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短文改错专练


英语高考专题复习
短文改错

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短文改错
命题规律 考点分析 解题技巧
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命题规律:
近5年NMET短文改错测试内容一览表
动 名 词 词 连 词 形容 词 副 词 代 词 冠 词 介 词
1 2 1 3 2
3

20

01 2 2 2 1 0 0 1 考点主要分布在动词 ,1 介词和连 2002 1. 2 1 1 0 1 1 词;其次为 :名词0 ,代词,冠词 ,3 形容 1 2003 3 1 0 0 词和副词 2004 1 1 3 1 0 0 0 2005 4 0 1 1 0 1 0 (浙江)

2. 改错类型统计
2005 2001 2002 2003 2004 (浙江) 1 1 1 1 正确 2. 错误类型主要为 :多词1 ,缺词,错词 和正确四大类 )1 2 2 . (注意改错的格式 2 1 多词 2 1 1 1 缺词 1 5 6 7 7 错词 6

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动词改错解题指导
1) 检查句中有无时态、语态和语气的错误。

2) 检查句中前后的时态是否呼应。
3) 通过逻辑主语与非谓语动词的关系来判断-ing

形式,不定式与过去分词的使用是否正确。
4) 检查有无动词混用的错误。

5) 注意句中主谓是否一致。
6) 检查句中情态动词的用法是否正确。
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Examples: a) The church burned down yesterday ____ date from the 18th century. dates b) The librarian will let you know whether the book you want has returned. been ^ c) So far, he made a living by picking up wastes. has ^ leading d) With a boy ___ led the way,they started towards the village. e) By the way,when you come, please take ___ your sister here. f) Now my picture and the prize __ is hanging in the library. are g) The librarian prints the card with the date by which the book can ___ be returned. must
bring

介词改错解题指导
a) We practise for three times every week. for b) He pulled the man back the shore and saved him. to in c) We will graduate after two months. ____ 1.检查句中有无遗漏或多余的介词。

^

for d) As soon as he got into the water,he let out a cry of __help.

2.注意介词有无误用。
3.检查句中介词与动词、名词、形容词、副词等的搭配 7 是否正确。

连词改错解题指导
a) He likes sports, but I like music. while ___
b) We would return at night to hear that ___ he’d picked up what from the radio in the day. c) It is unknown__ if he will come here. whether 1.并列句中,检查并列连词使用是否正确,有无遗漏的 情况

2.复合句中,检查从属连词的使用是否正确。

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名词改错解题指导
a) He said he liked noodles,chicken and some _____ fishes. b) The teacher was satisfied with ____ Tom attitude. c) Learning a second language is a big work. _____ 1.检查句中名词的单复数形式是否符合句意。 2.检查有无所有格(the child’s…, the color of the shoes,etc.) fish Tom’s job

的误用。
3.检查有无可数名词和不可数名词的误用。
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代词改错解题指导
1.检查句中前后代词是否一致。 2. 检查句中是否缺少代词。 3.检查名词性物主代词(mine,hers,his,ours,etc.)

4.检查句中人称代词的主格和宾格是否误用。

5.检查句中作主语的代词与谓语的数是否一致。

6.检查指示代词(one,this,that,such,same,those

Examples:
a) The Smiths did his ___best to make me feel at home.their b)The day before the speech contest, English teacher ^ my talked to me. c) Her sister is an old friend of me. ___ mine d) It was him ___ who broke the window. he e) All __ go well. All of us was ___ there. goes were f) There is a good film at the cinema. Why not go and see one? it ___

冠词改错解题指导
a) Don’t give up. Try the ___third time. a b) Tom drove his car near the woman and said to her, “Can I give you ride?” a

^

c) Now I am still studying at the school. the 1.检查有无定冠词和不定冠词的误用。

2.检查有无漏用或滥用冠词的情况。
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形容词(副词) 改错解题指导
a) It’s not good to keep children busily _____ with their studies busy all day long.

b) In this way it is convenient for me to prepare the exam ^ more than before.
1.检查句中是否有形容词与副词误用或混用的情况。 2.检查句中有无形容词与副词的比较级和最高级的 构成或使用错误。
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解题技巧
1 No context, no text. 通读全文,掌握大意。 2 判断对错不是从某一行或某一句考虑,要联系 上下文。 3 先易后难。正确的句子放在最后改。 4 不能改动两个词。 5 正确使用批改符号。
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