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u2 English around the world--words and expressions


official [?'f??l] adj.正式的;官方的;公务上的 她今天早晨收到了几封公函。 She received several official letters this morning. 他将官方文件丢在他汽车里。 He leaves official document['d?kjum?nt] in his car. n.官员 他是政府的高级官员。

He is a high official in the government.

voyager ['v???d?] n.航行;旅程 voyage: 去国外或海上旅行 journey: 指较远的从一地到另一地旅行陆路 travel: 一系列的旅程,尤指旅行的概念 不可数 trip: (短途)旅行 tour: 为了公务、娱乐或教育参观多处名胜的 旅行

【练习】用上面所提供的辨析词的适当形式 journey 填空1). It is tiring to take a long _______ by train from Paris to Moscow. voyage 2). The _________ from England to Australia used to take several months. 3). We’ll have time for atrip ______ to France next weekend. tour 4). We went on a guided ______ round the castle.

native ['neitiv] n 当地人,本国人 你是本地人还是外来人? Are you a native, or just a visitor? adj: 一)本国的。当地的,天生的 1. 他的母语是汉语。 His native language is Chinese. 2.他天生的音乐才能给老师留下了深刻印象。 His native musical ability impressed his teacher.

二)(动植物)原产地的,与介词 “to”连用 熊猫产于中国西部。 The panda is native to West China.

actually ['? kt?u:?li:] adv = in fact/as a matter of fact 事实上,实际上 她看上去年轻,可是实际上已五十岁了。 She looks young, but she’s actually 50. 你真的见到不明飞行物了吗? Did you actually see the UFO(不明飞行物 =unidentified flying object)? 实际上,那不完全对。 Actually, that’s not quite right.

base[beis] vt.把…建立在, 以…为基础 base sth on/upon sth 以…为基础 他把希望寄托在好消息上。 He based his hopes on the good news. 这部电影是以事实为根据的。 This movie is based on facts. n.基础, 底座

present ['prez?nt] n.现在; 目前;礼物, 赠品 at present 现在; 目前 1.现在他没事了。 He is all right at present. 2.他送给我一份礼物。 He gave me a present. adj.出席的, 到场的 3.今天该组有多少人出席? How many of the group are present today?

V. /prizent/ 赠送 present sb with sth /present sth to sb 你最好送她一本书。 You’d better present a book to her.

vocabulary [v?'k?bj?leri] 词汇;词汇量 with/have a large vocabulary 词汇量很大 increase/enlarge vocabulary 增加/扩大词汇(量)

spell [spel] vt. & vi.拼写, 拼读 这个词怎么拼? How do you spell this word? spelling n. 拼写,拼法 这个词有两种拼法。 This word has two spellings.

fluent ['flu:?nt] adj.(说话、写作等)熟练的, 流畅的 难怪你的英语说得这么顺利。 No wonder you speak such fluent English. 她写的英语很流畅。 She writes fiuent English. fluently adv.流利地,流畅地 她的英语说得非常流利。 She speaks English fluently.

frequent ['fri:kw?nt] adj.时常发生的, 常见的 他是我们家的常客。 He is a frequent visitor to our house. frequently adv. 常常,频繁地 他经常来看我。 He comes to visit me frequently.

always:总是,永远。语气最强,指在一切时候, 没有例外。 often:经常,语气弱于always,侧重动作发生的 次数具有经常性,具体时间意味不强。 usually:通常,通例地,指习惯性动作,频度仅 次于always,较often大,偶尔有间隔。 frequently:时常,经常,与often同义,可通用, 但较正式,强调次数频繁。 repeatedly:屡次,强调次数多,但反复的频率 不一定均匀。 regularly:用于修饰经常而有规律性的动作。

usage ['ju:sid?] n. 使用, 用法

The usage of the word is very simple. 这个单词的用法很简单。

? command[k?'mɑ:nd] ? n&vt.命令,指令,掌握,指挥 ? command sb to do sth 命令 ? 他们命令他下来。 They command him to come down.
名词,动词都可加从句,从句用(should)do.

有人叫他控制脾气。 He was told to command his temper.

军队由国王直接统帅。 The army is under the king's direct command.
他命令我现在就走。 He command that I should go at once.

request [ri'kwest] n.要求, 请求 当那个人拒绝了他的要求时他看起来很失望。 He seemed dispointed when the man refused his request. vt. (上级对下级的)请求,请求得到,索取[常接 不定式或者从句] request sb to do / that

他请求他们要早来。 He requested that they should come early.

他们要求我们帮助他们。 They requested us to help them.

recognize ['rek?ɡnaiz] Vt.辨认出来,承认,公认 phrases: recognize one’s voice recognize sb to be ……被公认为…… be recognized to be…… recognize that…… 注意:recognize是一个终止性动词。是指原 来很熟悉,经过一段时间的间隔或别的原 因后又重新认出来。

Know 与 recognize 的区别 Know认识知道 Recognize 认出
I have known him for twenty years, but I didn’t recognize him right now. 我已经认识他20年了,但是现在我认不出他了。

1.我凭她的红帽子认出了她。 I recognize her by her red cap. 2.我们公认他是最好的学生。 We recognized him to be the best student. 3.半年不见我已经认不出他了。 After half a year, I cannot recognize him. 4.杨利伟被认为是中国的民族英雄。

Yang Liwei is recognized as/to be Chinese hero.

straight [streit] 直的

1) adj. 笔直的,直的,正

两点之间,线段最短。
A straight line is the shortest distance between two points.

? 2) adv. 笔直地 ,直接

? 一直沿着这条路走下去,你就会找到医 院的。 ? Go straight along this road , and you will find the hospital. ? 他直接去纽约了,没有在香港停留。
? He went straight to New York without staying in Hongkong.


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