Unit 3 Grammar ---- the usage of it
【学习目标】 ：掌握 It 人称代词和作形式主语和形式宾语的用法. 【教学难点】It 作形式主语和形式宾语的常用句型. 【使用方法与学法指导】自学 20 分钟自学金榜 37-38 页，完成语法学案
Task 1 预习检测
、时间、距离、自然现象、环境等。 ①How is _______( = you life, work ) going ? it ②— Do you like ______here ? it — Oh, yes. The air, the weather, the way of life. Everything is so nice.
Task 2 it 考点归纳
考点一：It/that/those/one/ the one/ 区别 ①it =the /this/ my…+单数名词; 代替特定的单数名词, 前面提到的“同一”事物， one =a/an+单数名词 ②one 代替不特定的单数名词表泛指 ③the one 表特指, 其复数形式 the ones， 在口语中也常用 those 代替； 当后面有介词短语修饰时， 一般用 that 或 those，当有前置修饰语时，只能用 one(s)，如 the red one。 ④those 特指代可数名词复数；that 代不可数或特指可数名词单数,还可做关系代词修饰__定语 ___从句 1）One of the most important questions they had to consider was ______ of public health. C A. what B. this C. that D. which 2）—There is still a copy of the book in the library. Will you go and borrow ? A —No, I’d rather buy in the bookstore. A. it;one B.one; one C.one; it D.it;it 3） I like this house with a beautiful garden in front, but I don’ have enough money to buy ______.B t A. one B. it C. this D. that 4）We’ve been looking at houses but haven’t found ______ we like yet. D A. it B. them C. that D. one 5） Lei Feng is a hero, ______， I think, who will be remembered by Chinese forever. D A. who B. it C. which D. one 6） It’s a little surprising that a house made of wood or bamboo may stay up in an earthquake while ______ made of steel and concrete may fall down. A. one B. that C. it D. what A 7） When it comes to “The Best Travelling City in China” the first ______ impresses us is ， Chengdu. A. that B. one C. which D. what A 8） —Mum, have you seen my cellphone? A —______ you bought last week? I’m afraid I haven’t seen ______. A. The one; it B. The one; one C. One; it D. One; one 9)—I wonder if I can use your camera.
—I don’t have ______. But my room－mate does. He bought ______ last month. D A. one；one B. it；one C. it；it D. one；it 10） went shopping for the perfect dress, ______ would make me look younger. B ．I A. one in which B. the one that C. the one in which D. one that 考点二：几种表示时间的句型 ① It is time ( about time ,high time ) that .sb did/should do sth. ◆ It’s high time that we___________(go) to the exhibition. went/should go ② It is/was the first ( second ... ) time that ..sb have/had done sth. ◆ It’s the first time that I_____________(praise). Have been praised ③ It is/has been .... since sb did 或 it was…+. ◆ It’s three years since they___________(marry). married/got married ◆ It was several years since I __________(meet) such a heavy snow. Had met ④ It is / was ... when ... ◆ It was 1949 when the PRC______________(found) was founded ◆ It was about noon_________ we arrived at the camp site. when ⑤It will be / was ... before ... ◆ It will be two years before we ________(adopt) the new policy. adopt ◆ It wasn’t long before I __________(appeal) her for support. Appealed to 考点三：形式主语（代替不定式/动名词/从句） 常见重要句型： ①It is no good / no use / useless / a waste of time/ fun /dangerous + __ doing ______(do) ②It is important (necessary, right, strange, natural) ___ for __ sb that…（should）动词原形 ③It is kind/brave/cruel/ clever /honest/ wise/rude /typical /silly / modest /polite __ of ___ sb to do sth. 这一句型可以改写为：sb. is kind __to do_____(do) th. ④It is a pity /a shame/a pleasure/ an honor 等+that ?（should）+动词原形 ◆ ___it ___ is a pity that we have lost the match narrowly. ⑤. It happens , seems, appears, turns out / proves + that… 1) It _____happened______碰巧 that I had seen this problem in some book. 改写：I happened ___to have seen________this problems in some book 2) It looks __as if/though______it is going to rain . 3) It proved that the suggestion referred to was valuable 改写 The suggestion referred to __proved to be valuable___________________. ⑥ It is/was said /___reported____/__thought___/___considered___/__believed___that……. ◆ It is said __that____he has gone to New York to attend a medical meeting. 可改写为 He is said ___to have gone________ to New York to attend a medical meeting. ⑦ It is suggested (ordered/advised/proposed/recommended 等+that…(should) ◆ It is suggested that immediate measures____(should)_be taken___(take) to protect the environment ⑧ It occurs to /strikes sb. to do / that…：使某人想起?? ◆ It ___occurred to/struck________想到 me that it might be a good idea to establish a blog ⑨. It is no wonder…：难怪 _it ______is no wonder she keeps such a good figure.
区别: There is no need to do/ no doubt that/no point/sense ( in) doing/evidence that/ sign that ⑩. It comes about that…：发生 ◆ How did __it____ come about __that___he chose law as his major? 形式主语补充： ① It is up to parents__to teach_____(teach) their children manners. 该由父母教孩子礼貌。 ② When____it___ comes to English, no one can match him. 当谈到?? ③ ___it ___is certain / likely / possible / probable _____he will sign up for the competition. ….可能 ④ It doesn’t matter __whether_____he is for my plan or not. ⑤ It took me ages __to repair______(repair) my computer. 做….花费 ⑥ I owed it to him ___that__ I am still alive 考点四 形式宾语(代替不定式/动名词/从句) 常与 feel, consider, find, believe, make, take, imagine, think, suppose, regard 等连用 ①I think it no use___complaining_____ (complain) about their prejudice. ②We think it important ____to acquire____(acquire) a foreign language. appreciate, love, like, hate, see to(负责，注意) + it + 从句 ③Don’t take ___it__for granted that college graduates can do everything in all aspects ④I will see to (确保)___it___ that everything is ready. ⑤You may rely on it ___that__they will help you solve the problem
11．If I can help ____ , I don't like working late into the night． A．so B．that C．it D．them 12. I don't think ____hard for a student to master a foreign language within five years. A. that B. it C. too D. very 13. It was the second time you ______the same mistake . A. made B . has made C. make D. had made 14. It will not be ______we meet again. A. long before B. before long C. soon after D. shortly after 15. Equipped with modern facilities, today's libraries differ greatly from______ of the past. A. that B. those C. ones D. one 16.____ worries me the way he keeps changing his mind. A. This B. That C. What D. It 17．The information on the Internet spreads much more rapidly than _____in the newspaper. A．that B．it C．those D．one 18. ______ certain that his invention will lead to the development of production. A. That's B. This is C. It's D. What's 19. Tom's mother kept telling him that he should work harder, but ______didn't help. A. he B. which C. she D. it 20. It is important that she ______with Mr. Williams immediately. A. speak B. spoke C. will speak D. to speak 21. ______that there’s another good harvest this year. A. It says B. It is said C. It was said D. He was said
22. I really appreciate ______ if you can lend your computer. A. that B. what C. it D. which 23. It didn’t ______ her ______ for help. A. occur; to as k B. occur to; to ask C. occur to; asking D. happen to; that to ask 24. Why don’t you bring _____ to his attention that you are to ill to go on working? A．one B．it C．that D．this b 25．The young mother saw her baby fall to the ground,______ brought her heart to her mouth． A．it B．and which C．and that D．this c 26．We needed a new cupboard for the kitchen．So Peter made _____ from some wood we had. A．it B．one C．himself D．another b 27. Cars do cause us some health problems — in fact far more serious _____ than mobile phones do. A. one B. ones C. it D. those 28．The headmaster didn’t make ______clear when and where the sports meeting would be held. A．this B．that C．it D．one 29. --Would you like to buy a car here? --Yes, but I’d like to buy _______ made in Shanghai. A. one B. that C. it D. the one 30. There is one work in the Renaissance: the Mona Lisa. _______is believed the beast example of a new life-like style of painting that amazed people when it was first used A. This B. It C. One D. That 31. I think it a great honor ______to visit your country. A. to invite B. inviting C. having invited D. to be invited 32. is no need to make a decision today. We can do it at the meeting tomorrow. A．It B．This C．That D．There 33．I hate ____when the weather along the Changjiang River becomes freezing cold without heating inside. A．it B．that C．this D．so 34. ---It is raining cats and dogs. ---______ . A. So it is B. So is it C. Neither it is D. Neither is it 35. Though a great deal of material has been printed，I’m afraid there aren’t enough copies for each listener to have ________. A. it B. them C. those D. one 36.—How ________ feel to cover 60 miles on foot in a single day? —Really tiring. Especially when there is no one in company. A. do you B. does that C. did you D. does it 37. Has ______been decided when we are to hold the sports-meeting? A. that B. this C. it D. what