大连市 2014 年初中毕业升学考试 英
注意事项： 1.请在答题卡上作答，在试卷上作答无效。 2.本试卷共七大题，72 小题，满分 140 分。考试时间 100 分钟。
第 I 卷 选择题（共 70 分）
I.单项填空（本题共 10 小题，每小题 1 分，共 10 分）。 从各题所给的四个选项中，选出可以填入空
白处的最佳选项。 1.At primary school,I dreamed of being_____astronaut. A.a B.an C.the D./
2.I often go to the cinema with my parents _____Saturdays. A.at B.by C.on D.in
3.The boys in my class are interested in_____,especially ball games. A.music B.science C.art D.sport
4.--Betty,_____do you start celebrating New Year in America? --On December 31st. A.when B.where C.why D.how
5.The Australians are like the English in many ways_____they have many British relatives. A.if B.because C.so D.although
6.It's_____to throw away old things.Some of them can be reused. A.normal B.dangerous C.wasteful D.necessary
7.The air is very clear today,so we'll_____the whole park from up the hill.
8.My friends are going to different schools,but I hope we will_____with each other. A.go back B.grow up C.have a word D.stay in touch
9.The CD player will go wrong if you don't use it _____. A.properly B.carelessly C.quietly D.clearly
10.--I passed my PE test yesterday. --Did you?_____ A.It doesn't matter B.What a Pity! C.Thanks a lot. D.Congratulations! II.完形填空（一）（本题共 12 小题，每小题 1 分，共 12 分） 阅读下面短文，理解其大意，然后从各题所给的四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 In a small village in Parkville,there is an unlocked(未锁的)shop that has no workers
in it .The shop is run(经营)in a telephone box.Lewis Cooke,who provides goods(商品)for the shop ,said,“Nothing has been stolen__11__it opened.” In1998,the only shop in the village__12__.The villagers had great difficulty in getting goods.To solve this problem,the __13__ to change a telephone box into a shop. In the shop ,you __14__find many kinds of goods.Mr.Cooke brings goods to the shop every morning before 7am.He puts__15__the things the shop has in the shop.People can call him if __16__want anything else.The next day,they can go to the phone box to __17__.Mr.Cooke will write down the name of the people who want the goods and put the __18__beside the goods.When the customers come to the shop ,they will be able to find their goods__19__.People can either leave __20__or a cheque(支票)for the goods. “The phone box isn't locked and people can go there whenever they want,__21__no one has stolen a thing.This shows how ___22__everyone around here is,”said Mr.Cooke. 11.A when B.until C.before D.since 12.A.opened B.disappeared C.closed D.started
13.A.promised B.decided C.refused D.forgot 14.A.might B.can C.must D.need 15.A.a number of B.a couple of C.a pair of 16.A.we B.I C.they D.you 17.A.try it out B.take it off C.write it down D.pick it up 18.A.report B.menu C.paper D.news 19.A.easily B.safely C.regularly D.suddenly 20.A.messages B.advice C.money 21.A.so B.and C.or D.but D.lestters D.a list of
22.A.honest B.rude C.brave D.polite III.阅读理解（一）（本题共 19 小题，每小题 2 分，共 38 分） A.阅读下列短文，根据短文内容，从各题所给的四个选项中，选出最佳选项。 Passage 1 Would you like to visit Britain one day?--Our country would like to welcome you! Overseas travel can be expensive.But there are ways of visiting Britain cheaply.We hope that we can give you some good ideas. When to come?If you can avoid the busy months --July and August ,your visit may be cheaper.There will be smaller numbers of visitors. British weather is pleasant from April
to the end of September.Of course,you can visit it in winter,but it is often dark by 4pm.Many places,such as large houses and castles(城堡),are closed early in winter.However,if you are interested in museums,art galleries or theatres,winter may be a good time to visit. Be prepared.
If you are a student,it's a good idea to apply for (申请)an International Student Identity Card(身份证).With this card,you can save a lot of money.You can get the card from your local student travel office ,and you can also call(44)-08708-413224 to get it.To get the card,you need to show that you are a student,get a passport photo ,and pay a little money. 23.Which is the most popular time for visitors to Britain? A.July and August B.The winter season C.From April to September D.The vacation season. 24.What's the weather like in winter in Britain? A.There is lots of snow. B.The daytime is short. C.It's neither hot nor cold. D.The weather is pleasant. 25.If you are a student with an International Student Identity Card,_____. A.you have to prove you're a student B.you will pay less money for your trip. C.you can call(44)-08708-413224 for help. D.you must apply for a trip from the student travel office 26.The writer of this article is _____. A.a German B.a Chinese C.an Englishman D.an American 27.This passage is mainly about_____.
A.when to visit Britain B.why to take a trip to Britain C.what to do and see in Britain D.how to trip cheaply in Britain Passage2 Mr.Dawson was an old man with a bad temper.Kids(孩子)were afraid to go into his yard(院 子) to pick apples. One day ,12-year-old Janet and her friend Amy had to walk past Mr.Dawson's house.When Janet saw him ,she suggested crossing the street to the other side .But Amy said they needn't. When Mr.Dawson saw Amy ,he smiled and said ,“Hello,Amy!I see you have a new friend with you today.”Amy smiled back. Mr.Dawson looked friendly and gave them each a fresh apple. Later Janet asked Amy,“Everyone says he is the most unwelcome person in town.Why was he so kind to us?”Amy explained that when she first walked past his house,she was also afraid of him.But she imagined there was an invisible(看不见)smile on his face and then started talking to him .Beginning with a “hello”at first,and then speaking more each time. “An invisible smile?”Janet was puzzled(困惑的).“Yes,”answered Amy.“My grandma told me to think so.She says smiles can spread.If we keep smiling at someone ,sooner or later they will smile back.” Remember what Amy's grandma said,and we will find that most people can't 28.Mr.Dawson was thought to be a (an)_____person. A.warm-hearted B.unhappy C.badly-behaved D.unfriendly 29.How did Janet feel when Mr.Dawson gave them two apples? A.Happy B.Surprised. C.Proud. D.Terrible. refuse our smile.
30.Why was Mr.Dawson kind to Amy?
A.Because Amy was never afraid of him. B.Because Amy's grandma was his old friend. C.Because Amy was kind to Mr.Dawson first. D.Because Amy was the most popular girl in town. 31.From the story,we know Amy is a girl who_____. A.likes helping others B.never says no to older people C.enjoys working with her friends D.would like to take others' advice 32.Which can be the best title of this passage? A.How to be a welcome person B.Smiles build a better world C.what's the best thing about life? D.Is it important to get on well with others? Passage3 What will the house of the future look like?Could it have gardens on its walls,or a pool with fish for dinner?Architects(建筑师)believe that they are all possibilities.The only thing for sure is that the house will be as green as possible. The tree house Many architects in the world would like to build a “tree house”.Like a leaf ,the surface of the house collects sunlight during the day .The energy can be used to heat water,produce electricity,and even create fresh air for the home .The “root(根)”of the house is deepunder the ground so that it can control（控制）the home's temperature. The lizard（蜥蜴）house
Like a lizard,changing colour with the weather is the most important design of a lizard house,When it's in the bright sun,the cover of the house will turn dark to protect it from strong heat .During dark days,it rurns white and takes in as much light and heat as possible to produce energy. Meals at home The future of food production is taken as one part of the design of the building.Gardens may appear on the outside walls of the house .People can plant tomatoes,carrots and green tea on them.So every day in the morning,you just need to walk outside and collect your meals. Learning form the past Looking to the future isn't the only way to be green.Sometimes,ancient techniques(技术)can also help cut down energy use .For example,a chimney(烟囱)can be a useful air conditioner because it is easier for hot air to flow out of the chimney. 33.The tree house is special for _____. A.fresh air creation B.energy collection C.its recycling system D.electricity production 34.What is the colour of the lizard house in sunny days? A.White. B.Black. C.Bright D.Dark. 35.“Meals at home”means_____. A.we needn't buy food any more B.the house can produce food itself C.meals will be cooked more easily at home D.plants will be grown on the walls of the house 36.The last kind of the house is different from others because_____. A.it looks as the same as an old house B.it makes less use of natural materials
C.it gets the idea from ancient techniques
D.it is easier for hot air to flow out of the house 37.All the houses above are designed to _____. A.reduce air pollution B.cut down energy use C.make our life greener D.create a news environment B.阅读短文，根据短文内容，从所给的六个选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，使短文意思完 整、连贯。（有两项为多余选项） Passage4 Freedom of riding bicycles There isn't any other type of transportation that is as common as bicycles.In China,they have a very long history.But now ,not only in China,bikes are becoming popular in many European countries.__38(_) Bicycles are popular for many reasons.The most important one is prodably its great use in protecting the environment. __39__In some European countries,bike-griendly facilities(设施)have helped clear busy roads.As a traditional“cycling capital” ,Copenhagen's roads keep bicycles and cars separated （分开）as much as possible.On these routes(路线),there are pre-green lights for cyclists.These kinds of bicycle traffic lights turn green a few seconds before car traffic lights do.It gives the cyclists time to avoid traffic while crossing. Cycling also gives people a feeling of freedom.__40__In cities like Amsterdam and Hague ,up to 70 percent journeys are made by bike.To make biking easier,many European cities like Paris and Berlin allow cyclists to bring their bicycles onto subway trains.
__41__ There are some safety rules you need to follow.Stop at all stop signs and obey red lights just as cars do .Wearing a helmet(头盔)can protect your head if you fall down .If you are cycling with friends,ride in a line.Don't face each other while riding side by side. A.However,cycling is not always easy. B.They're especially popular among students. C.Some young people see cycling as a fashion. D.Cycling is also a great way to reduce heavy traffic. E.That's why many young people choose it as a way to get around the city. F.According to the BBC,more bicycles were sold than cars in Europe last year
IV.情景交际（本题共 5 小题，每小题 2 分，共 10 分） 根据对话内容，从所给的七个选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，使对话内容完整。（有两项 为多余选项） Betty:What are you going to do on holiady,Tony? Tony:__42__ Betty:You'll love it !I Went there two years ago. We Tony:__43__ Betty:It took about nine hours. Tony:__44__ Betty:Well, first, we went to Disneyland. Then we went to Hollywood. Tony:__45__ I can't wait to go there. Betty:It's really a wonderful place. __46__ Tony:Thank you. had a great time.
A.I've no idea. B.It sounds brilliant! C.Where did you go? D.We are going to Los Angeles. E.I'm sure you will have a nice trip. F.Did you see anything interesting? G.How long did it take to get there?
第 II 卷 非选择题（共 70 分）
V.完形填空（二）（本题共 15 小题，每小题 2 分，共 30 分） A.根据短文内容，用方框内所给词或短语的适当形式填空，使短文内容完整。（每词或短语限用一 次） many classroom good a few get family ill stop hear of have Hope for the future Liu Sanzi is an eight-year-old boy from a village in Hunan Province. His parents want him to drop out of school. It's important for him to work on their farm because there are seven people in Liu's __47__ and they are very poor. Li Yinming is 14 and from hangxian in Gansu Province. He __48__ going to school a few years ago. His parents have been __49__ and he has to look after them. Many children like Li Yinming and Liu Sanzi can't __50__ an education because their families are poor. Now they can go to school with the help of Project Hope. In the last 15 years, this project __51__ raised money and paid for the education of 2.5 million poor students in the countryside. People in China and abroad have given 2.2 billion yuan. With this money, Project Hope has built __52__ schools and libraries. It has also trained teachers and it has sent students to high schools. Last year Shen, a boy from Shanxi Province, went to a school with no electricity and only __53__ books. But this year he's at a new school with big __54__ and lots of books. Project Hope paid for it.
Most people in China have __55__ Project Hope and have given money. But 40 million children from poor families still need help. Because of Project Hope, thousands of children have __56__ lives. Perhaps we should all ask: What can we do for Project Hope? How can we help? B.阅读下面短文，在短文的空格内填入适当的词，使其内容通顺。（每空格限填一词） Did you know that Earth is home to __57of animals? A recent survey shows that scientists have found more than 2 million kinds of animals and there are over 10 million we haven't discovered yet. Animals are much more than food or pets for humans. Animals are __58 _. Some of them do very unusual things. Research shows that animals can use tools. For example, chimpanzees （黑猩猩） use sticks to get white ants out of the ground. They even teach each other how to use tools. Scientists find that animals have their __59_ ways to communicate. Did you know dolphins （海豚） use ultrasound（超声） to communicate? Birds learn to sing from their parents. They also learn to tell the difference between the sound of their group and those of other groups. Animals have societies too. Let's take ants as an __60__. An ant family usually has millions of ants. Some ants are strong enough to fight against enemies（敌人）. Some take care of babies. Others go looking for food. They have organizations that make the group work well. Animals can help humans in many ways. Long age, people used pigeons(鸽子） to send mail over long distances. Dogs have been the best friends to humans since ancient times. Nowadays some dogs are even __61__ to guide blind people. Dogs also use their noses to search out drugs for the police. Ⅵ.阅读理解（二）（本题共 5 小题，每小题 2 分，共 10 分） 阅读下面短文，根据短文内容，回答下列问题。 Jessica Ennis:a role model for teenagers Jessica Ennis,a British track and field （田径运动） star,was chosen as the World Sportswoman of the Year 2013.The 27-year-old athlete （田径运动员） was the face of the London 2012 Olympics and is a role model to many teenagers.
Ennis developed her interest in track and field at a young age.When her parents took her to hurdle events at a stadium in England,she fell in love with the sport immediately. In addition to the hurdles,Ennis tried her hand at the heptathlon（女子七项全能）,a race combination（结合）of high jump,long jump,100-metre hurdles and four other sports events.Throughout high school,she spent much of her time on training. However,many of her schoolmates didn't believe she could be an athlete."When I started practicing the heptathlon,I was always getting people saying‘You’re too small and you won't be good at this event because of your height,'"Ennis said. But other people's words didn't make her feel sad.Instead,she started practicing even harder than before.She dreamed of being an Olympic champion one day,and her dream came true finally. Ennis's success inspires（鼓舞） many teenagers:if you want to achieve anything,you just give this all your attention and don't worry about other people's words.If you have a dream,please follow your heart and try your best to make it happen! 62.How old was Ennis when she became an Olympic champion? 63.What did Ennis's schoolmates think of her as an athlete? 64.Did Ennis believe she could be a successful athlete? 65.Why did Ennis become successful? 66.Why did the writer call Ennis a role model for teenagers?
Ⅶ.写 A.句子翻译。将下列句子译成英语。（本题共 5 小题，每小题 2 分，共 10 分） 67.艾尔斯岩（Ayers Rock）长 3,600 米，高 348 米。 68.摄影比赛你获奖了吗？ 69.妈妈让我每天自己整理房间。
70.孔子是中国古代伟大的思想家，今天我们依然受他思想的影响。 71.对外国人来说，如果他们以前没用过筷子，用起来就会很难。 B.书面表达（共 20 分） 72.假期中， 我们有时间做与学校学习生活不同的很多事情， 如旅游、 干家务、 做义工、 参加夏 （冬） 令营??请你根据以往的假期生活经历，用英语写一篇短文，跟同学们分享你在假期做过的一件事情 及体会。 内容提示：（1）讲述你在假期里做过的一件事情； （2）谈谈你做这件事情的体会。 要求：（1）中心突出，语义连贯，层次清晰，书写规范； （2）文中不得出现真实姓名和校名； （3）词数 80 词左右。
2014 大连市初中毕业升学考试英语参考答案及评分标准 第Ⅰ卷（70 分） 选择题 1-5BCDAB 6-10CCDAD 11-16DCBBAC 17-22DBACBA 23-27ABBCD 33-37BDACB 28-32DBCDB 38-41FDCA 42-46DGCBE
47-56 family、stopped、ill、get、has、many、a few、classroom、heard of、better 57-61millions、clever/smart、own、example、trained 62. 27years 63. too small and you won't be goodat this event because of your height 64. Yes, she did 65. you have a dream,please follow your heart and try your best to make ithappen! 66. her dream came true finally. 67. Ayers Rock is 3600meters in length,and 348meters in height. 68. Have you got any prizes for the photographymatch? 69. Mom always lets me do house workevery. 70. Confucius is known as agreat thinker in ancientChina.Till now,we all have been influenced byhis ideas. 71. For foreigners, it seems very hardfor them to use chopsticks if they never used before.