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2016年高考全国3卷英语试题(Word版+参考答案)


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6 月 8 日 15:00——16:40 2016 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试 英语

本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分。考试结束后,将本试卷和 答题卡一并交回。 第Ⅰ卷 注意事项: 1.答第Ⅰ卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写清楚,写在答题卡上。 2.选出每小题答案后,用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的

答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮 擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。不能答在本试卷上,否则无效。 第一部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从媒体所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。 A music Opera at Music Hall:1243 Elm Street.The season runs June through August, with additional performances in March and September. The Opera honors Enjoy the Arts membership discounts. Phone: 241-2742. http://www.cityopera.com. Chamber Orchestra: The Orchestra plays at Memorial Hall at 1406 Elm Street, which offers several concerts from March through June. Call 723-1182 for more information. http://www.chamberorch.com. Symphony Orchestra: At Music Hall and Riverbend. For ticket sales, call 381-3300. Regular season runs September through May at Music Hall and in summer at Riverbend. http://www.symphony.org/home.asp. College Conservatory of Music (CCM): Performances are on the main campus(校园)of the university, usually at Patricia Cobbett Theater. CCM organizes a variety of events, including performances by the well-known LaSalle. Quartet, CCM's Philharmonic Orchestra, and various groups of musicians presenting Baroque through modem music. Students with I.D. cards can attend the events for free.A free schedule of events for each term is available by calling the box office at 556-4183.http://www.ccm.uc.edu/events/calendar. Riverbend Music Theater: 6295 Kellogg Ave.Large outdoor theater with the closest seats under cover (price difference),Big nameshow all summer long ! Phone: 2326220. http://www.riverbe

ndmusic.com. 1.Which number should you call if you want to see an opera? A.241-2742. B.723-1182 C.381-3300 D.232-6220. 2. When can you go to a concert by Chamber Orchestra? A. February. B. May. C. August. D. November. 3. Where can students go for free performances with their I.D. cards? A. Music Hall. B. Memorial Hall. C. Patricia Cobbctt Theater. D. Riverbend Music Theater. 4. How is Riverbend Music Theater different from the other places? A. It has seats in the open air. B. It givcs shows all year round. C. It offers membership discounts. D. It presents famous musical works. B On one of her trips to New York several years ago, Eudora Welty decided to take acouple of New York friends out to dinner. They settled in at a comfortable East Side cafe and within minutes, another customer was approaching their table. "Hey, aren't you from Mississippi?" the elegant, white-haired writer remembered being asked by the strangger. "I'm from Mississippi too." "They began telling me all the news of Mississippi,” Welty said. "I didn't know what my New York friends were thinking." Taxis on a rainy New York night are rarer than sunshine.By the time group got up to leave, it was pouring outside. Welty?s new friends immediately sent a waiter to find a cab. Heading back downtown toward her hotel, her big-city friends were amazed at the turn of events that had changed their Big Apple dinner into "My friend said: 'Now we believe your stories,'"Welty added,"And I said :'Now you know,these are the people that make me write them.'" Sitting on a sofa in her room,Welty, asilm figure in a simple gray dress, looked pleased with this explanation. "I don't makt them up", she said of the characters in her fiction these last 50 or so years."I don't have to." Beauticians,bartenders,piano players and poeple wiht people hats,Welty's people come from afternoons spent vistiting with old friends, from walks thtough the streets of her native Jackson,Miss.,from conversations overheard on a bus.It annoys Welty that,at 78,her left ear has now given out.Sometimes,sitting on a bus or a train, sht hears only a fragment(片断)偶发啊 particularly interesting story. 5.What happpened when Welty was with her friends at the cafe? A.Two strangers joined her. B.Her childhood friends came in. C.A heavy rain ruined the dinner. D.Some people held a party there.

6. The underlined word “them” in Paragraph 6 refers to Welty?s A. readers B. parties C. friends D. stories 7. What can we learn about the characters in Welty's fiction; A. They live in big cities. B. They are mostly women. C. They come from real life. D. They are pleasure seekers. C If you are a fruit grower 一 or would like to become one 一 take advantage of Apple Day to see what's around. It's called Apple Day but in practice it's more like Apple Month. The day itself is on October 21, but since it has caught on, events now spread out over most of October around Britain. Visiting an apple event is a good chance to see, and often taste, a wide variety of apples To people who are used to the limited choice of apples such as Golden Delicious and Royal ,Gala in supermarkets, it can be quite an eye opener to see the range of classical apples still in existence, such as Decio which was grown by the Romans. Although it doesn't taste of

anything special, it's still worth a try, as is the knobbly(多疙瘩的)Cat's Head which is moreof a curiosity than anything else. There are also varieties developed to suit specific local conditions. One of the very bestvarieties for eating quality is Orleans Reinette, but you'll need a warm, sheltered place withperfect soil to grow it, so it's a pipe dream for most apple lovers who fall for it. At the events, you can meet expert growers and discuss which ones will best suit your conditions, and because these are family affairs,children are well catered for with apple-Chemed fun and games. Apple Days are being held at all sorts of places with an interest in fruit, including stately gardens and commercial orchards(果园)· If you want to have a real orchard experience, try visiting the National Fruit Collection at Brogdale, near Faversham in Kent. 8. What can people do at the apple events? A. Attend experts' lectures. B. Visit fruit-loving families. C. Plant fruit trees in an orchard. D. Taste many kinds of apples. 9. What can we learn about Decio? A. It is a new variety. B. It has a strange look. C. It is rarely seen now. D. It has a special taste. 10. What does the underlined phrase "a pipe dream" in Paragraph 3 mean? A. A practical idea. B. A vain hope. C. A brilliant plan. D. A selfish desire. 11. What is the author's purpose in writing the text? A. To show how to grow apples. B. To introduce an apple festival. C. To help people select apples. D. To promote apple research.

D Bad new sells.If it bleeds ,it leads. No news is good news, and good news is。no news. Those are the classic rules for the evening broadcasts and the morning papers.But now that information is being spread and monitored(监控)in different ways, researchers are discovering new rules. By tracking people's e-mails and online posts,scientists have found that good news can spread faster and farther than disasters and sob stories. “The ?if it bleeds' rule works for mass media,”says Jonah Berger, a scholar at the University of Pennsylvania.“They want your eyeballs and don?t care how you?re feeling.But
when you share a story with your friends, you care a lot more how they react. You don' want them to think of you as a Debbie Downer." Researchers analyzing word-of-mouth communication-e-mails, Web posts and reviews, face-to-face conversations-found that it tended to be more positive than negative(消极的), but that didn?t necessarily mean people preferred positive news. Was positive news shared more often simply because people experienced more good drings than bad things? To test for that possibility, Dr. Berger looked at how people spread a particular set of news stories: thousands of articles on The New York Times' website. He and a Penn colleague analyzed the "most e-mailed" list for six months. One of his first findings was that articles in the science section were much more likely to make the list than non-science articles. He found that science amazed Times' readers and made them want to share this positive feeling with others. Readers also tended to share articles that were exciting or funny, or that inspired negative feelings like anger or anxiety, but not articles that left them merely sad. They needed to be aroused(滋发) one way or the other, and they preferred good news to bad. The more positive an article, the more likely it was to be shared, as Dr. Berger explains in his new book, "Contagious: Why Things Catch On." 12. What do the classic rules mentioned in the text apply to? A. News reports. B. Research papers C. Private e-mails D. Daily conversations. 13.What can we infer about people like Debbie Downer? A. They?re socially inactive. B. They?re good at telling stories. C. They?re inconsiderate of others. D. They?re careful with their words. 14. What can be a suitable title for the text? A. Sad Stories Travel Far and Wide B. Online News Attracts More People C. Reading Habits Change with the Times D. Good News Beats Bad on Social Networks

Everyone knows that fish is good for health. 16 But it seems Uw many people don't cook fish at home. Americans eat only about fifteen pounds of fish per person per year but we eat twice as much fish in restaurant as at home.Buying,storing,and cooking

fish isn?t difficult. 17 This is about how to buy and cook fish in an easy way. 18 Fresh fish should smell sweet: you should fell that you?re standing at the ocean's edge. Any fishy of stung smell means the fish isn?t fresh. 19 When you have bought a fish and arrive homc, you?d better store the fish in the refrigerator i f you don't cook it immediately, but fresh fish should be stored in your fridge for only a day a two.Frozen fish isn?t as tasty as the fresh one. There are many common methods used to cook fist. 20 First,clean it and season it with your choice of spices(调料)。 Put the whole fish on f plate and steam it in a steam pot for 8 to 10 minutes if it wetgh s about one pound.(A larger none will take mone time)Then,it's read to serve. A.Do not buy it. B.The easiest isto steam it. C.This is how you can do it. D.It just requires a little knowledge. E.The fish will go bad within hours. F.When buying fish,you shoud first smell it. G. The fats in fish are thought to help prevent heart disease. 第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 完型填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中选出可以填 入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 When I was 13 my only purpose was to become the star on our football team, I meat_ ___21 Miller King, who was the best___22______at our school. Football season started in September and all summer long I worked out. I carried my f ootball everywhere for ____23________.
Just before September,Miller was struck by a car and lost his right arm.I went to see him after he came back drom 24 . He looked very 25 ,but he didn't cry. That season,I 26 all of Miller's records while he 27 the home games from the bench. We went 10-1 and I was named most valuable player, 28 I often had crazy dreams in which I was to blame for Miller's 29 . One aftemaon,I was crossing the field to go home and saw Miller 30 .going over a fence 一 which wasn't 31 to climb if you had both arms. I'm sure I was the last person in the world he wanted to accept 32 from. But even that challenge he accepted. I 33 him move slowly over the fence. When we were finally 34 on the other side, he said to me, "You know, I didn't tell you this during the season, but you did 35 .Thank you for filling in for? 36 .” His words freed me from my bad 37 .I throught to myself,how even without an arm he was more of a ieader.Damaged but not defeated,he was 38 ahead of me.I was right to have 39 him.Form that day on,I grew 40 and alittle more real.

21.A.cheering for B.beating out 22.A.coach B.student 23.A.practice B.show 24.A.school B.vacation 25.A.pale B.calm 26.A.held B.broke 27.A.reported B.judged 28.A.and B.then 29.A.decision B.mistake 30.A.stuck B.hurt 31.A.steady B.hard 32.A.praise B.advice 33.A.let B.heloper 34.A.dropped B.ready 35. A. fine B. wrong 36. A.us B.yourself 37.A.memories B.ideas 38.A.still B.also 39.A.challenged B.curde 40.A.healthier B.bigger

C.relying on C.teacher C.comfort C.hospital C.relaxed C.set C.organized C.but C.accident C.tired C.fun C.assistance C.had C. trapped C. quickly C.me C.attitudes C.yet C.invitde C.cleverer

D.staying with D.player D.pleasure D.training D.ashamed D.tried D.watched D.thus D.sacrifice D.lost D,fit D.apology D.noticed D. Safe D. normally D.them D.dreams D.just D.admired D.cooler

2016 年普通高等学校招生统一考试
英 语

第Ⅱ卷 注意:将答案写在答题卡上。写在本试卷上无效。 第二部分 英语 知识运用(共两节;每小题 105 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 In much of Asia, especially the so-called “rice bowl” cultures of China, Japan, Korea, 41 Vietnam, food is usually eaten with chopsticks. Chopsticks are usually two long, thin pieces of wood or bamboo. They can also be made of plastic, animal bone or metal, So wtine chopsticks are quite artistic. Truly elegant chopsticks might 42 (make) of gold and silver with Chine characters. Skilled workers also combine various hardwoods and metal 43 (create) special designs. The Chinese have used chopsticks for five thousand years. People probably cooked their food in large pots, 44 (use)twigs(树枝)to remove it. Over time, 45 the population grew, people began cutting food into small pieces so it would cook more quickly. Food in small pieces could be eaten easily with twigs which 46 (gradual)turned into chopsticks. Some people think that the great Chinese scholar Confucius, 47 lived prom roughly 551to 497B.C, influenced the 48 (develop)of chopsticks. Confucius believed knives would remind people of killings and 49 (be) too violent for use at the table. Chopsticks are not used everywhere in Asia.In India,for example,most people traditionally cat 50. their hands. 第三部分写作(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题: (每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。稳重共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号() ,并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意: 1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词: 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起) 不计分。 The teenage year from 13 to 19 were the most difficult time for me. They were also the best and worse years in my life. At the first, I thought I knew everything and could make decisions by yourself. However, my parents didn't seem to think such. They always tell me what to do and how to do it. At one time, I even felt my parents couldn't understand me so I hoped?could tt freely from them.?showed them?was independent by wear strange clothes. Now I am leaving home to college. At last, I will be on my own, but I still want to have my parent,, to turn to whenever need help

第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 假定你是李华,与留学生朋友 Bob 越好一起去书店,因故不能赴约。请给他写封右键,

内容包括: 1. 表示歉意; 2. 说明原因; 3. 另约时间。

注意: 1. 词数 100 左右; 2. 可以适当增加细节,已使行文连贯。


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