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英语高考基础写作


Expository Writing
How to introduce a place

近年考试对说明文体裁的考查
年份 考试 题材 介绍传奇人物 报道禁烟决定 命题方式 提纲 表格

2012 广东高考 2011 广东高考

2010
2009

深一模

广一模

介绍校体育馆 报道近视问题
介绍校植物园

提纲 表格
提纲

2009 广东高考 2008 广东高考 2007 深一模

介绍射击项目 介绍文化遗址

表格 提纲

Practice: Fill in the blanks of the introduction of Canada

【写作内容】

模拟题

假如你是来自加拿大的留学生Jason,请你写 文章介绍一下加拿大。内容包括以下要点:
国家 特征 面积 人口 首都 加拿大 第二大国家 东西跨越5,500千米,6个时区 29,000,000 Ottawa 气候差异大,北部冬天漫长寒冷, 西部沿海冬天温暖

官方语言 法语和英语 气候

资源

淡水、森林、渔业资源丰富

【写作要求】 1. 只能用5个句子表达全部内容;

2. 把5个句子组成连贯的短文。

Main problems in writing
1. language: inaccurate 2. main points: disorganized

Difficult points in the writing
1.东西跨越5500千米,6个时区 cover an area of over 5,500 kilometers from east to west /six time zones 2.气候差异大 vary from place to place 3.西部沿海 the west coast

4.淡水、… 渔业资源

fresh water/ fishing resources

A possible version (语法填空): _______ Covering (cover) an area of over 5,500 kilometers from east to west ____ with six of the world’s time zones and with Ottawa _____ its capital, Canada is the as _______ (two) largest country in the world. second _____ population of Canada is about 29 The official million and there are two _______ (office) languages, French and English.

_____ in China, the weather in Canada As is different _____ area to area. In the from north, the winters are long and hard, ______ the west coast of Canada is a while fairly warm place in winter. Canada has one third of the world’s supply of fresh water, abundant forests and fishing resources _________ (resource).

How to organize the main
points in 5 sentences and make the passage fluent?

【写作内容】

模拟题2

假如你是来自加拿大的留学生Jason,请你写 文章介绍一下加拿大。内容包括以下要点:
① 国家 特征 面积 ② 人口 首都 加拿大 第二大国家 东西跨越5,500千米,6个市区 29,000,000 Ottawa

官方语言 法语和英语 ④ ③气候差异大,北部冬天漫长寒冷, 气候 西部沿海冬天温暖 资源 ⑤淡水、森林、渔业资源丰富

① Covering an area of over 5,500 kilometers from east to west with six of the world’s time zones and with Ottawa as its capital, Canada is the second largest country in the world. ② The population of Canada is about 29 million and there are two official languages, French and English. ③ As in China, the weather in Canada is different from area to area. ④ In the north, the winters are long and hard, while the west coast of Canada is a fairly warm place in winter.⑤ Canada has one third of the world’s supply of fresh water, abundant forests and fishing resources.

Possible versions for Sentence①
Covering an area of over 5,500 kilometers from east to west with six of the world’s time zones and with Ottawa as its capital, Canada is the second largest country in the world.

As the second largest country in the world, Canada covers an area of over 5,500 kilometers from east to west with six of the world’s time zones , with Ottawa as its capital.
Canada, with an area of over 5,500 kilometers from east to west with six of the world’s time zones is the second largest country in the world, with Ottawa as its capital,

Possible versions for Sentence②
The population of Canada is about 29 million and there are two official languages, French and English. Canada, whose official languages are French and English, has the population of 29 million.

Useful expressions
Aspects for the place introduction

Useful expressions
1. Location(位置): ?be located/situated in/on/at/to; lie in/on/at/to ?in the center of; in/to/on the east of 2. Area(面积): ?cover/have an area of…; with an area of … ?It is …long/wide (from east to west). 3. History(历史): ?have/with a history of…years ?date from/ date back to 4. Population(人口): ?have/with a (large) population (of…) ?The population of…is… ?…percent of the population are…

Useful expressions
5. Climate(气候): ?The climate varies/is different from place to place neither too hot nor too cold 6. Resources(资源): ?be rich/wealthy in; with abundant resources ?be famous/well-known for/as… ?mainly produce… ?The main agricultural products are… 7. Tourist attractions(旅游景点): ?places of interest ?scenic spots ?resort (旅游胜地)

Let’s have a try !

实战训练:
假如你是刘风,大运会即将在深圳举行。你作为一个大 运会志愿者,向来访的外国游客介绍深圳--我国一个重要东南 沿海城市,位于广东省南部, 人口超过一千万。
城市 旅游 气候 深圳 中国著名的旅游胜地之一,有很多旅游点,其中 著名的有欢乐谷、世界之窗、小梅沙等 四季如春,气候宜人

经济 体育

经济特区,发展迅速。 深圳人热爱体育,当选2011年大运会举办城市

欢乐谷 世界之窗 锦绣中华 红树林 海上田园 仙湖植物园 小梅沙 海洋世界 明斯克航母 东部华侨城

Happy Valley Window of the world Splendid China Red Wood Sea Garden Fairylake Garden Xiao Mei Sha Sea World Minsk Aircraft Carrier OCT East

Difficult points in the writing
1.沿海城市 coastal /seaside/seashore city

2. 四季如春,气候宜人
a mild temperate climate, with spring all the year around

3. 经济特区
4. 大运会

special economic zones the Universiade

实战训练:
假如你是刘风,大运会即将在深圳举行。你作为一个大 运会志愿者,向来访的外国游客介绍深圳--我国一个重要东南 沿海城市,位于广东省南部, 人口超过一千万。①
城市 深圳

旅游 ②中国著名的旅游胜地之一,有很多旅游点,其中 著名的有欢乐谷、世界之窗、小梅沙等 气候 ③四季如春,气候宜人

经济 ④经济特区,发展迅速。 体育 ⑤深圳人热爱体育,当选2011年大运会举办城市

Shenzhen, a key seaside city, is located in the southern part of Guangdong Province,with a population of more than 10 million. It has a mild temperate climate, with spring all the year around. That is the reason why it becomes one of the well-known travelling resorts in China with a good many scenic spots, some of which are Happy Valley, Window of the World and Xiao Mei Sha. As one of the special economic zones in China, Shenzhen has been developing rapidly. What excites us most is that more and more people in Shenzhen get involved in sports, which makes it a host city of the 2011.

【写作内容】 假如你为学校英文报刊的“海外之声”栏目投 稿,请你根据以下内容写一篇短文介绍澳大利亚。 ① 位置 太平洋的西侧 大洋洲(Oceania)最大的国家,面 积760万平方公里 人口稀少,只有1,000多万,多数集 中在东部沿海地区。 堪培拉(Canberra),风景秀丽

面积
② ③ 人口 首都

④ 悉尼(Sydney),有许多名胜,其 最大城市 中悉尼歌剧院(Opera House)闻名 于世; 2000年奥运会在此举行的。 ⑤

【写作要求】 1. 只能用5个句子表达全部内容;

2. 把5个句子组成连贯的短文。
Australia ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________

Possible versions for Sentence①
Australia, the largest country in Oceania, lies on the west coast of the Pacific, with an area of 7.6 million square kilometers.

As the largest country in Oceania, Australia lies on the west coast of the Pacific, covering an area of 7.6 million square kilometers.
Located on the west coast of the Pacific, Australia is the largest country in Oceania, covering/with an area of 7.6 million square kilometers.

Possible versions for Sentence②
It has a small population of over 10 million and most of its population live in the east of the country by the sea. It has a small population of over 10 million, most of which live in the east coast of the country.

Possible versions for Sentence④ Sydney is the biggest city in Australia, which has many places of interest and the Opera House is well known all over the world.
Sydney, the biggest city in Australia, has many places of interest including the world famous Opera House. Sydney is the biggest city in Australia with many places of interest including the world famous Opera House.

Australia, the largest country in Oceania, lies on the west coast of the Pacific, with an area of 7.6 million square kilometers. It has a a small population of over 10 million, most of whom live in the east coast of the country. The capital city Canberra, where you can enjoy beauiful scenery, attracts a good many people every year. Sydney is the biggest city in Australia, which has many places of interest and the Opera House is well known all over the world. It was in this place that the 2000 Olympics were held.


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