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would 与used to


would 和used to 的异同

同:都可翻译成“过去常常”,都可以表示过去经常性发生的动作。 异:1,would只能表示过去经常性的行为或动作,但不表示过去持续性的状态。但used to 二者均可。 2,would表示过去经常性的行为或动作,不涉及现在的情况。也就是说,现在可能也经常 性发生某动作或行为,也可能不发生该动作或行为。 而used to表示

过去经常性的动作或或行为,以及过去持续性的状态,但这些动作、行为以 及状态,现在没有了。 区别,其要点是would 通常 指动作(反复),而used to 除指动作(反复)外,有时还表示状态(同现在对照,持续状态)。

例子:

1、When we were chilldren,we used to/would go swimming every summer.

2、Mary used to be slim when she was student.(此时不能用would表示“过去”了...)to be slim是一种状态,故只可用used to

would [wud, w? d, ? d, d] v. aux. (will 的过去式) [表示过去将来时, 用于第二、三 人称](第一人称英国用 should, 美国用 would) 将, 会 He said he would come. 他说他 要来。 [表示意愿]愿; 偏要, 肯 He would eat nothing. 他不肯吃东西; 他什么也不愿 吃。 I told him not to go, but he would not listen. 我叫他别去, 可他偏不听 。 He would go in spite of our warnings. 他不听我们的劝告, 执意要去。 [表示过去的习惯 动作]常常, 总是 He would sit for hours doing nothing. 过去他常常 坐几个钟头什么 事也不做。 He would come to see us on Sundays. 过去星期天他经常来看望我们。 [表 示推测]大概, 该是 I would be about ten when my brother left home. 我哥哥离开家 时, 我大概十岁左右 。 [表示某种假设的意志]想要, 愿意 I could do so if I would. 要

是我愿意, 我能够这样做(但我不愿意)。 If you would do this for me, I should be grateful indeed. 若是你愿意为我做这件事, 我将万分感激 。 [表示虚拟, 假设, 虚 构, 用于虚拟条件句的主句第二、第三人称, 美国也用于第一人称]要, 会, 就会, 将要 They would be killed if the car went over the cliff. 如果汽车翻在悬崖下, 他们就会丧 命。 They would have been killed if the car had gone over the cliff. 如果汽车当 时翻到悬崖下, 他们早就丧命了。 [表示请求或个人想法、看法, 使语气更婉转]请 Would you kindly show me the way to the station? 劳驾, 请问到车站的路怎么走? I would like to speak a few words. 我想讲几句话。 It would seem that he was right. 看来他倒 是对的。 [表示假想的愿望]但愿, 要是...多好 Would [I would] that they were safe home again! 愿他们再能平安回家 ! Would that I were young again. 我若能再年青些该多好 啊! We wish that he would come again. 我们但愿他会再来。 I would rather you came on Sunday. 希望你星期天来 。 [表示能力](=could) 能 The barrel would hold 100 litres. 这桶能装一百升 。


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used to和would的区别 | used to would | would used to 区别 | used to 和would | used to do和would | used to和would的题 | used to and would | used to do would do |