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八年级 Unit


Let’s have a talk 聊一聊

What do they do on weekends?

What do they do on weekends?

They often go skateboarding. Go skateboarding.

play football

go to the movies

What does he usually do on weekends?
He usually does homework.

What does she do on weekends? She often watches TV.

watch TV

read books

go to the park (often) four times a week

A: What do they do on weekends? B: They often go to the park. A: How often do they go to the park? B: They go to the park four times a week./ Four times a week.

read some books (always) every day

A: What does she do on weekends?

B: She always reads some books.
A: How often does she do some reading? B: Every day.

go skateboarding

( usually) three times a week

A: What does he do on weekends?

B: He usually goes skateboarding. A: How often does he go skateboarding? B: Three times a week.

surf the Internet
(sometimes) twice a week

A: What does he do on weekends?

B: He sometimes surfs the Internet. A: How often does he surf the Internet? B: Twice a week.

exercise (usually)
three or four times a week

A: What does she do on weekends?

B: She usually exercises. A: How often does she exercise? B: Three or four times a week.

do homework
(always) every day

A: What does he do on weekends?

B: He always does homework. A: How often does he do homework?

B: Every day.

shop/ go shopping (hardly ever)
twice a month A: Do they often go shopping on weekends?

B: They hardly ever go shopping. A: How often do they go shopping? B: Twice a month.

swim /go swimming (hardly ever) once a week

A: Does she often go swimming on weekends?

B: She hardly ever goes swimming. A: How often does she go swimming? B: Once a week.

频率副词
0%
never hardly ever sometimes often

100%
usually always

.
从不

.
几乎不

.
有时

.
经常

.
通常

.
总是

频率副词一般用在一般现在时当中!

尤其要注意当主语是第三人称时(he ,she或 者是单数名词时),谓语动词的用法。

频度副词常与一般现在时连用

What do you usually do on weekends ?

Most students exercise three or four times a week. She reads English every day.

He usually does homework.

What does she do on weekends? She often watches TV.

频度副词:1.always总是 2.usually通常 3.often经常 4.sometimes有时候 5.hardly ever几乎不 6.never决不 频率由高到低: always(100%) →usually(80%) →often(60%) →sometimes(40%) →hardly ever(20%) →never(0%)

※:对频率副词提问,应该用哪个特殊疑问词呢?

every day
once a week twice a week

How often

three times a week
once a month four times a month

how often do you exercise? 次数的表达方法: once a day每天一次 twice a week每星期两次

three times a month每月三次 four times a year 每年四次 five times a year每年五次 six times a year每年六次 seven times a year每年七次

exercise

A: How often do you exercise?

B:

Homework 1—1 .How often do
you eat junk food? 2 . Do you like it? < Eating too much is bad for our health.>

the McDonald’s

junk food

fruit

Homework2
1 . How often do you eat fruit? 2 .Do you like it? <Fruit and vegetables are healthy food, we should eat them every day>

Homework3 Translate these sentences into Chinese
1.What do you usually do on weekends? I usually play soccer. 2.What do they do on weekends? They often go to the movies. 3.How often does she watch TV? She watches TV twice a week. 4.How often does he shop ? He shops three times a month.

I usually exercise.
She always goes shopping. I often go skateboarding.

I sometimes watch TV.
She hardly ever watches TV. He never plays.

I watch TV twice a week. I read every day. I go to the movies once a month.

I exercise about three times a week.
She shops about twice a month.

Listen ! Cheng is talking about how often he does different activities . Number 1-----5

Match the activities of Cheng
Activities a. go to the movies b. watch TV How often every day once a week twice a week three times a week

c. shop
d. exercise e. read

once a month
twice a month

How often 的运用 A: how often do you watch TV?

B:I watch TV every day.
A: What’s your favorite program? B: It’s Animal World. A: How often does she watch it ? B: She watches it twice a week. A: How often does he go shopping ? B: He goes shopping three or four times a week.

Pair work :
Activities
watch TV surf the Internet read English books go to the movies exercise do homework

How often
every day

… Report: I have a good friend. His / Her name is …He / She watches TV every day….

junk food

food
healthy food

chocolate

cola

We should eat junk food less!

coffee

chip

所谓的垃圾食品指的是仅仅提供一些热量,别无其他营养成分的食 物;或是提供超过人体需求,变成多余成分的食品,比如咸菜中的 盐分常常会超过人体需求而造成水钠潴留,成为体内多余的垃圾。 世界卫生组织公布的十大垃圾食品包括:油炸类食品、腌制类 食品、加工类肉食品(肉干、肉松、香肠、火腿等)、饼干类食品 (不包括低温烘烤和全麦饼干)、汽水可乐类饮料、方便类食品 (主要指方便面和膨化食品)、罐头类食品(包括鱼肉类和水果类) 、话梅蜜饯果脯类食品、冷冻甜品类食品(冰淇淋、冰棒、雪糕等) 、烧烤类食品。 对照一下我们每天吃的食物,有多少属于垃圾食品呢?不可否认, 上面列举的垃圾食品,我们每天都难免会接触到,绝对一点垃圾食 品都不吃似乎是不可能做到的事情。但是,尽量避免多吃这些食品 还是我们能做到的!

vegetables

fruit
We should try to eat them more!

milk

其实,可以替代垃圾食品的食物很多,世界卫生组织公布的最佳食 品包括 1.最佳水果 木瓜、草莓、橘子、柑子、猕猴桃、芒果、杏、柿子和 西瓜。 2.最佳蔬菜 红薯既含丰富维生素,又是抗癌能手,为所有蔬菜之首; 其次是芦笋、卷心菜、花椰菜、芹菜、茄子、甜菜、胡萝卜、荠菜、 苤兰菜、金针菇、雪里蕻、大白菜。 3.最佳肉食 鹅鸭肉化学结构接近橄榄油,有益于心脏。鸡肉、新鲜鱼 虾类。 4.最佳汤类 鸡汤最优,特别是母鸡汤还有防治感冒、支气管炎的作用 尤其适用于冬春季饮用。 5.最佳食用油 玉米油、米糠油、芝麻油、橄榄油、花生油等尤佳, 植物油与动物油1:0.5为宜。 6.最佳护脑食物 菠菜、韭菜、南瓜、葱、椰菜、柿椒、豌豆、番茄、 胡萝卜、小青菜、蒜苗、芹菜等蔬菜,核桃、花生、开心果、腰果、 松子、杏仁、大豆等壳类食物以及糙米饭、猪肝等。 简言之,只要是新鲜的,经过健康方式加工的蔬菜、水果、肉类 主食等,都是健康食品

Healthy food
milk, fruit, vegetables, dumplings,

cola, fried chicken, hamburgers, ice cream

junk food 垃圾食品 drink milk 喝牛奶 want sb to do sth 想要某人做某事 be good for 对……有好处 be bad for 对…… 有坏处 how many hours 多少小时 pretty healthy 相当健康 come home from school 放学回家 eating habits 饮食习惯

Let’s discuss:
How to keep healthy?
Eat healthy food. Exercise often. Have lots of sleep. Be happy. Help others.



how often, how many
Name vegetables fruit exercise sleep …

four every Maria every day times a 9 hours … day week

Who is the healthiest?
Report :

In my group, I think Maria is the healthiest. Because her eating and exercise habits are pretty good. She exercises every day. She likes to play basketball. She eats vegetables every day. …

How often does…? exercise eat vegetable

Katrina

Bill

every day

hardly ever twice a week

eat fruit sleep drink milk eat junk food drink coffee

10 or 11times a week
every day

never

9 hours

9 hours
never
3 or 4 times a week 4 times a week

every day
2 or 3 times a week

never

Words and expressions
1:pretty ( adv.) 意为“很”,相当,如:
The movie is pretty good.

2: health healthy unhealthy

Eating an apple a day is good for your health.
保持健康

You must look after yourself and keep healthy. I am kind of unhealth.不健康的

3. come home from school/work.

4.eating habits 饮食习惯
5. try to do sth. 尽力做~~ . I try to help him with his English.

6.look after 照料,管理= take care of
The girl can look after herself . 7.help sb. ( to ) do sth.帮某人做某事。 He often helps me (to) learn English.

pretty =very try to do something 表示尽力做某事 try doing something 试着做某事 Of course =certainly= sure get good grade 取得好成绩 Help somebody (to) do something help somebody with something Kind of =a little 有点

a kind of

一种

… and I think I’m kind of unhealthy. I vegetables hardly ever exercise. I eat ________ twice a week, but I never eat _____. And fruit don’t like milk I _____ ____ to drink ____. Yuck! I love junk ____ three or ____ ____ _____ food and eat it ___ ___ four times a week. I love to drink ______, too. So coffee maybe I’m not very healthy, although I sleep have one healthy habit. I _____ for nine hours ________ every night.

junk food 垃圾食品 drink milk 喝牛奶 want sb to do sth 想要某人做某事 be good for 对……有好处 be bad for 对…… 有坏处 how many hours 多少小时 pretty healthy 相当健康 come home from school 放学回家 eating habits 饮食习惯

try to do sth 努力做某事 of course 当然 sleep nine hours every night. 每晚睡九小时觉 look after 照顾,照看 get good grades 取得好成绩

study better 学得更好 the same as 和……相同 be different from 和……不同 kind of 有点 eat less meat 少吃肉

help

have

want

exercise try

1.Mom ________ me to get up at 6:00 and play wants ping-pang with her. exercises 2.Grandpa is pretty healthy because he ______ every day. help 3. A lot of vegetables ______ you to keep in good health.

4.You must _________ to eat less meat. try
5. Do you _______ a healthy lifestyle ? have

Jay Chou is a f________ Chinese pop amous star, he is pretty h__________. He exercises ealthy imes every day, he goes swimming three t_______ abits a week . He has good eating h________. He tries to eat a lot of vegetables a______ fruit, nd usually seven to eight times a week. He ardly h__________ ever eats meat, ometimes s________ he sleeps eight hours. If he isn’t busy with his work. he often says “ Good food and exercise help me to s________ better. tudy

1.“______do you watch TV? Three times a week.
A.How many B. How much C.How often 2. “______does she go to the movies?” “Sometimes” A. When B. How often. C. What time.

3.---_____are the vegetables? ----They are five yuan a kilo. A. How many. B. How much. C. How often D.Why

1.His math is very weak. He must _____ his best.

A tries to do
C tried to do

B trying to do
D try to do

2.Good food and exercise help me ______ better. A studying C studies B to study D studied

3.---____ Tom ever___ fruit? ---- Yes, sometimes. A Do; eat C Is ; eating B Does ;eats D Does ; eat

1.--- What’s your favorite sports? ---- I like to play ___ basketball. A the B a C / D an

2.Tom is u_______ because he doesn’t often exercise.
3.Study hard and you’ll get good g________. 4.Can you say any d_________ between these two pictures?

1.He knows a lot _____ he is still a child.

A.so

B although

C but

D or
_____

2.Our English teacher wants me

English every day. She says it’s good for my study. (read) 3.---____ does Linda do on weekends?

--- She often goes to the movies.
A When B How C What D Why

1.A lot of vegetables ___ you to keep in good health.

A make

B want

C try

D help

2.There are fifty students in our class.75﹪of the students like singing English songs. What does “75﹪of the students” mean? A All the students B Most of the students

C Some of the students
D A few of the students

假如你和李梦是同学,请根据提示写一篇介绍他日常生 活的短文。

Activities How often do homework two hours a day watch TV hardly surf the Internet twice a week read English every day books exercise three or four times a week go to the movies once a month

Early to bed and early to rise makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise. 早睡早起身体好。

Homework: Finish off the English test. Revise Unit 1.

Let’s see:
What sports does she like?


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