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Transportation Fuels and Energy Storage PRCfE 080910


Visit by the Consul for Science and Technology Consulate General of the PRC, Sydney China Association for Overseas Expert Exchange

Transportation Fuels and Energy Storage
Scott Donne
Discipline of Chemistry University of Newcastle scott.donne@newcastle.edu.au
Priority Research Centre for Energy

Applied Electrochemistry
Wide ranging application areas
Electrochemical energy storage Electrodeposition Corrosion

Research group
2 post-docs, 11 RHDs, 3 Honours >$4M in funding (since 2002) Infrastructure
Electrochemical methods Materials characterization
Priority Research Centre for Energy 10 September, 2010

Consul for Science and Technology, PRC

Slide 2

Electrochemical Energy Storage
Materials-based research
Batteries
Consumer electronics Medical batteries Electric and hybrid-electric vehicles

Supercapacitors
Pseudo-capacitive materials Activated carbons

Fuel cells
Oxygen reduction catalysts Direct carbon fuel cell Hydrogen production
Priority Research Centre for Energy 10 September, 2010

Consul for Science and Technology, PRC

Slide 3

Battery Systems
Primary systems
Non-aqueous Li-MnO2 for medical devices (pacemakers, defibrillators).

Secondary systems
Aqueous alkaline Zn-MnO2 Ni-MH
NiOOH properties and performance

Li-ion systems
LiMxFe1-xPO4 LixMnO2
Priority Research Centre for Energy 10 September, 2010

Consul for Science and Technology, PRC

Slide 4

Supercapacitors
Pseudo-capacitive materials
Manganese oxides
Developed high specific capacitance materials (>2000 F/g) Closest existing material is ~1200 F/g

Composite electrode materials

Activated carbons
Mechanisms of capacitance fade
Structural breakdown Chemical breakdown
Priority Research Centre for Energy 10 September, 2010

Consul for Science and Technology, PRC

Slide 5

Fuel Cells
Fuel cells
Oxygen reduction catalysts
Limiting reaction in any fuel cell system Results comparable to Pt performance

Direct carbon fuel cell
Direct generation of electricity High thermal efficiency Pure CO2 stream

Hydrogen production
Hybrid sulfur cycle Renewable production
Priority Research Centre for Energy 10 September, 2010

Consul for Science and Technology, PRC

Slide 6

Sustainability and Clean Energy Technology Laboratory
Dr. Michael Stockenhuber
Research interests range from development of new catalysts for fine and intermediate chemical synthesis conversions, to fundamental structure-function relationships in acidic and basic catalysts. Target reactions of interest include Fischer-Tropsch synthesis, methanol to gasoline, transfomation of glycerol, selective catalytic reduction of NOx, carbon monoxide oxidation and base catalyzed condensation reactions.
Priority Research Centre for Energy 10 September, 2010

Consul for Science and Technology, PRC

Slide 7

Focus of Research
A particular strength of this laboratory is the investigation of the interaction of reactant molecules with catalysts by in-situ spectroscopic techniques. In particular, there is strong interest in infrared and X-ray absorption spectroscopy, EXAFS and XANES.

Priority Research Centre for Energy 10 September, 2010

Consul for Science and Technology, PRC

Slide 8

Dehydrogenation of Kerosene
EADS (Airbus) intends to replace all energy systems on board of aircraft with fuel cells Hydrogen has to be produced on board from kerosene
Partial dehydrogenation process developed

Priority Research Centre for Energy 10 September, 2010

Consul for Science and Technology, PRC

Slide 9

Ventilation Air Methane
Large quantities of methane are released in mine ventilation air. Methane is difficult to combust due to low concentration.
Developing a self sustainable low temperature catalytic combustion system for mitigating greenhouse gas emissions.
Priority Research Centre for Energy 10 September, 2010

Conversion

Consul for Science and Technology, PRC

Slide 10

Glycerol to Value Added Products
Uses
Glycerol to syngas (CO/H2) and then to methanol (Biodiesel Industries Australia) Glycerol to oxygenates and fuels (African explosives) Base catalysts for transesterification of waste oils
Priority Research Centre for Energy 10 September, 2010

Consul for Science and Technology, PRC

Slide 11

Other Projects
Collaborations
Methane to oxygenates and fuels
Partial, selective oxidation of methane and methane reforming (Australian Synchrotron, UN)

Methane to aromatics and hydrogen
Dehydroaromatization of methane (University of Glasgow)

Selective catalytic reduction of NOx
Lean burn and diesel engines, microporous materials (University of Trondheim)
Priority Research Centre for Energy 10 September, 2010

Consul for Science and Technology, PRC

Slide 12

Comments of Questions?
A/Prof. Scott Donne
Applied Electrochemistry Laboratory Discipline of Chemistry University of Newcastle Callaghan, NSW 2308 Australia Ph: +61 2 4921 5477 Fax: +61 2 4921 5472 Email: scott.donne@newcastle.edu.au

Dr. Michael Stockenhuber
Sustainability and Clean Energy Laboratory Discipline of Chemical Engineering University of Newcastle Callaghan, NSW 2308 Australia Ph: +61 2 4921 6195 Fax: +61 2 4921 6920 Email: michael.stockenhuber@newcastle.edu.au

Priority Research Centre for Energy 10 September, 2010

Consul for Science and Technology, PRC

Slide 13


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