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高二下期末综合练习(高考模拟4)打印版


高二下期末考前专练
Class_______________Name_____________________No.________Mark___________ Ⅰ. 语言知识及应用 第一节 完形填空

From childhood to old age, we all use language as a means of broadening our knowledge of ourselves and the world about us. When humans first 1 , they were like newborn children, unable to use this 2 tool. Yet once language developed, the possibilities for human kind?s future 3 and cultural growth increased. Many linguists believe that evolution is 4 for our ability to produce and use language. They 5 that our highly evolved brain provides us with an innate language ability not found in lower 6 . Proponents of this innateness theory say that our 7 for language is inborn, but that language itself develops gradually, as a function of the growth of the brain during childhood. Therefore there are critical 8 times for language development. Current 9 of innateness theory are mixed, however, evidence supporting the existence of some innate abilities is undeniable. Indeed, more and more schools are discovering that foreign languages are best taught in the lower grades. Young children often can learn several languages by being 10 to them, while adults have a much harder time learning another language once the 11 of their first language have become firmly fixed. Although some aspects of language are undeniably innate, language does not develop automatically in a vacuum. Children who have been 12 from other human beings do not possess language. This demonstrates that 13 with other human beings is necessary for proper language development. Some linguists believe that this is even more basic to human language 14 than any innate capacities. These theorists view language as imitative, learned behavior. 15 , children learn language from their parents by imitating them. Parents gradually shape their child's language skills by positively reinforcing precise imitations and negatively reinforcing imprecise ones. 1. A. generated B. evolved C. born D. originated 2. A. valuable B. appropriate C. convenient D. favorite 3. A. attainments B. feasibility C. entertainments D. evolution 4. A. essential B. available C. reliable D. responsible 5. A. confirm B. inform C. claim D. convince 6. A. organizations B. organisms C. humans D. children 7. A. potential B. performance C. preference D. passion 8. A. ideological B. biological C. social D. psychological 9. A. reviews B. reference C. reaction D. recommendation 10. A. revealed B. exposed C. engaged D. involved 11. A. regulations B. formations C. rules D. constitutions 12. A. distinguished B. different C. protected D. isolated 13. A. exposition B. comparison C. contrast D. interaction
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14. A. acquisition 15. A. As a result 第二节:语法填空

B. appreciation B. After all

C. requirement C. In other words

D. alternative D. Above all

In today?s competitive world, the ability to work happily with other people is a good way of marking yourself out from everybody ___16_____. While teamwork may offer the chance to blame others ___17_____ your mistakes, you can never blame __18____ for your failings as a teammate. Get to know one another, so you can build up a group and combine your advantages. Find out each other?s values, weaknesses, and past __19________ (achieve). Don?t shy away form disagreements __20____ work out how __21____ (deal) with them. Humor can be a good way, so have a laugh together. Before getting down to business, it?s important to establish ground rules. First, make sure you all share the same idea of time. Will 9:30 am meetings take place at midday? Then, work out how you are going to make decisions. These are probably __22______ (well) made at a formal meeting and communicated by e-mail. You must also agree with your teammate __23______ will be responsible for making decisions. Even if you have decided __24______ decisions don?t have to be agreed on, it is important that every team member __25________(keep) active. Ⅲ.阅读 第一节 阅读理解 A People do not analyze every problem they meet. Sometimes they try to remember a solution from the last time they had a similar problem. They often accept the opinions or ideas of other people. Other times they begin to act without thinking. They try to find a solution by trial and error. However, when all these methods fail, the person with a problem has to start analyzing. There are six stages in analyzing a problem. First the person must recognize that there is a problem. For example, Sam?s bicycle is broken, and he cannot read it to class as he usually does. Sam must see that there is a problem with his bicycle. Next the thinker must define the problem. Before Sam can repair his bicycle, he must find out the reason why it does not work. For instance, he must determine if the problem is with the gears, the brakes, or the frame. He must make his problem more specific. Now the person must look for information that will make the problem clearer and lead to possible solutions. For instance, suppose Sam decided that his bike does not work because there is something wrong with the gear wheels. At this time, he can look in his bicycle repair book and read about gears. He can talk to his friends at the bike shop. He can look at his gears carefully.
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After studying the problem, the person should have several suggestions for a possible solution. Take Sam as an illustration. His suggestions might be: put oil on the gear wheels; buy new gear wheels and replace the old ones; tighten or loosen the gear wheels. Eventually one suggestion seems to be the solution to the problem. Sometimes the final idea comes very suddenly because the thinker suddenly sees something new or sees something in a new way. Sam, for example, suddenly sees that there is a piece of chewing gum between the gear wheels. He immediately realizes the solution to his problem: he must clean the gear wheels. Finally the solution is tested. Sam cleans the gear wheels and finds that afterwards his bicycle works perfectly. In short , he has solved the problem. 26. What is the best title for this passage? A. Six Stages for Repairing Sam?s Bicycle B. Possible Ways to Problem-solving C. Necessities of Problem Analysis D. Suggestions for Analyzing a Problem 27. In analyzing a problem we should do all the following except . A. recognize and define the problem B. look for information to make the problem clearer C. have suggestions for a possible solution D. find a solution by trial or mistake 28. By referring to Sam?s broken bicycle, the author intends to _________. A. illustrate the ways to repair his bicycle B. discuss the problems of his bicycle C. tell us how to solve a problem D. show us how to analyze a problem 29. Which of the following is NOT true? A. People do not analyze the problem they meet. B. People often accept the opinions or ideas of other people. C. People may learn from their past experience. D. People can not solve some problems they meet. 30. As used in the last sentence, the phrase “in short” means _________. A. in the long run B. in detail C. in a word D. in the end B What should you think about when trying to find your career? You are probably better at some school subjects than others. These may show strengths that you can use in your work. A boy who is good at mathematics can use that in an engineering career. A girl who spells well and likes English may be good at office work. So it is important to know the subjects you do well in at school. On the other hand, you may not have any specially strong subjects but your records show a general satisfactory standard. Although not all subjects can be used directly in a job, they may have indirect value. A knowledge of history is not required for most jobs but if history is one of your good subjects you will have learned to remember facts and details. This is an ability that can be useful in many jobs. Your school may have taught you skills, such as typing or technical drawing, which you can use in your work.. You may be good at metalwork or cookery and look for a job where you can improve these skills. If you have had a part-time job on Saturdays or in the summer, think what you gained from it. If nothing else, you may have learned how to get to work on time, to follow instructions and to get on with older workers. You may have learned to give correct change in a shop, for example. Just as
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important, you may become interested in a particular industry or career you see from the inside in a part-time job. Facing your weak points is also part of knowing yourself. You may be all thumbs when you handle tools; perhaps you are a poor speller or cannot add up a column of figures. It is better to face any weakness than to pretend they do not exist. Your school record, for instance, may not be too good, yet it is an important part of your background. You should not be apologetic(认错的) about it but instead recognize that you will have a chance of a fresh start at work. 31.What is the passage mainly about? A. importance of working hard at school. B. The Choosing a career according to one?s strengths. C.How to face one?s weakness. D.The value of school work. 32. The writer thinks that a student have a part-time job is probably ___. A. a good way to find out his weak points B. one of the best ways of earning extra money C. of great use for his work in the future D. a waste of time he could have spent on study 33.From the passage we learn that if a student?s school performance is not good, he ___________. A.should pay more attention to learning skills and developing abilities B.will be regretful about his bad results C.may also do well in his future work D.should restart his study in school 34. The underlined phrase “be all thumbs” (in Para. 3) probably means “_______”. A. be clumsy at doing things B. be skillful in doing things C. be not interested in certain things D. be easily bored in doing things 35.From the last paragraph we know one should _________. A.make full use of one?s own weak points B.study harder for a new school record C.apologize for one?s own school record D.face one?s own weak points bravely C Four in 10 Chinese complain about the great gap between large investments in education and its returns, a recent nationwide survey has showed. The Horizon Research Consultancy Group polled 3,355 residents aged 16 to 60 in both urban and rural areas, including Beijing and Shanghai. The survey found that only 16 percent of respondents believed their investments on education gave good returns. Those with higher education voiced greater disappointment at the quality of education received, the survey showed. People in the rural areas generally gave more positive feedback (反馈) the quality of education on than those from the cities, the survey found. "Our education has been focusing on an examination-oriented system," Huo Qingwen, the deputy director of language education testing service center under the Beijing Foreign Studies University, told China Daily yesterday. "The survey result doesn't surprise me, as I had heard complaints not only from the students, but also from the teachers who have been asked to focus more about the exam-passing rate," Huo said.
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"The job market is still hungry for talented staff, but many graduates are not competent(胜任的) because the posts require more practical experience and creative ability of workers," Huo added. Most university graduates prefer jobs in large cities, causing an imbalance in human resources between urban and rural areas, Hong said. The graduates would get better job options if they chose to work at the grassroots (基础的) level because of the government's preferential policies, including the waiving of tuition for those willing to work in the country's rural and western regions, he added. About 580,000 graduates last year found county- or village-level jobs, and more than 550,000 got jobs in the central and western regions, Ministry of Education figures showed. "Because many graduates focus only on jobs with high salaries and that are directly relevant to their specialties, they miss other good work opportunities," Kong Xiang, a Beijing graduate who works as an English teacher in a college located at a remote area in Yunnan province, said. The recent survey showed that education costs form one-quarter of an urban family's income, while it forms one-third of a rural family's income. 36.According to the passage, most people think that _______ A. the investments in education gave them good returns. B. the investments in education don?t bring them good results. C. college students are satisfied with their the education received. D. People in the cities are more satisfied with the quality of education than those in the rural areas. 37.Which of the following is NOT mentioned? A. China?s education has been focusing on an examination-oriented system . B. Both the teachers and students are asked to pay more attention to the exam-passing rate. C. The job market now does not lack university graduates. D. Most university graduates enjoy hunting jobs in large cities. 38. What would happen to the graduates if they chose to work at the grassroots level? A. They would get higher salaries. B. They would get lower salaries. C. Their tuition would be free. D. They would get better job choices. 39. How much does the education cost according to the survey ? A. One-third of a family's income. B. one-quarter of a rural family's income. C. 25% of an urban family's income. D. Three in ten a rural family's income. 40. Which of the following can be the best title of this passage. A. The gap between investments in education and its returns B. Education and university graduates C. China?s higher education D. Education costs D Billy Joe Saunders is aiming for boxing gold at the Beijing Olympics but may have created history already. As far as he knows, the 18-year-old welterweight from Hatfield is the first person from the Romany Gypsy community to qualify for an Olympic Games.
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Billy Joe clinched (最终获得) place at a qualifying event in Italy earlier this month and is one his of seven boxers to make Team GB for Beijing. Billy Joe Saunders is not the only British boxer with genuine(真的)medal prospects for Beijing, but his background has to be the most fascinating. He comes from the Romany Gypsy community and lives on a caravan site near Hatfield in Hertfordshire. Boxing runs deep in the Saunders family, who are immensely proud of their heritage. His brother Tommy is a professional(职业的), while his Dad Tom was an amateur and his great, great grandfather, the wonderfully named Absolom Beeny, now aged 96, used to make his living fighting in the old boxing booth at fairgrounds. Billy Joe admits he has heard all the stories a hundred times, but once he and his brother had visited the local boxing club, he was hooked. "Boxing has kept me off the streets, stops me smoking and drinking and gives me something to do", he said. His background may be colorful, but make no mistake, Billy Joe Saunders is one very special boxer. As a boy he wasn't the most naturally gifted, but had an inner toughness that set him apart from other fighters. His trainer, Danny Hoy, said: "When I saw him have to dig down into his boots against much older boys, I thought this kid is not the same as anyone else. There is something with this kid". It is that something which made Billy Joe a real prospect for London 2012, so qualification for Beijing means he is effectively four years ahead of schedule. He remembers watching Amir Khan win silver in Athens four years ago, and wants to go one better. "I'm aiming for gold, simple as that", he said. 41.Where did Billy clinch his place as a boxer to make Team GB for Beijing. A. At Beijing B. At Romany Gypsy community C. In Italy D. In Britain 42.The underlined word " amateur" (in Para. 3) here means ________ A. a person who takes part in boxing only for pleasure B. a person who takes part in boxing as his job C. a coach who teaches boxing D. a player who takes part in baseball 43.Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage? A. Billy?s brother is a professional boxer. B. Absolom?s son is not a professional boxer. C. Billy was very interested in the local boxing club. D. Billy was the most naturally gifted when he was still a very young boy. 44.It can be inferred from the passage that________ A. His coach thought Billy was gifted to be a boxer when he saw Billy?s boots against older boys. B. It was Boxing that has kept Billy off the streets.
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C. Billy won a silver medal in Athens Olympic Games.. D. Billy will compete in Beijing Olympic Games four years ahead of his trainer?s schedule. 45.What is Billy hoping to win in Beijing Olympic Games? A. A silver medal for boxing B. A gold medal for boxing C. A piece of gold D. A copper medal 第二节 信息匹配 阅读下列网上交友资料与信息,并按照要求匹配信息。以下是网上交友信息: A. Yiyang, Man, 19 Years old
Occupation My Native Tongue Interested In Student Chinese Listening to Music, Playing Sports, My Family & Friends, Going to the Movies, Reading, Watching Sports, Local Travel, National Travel, Gaming

B. Julia, Man, 23 Years old Occupation My Native Tongue Interested In Engineer English Dining , Listening to Music , Playing Sports , Television , Swimming , Reading C. Brighton, Woman, 21 Years old Occupation My Native language Interested In Teacher English Television, My Family & Friends, Reading, Gaming, Chatting Online, Volunteering D. Lydia, Woman, 26 Years old Occupation My Native language Interested In Administrative English Writing, having Published quite a few books of novels

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E. Senela, Woman, 20 Years old Occupation My Native language Interested In Secretary Tibetan Listening to Music , Writing , Cooking , Television , My Family & Friends , Reading , Watching Sports , Chatting Online F. Roman, Man, 25 Years old Occupation My Native language Interested In Engineering Cantonese Listening to Music , Playing Sports , Television

以下是与交友相关的信息,请匹配符合他(她)们的对应的信息。 46. Ling Tao, man, 18 years old,a student, interested in sports, He?d like to find a pen-friend who is also a student and has the same interest with him in order to discuss sports through the Internet. 47.Mary, woman, 22 years old, interested in writing very much. She wants to become a writer and prefers to make friends with a person who can give her some guide in writing. 48. Wang Ping, woman, 19 years old, interested in music and chatting. She is now a college student majoring in secretary and would like to find a pen-friend who can give her some help her with his major. 49. Peter, man, 23 years old, engineer, interested in sports and watching TV plays. He is now studying Chinese and wants to make friends with a man who can help him with Cantonese. 50. Yang Lin, man, 24 years old, engineer, interested in making friends and volunteering. He?d like to find a pen friend who has the same interest with him and can teach him English. Ⅳ.写作 第一节 基础写作 [写作内容] 我国成功加入 WTO 以来,我们与国际的交流越来越多,英语成为主要的交流工具,同时我 们的文化也在国际上进一步传播, 我们作为中国文化的传承者应该做好哪些细节呢?请根据以下 提示写一篇短文: [写作内容] 1. 我们是文明古国,有着传统的文化传统;
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2. 讲文明从多说文明话语做起,即使是一声简单的“谢谢”也会发挥重要作用; 3. 不随地扔垃圾,不在公共场所大声喧哗; 4. 常保持微笑是我们表达友好的最佳身势语; 5. 主动向有需要的人伸出援助之手。 [写作要求] 1.只能使用 5 个句子表达全部内容; 2.文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 [评分标准] 句子结构准确,信息内容完整,篇章结构连贯。

_______________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ 第二节 读写任务(共 l 小题,满分 25 分) 阅读下面的短文,然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 Friendship with oneself is all important, because without it one cannot be friends with anyone else in the world. We often focus on building relationships with others that we forget the essential first step: being friends of ourselves. That is the crucial first step if we are to have good relationships with others. How can we have good relationships with others if we don?t even have good relationship with ourselves? Here are some tips: 1. Forgive yourself You may have made those mistakes in the past, but is there anything you can do about them? I
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don?t think so, except learning from them. It?s true that you are not perfect, but neither is everybody else. It?s normal to make mistakes, so do yourself a favor by giving yourself forgiveness. 2. Focus on your strengths Instead of focusing on your weaknesses, focus on your strengths. You always have some strengths which give you a unique combination nobody else have. Recognize your strengths and build your life around them. 3. Stop comparing yourself with others You are unique. You can never be like other people, and neither can other people be like you. The way you measure your success is not determined by other people and what they achieve. Instead, it is determined by your own life purpose. You have everything you need to achieve your life purpose, so it?s useless to compare yourself with others. [写作内容] 假设你的同学总觉得自己学习不如别人, 因而产生自卑心理, 请你写根据上面所提供的材料 写一篇短文,用 E-mail 发给他(她): 1.以约 30 个词概括文章大意,说明首先要对善待自己的观点; 2.以约 120 个词表达你对他(她)的建议和希望,并包括如下要点: (1) 分析他(她) 产生自卑心理的原因; (2) 找出他(她)的优势; (3) 提出合理建议。 [写作要求] 1.作文中可使用自己的亲身经历或虚构的故事,也可以参照阅读材料的内容但不得直接引 用原文中的句子; 2.文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称; 3.文章开头和结尾已写好。 [评分标准] 概括准确,语言规范,内容合适,篇章连贯。

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Dear Li Ping, I?m glad that you trust me so much and tell me your true feeling, now I?ve read an article which says that _______

_______________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ With the best wishes! Yours truly, Wang Yan

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