英语中有两类从句所修饰的名词可以叫“先行词”， 一类是定语从句， 一类是同位语从 句。同学们知道，定语从句所修饰的先行词数量很多，单是指人和指物的名词就有千千万万 个，但英语中的同位语从句则不同，它所修饰的先行词非常有限，中学英语中最常用的可能 只有几十个，并且高考可能重点的考查只有十几个： 1. chance 可能性 chance 后接
that 引导的同位语从句，表示某事发生的可能性。如： I think that there is every chance that you will succeed. Do you think there’s any chance that you could get a job in Paris? 2. doubt 怀疑 doubt 后接 that 引导的同位语从句，表示对某事的怀疑。如： There is no doubt that the world is getting warmer. There’s no doubt that one day a cure will be found. 3. fact 事实 fact 后接 that 引导的同位语从句，表示某个事实的具体内容。如： The fact that something is cheap doesn’t necessarily mean it’s of low quality. The fact that the money has gone does not mean it was stolen. In spite of the fact that hotel prices have risen sharply, the number of tourists is as great as ever. 4. evidence 证据 evidence 后接 that 引导的同位语从句，表示某个证据的具体内容。如： Do you have evidence that this treatment works? Is there any scientific evidence that a person's character is reflected in their handwriting? 5. hope 希望 hope 后接 that 引导的同位语从句，表示希望的具体内容。如： Is there any hope that they will be home in time? The President has expressed the hope that relations will improve. 6. idea 想法 idea 后接 that 引导的同位语从句，表示某个想法的具体内容。如： It’s based on the idea that all people are created equal.
Where did you get the idea that she doesn’t like you? 7. message 消息，信息 message 后接 that 引导的同位语从句，表示某条消息或信息的具体内容。如： I got a message that she’ll be late. Ads convey the message that thin is beautiful. 8. news 消息 news 后接 that 引导的同位语从句，表示某条消息的具体内容。如： The news that we are having a holiday tomorrow is not true. The news that Madge had resigned took everyone by surprise. 9. notice 通知 notice 后接 that 引导的同位语从句，表示某个通知的具体内容。如： I received a notice that the rent was unpaid. The notice came around two in the afternoon that the meeting would be postponed. 10. possibility 可能性 possibility 后接 that 引导的同位语从句，表示某事发生的可能性。如： You should always allow for the possibility that it might rain. There is a strong possibility that the cat contracted the condition by eating contaminated pet food. 11. promise 承诺，答应 promise 后接 that 引导的同位语从句，表示某个承诺的具体内容。如： He took my fax number with the promise that he would send me a drawing. I made a promise to myself that this year, my first year in high school, would be different. 12. story 传说 story 后接 that 引导的同位语从句，表示某个传说的具体内容。如： The story goes that my grandfather saved his captain’s life in battle. The story goes that he was sacked after he was caught stealing company property. 13. suggestion 建议 suggestion 后接 that 引导的同位语从句，表示某条建议的具体内容。如： They didn’t like my suggestion that we should all share the cost. The suggestion that shops should open on Sundays led to a heated discussion. 14. word 消息，传闻；承诺
Word came that our duties would be changed. He gave his word that he would marry her and she had no cause to doubt him.
除此之外：belief, faith, feeling, thought, request 等抽象名词后面接的句子多半是同位语从句 注: have no idea 后面不能直接接 that, 而是要根据句子意思用相应的疑问词 【2013 浙江 16】The only way to succeed at the highest level is to have total belief ______ you are better than anyone else on the sports field. A. how B. that C. which D. whether 【2012 重庆】 34. Evidence has been found through years of study______ children’s early sleeping problems are likely to continue when they grow up. A. why B. how C. whether D. That 【2012 浙江】 4. I made a promise to myself ____ this year, my first year in high school, would be different. A. whether B. what C. that D. how 【2012 江苏】27. The notice came around two in the afternoon _____ the meeting would be postponed. A. when B. that C. whether D. how (2011上海卷) 35. There is clear evidence _____ the most difficult feeling of all to interpret is bodily pain. A. what B. if C. how D. that （2011辽宁卷）32. When the news came _____ the war broke out, he decided, to serve in the army. A. since B. which C. that D. because （2011天津卷）13. Modern science has given clear evidence ______ smoking can lead to many diseases. A. what B. which C. that D. where (09 江西 33) The fact has worried many scientists ______ the earth is becoming warmer and warmer these years. A. what B. which C. that D. though (09 四川 7) News came from the school office ________Wang Lin had been admitted to Beijing University. A. which B. what C. that D. where (09 浙江 12)－Is there any possibility ______ you could pick me up at the airport? －No problem. A.When B. that C. whether D. What (09 重庆 31) We should consider the students’ request ___ the school library provide more books on popular science. A. that B. when C. which D. where (08 陕西 8) Tomorrow is Tom’s birthday. Have you got any idea the party is to be held? A. what B. which C. that D. where A warm thought suddenly came to me I might use the pocket money to buy some
flowers for my mother’s birthda A. if B. C. that (06 四川 30) — —But I still remember the story，believe it or not，
D. which we got lost on a
A. which B .that C. what D. when 〖05 辽宁〗Do you have any idea ______ is actually going on in the classroom? A. that B. what C. as D. which 〖05 浙江〗Danby left word with my secretary _______he would call again in the afternoon. A. who B. that C. as D. which 〖02 上海〗There’s a feeling in me _______we’ll never know what a UFO is—not ever. A. that B. which C. of which D. what