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高中英语必修四第一单元导学案


高中英语必修四导学案

Unit 1 Women of achievement
What’s to be learned in this unit: Topic: Women and their achievements Vocabulary and Structure Reading Skills: Skimming, scanning and s

ummarizing Grammar: Agreement of Subject and Verb Morals: Exploring the outstanding women in various fields and their life and experiences, as well as the common qualities and characteristics great women usually share. Procedures Ⅰ.Warming up 1. Fill in the blanks.
Names 1 Elizabeth Fry (1780-1845) Nationality Achievements / Contributions Achievements: She helped improve prison conditions and gave prisoners work and education. Contributions: Her work helped the Quakers get the Nobel Prize f or Peace in 1947. Key words: Civil Rights (人权) Identity: ______________________________ Contributions: _________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ Key Words: ___________________________ Contributions: ________________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________ _____________________ _______________ Key Words: __________________________ Achievements: _______________________ ____________________________________ Contributions: _______________________ ___________________________________ Key Words: _________________________ Identity: ___________________________ Achievements: ______________________ Contributions: ______________________ __________________________________ Key Words: _________________________

Britain

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[来源:学科网 ZXXK]

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Identity: ___________________________ Achievements: ______________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ Key Words: Patriotism

2. Questions:
1). What do these women have in common? ____________________________________________ (active, hard-working, unselfish, intelligent, determined, brave, generous, confident kind, considerate, modest, helpful, warm-hearted, responsible, honest, independent broad-and –open minded) 2). Who do you think is a great woman? Give your reasons, please. _____________________________________________________

Ⅱ.Vocabulary and useful expressions
1. achieve (vt.) 完成;达到 achievement (c.n.) 成就;功绩 ●_____________ 获得成功; ●_____________取得胜利 ●achieve one’s aim/goal/target ______________ Translation : 1)He had finally achieved success.______________________________. 2)He is proud of his achievements.____________________________ 3)Even a small success gives you a sense of achievement._________________________________ 4)At last, she ___ her purpose. A. reached b. won c. gained d. achieved 2. have sth in common 有共同点 ●have_____ in common 有很少共同点 ●have ______in common 没有共同点 ●___________________和…一样( 介词短词做状语,它完全有独立做状语的功能) Translation: 1) Your computer has something in common with mine 2) In common with many people, he prefers classical music to pop 3) These twins have a lot of in common 3. connection (c.n.) _____________--- connect v.连接,(将电话) 接通 ● connect A with B 把 A 与 B 联系起来 ● connection between A and B______________ ● in connection with ____________________ ● a close/ loose connection _______________ ● be connected with ______________________ Translation: Is there a connection between smoking and lung cancer?____________________________ 4.concern ● concern themselves with 关心,关注 ● concerning=about ___________ ● be concerned about/with _____________ Translation: 1)你的父母总是关心于你的学习_____________________________________ 2) You should concern yourself with not only your study, but also your health. _________________________________________________________________ 3) This is a book _________science. 这是一本关于科技的书 5. devote vt. 意为“投入于;献身(其宾语后常与介词 to 搭配,to 后接名词、代词或动名词) devoted adj.忠诚的,恩爱的 ● devote one’s life to 献身于 ● devote time to doing sth.花时间做 ● devote oneself to 专心致志于,也可说成 be devoted to
[来源:学科网 ZXXK] [来源:Z.xx.k.Com] [来源:Zxxk.Com]

Translation: 1)As a teacher, I will devote my life to teaching.________________________________ 2)Nowadays more and more young people devote too much time to surfing the Internet. _____________________________________________________________________ 3)如果你专心致志于英语学习,你的英语会越来越好. _______________________________________________________________________ 4)Dogs are very devoted to their masters. _________________________________________________________ 5)The time he devoted to_____English is too short A. study B. studies C. studied D. studying 6.campaign (c n) __________________ Vi __________________ ●campaign for sth. _________________ ●campaign against _________________ ●campaign to do sth ________________ ●be on campaign __________________ Translation: Joan is campaigning for equal rights for women._____________________________________. (辨析 campaign, war, battle, struggle) 1)The government started a national __________ against corruption(腐败). 2) No one was killed in that __________. 3) The two counties were at_________ for two years. 5) A lot of creatures died in their __________ for life just because they were not fit for new environments. 5) They ran a _______to prevent a new airport from being built. 7. condition “条件” (c.n.) “状况,状态” (u.n.) ●be in good/poor/excelle nt condition 处于某种状态中 ●out of condition.状态不佳 ●on condition ( that ) 在……条件下,倘若…… ●on… condition 按…条件; ●on no condition 一点也不,决不 Translation: 1)That was a condition for peace talk. 2)你要穿上大衣才可以出去。You can go out you_________________ wear an overcoat. 3)你决不能把发生的事情告诉他。You must_____________ tell him what happened. Ⅲ.Exercises 1. The a_________ of one’s purpose depends largely upon one’s effort. 2. The family managed to send him to the I________ of Technology. 3. My car is old but in goo d c__________. 4. They tried to make a c___________ with the trapped miners. 5. She is __________(挚爱) to her husband. 6. She cares about the (福利) of everyone who works for her. 7. Today police began a ____________(运动)to reduce road accidents. 8. They formed a __________(项目) to build a new school building. 英汉短语互译 1 1.on condition that_____________2. in connection with ___________________ 3.devote….to…______________ 4. 人类_____________________ 5.关心_________________6.驱散;消除;使停止___________________ 7.处死;处决____________________8.鼓励/劝告/怂恿某人干某事_____________________

What’s to be learned in this unit:
Aims: To develop reading ability

To learn some useful expressions in the text To learn about women of achievement

Procedures
Prediction Look at the title and the pictures. Then answer the following questions. 1) What do you think the passage will tell us? 2) What is Jane Goodall doing in the picture on the top right? 3) What is Jane Goodall doing in the picture on the bottom left? Skimming 1)How many parts can the whole passage be divided into? ___________________ 2) Underline the topic sentence in each paragraph. a. Following Jane’s way of studying chimps, our group are all going to visit them in the forest. b.Nobod y before Jane fully understood chimp behaviour. c.For forty years Jane Goodall has been outspoken about making the rest of the world understand and respect the life of these animals. d.She has achieved everything she wanted to do. 3) Match the main idea of each paragraph. Para 1 Jane’s way to study chimps and her achievement Para 2 Jane has achieved everything she wanted to do. (a short summary to her) Para 3 A day in the park Para 4 Jane’s attitude and feeling to the animals. Close Reading 1. What was the writer doing in the forest? _______________________________________________________________________________ 2. What did the writer realize after a day of watching? _____________________________________________________________________________ 3.Where did Jane Goodall do her research? _______________________________________________________________________________ 4.What did Jane discover about chimps? _______________________________________________________________________________ 5. How did Jane try to protect the lives of chimps in their natural habitat? _______________________________________________________________________________ Reading comprehension Answer the following questions: 1.What did the group do first in the morning? A. went into the forest slowly B. left the chimps family sleeping in a tree. C. observed the family of chimps wake up. D. helped people understand the behavior of the chimps. 2. How do the chimps behave? They behave _____________________________________. 3 . What do the chimps do after they woke up? They ___________ into the forest. Most of the time, chimps ________ feed _____ clean each other as a w ay of showing ______ in their family. 4. What new discoveries did she make about chimps according to the passage?

One important thing she disc overed was that ________________________________________. She actually observed _________________________________________________________. She also discovered _____________________________________________________________. Her study of their _____________________ helped her __________________________ ______. All this helped her ______________________________________________________________. 5. What was the purpose of Jane’s study? _____________________________________________________________________________. 6. True or False 1) She supposes that people should not use chimps for entertainment.( ) 2) She has destroyed many homes for the wild animals to live in. ( ) 7.Her achievements include: Working with animals _______________________________Gaining ______________________________ _Showing that ___________________________________________.

Language points for reading
What’s to be learned in this unit:
Key words & phrases: behave, behaviour, shade, worthwhile, nest, bond, observe, childhood, respect, argue, entertainment, inspire move off, be outspoken about, lead a busy life, crowd in Key structures: Watching a family of chimps wake up is our first activity of the day. Everybody sits and waits in the shade of the trees while the family begins to wake up and move off. Jane warns us that our group is going to be very tired and dirty by the afternoon and she is right. Her work changed the way people think about chimps.

Procedures Revision: Collocations from A PROTECTOR OF AFRICAN WILDLIFE
1.造就一个伟人________________________2.给出理由____________________ 3.改善监狱的条件________________4.为某人提供工作和受教育的____________________ 5.获得诺贝尔和平奖___________________6. 在中国现代史上_______________________ 7.从事;忙于;关心___________________8.表明……与……之间的系________________ 9.发起一项国际运动___________________10.停止使用地雷________________________ 11. 授予……诺贝尔和平奖__________________12.为……而战______________________ 13.把……赶出去____________________14.杀死或处死某人______________________ 15.become a specialist in women’s illnesses__________________16.devote all one’s life to ______________ 17.鼓励…做_________________18.像人类一样活动_________________ 19.leave sb. Sleeping________________ __20. wander off into the forest _________________ 21.make …all worthwhile________________21. spend years observing and recording their daily activities 用多年时间观察和记录它们的日常活动 22._________________下定决心做某事 23.in one’s own environment_________________24.begin one’s project __________________ 25.互相交流___________________26.解决;算出_____________ 27.respect the life of…_______________28.leave…in the wild ________________ 29.use… for entertainment or advertisements __________________________ 30.set up special places_________________31. 涌入_______ ______________ 32.say…to myself ___________________33.do nothing wrong____________________ 34. 得到一切_______________35. 获得博士学位_________________ 36.cheer the achievements of women _____________________________ 1. behave v.→__________ ●vi. 行为;举止 n.______________

1)She behaved with great courage. ______________________________________. ●vi.(指事物)有某种作用 我的摄像机自从修好后一直很正常。 2)My camera_________________________ since it was repaired. ●behave 常作不及物动词,与副词搭配;作及物动词时接反身代词作宾语。 behave badly ____________; behave well ________________ behave oneself_____________________ 3)孩子们,规矩些。Children, please behave ______________. 4) Mr.Li asked if Tom had____ properly at the party. A. behaved B. appeared C. presented D. achieved 5) Don’t spoil the children. Can’t you make your little boy ____ himself? A. behave B. believe C. perform D. conduct


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