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现用公开课课件-完形解题方技巧


Methods and Skills of Close Test

高考完形填空的特点:
1. 题材常为说明文或夹叙夹议的文章,250 词左右,文章中设空20个,首句通常不设空 2. 突出语篇,语境为主, 语法为辅 3. 以实词(名/代/动词/形容/副词等)为主, 虚词为辅。 4. 考察词汇辨析,干扰性强 5. 关注语境背景知识,侧重上下关联,暗示判断 能力.

完形填空的解题步骤
把握整体
具体分析

细读首句,跳过空格,通读全文, 把握大意 结合选项,综合考虑,初定答案 瞻前顾后,先易后难, 个个击破 再读全文,反复检查

完形填空之
八大解题技巧

1.利用首句--点明文章主题,或提 供时间、地点、人物、事件、等 有用信息
I did very badly at school. My headmaster thought I was 36 and when I was 14, he said, “You’re never going to be 37(anything) but a failure. ” 36.A. bright B. useless C. simple D. hopeful

2. 注重语境,合理推断
1)His big stomach has always ballooned out between his T-shirt and trousers. Although his family often 43 about that, Ed refused to buy a 44 T-shirt or to lose weight. 43. A. cared B. forgot C. quarreled D. joked 44. A. clean B. straight C. larger D. darker

Practice
2)….I raised the pistol and fired. The animal fell backwards with an angry cry. Father took the ___38____ smoking pistol from my hand , and fired another shot, which killed the gorilla. 38. A. still B. yet C. even D. already

3. 利用语篇的标志性的词语解题
常见的标志性的词语有以下几种: 结构层次: firstly, secondly, thirdly; 因果关系:thus, because, therefore, so, due to, owing to, thanks to; 递进关系:besides, what’s more, further; to make matters/ things worse; 转折关系:but, while= although, however, 等。 对比: in contrast, on the other hand, instead, however, on the contrary, while ;

1)She told the front-desk clerk she had had a(n) __1_vacation,__ was heart-broken but about losing several rolls of Kodak color film she had not yet developed. 1.A. disappointing B. wonderful C. uncomfortable D. important

Practice
2) Some

parts of the water are very shallow. But in some places it is very _____. A. deep B. high C. cold D. dangerous

4.根据逻辑推理解题
1)…and the officers then began to eat their meal , saying that the mushrooms had a very strange__37_quite pleasant taste.

37. A. besides C. and

B. but D. or

Practice 2)(2011 广东)Many are concerned that gifted children became 10 and lose interest in learning. A. doubted B. bored C. worried D. tired 此处的and表结果, 前面表原因。另外由 lose interest 判断出前面应填bored

5.根据常识和文化背景知识选择
1)The amount of usable water has always been of great interest in the world. 36(Owning) springs and streams sometimes means control , particularly in the 37 areas like the desert. A.dry B.distant C.deserted D.wild

Practice
2)(Immediately) the officers jumped into

their cars and rushed to the_____hospital. A. animal B. biggest C. plant D. nearest 在这样的紧急情况下,人们的第一个反应是到 最近的医院就医,因此答案为D。

6.从语法角度来解题
1)I went into a caféand asked for a coffee. 21 I was waiting for my drink, I realized that there were other people in the place , but I sensed 22 (loneliness). A.Before B.Since C.Although D.While

Practice 2)Finally Peter decided to go to the USA and,as his father had told him,______ to be a doctor. A. studies B. studying C. study D. studied

7.从词语辨析和固定搭配方面来解题
1) He was only fourteen and was not good at swimming__1_.So he shouldn’t have gone into that place. 1.A.after all B. in all C. at all D. for all

2) So I tried hard with my writing and went to college . My first novel 45 while I was at college. 45. A. came on B. came in C. came out D. came back

8.利用原词或同义词的复现或反义词解题
1)How does a tooth go bad? The 51 begins in a little crack in the enamel [ i n?m?l ] (珐琅质, 釉质 )covering of the tooth. This happens after germs and bits of food have collected there. Then the decay [ di’kei ] (腐烂)slowly spreads inside the tooth. In the end, poison goes into blood, and we may feel quite ill. 51. A. destruction B. decay C. fault D. hurt 上文中讲蛀牙如何产生。 空51和红体单词在 意义上是一致的, 属于同义词复现现象。

Practice 2) He was regarded to be one of the five greatest football player in the world. However, ten years ago, he was only an _____ young player. A. experienced B. ordinary C. ambitious D. imaginable

1. 2. 3.

Summar 通读全文, y

Methods and skills of close test
把握大意 地点、人物、

注重首句---点明文章主题,或提供时间、 事件、等有用信息 注重语境,合理推断

4. 利用语篇的标志性的词语

5.根据逻辑推理解题
6.根据常识和文化背景知识选择 7.从语法角度来解题 8. 从词语辨析和固定搭配方面来解题 9. 利用原词或同义词的复现或反义词解题

注意:没有扎实的基础知识,一切都是空中楼阁

Application 完形填空之

实战训练

Once upon a time the colors of 36.A.stay B.leave C.go out D.die the world started to quarrel. Green 37. said, "Clearly I am the most 语境-词义 A.earth B.moon important. I am the sign of life and C.star D.sun hope. I was chosen for grass, trees 38.A.That is and leaves. Without me, all animals 语法-强调句 B.I am would 36 ." 语境-转折.对比.排除 C.It is Blue interrupted, "You only think 语境-词义 D.This is about the 37 , but consider the sky 39.A.anything and the sea. 38 the water that is B.nothing C.something the basis of life and drawn up by the D.Everything clouds from the deep sea.Without my peace, you would all be 39 ." 40.A.warmth B.sadness Yellow chuckled (笑道), "You C.depression are all so serious. I bring laughter, D.anxiety 语境-同类并列 fun, and __40__ into the world."

41.A.usual Orange started next to blow 语境-转折对比 B.normal her trumpet, "I am the color of C.common health and strength. I may be 语境-常识 D.scarce 41 , but I am precious for I serve 42.A.at midnight B.at noon or at night the needs of human life. When I C.at sunrise or sunset fill the sky 42 , my beauty is so D.during the day striking that no one gives another 43.A.gift B.honor C.thought D.respect 43 to any of you.” 语境-搭配 44.A.for more Red could stand it 44 and he B.any more shouted out, "I am the ruler of all C.very much of you. I am the color of danger D.no longer 45.A.turn to and of bravery. I am willing to B.fight for 45 truth. I am also the color of C.struggle with passion and of love." D.bend over 语境-搭配
语境-词义

46.A.superiority Then came Purple and Indigo B.disadvantages (深蓝). … 语境-近义词再现 C.inferiority The colors went on boasting, D.weakness each convinced of his or her own 47.A.gently B.quietly __46__. Their quarreling became 语境-词义. C.violently louder and louder. Suddenly there D.peacefully 常识 was a startling flash of bright 48.A.with care lightening thunder. Rain started to B.in fear pour down __47__. The colors 语境-词义 C.by chance crouched(蜷缩) down __48__, D.on purpose drawing close to one another 49.A.among for comfort. B.by C.for 语境-词义辨析 In the midst of the clamor (叫 D.against 50.A.others 嚷), rain began to speak, “You B.themselves foolish colors, fighting 49 C.the other yourselves, each trying to dominate D.the rest (支配) 50 语境-搭配 .

51.A.equal and simple B.ordinary and similar Don't you know that you were each made for a special C.more or less D.unique and different purpose, 51 ? Join hands 52. A.each other with 52 and come to me." 语境-搭配 B.me C. them Doing as they were told, D. one another the colors 53 and joined 53.A.combined 近义词再现 hands. They formed a B.separated colorful rainbow. From then C.united D.divided on, whenever a good rain 54.A.cleans B. washes C.brightens 54 the world, a rainbow 常识 D.dampens appears in the sky. They 55.A.appreciate remember to 55 one B.quarrel with another. C.ignore D.praise 语境-词义

近义词再现

My sister and I grew up in a little village in England. Our father was a struggling ___36___, but I always knew he was ___37___. He never criticized us, but used ___38___ to bring out our best. He’d say, “If you pour water on flowers, they flourish. If you don’t give them water, they die.”
36. A. biologist B. manager 37. A. strict B. honest 38. A. praise B. courage

C. lawyer D. gardener C. special D. learned C. power D. warmth

I ___39___as a child I said something ___40___ about somebody, and father said,“___41___ time you say something unpleasant about somebody else, it’s a reflection of you.” He explained that I looked for the best ___42___ people, I would get the best ___43___. 39. A. think B. imagine C. remember D. guess 40. A. unnecessary B. unkind C. unimportant D. unusual 41. A. Another B. Some C. Any D. Other 42. A. on B. in C. at D. about 43. A. in case B. by turns C. by chance D. in return

From then on I’ve always tried to ___44___ the principle in my life and later in running my company 44. A. revise B. set C. review D. follow

Dad’s also always been very ___45___. At 15, I started a magazine. It was ___46___ a great deal of time, and the headmaster of my school gave me a ___47__: stay in school or leave to work on my magazine. 45. A. understanding C. serious 46. A. taking up C. picking up 47. A. suggestion C. notice B. experienced D. demanding B. making up D. keeping up B. decision D. choice

I decided to leave, and Dad tried to sway me from my decision, ___48___ any good father would. When he realized I had made up my mind, he said,“Richard, when I was 23, my dad ___49__ me to go into law. And I’ve ___50___ regretted it. I wanted to be a biologist, ___51__ I didn’t purse my ___52__. 48. A. and B. as 49. A. helped B. allowed 50. A. always B. never 51. A. rather B. but 52. A. promise B. task C. even if D. as if C. persuaded D. suggested C. seldom D. almost C. for D. therefore C. belief D. dream

You know what you want. Go fulfill it.” As ___53__ turned out, my little publication went on to become Student, a nation ___54__ for young people in the U.K. My wife and I have two children, and I’d like to think we are bringing them up in the same way Dad ___55__ me.

53. A. this B. he C. it D. that 54. A. newspaper B. magazine C. program D. project 55. A. controlled D. comforted C. reminded D. raised


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