoid being punished.

(湖北卷)
c.The students can't get away with cheating. (安徽卷)

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clear vt.使清澈;使清楚;扫清 vi.变清澈;(天)变晴;(烟雾)消散 adj.清澈的;透明的;洁净的;晴朗的
They should be very clear about what happens to their bodies. (2011· 安徽卷,任务型读写) 他们应该很清楚他们的身体里发生了什么。 移走(物件)以留出空间 clear sth away_____________________ clear up(天)变晴 清楚表明,讲清楚 make...clear__________________ made it clear I ______________to him that I didn't like him. 我清楚地告诉他,我不喜欢他。
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——看看高考怎么考 It is by no means clear________the president can do to end the strike. A.how 答案 D B.which C.that (2012· 新课标卷,24) D.what

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集训中心
Ⅰ.选词填空
produce;educate;original;agricultural;graduate; clear;quantity

1.Firemen were still ________ stones and bricks from
apartments damaged at the scene of the attack. 2.That model of mobile phone won't go into

________before late 2012.
3.He wants his children to have a good ________ in good schools.

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4.Most of the population in China are employed in ________ and fishing.

5.When the boys ________ from high school, their parents
moved to a small town. 6.His reputation as a writer depends more on________ than quality. 答案 1.clearing 2.production 3.education 4.agriculture

5.graduated 6.quantity

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Ⅱ.单项填空 1.The majority of people in the town strongly ________the plan to build a playground for children.(2010· 浙江卷,4) A.consider B.support C.confirm D.Submit

2.The prisoners are reported________to the other side of the

border two months ago.
A.to escape B.to avoid C.to have escaped D.to have avoided 3.Eventually the roads ________and the traffic began to flow again.

A.cleaned

B.removed
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C.moved
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D.cleared
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4.I remember seeing the young man before,but his name ________me for the moment. A.escapes C.forgets (2013· 西安模拟)

B.reminds D.Ignores

5.Though he didn't agree with us at first,we soon ________him to our way of thinking. A.converted C.modified B.transferred D.exchanged

答案

1.B

2.C

3.D

4.A

5.A

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B 核心短语——点入线,基础建
come to power掌权,上台,执政
in power当权

当权;执政 take power____________ 不能胜任 beyond one's power_________
have the power to do sth有做……的能力 in power ①Obama has been _________ever since 2009. 奥巴马自2009年上台执政至今。 beyond my power ②I'm afraid it is _________________to do what you're

asking.我恐怕不能胜任你要求做的事。
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小贴士
come to power表示短暂动作不可与时间段连用,而be in power表示持续状态可与时间段连用 类似的短语还有:get married与be married,catch fire与

be on fire,take charge of与be in charge of,fall in love
with与be in love with等。在这些短语中,前者都表示动 作,后者强调状态。

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集训中心
Ⅰ.选词填空
bring up;make a breakthrough;come to power;earn one's living;as a result of;escape from

1.Mary ________as a singer.
2.Surgeons have ________great ________in the kidney transportation.

3.________poor management,there is often trouble in
his factory. 4.People enjoy movies that provide an ________reality.

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5.Finally,a new king began to ________. 6.All the students should be ________in a proper way.

答案

1.earns her living 2.made a;breakthrough
4.escape from 5.come to power

3.As

a result of up

6.brought

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Ⅱ.单项填空

1.________the serious flood, twothirds of the buildings
in the area need to be repaired. A.As a result of C.In front of B.On top of D.In need of

2.It has been two years since this party________.Many
people wonder whether it will stay on. A.has been in power C.took the office B.has come to power D.came to power

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3.—The illness was diagnosed ________cancer.
—Oh,really?I'm terribly sorry to hear that. A.with B.as C.of D.To

4.A really good article will ________a handsome remuneration(稿费). A.bring up B.bring in C.bring to D.bring into

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5.It was quite right for Yuan Longping to think

that________was to have more rice and produce it
more quickly. A.the key to feeding people B.the key to feed people C.the key of feeding people D.the key for feed people 答案 1.A 2.D 3.B 4.B 5.A

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C 核心句型——线入面,灵犀现
He thought that the key to feeding people was to have more rice and to produce it more quickly. 他认为,养活世人的关键是拥有更多的水稻并且能 更快地生产出来。
该句中的to have more rice and to produce it more quickly是 动词不定式短语作表语,表示对主语的解释说明。如果主 语部分含有实义动词do的某种形式,则动词不定式中的不 定式符号to可以省略。不定式作表语的句子往往可转换为 用它作主语的句子。 is (to) have The only thing that she wants to do now __________a holiday.现在她想做的唯一的事情就是去度假。
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辨析 ①一般表示具体的动作,尤其是表示将来的动 不定式 作;②若主语是不定式(表示条件),表语也应是 不定式(表示结果) 表示抽象的一般性的行为。注意区别于进行时 动名词 态:进行时态说明动作是由主语完成的,而动名 词作表语说明主语的性质或情况。

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to get ①His aim is ______ (get) the first place.
②To see is _________ (believe). to believe

reading ③My interests are _______ (read) novels.

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The tubes were attached to a long stick which helped keep the rocket moving in a straight direction.这些管子被绑在一根长木棍上,这根木棍 能使火箭直线前进。
即宾语与宾语补足语。作宾语补足语的可以是介词短语、 v.ing形式、过去分词、形容词、副词等。 阻止某人干某事 keep sb/sth from doing________________ keep (sb/sth)out of sth不(让某人或某物)进入;(使某人)避开 不离开(道路等);信守(诺言等) keep to sth___________________________ 不把某事告诉别人 keep sth to oneself_________________ keep up 持续不停/保持……不下降 跟上某人/某事物 keep up with sb/sth__________________
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waiting ①I'm sorry to keep you ________.对不起,让您久等 了。 ②Come on and tell me!I swear I will keep your words to myself __________only.告诉我吧!我发誓不会告诉任何人的。

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——看看高考怎么考 ①Walking alone in the dark, the boy whistled

to________his courage.
A.hold up C.set up B.keep up D.take up

(2012· 湖北卷,23)

②Walmart, which is one of the largest American supermarket chains,________some of its store open 24

hours on Mondays through Saturdays. (2012· 安徽卷,33)
A.keeps C.have kept B.keep D.had kept

答案

①B

②A
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集训中心
Ⅰ.完成句子

1.他们使用电脑使交通运转顺畅。
They employ computers to keep the traffic running smoothly _____________________________. 2.运动是健康的关键。 Exercise is the key to health. ________ 3.我的工作是每天清扫房间。 cleaning the rooms My work is _________________ every day.

4.她只想买东西。
(to) go shopping Everything she hopes to do is ______________.

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Ⅱ.单项填空 1.Lucy has a great sense of humour and always keeps her colleagues________with her stories. (2010· 上海卷,33)

A.amused B.amusing C.to amuse D.to be amused 2.Having a trip abroad is certainly good for the old couple, but it remains________whether they will enjoy it. A.to see C.seeing B.to be seen D.Seen

3.The man we followed suddenly stopped and looked as
if________whether he was going in the right direction. A.seeing C.to have seen B.having seen D.to see
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4.—I'm sorry,but I don't quite follow you.Did you say you wanted to return on September 20? —Sorry,I ________myself clear.We want to return

on October 20.
A.hadn't made C.don?t make

(2010· 北京卷)
B.wouldn't make D.haven?t made

5.He broke his mother's favorite vase,but he was lucky

to escape________.
A.to be punished C.punished 答案 1.A 2.B 3.D 4.D B.being punished D.punishing 5.B
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单元语法要点附加练
被动语态,by+v.ing的用法 1.More people________in hospital this year than at any time since the start of the Health Service. A.are being treated C.are treating B.have treated D.have been treated

2.Proper first aid can save a seriously injured person,
especially when he or she is bleeding heavily or________. A.has poisoned C.has been poisoned B.was poisoned D.is poisoning

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3.Every year, when the peach blossoms are at their best, a festival________at the Beijing Botanical Garden. A.is held B.will be held

C.held

D.Holds

4.Cheerleaders test their skills________competitions against cheerleaders from other schools, just like other athletes. A.by joining C.with joining in B.by taking part in D.with participating in

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5.By the end of last year, another new theme park________completed in that area.(2013· 福州高三联考) A.was being C.has been 答案 1.D 2.C 3.B 4.B B.would be D.had been 5.D

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