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· 重点词汇解析 ·
1. stomach n. 肚子,胃,复数为 stomachs。肚子疼:stomachache 构成短语有: have a pain in the stomach 胃(腹)疼 lie on one’s stomach 俯卧 have the stomach for… 对……有兴趣 turn one’s stomach 使……恶心 on an empty/a full stomach 2. bar n. (1)条状物;棒 a bar of soap 一条肥皂 a bar of chocolate 一条巧克力 a bar of gold 一根金条 (2)酒吧 a coffee bar (3)固定短语:behind bars 在狱中 3. diet n. (1)正常饮食 a balanced diet 均衡的饮食 a diet of potatoes 土豆食品 空着肚子/吃饱

(2)饮食限制 go on a diet=be on a diet 节食, 节食 No sugar in my coffee; I’m dieting. 4. disease n. 疾病 a serious disease of the liver 严重的肝病 diseased adj. 有病的 a diseased plant 病态的植物

辨析:illness, disease illness:很少指具体疾病,只表示抽象的疾病和生病的状态。 disease: 指可以染上和传染他人的疾病。 e. g. Several children are away from school because of illness.几个孩子因生病没上 学。 He has a rare heart disease.他得了一种罕见的心脏病。

5. probably 与 possibly 比较 (1)probably 极有可能, 有几分根据的猜测; 比 possibly 所指的可能性大些。 e. g. He is working hard and clever as well many people can help him. He will probably win.他工作努力,人也聪明;很多人愿意帮助他。他极有可能取胜。 (2)possibly 可能地。表示客观上潜在的可能性,可能性比 probably 小,经常与情态 动词 can 或 may 连用。 e. g. She may possibly be the greatest writer of her generation. 她或许是她那一代人中最伟大的作家。 6. promise

v. &n. 允诺;答应

动词用法:后接名词或代词、不定式、that 从句 (1)They promised an immediate reply. 他们答应立刻回复。 (2)He promised me to be here at six o’clock.=He promised me that he would be here at six o’clock.. 他答应我他将在六点在这里等我。 (3)I promised you not to say that. 我答应你不说那件事。 (4)It promises to be warm this afternoon. 今天下午有望转暖。 (5)He is a promising boy. 他是一个有前途的男孩。 名词用法: make a promise 许下诺言 keep a promise 信守诺言 break a promise 违背诺言 7. brain n. (1)用作不可数名词,大脑 The brain is the centre of higher nervous activity.大脑是高等神经活动的中枢。 (2)用作可数名词 brains,智力,头脑 She has a good brain. =She has good brains.她很聪明。

give a promise 许下诺言 carry out a promise 履行诺言

8. advise, suggest 用法 (1)advise sb. to do sth. 建议某人做某事 advise that…(should) + 动词原形 I advise you to leave now. 我建议你现在就离开。 I advise waiting till the proper time. 我建议等到适当时机(才行动)。 We advise that steps (should) be taken at once. 我们建议立即采取措施。 (2)suggest 建议,其句型为 suggest doing sth. 建议做某事 suggest one’s doing sth. =suggest sb. doing 建议某人去做某事 suggest that…(should) + 动词原形 We suggested that the old museum(should)be rebuilt as soon as possible. 我们建议那座旧博物馆应该尽早重修。 9.diet 与 food 的区别: diet 指的是习惯的食物或规定的食物,特指维持健康的定量或定质的食物。 food 指能吃喝的具有营养的东西。例如: The doctor has ordered me a special diet.医生给我安排了特殊的饮食。 I like a simple diet best.我最喜欢粗茶淡饭。 We must have food to eat and clothes to wear.我们必须有食物吃,有衣服穿。 The patient must not go without food, but he must have a diet without sugar. 这个病人不可不吃东西,但要吃不含糖的饮食。 · 重点词组解析 · 1. 述句, plenty of 充分的,大量的,既可修可数名词又可修不可数名词,只用于陈 advise doing sth. 建议做某事。

在疑问句中一般用 enough,在否定句中用 many 或 much。

注意:plenty of 前面没有冠词 a, 不可误记成 a plenty of。 Make sure there is plenty of food for everyone. We have plenty of chairs here. in plenty 充足地 There is food in plenty. =There is plenty of food. 2.be careful 用法归纳 (1)be careful 单独使用,当心 Be careful!The pan is hot! 当心!锅很热。 (2)be careful about…对……谨慎 I hope you’ll be careful in future about the things you say.我希望你将来对所说事谨慎。 (3)be careful of…留神…… We have to be careful of what they are doing.我们得留神他们做的什么。 (4)be careful with…注意…… You must be more careful with your work.你们需注意你们的工作。 有时 be careful 表示吝啬。 He’s too careful with his money; he never buys a drink for anyone. 他太吝啬了,他从不给别人买杯水。 (5)be careful not to do sth. 小心不要做…… We want to be careful not to break anything.我们要小心不要打破任何东西。 (6)be careful+从句 加以小心 Be careful what you do. 小心你做的一切。 3.keep up with 跟上(防止落后) keep up with the class 跟上班级(不掉队) keep up with the development of society 适应社会的发展 keep up with the going on 跟上时尚

注意:catch up with (已经落后)赶上 4.Be +adj +to 短语 (1)be harmful to…对……有害 be +adj. +to sb. /sth. 指对某人或某物有……影响或态度如何。 be good to…=be kind to…对……态度好 be friendly to…对……友好 be cruel to…对……凶残 be bad to…对……态度不好 be polite/impolite to…对……有礼貌/无礼貌 be rude to…对……粗鲁 5.cut 短语总结: (1)cut into…把……切成 Vegetables should be cut into small pieces and dropped into the boiling water. 蔬菜应切成小碎块放进开水里。 (2)cut up 切碎 Mom is cutting up the meat to make dumplings.妈妈正剁肉准备包饺子。 (3)cut down 砍倒;削减 If you cut down the trees, you will ruin the land.如果你砍伐树木,就会毁坏土地。 I have decided to cut down my smoking. 我决定戒烟。 (4)cut off 切断,停掉 Our water supply has been cut off again. 我们的供水再次中断。 6.Short 短语 (1)be short of 缺少 I’m short of money this week, can you lend me some?这星期我缺钱, 你能借我一点?

(2)run short 几乎用光 We’ve run short of oil. 我们已经用光油了。 The supply of oil is running short. 供应的油快要用光了。 · 重点句型解析 · 1.It was a bit green. 它还有点生。 1)句中的 green 意为“没有成熟的”,是 ripe 的反义词。例如: We don¢t like to eat green fruit./ The apples are still too green to pick. 2)a bit 作程度副词,与 a little 同义。例如: I¢m a bit/ a little tired. / Could you drive a bit/ a little slower? 3)但是,not a bit= not at all,而 not a little=very/ much. 例如: I¢m not a bit tired. 我一点不累 I¢m not a little tired.我很累。 2.While you are at school, or walking home, your body is burning up 100 calories an hour.你在学校上课或步行回家时,你体内每小时消耗 100 卡。 1)burn up 意为“烧掉”、“烧毁”,在本句中意为“消耗掉”。例如: He burned up all the old letters. 他把过去的全部信件都烧掉了。 The house burned up before they got there.他们到达那儿之前,房子已烧毁了。 2)up 与一些动词构成短语时,有“完结”、“终结”的意思。如 eat up 吃光,drink up 喝 光, tear up 撕碎,use up 用完,lock up 锁好。 3. Eating habits become part of who we are.饮食习惯变成我们自身的一部分。 who we are 为介词 of 的宾语从句。 eating habits 为动名词短语作句子的主语。动名词或不定式(短语)作主语时,谓语动 词一般用单数。Seeing is believing. 眼见为实 part of… ……的一部分 Part of the building was destroyed in the fire.大楼的一部分被火烧毁了。 a part of 指不足一半,意为“一小部分”。 We spent a part of our holiday in France.我们的一部分假期是在法国度过的。

4.The Chinese eat less sugar than many other countries in the world.中国 人吃的糖比世界上其它许多国家的人都少。 1)the Chinese 指 (全体) 中国人。 以-ese 结尾的表示国籍的词与定冠词连用时, 表示整个国家的人。例如:the Japanese(全体)日本人,the Vietnamese(全体)越南人。但 指该国单个的人时,则是 a Chinese, a Japanese, a Vietnamese. 5.They eat a lot of sugar in the form of cakes, soft drinks,sweets and so on.他们吃蛋糕、软饮料、糖果等,其中含有大量的糖。 1)in the form of 意为“以……的形式”。例如:He made the suggestion in the form of a question. 他以提问题的形式提出建议。 He expressed his feelings in the form of letters.他用写信来表达自己的感情。 He wrote a novel in the form of a diary.他以日记的形式写了一本小说。 6.In some parts of Britain, one person in ten, by the age of thirty, has no teeth left! 在英国有些地方,十分之一的人年方三十,牙齿就都脱光了! 1)one person in ten 是“十个中有一个”的意思,也可说成 one person out of ten。 例如:One in every four children had bad teeth./ Nine in ten people agreed with us./ 2)by the age of 意“……岁之前”“到……岁时”,at the age of 意“在……岁时 She had learned to play the piano by the age of ten.十岁之前,他就学会弹钢琴。 He died at the age of 90.他九十岁去世。 7.Scores of people went there in the first few days after its opening.开 张后的头几天,许多人到那家餐馆去吃饭。 1)score 作“二十”解, 和数字连用时, 不可加 s, 如 a score of eggs(20 个蛋), four score and seven years ago(87 年前)。但 scores of 则为固定词组,意为“许多”。例如:A score or more attended the meeting.20 多人出席会议。 I have been there scores of times.我到那儿去过多次了。 2)first 后面跟复数名词时,意为“头几个”、“头一批”。例如: For the first few weeks, they didn¢t talk to each other.头几个星期,他们彼此不曾 讲过话。He was one of the first people to discover America. 他是首批发现美洲的人之一。 ·

学而知教育-----高一下册英语总复习 十二条经典英语谚语
1. Pain past is pleasure. (过去的痛苦就是快乐。)

2. Wisdom in the mind is better than money in the hand. (脑中有知识,胜过手有金 钱。) 3. Nothing is impossible for a willing heart. (心之所愿,无所不成。) 4. All things are difficult before they are easy. (凡事必先难后易。) 5. Great hopes make great man. (伟大的理想造就伟大的人。) 6. God helps those who help themselves. (天助自助者。) 7. Four short words sum up what has lifted most successful individuals above the crowd: a little, bit more. (四个简短的词汇概括了成功的秘诀:多一点点!) [比别人多一点努 力、多一点自律、多一点决心、多一点反省、多一点学习、多一点实践、多一点疯狂,多一 点点就能创造奇迹!] 8. In doing we learn. (实践长才干。) 9. East or west, home is best. (东好西好,还是家里最好。) 10. Two heads are better than one. (三个臭皮匠,顶个诸葛亮。) 11. Good company on the road is the shortest cut. (行路有良伴就是捷径。) 12. Constant dropping wears the stone. (滴水穿石)

· 重点词汇解析 ·
1. hono(u)r vt. (1)尊敬 e. g. Children should honour their father and mother. 孩子应该尊敬父母。 (2)对……表示敬意 e. g. Flowers were placed there to honour his memory.鲜花摆放在那里为了纪念他 (3)使感到荣幸


e. g. You honour us by being with us today.今天你和我们在一起这是我们的荣幸。 I am honoured to be asked to speak here. 被邀请在此讲话是我的荣幸。 honour n. (1)荣誉,光荣(不可数名词) e. g. They fight for the honour of their country. 他们为祖国的荣誉而战。 (2)(高尚)人格,信誉(不可数名词) A man of honour would not behave in so cowardly way. 一个高尚的人行为处事不会这么懦弱。 (3)尊敬,敬重(不可数) e. g. One must show honour to one’s parents. 一个人必须尊敬父母。 (4)使感到光荣的人或事,荣幸(可数,多作单数) e. g. It’s an honour to meet you. 见到你十分荣幸。 比较:in honour of 为了(纪念或表示敬意而举行某活动) e. g. It is only a dance in honour of her birthday. 这只是纪念她生日的一个舞会。 A memorial meeting was held in his honour. 为了纪念他而举行纪念会。 have the honour (of)有幸……, 荣幸地 e. g. May I have the honour of your company at dinner?我能有幸与您共进晚餐吗? 2. determine vt. (1)决定 e. g. His future has not been determined, but he may study medicine. 他还没决定好未来,但他可能学医。 Can we now determine the date for our party? 我们现在能决定派对的日期吗? (2)决心,决意,决定(作某事),(用过去分词)决心,下定决心 determine+不定式 to do

e. g. She determined to go that very afternoon. 她决心就在那个下午走。 determine+从句 He had been determined that no one should know.他决意不让任何人知道。 determined 过去分词作定语或表语,果断,坚定,坚决 e. g.His voice was determined, and his eyes were flashing. 他的声音很坚决,他的眼睛闪闪发亮。 determination n. (1)决心(不可数) e. g. He came with the determination of staying/to stay one week.他决心呆一周。 (2)决定(不可数,间或加不定冠词) e. g. The boy came to a determination to run away from school. 男孩决定逃学。 self-determination n. 自主,自我决定 3. purpose n. 目的,意图,目标 e. g. What is your purpose in doing this? 你做这件事的目的是什么? 比较:for?purpose 为了??目的 on purpose 有意地,故意地,特意 e. g. If I go there in future, it will be for the purpose of seeing you. 如果我今后去那儿的话,就是为了见你。 I’ve come on purpose to speak to you. 我来是特意要与你谈谈。 She did it on purpose. 她是故意那样做。 4. reminder n. 提醒的人(物),暗示 e. g. Please give me a reminder this afternoon to phone him.请下午提醒我给他打电 话。 remind v. 使……想起,提醒 (1)+ of 短语 e. g. That story you have just told reminds me of an experience I once had.

你刚刚讲的故事使我想起了我曾经有过的经历。 (2)+ sb. to do e. g. Please remind me to write that letter. 请提醒我写信。 (3)+从句 e. g. The sight of the clock reminded me that I was late. 看见时钟使我想起我迟到了。 5.compare v. (1)compare … with…比较,指同类事物的具体比较 e. g. Compare these two languages, and we can see there are differences as well as similarities. 比较这两种语言,可以发现它们有同有异。 Parents like to compare their own children with other children. 父母们总喜欢把自己的孩子与别的孩子进行比较。 (2) compare … to … 比作, 指非同类事物的抽象比较 e. g. Shakespeare compared the world to a stage. 莎士比亚把人世比作舞台。 People often compare girls to flowers. 人们经常把女孩子比作花朵。 (3) compared to/ with…与……比起来,常在句中作状语,可位于句首或句尾,to 和 with 可通用。 It was a small place then compared to/ with what it is now. 和现在比起来,那时它还是个小地方。 6. 表示穿着的动词 (1)put on 表示穿上的动作 e. g. He put on his coat and went out hurriedly.他穿上外衣匆匆忙忙地出去了。 (2) wear 表示穿着状态,意义最广,可用于衣服、鞋、帽、袜、手套、眼镜、手表、 徽章、首饰,还可表示头发、胡须的式样,带有某种表情或样子。 e. g. He was a short man wearing thick glasses.他是一个带着厚厚的眼镜的矮小的人。


(3) dress 既可表示动作也可表示状态,作及物动词时,后面宾语是人,即 dress sb. / oneself (in sth. )或 be dressed in sth. e. g. She dressed the baby in red. 她给孩子穿上了红色的衣服。 (4) have on 表示穿着状态,无进行时。 e. g. She had a red dress on. 她穿了一件红裙子。 (5)be in sth. 表示状态 e. g. He’s in plain clothes. 他身着便装。 What colour is your child in? 你的孩子穿着什么颜色的衣服? 7. light 的用法 (1)adj. 明亮的(=bright),浅色的(=pale) e. g. His room is light and airy. 他的房间又亮又通风。 It gets light at about six o’clock. 六点左右天亮。 She has a light green dress. 她有一条淡绿色的裙子。 (2)n.①光线,亮光(不可数),但如表示一种光线时,尤其是被形容词修饰时,前可加 不定冠词。e. g. The test-tube was glowing with a faint blue light.试管里发出微弱的蓝光。 ②灯,灯光,发光物,引火物(可数) e. g. There were no lights on in any office room. 没有一个办公室里有灯光。 (3) v. (light, lit, lit)和(light, lighted, lighted) ①点燃(生炉子)e. g. When it was dark we lit the candles. 天黑时我们点上了蜡烛。 ②照亮 e. g. Our streets are lit by electricity. 街道被灯光照亮。 ③(使)变得亮起来,开朗起来 e. g. Her face lighted when she saw who it was.当她看清是谁时,她的脸亮了起来。 Suddenly a smile lit (up) her face. 突然微笑使她的脸亮了起来。 (4)light up 动词短语


①照亮,点亮 e. g. The burning building lit up the whole street.燃烧的建筑物照亮了整 条街道。 ②(使)容光焕发,春风满面 (指人的面部表情) e. g. Her face lit up when she heard the good news.当她听到好消息时,脸上露出喜 色。 注意:light 的过去分词有两种: lighted, lit 当作定语修饰名词时,用 lighted。 e. g. a lighted candle 一支点着的蜡烛。 8 .common 用法及 common, usual, ordinary, general 区别 (1)common ①共同的,共有的 e. g. English is their common language. 英语是他们的共同语言。 ②普通的,一般的,平常的 Nothing is commoner than that. 没有比此更普通的。 ③常见的,到处可见的 e. g. Is this word in common use? 这个字常用吗? ④ in common (with sb. )共同的 e. g. We have many things in common. 我们有许多 共同之处。 (2) common, general, ordinary, usual 区别 common 侧重“普通”,表示“时时发生,人所共有”,并含有“并不高贵,地位低下”之意, 指符合或具有全体共有的特征,其反义词为 rare。 e. g. a common saying 俗语 a common wish 一个共同的愿望 common sense 常识 common knowledge 普通知识 This is a grammatical mistake common among beginners in English. 这是个初学英语的人易犯的错误。 general 侧重“普遍”,表示在大多数人或事物中流行并受到关注,不含有“地位低下”之 意,其反义词为 specific。e. g. general readers 一般读者 a general idea 一个普通的观点 ordinary 与 common 基本同义,侧重“外表平凡的,普通的”,表示“随时可以碰到,不 值得惊奇”,其反义词为 superior。 e. g. an ordinary event 一件极平常的事 an ordinary person 一个普通的人


My teacher is an ordinary-looking man.我的老师是个相貌平常的人。 usual 用来指事物,强调习惯性,一贯如此,意为“通常的,惯常的”, 含有“随集体风俗 或个人习惯而常常发生”之意,其反义词为 unusual。 e. g. as usual 和往常一样 It’s a usual thing with him. 这对他来说是平常事。 9. believe 与 believe in believe 相信 = think …true, 后接表示人或事物的名词或代词,也可接 what/ that 从句 e. g. I believe you. = I believe what you said. 我相信你说的话。 I could hardly believe my ears/eyes.我简直不敢相信我所听到的/看到的。 比较:believe sb. 相信某人所说的话 believe in sb. 信任某人,指人的品格、作风、为人等方面的情况。 e. g. We usually believe in him, but this doesn’t mean we always believe him. 我们通常是信任他的,但这并不意味着我们总是相信他的话。 10. gather 与 collect 区别 gather 作“收集”“聚集”讲时用法广泛,可指把人集中起来,也可指把分散的东西或抽象 的东西(如信息、力量)聚集起来。 collect 作“收集”“采集”讲时,着重于计划性和选择性的含义。 e. g. Up to now, he has collected 500 foreign stamps.至今为止,他已收集了五百张外 国邮票。 Gather round, and I’ll tell you a story. 大家围过来,我给你们讲个故事。 When the accident happened, a lot of people quickly gathered round. 事故发生后,很快周围聚集了很多人。 How long did it take you to collect these ancient coins? 你用了多长时间才收集到这些古代硬币? 注意:gather 一般不与 together 连用,因其自身就是 bring together / come together 之意。


· 重点词组解析 ·
1. give 短语总结 (1)give away ①分发,送给人 e. g. He gave away all his pictures. 他把所有的画都送人了。 ②泄漏(机密),暴露(自己的情况) Please don’t give my secret away. 请不要泄漏我的 秘密。 (2)give back ①还给 e. g. I must call at the library to give back this book. 我必须去图书馆还书。 ②恢复(健康等)e. g. Living here has given me back my health. 住在这里我的健康恢 复了。 (3)give in ①交上来 e. g. Give in your exercise books. 请交上练习本。 ② give in (to sb. )让步,妥协,投降,认输,向……让步 e. g. The enemy is surrounded and must soon give in. 敌人被包围了必须马上投降。 He is always giving in to other people. 他总是向别人让步。 (4) give off 散发出 e. g. The flowers give off a sweet fragrance. 花散发出甜美的香气。 (5)give out ①散发,颁发 e. g. The teacher gave out the examination papers. 老师分发试卷。 ②宣布 e. g. He gave out that he was going to England. 他宣布他将去英国。 ③被用完,耗尽,没有了 e. g. You can’t have a hot bath—the water will give out.你不能洗热水澡,水快没了。 ④(机器等)失灵,(人)体力不支. The chair gave out under the fat man. 人太胖了,椅 子垮了。 ⑤发出 e. g. The radio is giving out a strange signal. 无线电发出奇怪的信号。


(6)give up 放弃,不再做(某事)He has given up playing football. 他不再踢球了。 2 as well as (1)意为“除……外”“同”“和”“并”“也”,后接动词时用动名词。 e. g. He gave me money as well as advice. 他不但给我建议还给我钱。 Alice has an English-Chinese dictionary as well as a Chinese-English dictionary. 爱丽丝不但有一本汉英词典还有一本英汉词典。 The little girl is clever as well as beautiful. 这个女孩不但漂亮,而且聪明。 (2) A as well as B 部分作主语时,谓语动词的单复数与 A 一致 e. g. The teacher as well as his students was praised.不仅学生而且老师也受到了表 扬。 比较: 1)与 as well as 用法相同的还有 (along/ together) with, including, but/except/ besides, in addition to, rather than, like/ such as … e. g. It is you rather than I who are to speak at the meeting.是你而不是我将在会上讲 话。 Besides him, three more men have been invited.除了他,还有三个人被邀请了。 2)有一些短语作主语时,谓语动词的单复数由与它靠近的词来决定,这些短语有:or, either…or…, neither…nor…, not only…but also…, not…but…, There be… e. g. He or I am to go to the meeting. 他或者我去开会。 Either you or she is wrong. 不是你就是她错了。 (3) as well as 相当于 not only… but also…, 但表示“不但……而且”时, A as well as B 侧重 A, 而 not only A but also B 侧重 B e. g. You as well as I are wrong. = Not only I but also you are wrong. (4) as well as 后接从句,是副词的同级比较。 e. g. She sings as well as she plays. 她弹得好,唱得也好。 He shoots as well as he rides. 他马骑得好,枪打得也好。

(5) as well 用在句末时,与 also/too 相近,as well 与 too 常用于句末。 e. g. She is not only good at maths, she is good as English as well.她不但数学好,英 语也好。 Mary’s sister teaches English, too. 玛丽的姐姐也教英语。 too 除了放在句末外,也可接在主语之后,这时比较正式。 e. g. I, too, know how to work out the maths problem.我也知道怎样解这道数学题。 also 不如 too/ as well 用得多,不用于句末,通常与动词连用。 e. g. I’ve also read some of Shakespeare’s plays.我也读过一些莎士比亚的剧本。 also, as well, too 一般不用于否定句,否定句中可用 not…either, neither…nor… I like the novel as well. 我也喜欢这部小说 I don’t like the novel either.我也不喜欢这部 小说。 She is here, too. 她也在这里。 She isn’t here, either. 她也不在这里。 3. care about (1) 关心

e. g. He used to care only about his own family, but has greatly changed now. 他曾经只关心他自己家,但是现在变了很多。 (2)喜欢,对……有兴趣 e. g. He cares about music. 他对音乐感兴趣。 比较:care for (1) 照顾,照料 The mother cared for the sick child night and day.

妈妈日日夜夜照料生病的孩子。 (2)喜欢,对……有兴趣 e. g. They do not care very greatly for art. 他们对艺术不是很 感兴趣。 care v. 在乎,在意(多用于否定结构) (1) +从句 e. g. I’ll go. I don’t care what happens. 我要走,我不在乎发生什么了。


(2)后不接内容 I don’t care, so long as she let me be with her.我不在乎,只要她让我 和她在一起。 (1)注意,当心(不可数) take care+从句 e. g. Take care (that) you don’t break it. 小心别打碎它。 take care of sth. e. g. Take care of what you are doing. 注意你在干什么。 with care 作状语,仔细地,认真地,当心 e. g. Cross the road with care. 过马路时 要当心。 (2)照顾,照管(不可数) under (one’s/ the) care 他。 in one’s care to one’s care take care of e. g. Mary was left in her sister’s care. 玛丽被留下来由姐姐照顾。 e. g. I’ll leave this to your care. 我将把这个留给你来照顾。 e. g. It was I who was taking care of him. 是我在照顾他。 e. g. I must leave him under your care. 我必须让你来照顾

(3)忧烦,烦恼(不可数) e. g. Care had made him look ten years older. 烦恼使他看起 来老十岁。 (4)烦人的事(可数) e. g. He seemed to be a little man without a care.他似乎是一个没 有烦事的小人物。

· 重点句型解析 ·

1. The Spring Festival, …and festivals help us understand who we are, remember where we come from, and share our hopes for a happy future. 春节,……和节日帮助我们了解我们是谁,记住我们从哪里来,并共同分享对美好未 来的期望。 share v. (1)共同具有,合用 e. g. Three doctors share the office. 三个医生共用这个办公室。 (2)分享,分担 e. g. They would share the joys and sorrows. 他们将同甘苦,共患难。


(3)share in 分享,分担,共同努力 e. g. We all shared in his happiness when he won the scholarship. 当她获得奖学金时,我们都替他高兴。 (4) share with 与……合用 e. g. Would you mind sharing a bedroom with another guest? 你介意和另一位客人共用一个房间吗? 比较: spare (1)留出(时间作某事),挤出(时间) e. g. Can you spare the time to help me? 你能挤出时间帮助我吗? (2)不用,匀出(给别人用) e. g. Father couldn’t spare the car, so John had to walk.爸爸要用车,因此约翰只得步 行。 (3)放过,饶(命),不杀 e. g. The king spared the lives of the women and children.国王放过了妇女和儿童。 save v. (1)挽救,拯救 e. g. They fought bravely and saved the country. 他们勇敢战斗拯救祖 国。 (2)节省,省去,省着用,保护 e. g. If we buy plenty of food now, it will save shopping again this week. 如果我们现在买了足够的食物,这周就省了再上街购物了。 Save your eyes by reading in good light.在光线足的地方读书可保护你的眼睛。 (3)节约,存钱,省钱,储蓄 e. g. He’s saving to buy a bicycle. 他省钱来买自行车。 (4)留下,保留,保住,留作他用 Save your strength for the hardwork, you’ll have to do later.

留着点儿劲,你一会儿还得干活儿呢。 (5)save …for…留供……用 e. g. He is saving himself / his strength for the heavy work.他节省力量来干重活。 2. There seems to be no other choice. 似乎别无选择。 seem v. (1)似乎,好像 ① +不定式: seem to do 表示一般状况。 e. g. I don’t seem to lack anything. 我好像不缺什么。 seem to have done 表示该动作是在谓语动词发生之前就已经完成。 I seem to have caught a cold. 我好像感冒了。 He seemed not to have grasped what she really meant.他好像没有把握她的意思。 seem to be doing 表示在过去的某段时间里正在进行的动作,强调该动作在过去持续 了一段时间。e. g. She seemed to be sleeping. 她好像在睡觉。 seem (to be)+表语(adj. 或 n. 或 prep. ) e. g. You seem to be in a great hurry. 你似乎很着急。 ② It seems(ed) (that)从句可以和“主语+seems/seemed+动词不定式”互相转换,意思 不变。注意句型转换: e. g. It seemed that he had failed the exam.= He seemed to have failed in the exam. 他似乎没通过考试。 It seems that nobody knew what had happened. 看来没人知道发生了什么事。 It seems(ed) as if 从句 e. g. It seems as if there will be an election soon. 好像很快就要选举了。 ③ There seems(ed) (to be)好像有,似乎有 e. g. There seems to be something/the matter with her. 她好像有什么事。

(2)看来,似乎是(什么样子) link v. (系动词) ① +形容词 e. g. He seemed to me quite normal. 对于我来说,他很正常。 ② +分词 e. g. She always seemed well pleased. 她好像总是很高兴。 ③ +名词 e. g. It seems not a bad idea. 那个主意好像不错。 ④ +介词短语 e. g. You seem in high spirits. 你好像情绪很高涨。 3. ?or, in other words, the first day of spring. 或者,换句话说,春天的第 一天。 (1)in other words 换句话说 e. g. In other words, we can complete the project on time only in this way. 换句话说,只有这样我们才能按时完成工程。 In other words, if you break the rule, you will be punished. 换言之,如果你违反了规则,你将受到惩罚。 (2)in a word 总之,简言之 e. g. In a word, I don’t trust him. 总之,我不信任他。 (3)in words 用言语 e. g. Though the boy is only two, he can express his meaning clearly in words. 尽管这男孩只有两岁,他能清楚地用语言来表达他的意思。 4. It is not a sad day, but rather a time to celebrate the cycle of life. 这 不是悲伤的一天,而是庆祝生命轮回的时刻。 rather 副词 (1)“相当,颇,甚” e. g. We all were rather tired after our long walk. 走了那么远,我们都相当累了。 I rather expected that we would win. 我很希望我们能赢。 (2)比较 fairly, rather, quite, pretty ①表示程度

fairly 与 rather 表示“相当地”时,fairly 含有积极肯定的意思,rather 含有消极否定的意 思。 e. g. The question is fairly difficult. 这个问题很难——但适当。 The question is rather difficult. 这个问题很难——有点过难,不适当。 fairly 是程度最轻的,例如:某人的英语说得 fairly well, 言外之意是他只能应付一些日 常用语。说某本书 fairly good,是说这本书还可以看一看,但没有赞扬之意。 e. g. He’s just written a new book. It’s fairly interesting, but certainly not his best. 他刚出了一本新书,这本书还算有意思,但肯定不是他的最佳作品。 He studies fairly hard. 他学习还算用功。 quite 比 fairly 程度强一点, 如果你认为某本书 quite good, 就是在推荐给别人看, 虽算 不上最佳小说,但还是值得一看。 e. g. They study English quite hard. 他们学习英语还保留用功。 He was quite polite, but he wasn’t ready to help me.他相当有礼貌,但他并不愿意帮 助我。 rather 程度上比 quite 又强,相当于 more than expected/more than you want。如说某 人的外语 rather well, 那此人肯定是个内行,就电影而言,rather good 是说胜过多数影片。 e. g. She speaks English rather well. 她的英语讲得真不错。 pretty 表示程度时,和 rather 差不多,多用于非正式文体。 e. g. Twenty-five is pretty old to take up ballet dancing.二十五岁才学芭蕾舞年龄太大 了。 The situation seems pretty hopeless. 情形似乎没有太大希望了。 ②用法 rather 和 quite 可置于不定冠词前或后 e. g. That is quite / rather a surprising result. 那是一个相当惊人的结果。= That is a rather / quite surprising result. rather 可与比较级和 too +形容词/副词连用,quite 只能与 better 连用。 e. g. This book is rather too difficult for the juniors.这本书对低年级的学生来说太难了。

Today I feel quite better. 今天我感到好多了。 This room is rather larger than we want.这个房间比我们需要的大了不少。 quite 同没有程度差别的形容词连用时,一般作“完全地”“绝对地”。 e. g. She was quite alone. 她非常孤单。It’ s quite impossible. 这绝不可能。 4. Whatever the trick is, if a person is taken in, he or she is called “April Fool”! 不管是什么把戏,如果一个人上当了,他或她就被称作“四月傻子”。 (1) whatever ①= no matter what 无论是什么,不管什么,在句中作状语。 e. g. Whatever happens, we will not change our plan.无论发生什么事,我们都不会改 变计划。 No matter what you want to do, above all, you should obey the law. 不管你想干什么,首先,你必须守法。 ② = anything that 任何事/东西,在句中起名词作用,引导名词性从句。 e. g. You can take whatever you like.= You can take anything that you like. 你可以拿走你喜欢的任何东西。 (2)take in ①欺骗,哄骗,使上当 e. g. We were completely taken in by his story. 我们完全被他的故事骗了。 ②理解,领会,明白 e. g. The lesson was too difficult for the class to take in.课太难了,学生难以领会。 ③接受(房客,客人等),让……在家居住(食宿),收留 e. g. The farmer took in the lost travelers for the night.农夫让迷路的旅行者在家过夜。 ④包括,涉及 e. g. The study of physics takes in many different subjects.物理学涉及 许多学科。 (3)take up

①开始学习,开始做(某项工作) e. g. What is your son taking up in college? 你儿子在大学学习什么? ②从事某项活动,发展某种爱好 e. g. At the age of sixty he took up the study of Russian.六十岁时他开始学俄语。 ③占用,占掉(时间,空间)e. g. The meeting took up the whole morning. 会议占了整 个上午。 ④接受 e. g. Do you intend to take up his offer of a job? 你想接受他提供的工作吗? ⑤吸起(墨水,灰尘等)e. g. Plants take up water. 植物吸水。


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