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Book 1 Unit 2 English around the world学案(第2课时)


学习目标 重点难点

Book 1 Unit 2 English around the world Period Two Language Study(I)

掌握下列单词、短语的用法 more than, at the end of, because of, come up, actually, base, at present, mak

e use of, a number of 重点: actually, make use of, at present 难点: 辨析 because of 与 because a number of 与 the number of

新知预习
1. 复述课文 2. 翻译下列单词或短语 1) 本国的;本土的 adj.___________ 4) 命令;指令 n.&v._____________ 7) 因为;由于___________________ 10) 利用;使用 _________________ 2) 实际上;事实上 adv. __________ 3)频繁的 adj._____________ 5) 本身;本体 n.________________ 6) 逐渐地 adv.___________ 8) 目前;现在__________________ 9) 走近;上来___________ 11) 例如…… __________________ 12) 十六世纪 ___________

探究学习
【探究 1】 重点词汇 1. more than (P9, L1) Do you know that there is more than one kind of English? (译)______________________________________。 【例释】 1) What he did more than satisfied me . (more than=much) 2) Helen and Mary are more than classmates. They are close friends. (more than=not only) 3) When I asked them for help, they were more than glad to come. (more than=very) 【归纳】more than 用在数词前面表示_________的意思,相当于_________, 以 more than one 作主语,谓 语动词常用单数;more 加复数可数名词加 than one 作主语,其谓语动词则要用复数。 【拓展】more than 与其他词类(修饰名词、形容词、动词)连用时做“不仅仅,岂止;极其、很、非常”讲。还 有“more than +主语+can+谓语”这一结构表示的是否定意义,意思为“……不能”或“非……所能” 【运用】 1) More than one person ________been invited to the party.不止一个人被邀请参加晚会。 2) More persons than one ________been invited to the party.不止一个人被邀请参加晚会。 3) That is more than I can tell you. (译)________________________________________ 4) The beauty of the city is more than I can describe. (译)_______________________________________ 2. At the end of ( P9, L1) At the end of the 16th century, about five to seven million people spoke English. (译)_______________________________________ 【例释】 They will finish the task at the end of the month. 【归纳】 at the end of _________(既可指时间也可指空间) 【拓展】by the end of 表示到…结束时,只用于时间,常与过去完成时或将来完成时连用。in the end 最 终,终于,不与 of 连用。 【运用】1) ________ last week, we had learnt about 3,000 words. 2) All will turn out well ______________________. 一切终究都会好起来的。
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3) You live ____________the Changjiang River while I live_____________ it.君住长江头,我住长江尾。 3. come up (P10 L8) I’d like to come up to your apartment. (译)_______________________________________。 【例释】1) The question never came up. 2) The sun has come up . 【归纳】come up ____________________________ 【拓展】come back 回来 come up to 达到; come up with 想出 (计划等) come on 加油; come out (书,唱片等) 出版,发行,出来; 1) I’ll let you know if anything ___________ (发生). 2) He (走到我跟前) and asked me if I knew the time. 3) Did you (提出什么新的意见来)? 4) Maybe she ________________(会回来) again 4. actually (P10, L9) Actually all languages change and develop when cultures meet and communicate with each other. (译) ________________________________________ 【例释】1) What do you actually do every day? 【归纳】actual adj._________ actually adv. ________ 【拓展】in fact / in reality 实际上;事实上 【运用】 1) I have _________________(真地收到这笔钱) . 2) No one can leave _______________(真实的世界). 5. base, at present (P10, L11) It was based more on German than the English we speak at present. (译) ________________________________________ 【例释 1】1) This novel is based on fact. 2) The factory is at the base/foot of the mountain. 3) She stopped her car at the entrance to the base. 【归纳 1】base vt._________ n. _________ base… on…把……建立在……;以……为基础 be based on 以……为基础;建立在……基础上 at the base of… 在……脚下 【运用 1】1)This news report __________________ _____(是根据实际情况写成的). 2) I base this program on a true story.(翻译) ___________________________________________ 【例释 2】1) She lives in France at present. 2)The price of the house is really high at present. 【归纳 2】at present __________________________ 【拓展】present adj. 现在的;出席的 n. 礼物;现在 be present at…出席;到场 【运用 2】3) 你目前在做什么?(翻译) ___________________________________________ 4) At present I’m all alone here.(翻译) ___________________________________________ 6. make use of (P10 L15) So by the 1600’s Shakespeare was able to make use of a wider vocabulary than ever before.
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(译)______________________________________。 【例释】1) We should make full use of the time. 2) Now he can make use of his free time to study. 【归纳】make use of __________________________ make good/full use of /make the best of / make the most of _____________________________________ 【注意】含 make use of 的句子变为被动语态时,可有两种变化。如: We should make use of our time to learn.=Use should be made of our time to learn. =Our time should be made use of to learn. 【运用】 1) You should (好好利用你的词典). 2) He made use of his free time to learn French. =His free time to learn French. =Use to learn French 7. a number of (P10,L23) For example, India has a very large number of fluent English speakers …... (译)_______________________________________。 【例释】1) We have a number of magazines. 2) The language is rich in vocabulary and has a large number of words. 【归纳】a number of _________________________ 【词语辨析】a number of 与 the number of 1) a number of: 许多; 一些; 若干。 number 前可加 small, large 等修饰, 表示数量的多少; 但不能用 much, many, little, few 来修饰。其后接复数名词,作主语时,谓语动词用复数形式。 A number of students have read this story. 一些学生看过这个故事。 2) the number of: ……的数量。后接复数名词,表示“……的数量”,作主语时,谓语动词用单数形式。 The number of the students is increasing. 学生的数量日益增加。 【运用】1) The number of smokers ______ rapidly decreasing. (A. is B. are) 2) A good number of books have been missing from the library.(翻译) ___________________________。

达标练习
用适当地单词或短语填空: 1. In this part of the city, you can see ancient and m_________ buildings next to each other. 2. The _________(真实的) head of the government in our city is the mayor(市长). 3. He lost his _________(身份) card and didn’t know what to do. 4. The ship sank on its long _________(航行) home. 5. You should b___________ your opinions on facts, not on hearsay(道听途说). 6. Spanish is the country’s o________ language. 7. What’s your _________ (本国的) language? 8. You should _________ (好好利用)the good chance. 9. Sorry I can’t go with you – something has just ____________. (发生) 10. She speaks English quite _________. (流利) 11.You should do more reading to enlarge your _________. (词汇量)

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参考答案 新知预习
2. 1) native 8) at present 2) actually 3) frequent 4) command 5) identity 6) gradually 9) come up 10) make use of 11) such as 12) the 16th century 7) because of

探究学习
【探究 1】 重点词汇 1. 不止一种英语,你知道吗? 【例释】1) 极其、很、非常 2) 不止 3) 极其、很、非常【归纳】超过、多于, over【运用】1) has 2) have 3) 那是我不能告诉你的。4)这座城市的美丽远非我能描述。 2. 16 世纪末,大约有 5 百万至 7 百万人说英语。 【例释】在…的末尾【归纳】在…的末尾 【运用】1) By the end of 2) in the end 3) at the beginning of; at the end of 3. 我很乐意到你的公寓去。 【例释】 1) 被提出 2) 升起来 【归纳】走近;上来; (问题等)提出;发芽 【运用】1) comes up 2) came up to me 3) come up with any new ideas 4) will come back 4. 事实上,当不同的文化互相交流渗透时,所有的语言都会有所发展、有所变化。 【例释】确实,实际上 【归纳】实际的;确实,实际上 【运用】1) actually received the money 2) the actual world 5. 当时的英语更多的是以德语为基础的,而现代英语不是。 【例释 1】1) 以…为根据 2) 在……脚下 3) 基地 【归纳 1】以……为基础;以……为根据;基部;基地;基础;脚下,底部; 【运用 1】 1) is based on fact 2) 我是根据真事做的这期节目。 【例释 2】1) 现在;目前 2) 现在;目前 【归纳 2】现在;目前 【运用 2】3) What are you doing at present? 4) 现在我独自一个人住在这里。 6. 所以到 17 世纪,莎士比亚所用的词汇量比以前任何时期都大。 【例释】1) 好好利用 2) 利用 【归纳】利用;使用;好好利用;充分利用 【运用】1) make good use of your dictionary 2) was made use of; was made of his free time 7. 比如说,印度拥有众多讲英语很流利的人。 【例释】1) 许多 2) 大量的【归纳】若干;许多;一些 【运用】1) A 2) 图书馆丢了许多书。

达标练习
1. modern 2. actual 3. identity 4. voyage 9. come up 10. fluently 11. vocabulary 5. base 6. official 7. native 8. make use of

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