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江苏译林牛津m10u3words+and+expressions


M10U3 Protecting ourselves Words and expressions Important words:
1. bathe v. bathe sb. 给…洗澡 be bathed in ______________ 月光下的花儿散发出香甜的味道。The flowers____________ smells sweet. 2. weep v. w

eep— wept— wept
cry/weep/sob 这 3 个动词均有“哭”之意。 cry: 普通用词。指因痛苦、悲哀或伤感等出声地哭。 weep: 书面用词,指小哭或无声地哭,侧重流泪。 sob: 指抽泣、呜咽。

3. sideways adv. give a sideways glance 斜眼看了一下 我走进他房间的时候,他只是斜眼看了我一下,又继续玩电脑游戏了 _______________________________________________________________ 4. deadly adv. deadly diseases ____________ →adj. dead→ n. death→ v. die
dead: adj.“死的”、“已死去的”(no longer living) ;dead fish adv.其意为“完全地”、“非常地”,e.g. dead drunk; dead tired; dead dull; dead right. deadly:adj. “致命的”:“不共戴天的”与之经常搭配使用的词有:poison、weapon、wound、enemy。 adv. “非常”、“极其”的意思,一般用于负面意义,相当于 very much 和 extremely. His face turned _________ pale. He was drunk in the New Year Eve party.

5. bid n. in a bid to do sth. __________ in a bid for sth. v. bid — bid — bid 为了能够存下部分工资,他决定乘地铁上班。 _________________________________________________________________ 6. agenda n. ____ the agenda 在议事日程上 7. conclude v. to conclude _____________ conclude with sth. _____________ conclusion n. arrive at / come to / draw a conclusion ___________ in conclusion __________ 8. discriminate v. 区别 discriminate…from… ______________ discrimination n. discrimination against sb. 歧视… 9. additional adj. → addition n. in addition (to sth. ) → add v. add up to_______ add to _______ 10. unconscious adj. be unconscious of __________ 11. appetite n. have an appetite for sth. __________ spoil one’s appetite _________ 12. slide v. slide — slid — slid slide/slip into the bad habit of doing sth. ___________________
人很容易染上像抽烟、喝酒这样的恶习,要戒掉却不那么容易。

_____________________________________________________________________________
slip/slide 这些动词均可表示“滑动”之意。 slip: 指不自觉地、偶然地滑动。 slide: 通常多指与光滑表面保持接触并且迅速地连续滑动。

养 成 做 某 事 的 习 惯

develop the habit of doing sth. fall into the habit of doing sth. form the habit of doing sth. pick up the habit of doing sth. take to doing sth. be used to doing sth.

改 掉 做 某 事 的 习 惯

give up the habit of ... get out of the habit of ... break the habit of ... kick the habit of ...

13. trap v. trapped trapping be trapped in _____________ trap sb. into doing sth. _____________ n. 陷阱 fall into a trap _______________ 他被困在撞坏的汽车里,两腿动弹不得。 ____________________, he couldn't move his legs. (非谓语)
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他上当了接受这合同条款。 ______________________the terms of contract. 14. suck v. suck in 吸收 suck the life out of sb. 消耗…的生命 teach one’s grandmother how to suck eggs 教训长辈,班门弄斧 15. wipe v. wipe away ___________ 他擦掉嘴边的血迹,挣扎着站了起来。他已经麻木得感觉不到任何疼痛了。 ___________________________________________________________________________

Important phrases:
1. burst on the scene:______________ 自从英特网在 20 世纪后期突然出现后,世界发生了很大变化。 ___________________________________________________________________________ 2. lose sb. to sth. ____________ 癌症夺去他们女儿的生命,那时她只有十四岁。 ____________________________________________________________________________ 3. end in 以……结束/告终 很多公司开业时都非常好,最后却以失败告终。 ____________________________________________________________________________ 4. in the first place…, in the second place … 首先…,其次… 如果不是这个学生首先问了一个问题,老师也不会去检查并发现这个错误。 _____________________________________________________________________________

词性变化:
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. bathe v.→ n. ___________ weep v. → pt. ________ pp. _________ dead adv.→ adj. ______ v. ______ n. _________ prescription n. → v. _________ prevention n. → v. __________ conclude v. → n. _________ discriminate v. → n. _________ 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. additional adj. →n. _________ jog v. → ________(现在分词) unconscious adj. →反 _________ reaction n. →v. _________ ( ~ to ________) artificial adj. →反 ___________ additional adj. → n. _______ → v. _______ abuser n. → v. __________

用所学词语编写短文。 (至少六个)
____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________

Word spelling
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. Dangerous currents can s__________ swimmers under. Some miners were t__________ underground after the collapse. His speech comes to an a__________ stop. Fog is the sailor's d________ enemy. The pepper(胡椒) in the food caused me to/made me s_________. Could I put forward one a__________ suggestion? The concert c__________ with the National Anthem.(国歌) It's important to teach children to d___________ between right and wrong. The long walk has given me a good a____________. The book s________ off my desk, giving me a shock. He was found u_________ because of great loss of blood. Her arrest produced an immediate r_________ from the press. Stress should be put on the p_________ of diseases. This orange drink contains no a_________ flavourings.(调味品) It is better to laugh than (to) w________. Let's go on to the next item on the a__________.
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M10U3 Protecting ourselves Key to Words and expressions Important words:
1. bathe v. bathe sb.给…洗澡 be bathed in 沐浴在… 月光下的花儿散发出香甜的味道。 The flowers bathed in the moon smells sweet. 2. weep v. weep— wept— wept cry/weep/sob 这 3 个动词均有“哭”之意。 cry: 普通用词。指因痛苦、悲哀或伤感等出声地哭。 weep: 书面用词,指小哭或无声地哭,侧重流泪。 sob: 指抽泣、呜咽。 3. sideways adv. give a sideways glance 斜眼看了一下 我走进他房间的时候,他只是斜眼看了我一下,又继续玩电脑游戏了
When I entered his room, he only gave me a sideways glance, and then went back to his computer games.

4.

deadly adv. deadly diseases

→dead adj.

→death n.

→die v.

dead: adj.“死的”、“已死去的”(no longer living) ;dead fish adv.其意为“完全地”、“非常地”,e.g. dead drunk; dead tired; dead dull; dead right. deadly:adj. “致命的”:“不共戴天的”与之经常搭配使用的词有:poison、weapon、wound、enemy。 adv. “非常”、“极其”的意思,一般用于负面意义,相当于 very much 和 extremely.

His face turned deadly pale. He was dead drunk in the New Year Eve party. bid n. in a bid to do sth. 为了… in a bid for sth. v. bid — bid — bid 为了能够存下部分工资,他决定乘地铁上班。 In a bid to save part of his salary, he has decided to go to work by the underground. 6. agenda n. on the agenda 在议事日程上 7. conclude v. to conclude 终结,结束,推断 conclude with sth. 以……结束 conclusion n. arrive at / come to / draw a conclusion 得出结论 in conclusion 在结束时 8. discriminate v. 区别 discriminate…from… 把…区别开来 discrimination n. discrimination against sb. 歧视… 9. additional adj. addition n. in addition (to sth. )add v. add up to 总计 add to 增加 10. unconscious adj. be unconscious of 未察觉,不清楚 11. appetite n. have an appetite for sth. 渴望,想要 spoil one’s appetite 破坏食欲 12. slide v. slide — slid —slid slide/slip into the bad habit of doing sth. 不知不觉染上坏习惯 5.
slip/slide 这些动词均可表示“滑动”之意。 slip: 指不自觉地、偶然地滑动。 slide: 通常多指与光滑表面保持接触并且迅速地连续滑动。

人很容易染上像抽烟、喝酒这样的恶习,要戒掉却不那么容易。
It can be very easy to slide into such bad habits as smoking and heavy drinking, but it is not so easy to quit. 改 get out of the habit of ... 养 develop the habit of doing sth. 掉 fall into the habit of doing sth. break the habit of ... 成 做 做 form the habit of doing sth. kick the habit of ... 某 某 事 pick up the habit of doing sth. give up the habit of ... 事 的 take to doing sth. 的 习 习 be used to doing sth. 惯 惯

13. trap v. —trapped—trapping be trapped in 陷入 trap sb. into doing sth. 使……上当 n. 陷阱 fall into a trap 陷入圈套 Trapped in the crashed car, he couldn't move his legs.
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他被困在撞坏的汽车里,两腿动弹不得。 He was trapped into accepting the terms of contract. 他上当了接受这合同条款。 14. suck v. suck in 吸收 suck the life out of sb. 消耗……的生命 teach one’s grandmother how to suck eggs 教训长辈,班门弄斧 15. wipe v. wipe away 消除,去除 他擦掉嘴边的血迹,挣扎着站了起来。他已经麻木得感觉不到任何疼痛了。 He wiped away the blood at the corner of his mouth and struggled to his feet, too numb to feel any pain. Important phrases: 1. burst on the scene:突然出现 自从英特网在 20 世纪后期突然出现后,世界发生了很大变化。 The world has changed a lot since the Internet burst on the scene 2. lose sb. to sth. 因…失去… 癌症夺去他们女儿的生命,那时她只有十四岁。 They lost their daughter to cancer when she was only fourteen years old. 3. end in 以……结束/告终 很多公司开业时都非常好,最后却以失败告终。 Many businesses begin well enough, but end in failure. 4. in the first place…, in the second place … 首先…,其次… 如果不是这个学生首先问了一个问题,老师也不会去检查并发现这个错误。 If the student had not asked a question in the first place, the teacher would not have checked and found the mistake.

词性变化:
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. bathe v.→ n. ___________ weep v. → pt. ________ pp. _________ dead adv.→ adj. ______ v. _______ n. ________ prescription n. → v. _________ prevention n. → v. __________ conclude v. → n. _________ discriminate v. → n. _________ 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. additional adj. →n. _________ jog v. → ___________( 现在分词) unconscious adj. →反 _________ reaction n. →v. _______ ( ~ to 对…做出反应) artificial adj. →反 natural additional adj. → n. addition → v. add abuser n. → v. __________

用所学词语编写短文。 (至少六个) 1. Selena sucked the straw, wiped the stain off her hand and continued her story. “When I was trapped in the lift, a man beside me burst out crying and held my arm tight, whose reaction I felt greatly shocked by. Do you know why? He is my boss who often discriminates against women.” 2. When we are bathed in doing exercises in the evening, there is often abrupt noise from explosion of fireworks. People are unconscious of the bad effect setting off fireworks has on the environment and the importance of the prevention of air pollution and noise pollution. In a bid to stop this, it’s time that some effective measures were taken. First of all, educating people should be listed/put on top of the agenda. Additionally, relative laws should be passed/ in place to prevent people from doing this without limitation. To conclude, it’s everyone’s duty/responsibility to protect the environment we are living in.

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Word spelling
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. Dangerous currents can suck swimmers under. Some miners were trapped underground after the collapse. His speech comes to an abrupt stop. Fog is the sailor's deadly enemy. The pepper(胡椒) in the food caused me to/made me sneeze. Could I put forward one additional suggestion? The concert concluded with the National Anthem.(国歌) It's important to teach children to discriminate between right and wrong. The long walk has given me a good appetite. The book slid off my desk, giving me a shock. He was found unconscious because of great loss of blood. Her arrest produced an immediate reaction from the press. Stress should be put on the prevention of diseases. This orange drink contains no artificial flavourings.(调味品) It is better to laugh than (to) weep. 16. Let's go on to the next item on the agenda.

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