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whose引导的定语从句


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Complete the sentences with which,who,that
who 1.The man __________ we met was a cartoonist 2.He drew a dog __________ had six legs which 3.The cartoon and the cartoonist _

_______ you're that talking about are very famous. 4.I konw a teacher _________ is also a caroonist. who 5.The picture _______ I like best is the first one. which 6.Did the children watch cartoon _________was that drown by Alice last Friday.

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定语从句已经学的将近尾声了,那么具 体的应用你会吗? 那么请你翻译一个句子~ 他是我们班唯一一个爸爸是警察的学生。
He is the only student in our class whose father is a policeman

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whose引导的定语从句,先行词既可以是人,也可 以是物,而且先行词在从句中充当定语,或者说 所有格形式。当从句中的名词是物时,可以用of which替换。

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He is the only student in our class whose father is a policeman He is the boy whose pen I borrowed yesterday.

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在这种定语从句中,关联词为什么用 whose呢?我们知道,定语从句中引导词 与两点有关,一是先行词,二是引导词 在定语从句中的作用。如果引导词在句 中作定语,就要用whose。如果我们把定 语从句换成简单句,那么我们就可以看 出引导词在定语从句中所做的作用: The student's (=whose)father is a policeman

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组成句子的各个部分叫句子成分。英语句子成分有主语,谓语,表语, 宾语,宾语补足语,定语,状语等。 顺序一般是主语,谓语,宾语,宾语补足语,而表语,定语,状语的位 置要根据情况而定。 1、主语 主语表示句子主要说明的人或事物,一般由名词,代词,数词,不定式 等充当。 2、谓语 谓语说明主语的动作,状态或特征。 一般可分为两类: 1),简单谓语 由动词(或短语动词)构成。 可以有不同的时态,语态和语气。 2),复合谓语:情态动词+不定式 3、表语 表语是谓语的一部分,它位于系动词如be之后,说明主语身份,特征, 属性或状态。一般由名词,代词,形容词,副词,不定式,介词短语等 充当。

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4、宾语 宾语表示动作行为的对象,跟在及物动词之后,能作宾语 的有名词,代词,数词,动词不定式等。 有些及物动词可以带两个宾语,往往一个指人,一个指物, 指人的叫间接宾语,指物的叫直接宾语。 有些及物动词的宾语后面还需要有一个补足语,意思才完 整,宾语和它的补足语构成复合宾语。 5、定语 在句中修饰名词或代词的成分叫定语。 用作定语的主要是形容词,代词,数词,名词,副词,动 词不定式,介词短语等。形容词,代词,数词,名词等作 定语时,通常放在被修饰的词前面。 但副词,动词不定式,介词短语等作定语时,则放在被修 饰的词之后。

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6、状语 修饰动词,形容词,副词以及全句的句 子成分,叫做状语。用作状语的通常是 副词,介词短语,不定式和从句等。状 语一般放在被修饰的词之后或放在句尾。 副词作状语时可放在被修饰的词前或句 首。

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通常包含whose引导的定语从句的句子可 以翻译成两句汉语。 I have got a friend whose brother is training for the Olympic. 我有一个朋友,他哥哥正在备战奥运会。

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He is the boy whose pen I borrowed yesterday. They cleaned the house whose windows face south. The gentleman, with whose daughter I worked, looked down upon women. She is the girl whose brother is my English teacher. The house whose windows are red is my grandparents'. The house,the windows of which are red is my grandparents'.

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先行词为无生命的物体时也可以用whose 来引导定语从句 The book whose cover is green is mine. No one now lives in the room whose windows are broken.

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考题训练
[考题1] Women ____ drink more than two cups of coffee a day have C a greater chance of having heart disease than those ____ don’t. C (2006北京) A. who; 不填 B. 不填; who C. who; who D. 不填; 不填 [考题2] The famous basketball star, D ____ tried to make a comeback, attracted a lot of attention. (2002北京春) A. where B. when C. which D. who D [考题3] He is the only one of the students who ____ a winner of scholarship for three years. (2002上海春) A. is B. are C. have been D. has been [考题4] In the dark street, there wasn’t a single personD ____ she could turn for help. (1992) A. that B. who C. from whom D. to whom

D [考题5] I have many friends, ____ some are businessmen. (2005) ? A. of them B. from which C. who of D. of whom ? [考题6] I was told that there were about 50 foreign students ____ Chinese in the school, most D ____ were from Germany. (2006辽宁) A. study; of whom B. study; of them C. studying; of them D. studying; of whom ? [考题7] We saw several natives advancing towards our party, and one of them came up to us, ____ we gave some bells and glasses. (2006湖南) B ? A. to which B. to whom C. with whom D. with which
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下周就要期中考试了,希望各位都能加 油,考好!


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