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选修 7 Ⅰ. 阅读理解 (2014· 西安模拟) If you’re a dog lover, you probably know about the Westminster Ken
nel Club Dog Show. Held annually in New York City, the event attracts thousands of dogs and their handlers, each competing for the top prize, Best in Show. Westminster is so popular that some people call it a Canine(犬科)Super Bowl. But did you know that lots of smaller—and very different—dog shows take place each year across the country? One of them was held recently in Jacksonville, Florida. It was the Pals and Paws Agility Trial. About 100 dogs took part in the three-day event, held March 8—10 at the Jacksonville Equestrian Center. In a dog contest, dogs compete on an obstacle course. They run through tunnels, weave through poles and jump through hoops and over hurdles. Handlers direct the dogs through obstacles. Dogs are judged on how long it takes them to complete the obstacle course and how well they perform each of the challenges. Ribbons and titles are awarded as dogs complete different events. Unit 3
Dog agility( 灵 活 )is a popular sport, widely practiced around the world. Participants say it strengthens the bond between handler and dog while providing exercise for both. Does your dog have what it takes to compete? Liz McGuire says preparation is key. “You can keep your dog in condition by exercising them and feeding them the right foods, ”she said. “The dog has to train, sort of like a football player. ”McGuire competes in agility trials with five Australian shepherds(牧羊人). Suzanne Wesley’s gray poodle( 狮 子 狗 ), Raya, was in top shape at the Jacksonville event: Raya won the Agility Dog Champion title. It is one of the competition’s highest awards. Other owners and dogs taking part in the trials included Terry Herman and her miniature poodle, Idgie, and Stuart Mah with his four-year-old border collie, Ares. For dog owners like Hunter Moore, however, the Pals and Paws Agility Trial was pure entertainment. He has a pug named Bessie, but he doesn’t compete. What did Moore like most about the Jacksonville event? “Seeing everyone try their best, even the dogs! ” 【文章大意】这是一篇新闻报道, 介绍流行在美国佛罗里达州的 Pals and Paws Agility Trial 大赛的情况。 1. The first paragraph is mainly intended to A. advertise the dogs C. entertain the readers .
B. introduce the topic D. attract more visitors
【解析】选 B。推理判断题。第一段介绍纽约家喻户晓的 the Westminster Kennel
Club Dog Show 引出话题, 然后第二段进一步介绍小型的犬类比赛。 2. The underlined word“hurdles”in Paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to A. ribbons C. trainers B. channels D. barriers .
【解析】选 D。词义猜测题。依据第三段内容推断其中一项障碍赛要求狗和主 人密切配合通过各种障碍, 时间最短, 表现最好者获奖。 3. Which of the following is NOT true about the Pals and Paws Agility Trial? A. It is held every year in New York City. B. There’re about 100 dogs involved this year. C. Ribbons and honors are given to best dogs. D. Dog agility is one of the most popular items. 【解析】选 A。细节理解题。A 项是张冠李戴错误, 这与原文第二段不一致; 其 余选项与全文信息一致。 4. According to the passage, who went to the Pals and Paws Agility Trial simply for fun? A. Liz McGuire C. Terry Herman B. Suzanne Wesley D. Hunter Moore
【解析】选 D。细节理解题。依据最后一段 For dog owners like Hunter Moore, however, the Pals and Paws Agility Trial was pure entertainment. 得知 Hunter Moore 参与的目的纯粹是娱乐而不是获奖。 Ⅱ. 完形填空 A city man went duck hunting on a friend’s farm, but the first duck he shot fell
across the fence line onto the neighbor’s the duck.
. So he hopped(跳过)the fence to fetch
As he 2 back for the fence, the old neighbor rushed out in an old car and asked him what he was doing with“his”duck. The city man said, “I shot it but it fell over here on your farm. ” “Well, it’s my duck. ”the old man said. “But since you say that is yours, we’ll just settle this in the old The younger, man, so he 7 5 3 way—we’ll 4 for it. ” 6 beat the older
, and bigger city man thought he could
agreed. 8 , “But we’ll fight by country 9 .” 10 .
Then the old man
“I get the first three hits, ”he said, “and the first one to give up will OK? ”The young man believed he could agreed. 12
11 three hits from the old guy first, so he
, before he could even put the duck down, the old man kicked him in the 14 , the old man
face. As he 13 how such an old man made him suffer such
kicked the guy in the side of the head, knocking out two teeth. The young man got 15 . Once the young man fell to the ground, the old man kicked him again. The young man struggled and two of his teeth, slowly smiled as he 16 to his feet finally. The young man, 18 his first hit on the old guy. “It’s my 17 19
now. ”He made up his mind to fight back. To his 20 , the old man smiled as he said, “OK, I give up. According to our
rules, you can have the duck now. ” Wisdom is something powerful than strength.
【文章大意】 年轻的城里人到乡下朋友的农场上猎鸭, 结果和邻家的老人进行了 一场决斗, 老人打了他三次, 他都咬牙忍了下来。当他正要还击时, 老人却认输 了, 把鸭子给了他。有时候智慧比力气的作用更大。 1. A. car B. store C. farm D. house
【解析】选 C。词汇复现题。由下文“I shot it but it. . . on your farm. ”可知。 2. A. headed C. apologized B. returned D. threw
【解析】选 A。词义辨析题。head 朝……前行; 这里指他捡到鸭子朝栅栏走来。 return 不和 back 连用。 3. A. country C. strange B. common D. traditional 可知, 是
【解析】选 A。词汇复现题。根据下文的 But we’ll fight by country 按照乡下的方法进行决斗。 4. A. run B. answer C. fight D. hunt
【解析】选 C。近义词复现题。根据下文的 beat 可知, 两人要用打斗的方式决定 鸭子的所属。fight 和 beat 是近义词。 5. A. cleverer C. shorter B. stronger D. funnier
【解析】选 B。背景常识题。根据 and 后的 bigger 以及下文他同意要和老人决斗 可知, 他认为自己比对方强壮。 6. A. easily C. carefully B. hardly D. closely
【解析】选 A。逻辑推理题。自己比对方年轻、强壮、个子大, 因此很容易打败 对方。 7. A. worriedly C. difficultly B. happily D. patiently
【解析】选 B。逻辑推理题。既然容易打败对方, 所以就欣然(happily)同意了决 斗。 8. A. asked B. begged C. added D. argued
【解析】选 C。词义辨析题。add 接着说; 补充说。符合上下文语境。 9. A. times B. rules C. eyes D. hands
【解析】选 B。近义词复现题。country rules 乡下规则。指老人提出按当地的规 则进行决斗, 和上文的 country way 同义。 10. A. leave B. lose C. cry D. stay
【解析】选 B。背景常识题。既然放弃, 就说明输了。lose 输; 比赛输了。指第 一个喊停(放弃)的人输掉比赛。 11. A. have B. receive C. stand D. win
【解析】选 C。词义辨析题。stand 忍受; 忍耐。指年轻人相信自己能忍受住老 人的三次袭击。receive 收到; win 赢得; have 有, 均不符合上下文。 12. A. However C. Although B. Therefore D. Otherwise
【解析】选 A。逻辑推理题。根据上下文可知这里是转折关系。然而年轻人还 没放下鸭子, 老人就朝年轻人脸上踢了一脚。 13. A. found C. believed B. knew D. wondered
【解析】选 D。词义辨析题。wonder 奇怪, 想知道。他奇怪老人为何有这么大 力气。 14. A. pain B. courage C. luck D. hope
【解析】选 A。逻辑推理题。脸上挨了一脚, 当然要疼了(pain)。 15. A. sleepy B. injured C. clear D. foolish
【解析】选 B。逻辑推理题。根据上文可知, 年轻人被老人踢掉了两颗牙齿, 因 此受伤了。 16. A. sat B. lay C. fell D. rose
【解析】 选 D。 固定搭配题。 上文说年轻人倒在地上, 所以年轻人挣扎着站起来。 rise to one’s feet 站起来。 17. A. getting C. using B. lending D. missing
【解析】 选 D。 近义词复现题。 missing 丢失的, 丢掉的, 与上文的 knocking out two teeth 呼应。指失去两颗牙齿的年轻人。 18. A. forgot C. planned B. described D. copied
【解析】选 C。逻辑推理题。年轻人边微笑着站起来, 边盘算着他对老人的第一 击。 19. A. duck B. food C. question D. turn
【解析】选 D。固定搭配题。It’s one’s turn. 轮到某人了。指该年轻人反击了。 20. A. excitement C. imagination B. surprise D. agreement
【解析】选 B。固定搭配题。to one’s surprise 使某人吃惊的是。老人的突然认输 出乎年轻人的意料, 因此很吃惊。 Ⅲ. 语法填空 阅读下面材料, 在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的 正确形式。 Every day has the potential to be a good and, in some cases, a great day for you. Few of us get up in the morning 1 (think)that we want this to be a bad day. Yet 2 we worry
in many cases the day turns that way because of a person or an event about.
Think about those small events which can throw you off balance and affect your whole day 3 (negative). Who stole your day? Was 5 4 a boss, an unruly child, 6 an
an erratic driver on the way to work, getting impolite waiter at lunch that did?
“F”on a history paper,
Every day numerous people or events can prevent us from having a good day, if we let them. The key is that we should adopt a positive attitude towards life. We cannot control 7 happens to us in many cases, but we can control how we react 8 these events. Lao-tzu, a Chinese philosopher, he who conquers 10 is mighty. ” 9 (say), “He who conquers others is strong;
【文章大意】每一天既可能会朝着好的方面发展, 也可能会朝着坏的方面发展, 关键是看我们对生活采取的态度。 虽然我们不能控制会发生什么事, 但我们可以 控制我们对所发生的事情的态度。
1. 【解析】thinking。考查现在分词。think 和逻辑主语 few of us 之间是主动关 系, 应用现在分词作伴随状语。 2. 【解析】 that。 考查关系代词。 that 引导定语从句修饰先行词 a person or an event, that 在从句中作介词 about 的宾语, 先行词中既有人也有事物, 不可用 which。 3. 【解析】negatively。考查副词。修饰动词(affect), 应用副词。 4. 【解析】it。考查代词。本句是强调句, 句中缺少 it。 5. 【解析】 an。 考查冠词。 F 表示的是学业成绩中的 F 级别, 是一个可数名词, 此 处是泛指“一个 F 级别”, 应用不定冠词; F 是以元音音素开头的, 应用不定冠词 an 修饰。 6. 【解析】or。考查并列连词。an impolite waiter 和“F”on a history paper 是并列 关系, 表示的是一种可能性, 应用 or, 意为“或者”。 7. 【解析】what。考查宾语从句。control 后跟的是一个宾语从句, 从句中缺少 主语, 应用 what 引导。 8. 【解析】to。考查介词。react to sth. 对某事做出反应, 是固定搭配。 9. 【解析】said。考查时态。表述过去发生的事情, 应用一般过去时。 10. 【解析】himself。考查代词。由 He who conquers others is strong 可知, 此处 指的是“征服自己的人才是强大的”。主语是 he, 所以反身代词用 himself。
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