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汽车专业词汇集锦


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(engine type) liquid cooled, in-line, 4cylinder, carb (发动机 型号)水冷,直列,四缸,化油器式 (engine) compression ratio; (发动机)压

缩比 (engine) displacement; (发动机)排量 (engine) fuel; (发动机)燃料 13-mode;; 13 工况 3rd gear; 三档齿轮 3-way seat; 三向座椅 4WD control device 四轮驱动控制装置 4WD indicator switch; 四轮驱动指示灯开关 4WD lamp electrical connection 四轮驱动指示灯接线 4WD switch; 四轮驱动开关 5th synchromesh assy.; 五档同步器总成 6PK belt; 6PK 多楔驱动皮带 A / C compressor assembly; 空调压缩机总成 A / C control assembly; 空调控制装置 A/C ; heater assy.; 空调加热器总成 A/C blower; 空调鼓风机 A/C clutch; 空调压缩机离合器 A/C compressor MTG bracket 空调压缩机安装支架 A/C control assy.; 空调控制器 A/C housing assy.; 空调箱总成 A/C low pressure switch 空调低压开关 A/C mode select switch 空调状态选择开关 abdomen performance criterion 腹部性能指标 Abdominal Peak Force 腹部力峰值 ABS; 防抱死制动系统 acceleration fuel system 加速系统 acceleration running noise level 加速行驶噪声 accelerator interlocking type 加速踏板联锁式 accounting foundation 财政基础 Actual cycle work; 实际循环功 Actual torso angle; 实际躯干角 adapter; 连接器 additional features 附加装置 additional rule 附加法规 adjust screw 调整螺钉 adjuster cable 调整拉线 adjuster plug 调整盖 adjuster screw assy. 调整螺栓总成 adjuster washer 调整棘片 adjuster, diff. bearing 差速器轴承调整螺母 Adjustment system 调节装置 Administration and Registration Division 管理科 Agreement Concerning the Adoption of Uniform Technical Prescriptions for Wheeled Vehicles, Equipment and Parts
Which Can Be Fitted and/or Be Used on Wheeled Vehicles and the Conditions for Reciprocal Recognition of Approvals Granted on the Basis of These Prescriptions 关于对轮式车 辆、安装和/或用于轮式车辆的装备和部件采用统一条件 并相互认可基于上述条件批准的协定书 Agreement Regulations 协定法规 air cleaner; 空气滤清器 air cleaner assy. 空气滤清器总成 air cleaner cartridge 空气滤清器滤芯 Air compressor 空压机 air condition compressor 空调压缩机 air direct 空气走向 air filter 空气滤清器 air flow 空气流向 Air flow meter 空气流量计 air jet 空气量孔 air metering hole 空气量孔 air path 气道 Air Pressure of Tire 轮胎气压 Air type 空气型 air valve 空气阀 air-cooled 风冷 Aisles 通道 Alcohol 酒精 all bearing 球轴承 alternater bracket 发动机支架 alternator 交流发电机 alterntor assembly 交流发电机总成 alumininum-rim 铝合金钢圈 alumininum opposed model 铝制对开式 AM/FM cassette stereo radio 调幅/调频立体声收放机 ambulance 救护车 Amended by 修正文 amount of exhaust emission 排气排放量 Amplitude resolution 幅度分辨率 Analogue magnetic recorder 模拟式磁记录仪 ANALYZER 分析仪 anchor plate, brake caliper 制动钳安装支架 Anchorage 座椅固定装置 Angle of divergence 偏离角 Angle of rotation 旋转角 angles drift off vertical line 指针偏离垂直线的角度 Angular diameter of the retro-reflecting device 回复反射装 置的角直径 annex 附件 Announcement 公告
anti, shutdown screw 防不灭车调整螺钉 Antilock Brake System 防抱死制动系统 appendix 附录 Applicable motor vehicle 适用机动车 Applicable scope 适用范围 applicant 申请人 application 申请 application for notification 认可申请书 approval 认可 arm, valve rocket 摇臂 armature 转子总成 armature shaft 电枢轴 Arm-rests 靠手 Article 条 Article 1 第 1 条 Asphalt solution 沥青溶剂 Attached document 附署文件 attached sheet 附表 Attached Table 附表 attaching location of seat belt anchorage 座椅安全带固定装 置的固定位置 attachment 附属文件 Attendants onboard 车上值班人员 automatic chock cover setting 自动阻风门盖调到 automotive electric system 汽车电系 automotive engine system 引擎系统 automatic transmission 自动变速器,自动排挡变速箱 Auxiliary Brake 辅助制动器 Auxiliary Direction Indicator Lamps 辅助转向信号灯 auxiliary spring 副簧 Auxiliary Stop Lamp 辅助驻车灯 axle case 桥壳 axle case assy. 桥壳总成 axle ratio 桥速比 axle tube 桥管 axle weight 轴重 back angle level 靠背角水平仪 back angle quadrant 靠背角量角器 back pan 靠板 back spring 回位弹簧 backing plate 制动底板 Backing sheet 衬背板 Back-Up Light 倒车灯 backup washer 支撑挡圈 bail wire 卡紧环 balance tube 平衡管
ball 钢球 ball bearing 球轴承 ball joint assy. , upper 上球销总成 ball valve 球阀 ball valve, inlet 进油口球阀 bar 拉杆 barrier 障碍壁 battery 蓄电池 battery terminal 蓄电池接线柱 bearing cap 轴承盖 bearing cover, input shaft 输入轴轴承盖 bearing, connecting rod 连杆轴承 bearing, input shaft 输入轴轴承 Bed for babies 婴儿床 bell 带束层 bench seat 长条座椅 berived cap 轴承盖 bezel assy. 框板总成 bezel, cluster 表框 be pilot 小批量产品 blead door 混合风门 bleeder screw 放气螺钉 blower assy. 鼓风机总成 blower motor 鼓风发电机 blower resistor 鼓风机电阻 blower switch 鼓风机开关 body 车身,阀体 body ; liftgate assembly 车身和举升门总成 body assy. 车身总成 body block 人体模块 body of A/C ; heater; 空调加热器壳体 bolt 主缸连接螺栓 bolt, connecting rod 连杆螺栓 Booster 助力器 boot 护罩 BOSCH starter motor assembly “波舍”起动机总成 bottle assy. , coolant recover 冷却液回收罐总成 bottom houseing, fuel pump 燃油泵下壳体 bottom housing, fuel tank 燃油箱下壳体 bracket 支架 bracket assy. , spring seat 弹簧座支架 bracket, steering damper mounting 转向减振器支架 brake alarm lamp 制动报警灯 brake alarm lamp switch 制动报警灯开关 Brake booster 制动助力器 brake caliper 制动钳
brake caliper assy. 制动钳总成 brake caliper piston 制动钳活塞 brake combination valve 制动组合阀 brake disc 制动盘 Brake drum 制动鼓 brake fluid; 刹车油 Brake hose 制动软管 brake lining 刹车来令 brake line, LF 左前制动油管 brake line, RF 右前制动油管 brake oil flow 制动液流向 brake paddle 制动踏板 brake pedal 制动踏板 Brake pipe 制动管 brake shoes 刹车蹄片 brake shoe 制动衬块 Brake System 制动系 Brake Systems for Tractors and Trailers 牵引车及挂车的制 动装置 Brake tester 制动器试验台 brake valve 制动阀 brake warning lamp 制动报警灯 brake warning switch 制动报警开关 Braking efficiency 制动效能 braking force control system 制动控制装置 Braking wheel 制动轮 branch office 分署 breaker 断电器 bridge 过桥 broadcasting vehicle 广播车 brush 碳刷总成 Buckle 带扣 bulkhead 隔板 Bulldozer 推土机 bumper; 保险杠 Bumper element 保险杠构件 bus transfer 车辆转移台 bushing 衬套 bushing, upper control arm 上控制臂衬套 Business Place 业务场所 bypass valve 旁通阀 Cabinet Decision 内阁决议 cable guide 拉线导向块 cable-operated control system 液压式离合器系统 Calibration factor of a data channel 数据通道校正系数 calibration gas 标定气体
calibration method 标定方法 caliper assy. , front brake 前制动钳总成 Camber; 外倾 camber angle 前轮外倾角 camshaft 凸轮轴 camshaft oil gallery 凸轮轴油道 cap 加机油口盖 cap assy. , power steering fluid reservoir 动力转向液油罐 盖 cap assy. , radiator 散热器盖总成 cap screws 螺钉 cap, connecting rod 连杆盖 Capacity 容量,规格 Capacity of the fuel tank 燃油箱容量 capillary tube 毛细管 carbon brushes ; brush holder 电刷支架总成 Carbon monoxide measuring instrument 一氧化碳分析仪 Carburetor 化油器 carburetor assy. 化油器总成 carburetor bowl 化油器浮子室 carburetor bowl vent system 化油器浮子室通风系统 carburetor overhaul scheme 化油器分解图 carburetor working scheme 化油器工作示意图 carcase 胎体 case runout (Max.) 差速器壳圆跳动(最大) Caster; 后倾 Catalyst 催化器 category 类别 cement and aggregate 水泥和混凝料 Centreplane of occupant 乘员中心面 Certified 经认证的 Cetane number 十六烷值 chain 驱动链 chain drive 驱动链 Channel amplitude class 幅度级通道 Channel Frequency Class 频率级通道 chassis 底盘 chassis dynamometer 底盘测功机 chassis shuttle 底盘平移台 chassis number 底盘号 Check and Maintenance 检查和保养 check assy. , front door 前门限位器总成 check assy. , rear door 后门限位器总成 check ball 回止球 check bracket 限位器支架 check nut 限位器螺母
check valve 单向阀 check valve hole 回止阀孔 check valve retainer 单向阀保持架 check valve spring 单向阀弹簧 check weight 回止块 Chigi Circular No. 地技第…号 Chigi No. 地技第…号 Child Restraints 儿童约束装置 chime module 蜂鸣器 Chishin Circular No. 地审第…号 Chishin No.; 地审第…号 chock heater 阻风门加热器总成 chock plate 阻风门 chock unloaded 阻风门连动装置 choke 阻风门 choke device 阻风装置 choke unload mode 阻风门卸载状态 cigarette lighter 点烟器 circuit breaker, wiper/washer 刮水器/洗涤器电器断路器 Circular 通告 circular notice 通告 clamp 卡圈 Clamp ring type 锁紧圈式 Cleaning efficiency 清洗效率 Cleaning period 清洗周期 clearance 最小离地间隙 Clearance Lamp 示廓灯 clinder head 气缸盖 clip 卡子 cluster housing 组合仪表壳 Clutch system 离合器 clutch assembly 离合器总成 clutch control device 离合器控制装置 clutch disc,clutch 离合器片 clutch housing 离合器壳 clutch master cylinder 离合器主缸 clutch working cylinder 离合器工作缸 Coating 涂层 Code No. 型号 Code of Federal Regulations 美国联邦法规总览 Coefficient of luminous intensity (CIL) 亮度系数 coil spring 圈状弹簧 cold air; 冷空气 cold cranking voltage(min.) 最小冷启动电压 collapsible spacer 可压缩隔垫 collector 拼装台
colorimeter 色度计 coloured-light unit 有色灯光组 column assy. 转向管柱总成 combination brake switch and proporting 组合阀 combined lamp 复合灯 combined pump 复合泵 combined pump diaphragm 复合泵膜片 combined pump diaphragm rod 复合泵膜片杆 combined pump lifter link 复合泵举升拉杆 combined pump move direct 复合泵运动方向 Combustion Chamber 燃烧室 commutator 换向器 compensate opening 补偿孔 completion inspection certificate 终了检验证书 Completion of notification; 完成认可 compressor 压缩机 compression (both) 气环槽(两个) compression ignition type 压燃式 Compression ratio 压缩比 concrete mixer truck 混凝土搅拌车 condenser; 冷凝器 condenser assy. 冷凝器总成 conduit pipe 导管 cone , diff. side bearing 差速器轴承,内圈带滚子 cone, pinion front bearing 主动齿轮前轴承内圈带滚子 cone, pinion rear bearing 主动齿轮后轴承内圈带滚子 Confirmor 确认者 connecting rod 连接杆 connecting link 连接杆 connecting rod journal diameter 连杆轴径 connecting rod journal width 连杆轴径宽度 connecting rod throttle 连杆喷油孔 connector 连接器 connector of service valve 维修阀接口 Constant speed 等速 construction and device 结构和装置 control ; tube assy. , hyd clutch 离合器工作缸和油管 总成 Control System 操纵系 control valve 控制阀阀门 control valve model 控制阀型式 control valve seat 控制阀阀座 convex plate 凸台 cooling fan 冷却风扇 cooling system 冷却系统 Cornering Lamp 转弯灯
corrected 修正的 cotter 开口销 counter 5th gear 中间轴五档齿轮 counter shaft 中间轴 coupled condition 连接状态 Coupling Device 牵引装置 cover 端盖 cover ; plate assy. 离合器盖及压盘总成 cover assy. , air cleaner 空气滤清器盖总成 cover, gear 侧盖 cover, heater air 空气加热罩 cover, rear axle case 后桥壳盖 crane vehicle 起重车 crankcase 曲轴箱 crankshaft 曲轴 crankshaft gear 曲轴齿轮 crankshaft ; connecting 曲轴连杆机构 crankshaft oil gallery 曲轴油道 crankshaft sprocket 轴承链轮 critical flow 临界流 Cross sensitivity of a linear transducer 线性传感器的横向 灵敏度 Crush distance 压碎距离 Crush rate 压碎速率 Crush Strength 压碎强度 Cumulative time 累计时间 cup 皮碗 cup, diff. side bearing 差速器轴承外圈 cup, pinion front bearing 主动齿轮前轴承外圈 cup, pinion rear bearing 主动齿轮后轴承外圈 Cut-off 明暗截止线 cycle 冲程 cyclinder head cover 气门室罩 Cylinder 气缸 cylinder block 汽缸体 cylinder body 缸体 Cylinder bore 缸径 cylinder head 汽缸盖 cylinder head cover 气门室罩 cylinder number 气缸数 cylinder working order(clockwise) 气缸工作顺序 (顺时针) damper 转向减振器 dangerous article 危险物 darkroom 暗室 Data channel 数据通道 Data Processing 数据处理
Date of notification 认可日期 Deceleration of the structure 地板减速度 Definitions 定义 Definitions 术语 deflection 偏移 defroster 除霜器 dehydrator储液器和干燥器 delay valve 延迟阀 Design torso angle 设计躯干角 designated; 认定 designated motor vehicle 经型式认定的机动车 Designation 名称 Designation of business place 业务场所名称 Designation of Confirmor 指定确认者 detonation; 爆震 device proper 装置本身 Device type designation 装置的型式认定 dextrorotation 右旋 diameter 口径 diaphragm 膜片 diaphragm of fuel pump 油泵膜片 diaphragm return spring 膜片回位弹簧 diaphragm rod 膜片杆 diaphragm spring 膜片弹簧 Diesel fuel 柴油 Diesel oil 轻柴油 diesel smoke 柴油排烟 Diesel smoke measuring instrument 柴油机排烟测量仪 diesel-powered motor vehicle 柴油机动车 differential case 差速器壳 differential gear 半轴齿轮 differential gearbox , front axle 前桥减速器 differential gearbox , rear axle 后桥减速器 differential side gear-to-case clearance 半轴齿轮与差速器 壳之间的间隙 Digital magnetic recorder 数字式磁记录仪 Digitilizing 数字化 Diluted exhaust gas 稀释排气 dilution tunnel 取样探管 direct injection type 直喷型 direction indicator lamp 转向信号灯 directly controlled wheel 直接控制车轮 Director of the Vehicle and Component Approvals Division 车辆和零部件认证科长 Director-General; 署长 Director-General of District Transport Bureau 地方运输局
长 Director-General of Land Transport Engineering Department 陆运管理处长 Director-General of Local Land Transport Office 地方陆运 署长 Director-General of Motor Vehicle Inspection and Registration Office 机动车检验注册署长 disc brakes 碟式刹车 disc brake 盘式制动器 disk assy. , clutch drived 从动盘总成 disk type braker 盘式制动器 Displacement; 排气量 Displacement system 位移装置 Distillation properties 分馏特性 distillation temperature 馏出温度 distribution device 配气机构 distributor 分电器 distributor assy. 分电器总成 distributor cap 分电器盖 distributor rotor 分电器转子 distributor shaft 分电器轴 distributor type 分电器型号 District Transport Bureau 地方陆运署 documents to Be Submitted 需提交的文件 dome lamp 顶灯 door assy. , front RH. 右前门总成 door assy. , rear RH. 右后门总成 door hinge assy. 车门铰链总成 door hinge plate 车门铰链垫板 doors assembly ; body accessories 前后车门总成及 其附件 double-lip seal 双唇油封 double-tire 双胎 dowel pin 定位销 dowel pins-pump ring 定子定位销 DRAWING PROCEDURE 绘制规程 drier 干燥剂 drier receiver 贮液干燥器 drier receiver body 贮液气壳体 drive end shield 前驱动端盖 drive line system 传动系统 drive pinion gear depth 驱动齿轮深度 drive shaft 驱动轴 drive sprocket 驱动链轮 driver’s Seat 驾驶员座椅 driving beam; 远光光束
driving wheel 驱动轮 drum brakes 鼓式刹车 drum brake 鼓式制动器 drum type braker 鼓式制动器 dry air 干空气 dry basis 干基 dry-bulb 干球 dummy 假人 dump 自卸车 dust boot 防尘罩 Dynamic test 动态试验 ECE Regulation ECE 法规 eddy-current type 电涡流式 efe heater 进气加热器 Effective height 有效高度 Effective Weighted factor; 有效加权系数 Effective width; 有效宽度 Electrical 汽车电器 Electrical System 电器系 electromagnetic compatibility 电磁兼容性 EMBOSSMENT 凸字 Emergency Brake 紧急制动器 Emergency Exit 紧急出口 Emergency Motor Vehicles 应急用车 Emergency Signals 应急信号用具 Emergency Stop Indication Devices 紧急停车表示用具 emergency valve 应急阀 Emission Control Device 排放物控制装置 end clearance 轴向间隙 ENFORCEMENT PROCEDURE 实施规程 Enforcement Regulation 实施规则 engine 发动机,引擎 Engine and Power Train System 发动机及动力传动系 engine assy. 发动机总成 engine displacement 发动机排量 engine hood 发动机罩 engine intake manifold 发动机进气歧管 engine load 发动机负荷 engine oil; 发动机润滑油 engine oil capacity 发动机机油容量 engine outside diagram 发动机外形图 engine revolution speed 发动机转速 engine type 发动机型号 Engineering and Safety Department 技术安全部 entrance step 入口台阶 entry item 填写项目
entry value 填入值 eqalizer 平衡架 Equivalent inertia weight 当量惯性重量 escort vehicle 护卫车 European Economic Community Command 欧洲经济共同 体指令 Examination 审查 examination affair 审查事务 Exception to application 不适用条款 excrement 排泄物 exhaust 排水管 exhaust duration 排气持续角 exhaust emission 排气排放物 Exhaust Emission Control Device 排放物控制装置 exhaust hose 排放管 exhaust manifold (发动机)排气歧管 exhaust sytem; 排气系统 exhaust tube 放气管 exhaust valve 排气门 exhaust valve timing 排气门定时 expander oil rail 油环衬簧 expansion box 膨胀盒 expansion core 蒸发器芯 expansion valve body 阀体 extension case 外接壳体 EXTERNAL PROJECTION 外部突出物 External surface 外表面 External view 外观图 extreme idle screw 极限怠速调整螺钉 factory plate model 厂牌型号 fan 风扇 fan belt 风扇皮带 fan ; viscous drive 风扇及硅油离合器 fast idle cam 快怠速凸轮 fast idle cam link 快怠速凸轮连杆 fast idle cam second step 快怠速凸轮第二阶段 fast idle cam setting index 快怠速凸轮调整刻度 fast idle mode 快怠速状态 fast idle screw 快怠速调整螺钉 fast idle speed 快怠速转速 Federal Motor Vehicles Safety Standards 美国联邦机动车 安全标准 Feeling test 感觉试验 Fiducial marks 基准标记 Filament Lamp 白炽灯 filler neck seal 加水口密封
filler opening 进油口 Filling-in Procedure 填写规程 Filling-in Procedure for Each Item 每一项目的填写规程 filter 滤清器,滤网 Filter characteristics 滤波特性 Filtering 滤波 Fire Extinguisher 灭火器 Fire truck 消防车 fitting, flow control valve 流量控制阀接头 fix shaft 定位轴 flange 法兰 flash point 闪点 flasher, hazard lamp 危险报警闪光器 Flexible Disk; 软盘 float 浮子 float level 浮筒油面高度 float pin 浮子轴 floating coat 中涂 floor damper 地板风门 flow control valve 流量控制阀 Fluid container 液体容器 fluid torque converter 液力变扭器 fluorescent surface 荧光面 flying wheel 飞轮 fog lamp 雾灯 fog lamp relay 雾灯继电器 fog lamp switch 雾灯开关 Foil Thickness 箔厚 folded seat 折叠椅 folding seat 折叠式座椅 foot angle quadrant 小腿夹角量角器 fork 拨叉 Formalin 福尔马林 forward-opening inner door 内门前开型 four-stroke cycle 四行程引擎 four-wheel drive motor vehicle 四轮驱动的机动车 Four-wheeled 四轮 Frame 车架 Frame and Body 车架及车身 Friction clutch 摩擦离合器 from evaporator drier 自蒸发器 from heater core 出加热器 from receiver drier 自贮液干燥器 from water jacket intake manifold 自进气歧管水套 front axle 前桥 front axle assy. 前桥总成
front axle motor 前桥挂档马达 front bearing 前轴承 front bearing retainer 前轴承盖 front bearing, front output shaft 前输出轴前轴承 front bearing, input shaft 输入轴前轴承 front bearing, output shaft 输出轴前轴承 front brake disc 前制动盘 front brake disc assy. 前制动盘总成 front case 前壳体 front case of vacuum booster 助力器前壳体 front coil spring 前螺旋弹簧 front combined lamps 前组合灯 front disk braker 前盘式制动器 front edge; 前边缘 front end of shield 发电机前端盖 front engine front drive F.F.式车辆 front engine rear drive F.R.式车辆 front fan 前风扇 Front Fog Lamp 前雾灯 front front axle 前前桥 front opening 出油口 front output shaft 前输出轴 front output shaft gear 前输出轴齿轮 Front overhang 前悬 front panel 前板 front pinion bearing 前主动齿轮轴承 front port 前接口 front propeller shaft 前传动轴 front propeller shaft assy. 前传动轴总成 front shock absorber 前减震器 front stabilizer 前稳定杆 front suspension 前悬吊 front thrust plate 前配流盘 front transfer 车辆转移台 front tube failure 前管路失效状态 front wall angle cover 前围角板 front washer pump 前洗涤器泵 front washer reservoir 前风挡洗涤器储液罐 front wheel 前轮,前壳体 front wheel alignment 前轮定位 front wheel brake 前轮制动器 Front Windshield 前风窗 front wiper motor 前刮水器电动机 Front-End Outline Marker Lamps 前端示廓灯 Fuel 燃料 fuel direct 燃油走向
fuel filter 集滤器 fuel filter housing 燃油滤清器壳体 fuel filter paper 燃油滤清器滤纸 fuel gauge 燃油表 fuel gauge calibration 燃油表电阻 Fuel Injection Device 燃料喷射装置 fuel level indicator 机油压力表 fuel pump 然油泵 Fuel Resistance 耐油性 fuel sensor 燃油(箱)传感器 fuel sensor harness 燃油传感器线束 fuel supply system 供油系 Fuel System 燃料系 Fuel System of Motor Vehicles Whose Fuel Is High-Pressure Gas 以高压气体作为燃料的机动车燃料系 Fuel System of Motor Vehicles Whose Fuel Is Producer Gas 以发生炉煤气作为燃料的机动车燃料系 Fuel Tank 燃料箱 fule metering bar 计量杆 full circle 大循环 Full flow dilution 全流稀释 full trailer 全挂车 full-hydraulic type 全液力式 full-trailer 全挂车 fully-loaded; 全负荷 fuse 熔断器 fuse panel 熔断器板 garbage truck 垃圾车 gas container 气体容器 gas sample 样气 gas turbine 燃气轮机 gasket 节温器密封垫,衬垫 gasket cylinder head cover 气门室罩垫 gasket, intake manifold 进气歧管衬垫 gasket, liftgate handle 举升门手柄垫片 Gasoline 汽油 gasoline fueled motor vehicle 汽油机动车 gathering heat cover-TCV system TCV 系统集热罩 gear , counter shaft fifth 五档中间齿轮 gear end clearance, plastic gauge 齿轮端部间隙,塑料间隙 规 gear hub 齿毂 gear range 档位级别 Gear ratio 速比 gear to body clearance(radial) 齿轮到壳体间隙(径向) gear, 4WD 四轮驱动齿轮
gear, annulus 齿圈 gear, low shift 抵挡齿轮 gear, rear axle diff. 半轴齿轮 gear, sleeve 齿套 Gear-change lever 变速杆 gears 档位 General Comments 概述 General Construction 通用结构 GENERAL PROVISIONS 通用规则 General provisions 一般规定 generator 发电机 Glazing 车窗 glove box lamp 杂物箱灯 Goods-Loading Accommodation 载货装置 governor type 调节器式 Gravimeter 重力计 Gross Vehicle Weight 车辆总重 ground Clearance 离地间隙 Ground-Contact Section and Contact Pressure 接地部位及 接地压力 grouped lamp 组合灯 grouped, combined or reciprocally incorporated lamps 组 合、复合或混合灯光组 halogen headlamp 卤素头灯 halogen sealed-beam unit (HSB unit) 卤素封闭式(HSB) handle assy. , door I/S 车门内手柄总成 handle assy. , door O/S 前门外手柄总成 handle, liftgate lock 举升门锁芯手柄 handle, window regulator 玻璃升降器手柄 handling 处理办法 HANDLING PROCEDURE 管理规程 hanger 调耳 harness 线束 harness, body 车身线束 harness, engine housing 发动机仓线束 harness, lift gate 尾门线束 hatch-back 掀背型 Hazard Warning Lamps 危险报警闪光灯 head 缸盖 head form; 头部模型 head performance criterion 头部性能指标 Head Restraint 头枕 head room probe 头部空间探测杆 Headlamp cleaner 前照灯清洗器 headlamp dimmer switch 变光开关 headlamp switch 前照灯开关
Headlamps 前照灯 Headlight tester 前照灯试验器 Heat Resistance Test 耐热性试验 heat-damage 热损害 heated hydrogen flame ionization detector 加热式氢火焰离 子化检测器 heater 加热器 heater ; A/C panel lamp 暖风/空调开关灯 heater, intake manifold 进气歧管加热器 Heavy oil 重柴油 hereinafter referred to as 下文称为 Hereinafter the same 下文同 hi-beem indicator lamp 组合仪表远光指示灯 high idle speed 高怠速 high pressure gas 高压气体 high range 高档 High-floor 高地板 High-floor that can be opened in three ways 三向开启的高 地板 High-Pressure Gas Transport Devices 高压气体运输装置 hip angle quadrant 臀部角度量角器 hoist 举升 hold in winding 保持线圈 holddown pin 拉紧销钉 holddown spring 压紧弹簧 hole ladder type 带孔梯式 honeycomb cell axes 蜂窝单元轴 honeycomb ribbon axis 蜂窝条纹轴 Horizontally-opposed; 水平对置 horn relay 喇叭继电器 horn switch 喇叭按钮 Horns 喇叭 hose assy. , power steering return 动力转向回油管总成 hose assy. , power to pump 油罐到泵的油管总成 hose, coolant recover 冷却液回收管 hose, radiator inlet 散热器进水软管 hose, radiator to water pump 散热器至水泵软管 hose, thermostat to intake minifold 节温器至进气歧管软管 hot air 热空气 hot idle mode 热怠速状态 hot idle screw 热怠速调整螺钉 housing 壳体,外壳 housing assy. 壳总成 housing clutch 离合器壳 housing end plug 壳体端盖 housing, steering gear 转向器壳体
H-point pivot H 点支轴 H-point sight button H 点标记钮 hub ; bearing assy. 轮毂与轴承总成 hub cap 车轮盖 hub gear 齿毂 hub range shift 换档毂 hub sleeve No 2 二号毂套 humidity correction factor 湿度修正系数 hydraulic tappet 液力挺柱 hydraulic type 液力式 Hydrocarbon measuring instrument 碳氢化合物分析仪 Hydrogen flame ionization detector 氢火焰离子化分析仪 I/S locking rod 内锁止拉杆 I/S release rod 内开启拉杆 Identification Code 标记 idle fuel tube 怠速油管 idle fuel way 怠速油道 idle jet 怠速喷口 idle mixture screw 怠速混合气调整螺钉 idle tube 怠速油管 idling operation 怠速工况 Idling Speed 怠速 ignition coil 点火线圈 ignition coil type 点火线圈类型 ignition controler 点火控制器 ignition key 点火钥匙 ignition module 点火控制器 ignition point 燃点 ignition switch 点火开关 Ignition System 点火系 ignition wire 点火线 Illuminating axis 光照轴 illuminating surface 透光面 Illumination angle 入射角 Illumination intensity 光照强度 Illumination of the retro-reflecting device 回复反射装置的 照度 illuminations actually measured 实测照度 Illuminometer 照度计 IMPACT REDUCTION OF INSIDE REARVIEW MIRRORS 缓冲式室内后视镜 IMPACT REDUCTION TYPE OUTSIDE REARVIEW MIRRORS 缓冲式后视镜 Impact test 冲击试验 Impactor 碰撞块 IMPORTED MOTOR VEHICLE 进口机动车
in connection with 与…有关 inclination angle 倾斜角 indicating section 指示部分 indicator lamp 指示灯 indicator lamp, left turn 左转向指示灯 indicator lamp, right turn 右转向指示灯 indirectly controlled wheel 间接控制车轮 Infant-carrying vehicles 幼儿专用车 information 资料 initial choke valve clearance 初始阻风门间隙 initial inspection 初始检验 Injection Nozzle 喷油嘴 Injection Pump 喷油泵 injector; 喷油器 inlet 进油口 inlet hole 进气孔 inlet hose 进风口 inlet opening 进油口 inlet tube 进油管 inlet valve 进油阀 Inner Dimension 内部尺寸 inner shaft 内半轴 inner tube 内胎 input shaft 输入轴 input shaft, tranmission 变速器输入轴 input voltage 输入电压 Inspection equipment 检验设备 inspector 检验人员 install panel 安装板 instrument cluster 组合仪表(盘) instrument harness 仪表板线束 instrument illumination lamps 组合仪表照明灯 instrument panel assy. 仪表板总成 instrument panels 仪表板 intake and exhaust device 进排气装置 intake duration 进气持续角 intake heater 进气加热器 intake manifold 进气歧管 intake silencer; 进气消声器 intake valve 进气门 intake valve timing 进气门定时 integral place 整数 integral power steering 整体式动力转向器 integral type 整体式 inter shaft assy. 动力转向中间轴总成 Intercooler 增压中冷器
intermediate axle shaft 中间半轴 intermediate guide 中间导向器 intermediate shaft 中间轴 internal fan 内风扇 interpolated value 内插值 In-Use Motor Vehicles 在用车辆 Issuance 发放 ISSUANCE OF NOTICE 通知书的发放 ist idle jet 第一怠速空气量孔 Items; 项 JAIA 日本汽车进口商协会 JAMA 日本汽车制造商协会 Japan Automobile Importers' Association 日本汽车进口商 协会 Japan Automobile Manufacturers Association 日本汽车制 造商协会 Japan Automobile Standards Internationalization Center 日 本汽车标准国际化中心 Japanese Automobile Type Approval Handbook 日本车辆型 式认证手册 Japanese Industrial Standards 日本工业标准 Jiko No. 自公第…号通告 JIS 日本工业标准 Jisei No. 自整第…号 Jisha Circular 自车第…号通告 Jiyu No. 自运第…号 journal cross assy. 十字万向节总成 jump, spark wire 高压电线 katakana 片假名 Kerosene 灯油 key 键 kick-type 反冲式 Kinematic viscosity 运动粘度 Kingpin 立轴 kingpin caster angle 主销后倾角 Kingpin inclination angle 主销内倾角 kingpin sidewise inclination angle 主销内倾角 knock 敲击 knee angle quadrant 膝部角量角器 Koshin No. 交审第 xx 号 lamp switch, 4WD 四轮驱动灯开关 lamp type; 灯式 Lap belt anchorages 腰带固定装置 Large-Sized Rear Reflex Reflectors 大型后回复反射器 Large-sized special 大型专用 latch assy. , front RH. Door 右前门锁总成
latch assy. , rear RH. Door 右后门总成 lateral level 横向水平仪 leading shoe 领蹄 Leaf spring 片簧 left fog lamp 左雾灯 left headlamp 左前照灯 left horn 左喇叭 left steering 左转向 left tail lamp 左尾灯 legend 图例 Length of trochoid 旋轮线 Length, Width and Height 全长、全宽、全高 Lens 配光镜 lens, cluster 表蒙 let in air 进气 lever assy. , turn signal standard 综合开关操纵杆总成 license lamp 牌照灯 lift gate 举升门 liftgate assy. 举升门总成 liftgate latch assy. 举升门锁总成 liftgate lock assy. 举升门锁芯总成 light source module 光源模组 Light Vehicles 轻型车辆 Light-Exposure and Light-and-Water-Exposure Apparatus 光线暴露及光线与水暴露设备 lighting device 照明装置 Lighting System 照明系统 Limit towards blue 趋蓝极限 Limit towards red 趋红极限 limiting valve body 限压阀壳体 limiting valve spring 限压阀弹簧 Linearity error 线性误差 lining 衬片 link assy. of front stabilizer 前稳定杆连杆总成 linkage type 联杆式 Liquefied Petroleum Gas-Fueled 燃用液化石油气机动车 load cell simulator 载荷传感器模拟装置 load sensing device 负载感受装置 Loaded goods 装载物 loaded WT 最大总质量 Loading Capacity 载重量 Loading platform 货箱 Loading platform offset 货箱偏移量 Local Land Transport Office 地方陆运署 Local Office 地方署 Location of business place 业务场所地点
lock CYL assy. , RH. door 右车门锁芯总成 lock piece, reverse gear 换档器锁片 locking ; indexing plate 锁止刻度盘 Locking Device 锁止装置 Locking system 锁止装置 long axis 长轴 long-body 长车身 longitudinal center 纵向中心 longitudinal centerline 纵向中心线 longitudinal plane; 纵向平面 longitudinally-mounted 纵向安装 low fuel warning indicator bezel 低燃油报警灯框 low fuel warning indicator lens 低燃油报警灯透片 low fuel warning module 低燃油报警组件 low idle system 低怠速系统 low range 抵挡 low range lock plate 抵挡锁止板 low speed jet 低速喷口 lower control arm 下控制臂总成 lower pressure switch 低压开关 lubricant capacity 润滑油加注油 lubricants 润滑油 Lubricating oil 润滑油 lubricating system 润滑系 luminance factor 亮度因数 luminous flux 光通量 luminous intensity 光照强度 M / CYL / vacuum booster assembly 制动主缸及真空助力 器总成 M/CYL push rod 主缸推杆 Magnification 增大率 main bearing 主轴承 main bearing journal clearance 主轴承间隙 main bearing journal diameter 主轴承轴径 main bearing journal width 主轴承宽度 main body, connector 化油器中体 mainfold presure 歧管压力 mainfold vacuum 歧管真空 main fuel system ; vacuum reriched system 主油系及 真空加泷系统 Main honeycomb block 主蜂窝块 main injection jet 主喷口 main jet 主量孔 main oil gallery 主油道 main spring 主簧 Make and type 厂牌和型号
Management supervisor; 主管人 manual transmission 手动变速器,手排挡变速箱 Manufacturer 制造者 MANUFACTURER TEST 制造者试验 mapping 瞬态性能 mapping curve 瞬态性能曲线 marker lamp, left front 左前示廓灯 marker lamp, right front 右前示廓灯 mass flow rate 质量流动速率 master cylinder 制动主缸,总泵,刹车总泵 master cylinder and vacuum booster 制动主缸及真空助力 器 master cylinder body 制动主缸缸体 master cylinder cover 制动主缸缸盖 mate 合笼 max gas direct 混合器走向 max. amps 最大电流 MAX. power 最大功率 Max. torque 最大扭距 Maximum Loading Capacity 最大载重量 maximum out-of round(all journals) 最大不圆度(所有轴 径) maximum output 最大功率 Maximum Stable Inclination Angle 最大稳定倾斜角 maximum taper(all journals) 最大锥度(所有轴径) Maximum Torque 最大扭矩 Measuring equipment 度量装备 Measuring tape 卷尺 mechanical steering 机械转向器 median seating plane 座椅中心面 medical treatment and epidemics prevention vehicle 医疗防 疫车 Meter 仪表 metering rod 计量杆 metering rod arm 计量杆摇臂 metering rod arm assy. 计量杆摇臂总成 metering valve 限流阀,限压阀 micro-air direct 微量空气走向 microphone 话筒 Middle density foam rubber 中密度泡沫橡胶 min. output voltage at 1000r/min 1000r/min 最小输出电压 min. rpm 最小转速 Minimum Ground Clearance 最小离地间隙 Mini-sized; 微型 mini-sized motor vehicle 小型机动车 Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport 国土交通大
臣 Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport 国土交通省 Ministry of Transport 运输省 Ministry of Transport Ordinance 运输省令 mirror for immediate front obstacle 前邻障碍观察镜 MLIT 国土交通省 Mobile deformable barrier 移动变形壁障 mobile mail car 邮政车 mobile telephone car 无线电车 modification 更改 Motor Vehicle 机动车 Motor vehicle category 机动车类别 Motor Vehicle Inspection and Registration Office 机动车检 验和注册署 Motor Vehicles Carrying Dangerous Articles 危险用品运输 车 Motor Vehicles Carrying Gunpowder 火药类运输车 Motor Vehicles for Passenger Carrying Business 客运车 Motor Vehicles for Road Maintenance 道路维修作业车 Motor Vehicles with Gas-Transporting Containers 装备气体 运输容器的机动车 motor, front axle vacuum 真空马达 motor-driven cycle 摩托车 mounting bracket 安装支架 moving contactor 活动触盘 muffler assembly 消声器总成 mutatis mutandis 已作必要的修正 Name 名称 Name or Designation 姓名或名称 Name or Designation of Applicant 申请者姓名或名称 National Traffic Safety and Environment Laboratory 日本国 家交通安全与环境实验室 NDIR 不分光红外线分析仪 needle bearing 滚针轴承 needle pin 针销 no load test with 11.5 volts 11.5V 空载试验 No. of sheets issued 发放份数 No.1 compression 1 号气环 noise 噪声 Noise Control Device 噪声控制装置 noise level 噪声级 Noise level meter 声级计 Noise level test 噪声级试验 Nomenclature 名称 Nominal mass; 名义质量 nondispersive infrared analyzer 不分光红外线分析仪
normal operating pressure 正常工作压力 normal working 正常工作状态 Notation 注释 notice 通知书 Notice of Completion of Notification 完成认可通知书 "notice of completion of notification of preferentially handled imported motor vehicles" 优惠管理进口机动车完 成认可通知书 NOTIFICATION 认可 notified motor vehicle 获得认可的机动车 NTSEL 运输大臣 Number of cylinders 缸数 Number Plate Lamp 牌照灯 nut 螺母 nut, connecting rod 连杆螺母 nut, front output shaft 前输出轴螺母 nut, jack sealed 插座螺母 Observing angle 观测角 Observing axis 观测轴 Observing plane 观测平面 odograph 记录仪 Offset 偏置量 OFFSET COLLISION 侧面碰撞 oil control; 油环(槽) oil control rail 刮油环 oil fill plug 注油螺塞 oil filter 机油滤清器 oil filter assy. 机油滤清器总成 oil gallery 油道 oil pan 油底壳 oil path, bypass valve 旁通阀油道 oil pressure gauge 油压表 oil pressure gauge calibration 电压表电阻 oil pressure relief 溢流压力 oil pressure sensor 机油压力传感器 oil pressure switch 油压开关 oil pump 机油泵 oil pump ; inlet assy. 机油泵与进油管总成 oil pump assy. 油泵总成 oil seal 油封 oil soaked closing magnetic path model 油浸闭磁路式 OK range 合适范围 on-board diagnostic 车载诊断 onboard diagnostic device 车载诊断设备 opacimeter 不透光式烟度计 Open Flame Sunshine Carbon-Arc Type 明焰日光碳弧灯型
Opening roof 天窗 Operation conditions 运行状态 Operational Limits 运行参数 Ordinary-sized 普通型 O-ring, seal O 型油封 Outer diameter 外径 outer tube 外胎 outlet 出油口 outlet of combined pump 复合泵出油口 outlet opening 出油口 outlet tube 出油管 outlet valve 出油阀 Outline Marker Lamps 示廓灯 output shaft 输出轴 overhead hoist 吊运装置 overall dimensions 外形尺寸 overall view 透视图 Overhead valve; 顶置气门 overrunning clutch 单向啮合器 P/S pump MTG bracket 动力转向泵安装支架 pad 衬块 panel damper 仪表板风门 Paper tape recorder 纸带记录仪 Paragraph 项 park brake level 停车制动拉臂 park brake switch 手制动开关 park lamp, left front 左前小灯 park lamp, right front 右前小灯 Parking Brake 驻车制动器 parking brake cable 驻车制动拉线 parking brake lever 驻车制动操纵杆 Parking Brake System 驻车刹车系统 parking lamp; 驻车灯 parking switch 手制动开关 Partial flow dilution 分流稀释 particulate matter 颗粒物 parts of heating ; air conditioning system 暖风系统部 件 Passenger Accommodation 乘坐装置 passenger airbag deactivation system 乘客气囊禁用系统 Passenger capacity 乘车定员 Passenger Capacity and Maximum Loading Capacity 乘员 定员及最大载重量 passenger compartment 乘客舱 Passenger motor vehicle 乘用车辆 passing beam 近光光束
Pattern 样式 pc overlay, gauges 仪表印刷电路板 pc overlay, tell-tales 指示灯印刷电路板 PCV PCV 阀 PCV and LTC system 发动机强制通风与低温怠速控制系 统 PCV exhaust tube PCV 阀排气管 PCV filter PCV (阀)滤清器 PCV valve ; elbow PCV 阀与弯头 Pelvic angle 骨盆角度 pelvis performance criterion 骨盆性能指标 Penetration resistance test 抗穿透性试验 performs stamping/embossment 打刚印/铸凸字 permanent magnet 永久磁铁 personnel 职工 Phase delay time 相位延迟时间 Phase delay time of a data channel 数据通道的相位延迟时 间 photometric characteristics 光学特性 pickup coil 点火信息传感器 pickup position 感受位置 pin 定位销 pin package, sector 扇形板定位销组件 ping 爆声 pinion 驱动齿轮,主动齿轮 pinion seal 主动齿轮油封 pinion yoke 主动齿轮叉 pintle hooks 铰链销吊钩 pintle valve 针阀 pintle valve seat 针阀座 pipe-front exhaust 前排气管 piping system 管系 piston (second) 活塞(第二活塞) piston assy. 压差阀柱塞总成 piston displacement 活塞总排量 piston oil slot 活塞油槽 piston pin 活塞销 piston ring 活塞环 piston ring gap clearance-compression 气环开口间隙 piston ring gap clearance-oil control 油环开口间隙 piston ring groove height 活塞环槽高度 piston ring side clearance 活塞环侧隙 piston rod 挺杆 piston slide 压差阀活塞滑套 piston spring 柱塞弹簧 piston stroke 活塞行程
piston to bore clearance 活塞与缸套间隙 pitman arm 转向摇臂 pitman shaft 摇臂轴 pivot assembly 枢轴 planet carrier 行星架 planet pinion 行星齿轮 planet pinion shaft 行星(齿轮销)轴 planetary gear system 行星齿轮装置 planetary gear assy. 行星减速器总成 plate 盘 plate, park brake guide 停车制动导向板 plug (活塞端)堵 plunger 液力挺柱柱塞 plunger cap 挺杆座 plunger return spring 柱塞弹簧 plural tanks 多燃料箱 PM 颗粒物 PNEUMATIC TIRES 气压轮胎 pole trailer 长材拖车 police vehicle 警车 Position Lamp 位置灯 position pin 定位销 positive displacement pump 正置换型泵 power booster 助力器 power brake 助力制动,动力刹车器 power distribution center 动力分配中心 power steer 动力转向机 power steering 动力转向器 power steering control valve 动力转向控制阀 power steering fluid 动力转向液 power steering gear 动力转向器(总成) power steering principle view 动力转向原理示意图 power steering pump with intergral reservoir 动力转向泵 power steering pump without intergral reservoir 分体式动 力转向泵 power steering system 动力转向系 Power Train 动力传动系 power transformer substation 配电站 power transmitting 力传递方向 powertrain system 传动系统 preceding quarter 上季度 Preferential handling 优惠管理 Preferentially handled imported motor vehicle 符合优惠管 理的进口机动车 Preliminary inspection 预备检验 Preliminary Review 预审
pre-delivery 发车前准备 pre-silencer 前消声器 pressure cap 压力水箱盖 Pressure Container 耐压容器 Pressure Containers 压力容器 pressure difference valve piston 压差阀活塞 pressure hose assy. 动力转向压力管总成 pressure plate 压力板 pressure plate spring 弹簧 pressure rating 标点压力 pressure restrict valve 限压阀 pressure valve 压力阀 primary wire connector 低压线连接器 principal item 主要项目 Procedure 规程 projector 聚光灯 propeller ahaft ; wheel assembly 传动轴与车轮总成 Propeller Shaft 传动轴 Propeller shaft type; 传动轴型 proportioning device 比例装置 proposal of the plant I layout 1 号厂房工艺布置方案图 protect panel 护板 Protective system 防护系统 proving ground 试验场地 provision 规定 Pubic Symphysis Peak Force 耻骨结合点力峰值 public institute 公立研究所 pull in winding 吸拉线圈 pull rod 推杆 pulley 皮带轮 pulley, P/S pump 动力转向泵皮带轮 pulley, power steering pump 动力转向泵皮带轮 pump assy. , power steering 动力转向泵 pump housing (油泵)壳体 pump ring 定子 pump roter 转子 pump shaft 转向泵轴,油泵轴 pump shaft bearing 轴承 pump shaft seal 油泵轴油封 push bar 推杆 push rod 挺杆 pushin bumper 牌照板缓冲快 Qualification status 资格状况 rack piston 齿条活塞 Radial load 径向负荷 Radiator; 散热器
radiator assy. 散热器总成 radiator pressure cap 散热器盖 radio 收放机 Radius of curvature 圆角半径 range fork 换档叉 rated output 额度功率 ratio 传动比 Ratio of the circumference of a circle to its diameter 圆周率 Raw exhaust 原始排气 RC-12LYC protruding resistance model RC-12LYC 突出式 电阻器 RC-14YC normal resistance model RC-14YC 一般式电阻器 rear axle 后桥 rear axle assy. 后桥总成 rear bearing 后轴承 rear bearing, input shaft 输入轴后轴承 rear bearing, output shaft 输出轴后轴承 rear bearing, rear output shaft 后输出轴后轴承 rear brake assembly 后制动器总成 rear brake line 后制动油管 rear braker assy. 后制动器总成 rear case 后壳体 rear case of vacuum booster 助力器后壳体 rear combined lamps 后组合灯 rear edge 后边缘 rear end of shield 发电机后壳 rear facing child restraint system 儿童转身约束系统 Rear Fog Lamp 后雾灯 rear housing 后壳体 rear opening 出油口 rear output shaft 后输出轴 Rear overhang 后悬 rear pinion bearing 后主动齿轮轴承 rear port 后接口 rear propeller shaft 后传动轴 rear propeller shaft assy. 后传动轴总成 rear rear axle 后后桥 Rear Reflex Reflectors 后回复反射器 rear shell 后壳体 rear stabilizer 稳定杆 rear suspension 后悬吊 rear thrust plate 后配流盘 rear tube failure 后管路失效状态 Rear Under-ride Bumper 防钻撞后保险杠 Rear Underrun Protection Devices 后下防护装置 rear wall side cover 后围侧板
rear washer pump 后洗涤器泵 rear wheel 后轮 rear wheel brake 后轮制动器 rear wiper motor 后刮水器发动机 rear wiper relay 后刮水器继电器 Rear-End Outline Marker Lamps 后端示廓灯 Rear-view mirror 后视镜 Rearward-facing 面向后的 reciprocally incorporated lamp 混合灯 Reciprocating engine 往复式发动机 reciprocating type 往复式 recirculating pump 再循环泵 recirculating-ball steering gear; 回旋滚珠式齿轮 recirculating-ball-plug rack and sector gear style 循环球- 柱塞齿条齿扇式 recur damper 内循环风门 re-doing 返工 Reduction Ratio 减速比 reference axis 基准轴 reference cycle work 基准循环功 Reference data 基准数据 Reference line 基准线 Reference mass 基准质量 Reference Point 基准点 reference surface 基准面 reference value 参考值 Reflex Reflector 回复反射器 refrigerant 冷媒 refrigerant oil 冷冻油 refrigerative van 冷藏车 regulator 电压调整器 regulator assy. , front RH. Door 右前门玻璃升降器总成 regulator assy., rear RH. Door 右后门玻璃升降器总成 Relative time delay 相对时延 Relaxation of regulations 标准的放宽 relay, efe heater 进气加热器继电器 release bearing assy. 分离轴承 release control 释放控制设备 release position 释放状态 Remarks 备注 Requirements 判定标准 reservoir assy. , power steering fluid 动力转向液油罐总成 reservoir-power steering fluid 转向液油罐 resistor 电阻 resonator assy. , exhaust 共振器总成 rest room 更衣室
resultant acceleration 合成加速度 retainer 弹簧座,保持架 retainer ring 弹簧卡环 retainer, choke rod 定位圈 retainer, door lock rods 拉杆保持架 retainer, front door lock CYL. 前门锁芯弹簧卡片 retainer, liftgate lock 举升门锁芯弹簧卡片 retainer, rod end 杆端卡圈 retaining ring 弹簧卡环 retaining ring, thrust plate 配流盘卡环 Retro-reflecting device 回复反射装置 Retro-reflecting optical unit 回复反射光学单元 Retro-reflection 回复反射 Retro-reflection coefficient 向后反射系数 Retro-Reflective Materials 回复反射材料 return opening 回油口 return spring 回位弹簧 return spring of throttle 节气门回位弹簧 return tube 回油管 reverse gear (中间轴)倒档齿轮 reverse gear shaft 倒档轴 reverse shift arm and fork 换档拨叉和拨叉臂 reverse shift fork 换档拨叉 Reversing Lamps 倒车灯 Rib Deflection Criterion 肋骨变形指标 Riding Accommodation 乘坐装置 right axle shaft 右半轴 right fog lamp 右雾灯 right headlamp 右前照灯 right horn 右喇叭 right steering 右转向 right tail lamp 右尾灯 rim 轮辋 ring 装饰圈 ring gear 被动齿轮 ring gear , rear axle drived 被动齿轮 ring gear back face runout 被动齿轮背面圆跳动 ring gear diameter 被动齿轮直径 road roller 压路机 road service car 道路维修车 road stabilizer 道路加固机 Road Transport Bureau 交通局 Road Vehicles Act 道路车辆法 rocker arm shaft 摇臂轴 rocker arm, fuel pump 燃油泵摇臂 rod 推杆
rod ; link assy. 转向拉杆和横拉杆总成 rod, front RH. Door I/S locking 右前门内锁止拉杆 rod, front RH. Door I/S release 右前门内开启拉杆 rod, front RH. Door key CYL 右前门锁芯拉杆 rod, front RH. door O/S release 右前门外开启拉杆 rod, rear door O/S release 后门外开启拉杆 rod, rear RH. Door I/S locking 右后门内锁总拉杆 rod, rear RH. Door I/S release 右后门内开启拉杆 roller diameter 转鼓直径 roller needle 滚针 room lamp 车内灯 roots type 罗兹式 Rotary Bending Fatigue Test 旋转弯曲疲劳试验 rotary engine 旋转式发动机 rotary type 旋转式 rotate direction 旋转方向 rotor assy. 转子总成 rotor housing 转子壳体 R/S stretching skin ( road side ) 左侧围应力蒙皮 Running noise 行驶噪声 running resistance 行驶阻力 Running System 行走系 Rust-proof treatment 防锈处理 saddle type seat 横跨式座椅 Safety Regulation 安全标准 Safety Regulations for Road Vehicles 道路车辆安全标准 Salted Water Resistance Test 耐盐水腐蚀试验 sample motor vehicle 机动车样本 Sampling frequency 采样频率 Sampling method 采样方法 sampling probe; 取样探头 Saturated water vapor pressure 饱和水蒸气压 Scheduled sales quantity 预售量 school children 学龄儿童 Scope 范围 screw 螺钉 screw (换档杆轴)螺塞 screw , planet pinion 行星齿轮轴螺钉 seal 防尘罩,油封,密封垫 seal assy. , axle pinion 主动齿轮油封总成 Seat Belt; 座椅安全带 seat belt anchorage 座椅安全带固定装置 seat for infants 幼儿用座椅 seat pan 座板 seatback insertion type 靠背插入式 Seating capacity 座席定员
seating reference point 乘坐基准点 Seats for infants in infant-carrying vehicles 幼儿专用车上 的幼儿专用座椅 Seats near to emergency exits 设置在安全门附近的座椅 seats provided for in buses 客车装备的座椅 second compression ring 第二压缩环 second decimal place 小数第二位 section 1 第 1 部分 section, power steering control valve 动力转向控制阀剖视 sectional view 剖视图 sector 扇形板 Sedan 轿车 select shims 选择垫片 self-starting 自动起动式 semi-trailer 半挂车 Sensitivity coefficient 灵敏度系数 Sensor 传感器 sensor coil resistance 传感器线圈电阻 sensor floating device 传感器浮子 Sensor section 传感器部分 sensor, fuel gauge 燃油传感器 sensor, oil pressure 油压传感器 Separate Brake 独立制动器 serial number 系列号 Service Brake 行车制动器 Service Brake System 主刹车系统 service shop 维修车间 set to 调到 shaft , planet pinion 行星齿轮轴 shaft assy. , rear axle 后桥半轴总成 shaft locator 半轴锁圈 shaft, shift lever 换档杆轴 shall be rounded up 应圆整 shared in common with service brake 与行车制动器公用的 shell assy. , air cleaner 空滤器壳体总成 shift collar 挂档轴套 shift factor 偏移因素 shift fork 挂档叉,驱动拨叉 shift fork No 2 ; 1 一、二档拨叉 shift fork shaft; 挂档叉轴 shift fork shaft No 4 四档拨叉轴 shift level 换档杆 shift lever retainer 换档杆保持架,换档杆座 shift shaft 换档轴 shift struction 换档机构 shim, door hinge 车门铰链调整垫
shim, pinion rear bearing 主动齿轮后轴承调整垫片 shock absorber 减振器 shoe guide plate 制动蹄导向板 shoe spring 制动蹄拉簧 short axis; 短轴 short circle 小循环 Shoulder belt anchorage 肩带固定装置 side car 边斗 side guard 侧护板 Side Marker Lamps; 侧标志灯 Side Reflex Reflector 侧回复反射器 side valve; 侧置气门 side-facing seat 侧向安置的座椅 Side-marker lamp 侧标志灯 Side slip tester 侧滑试验台,偏滑测试 sidewall 胎侧 sight glass 观察孔,观察窗 Signature 签名 silencer, door lock rod 拉杆托块 Silencers 消音器 single-chamber; 单缸 single-chamber volume 单缸容积 single-lip seal 单唇油封 Site 地点 skirt 裙板 sleeping vehicle 寝车 sleeve 衬套 sleeve gear 齿套 small venturi 小喉管 Small-sized 小型 small-sized motor vehicle 轻型机动车 Small-sized special 小型专用 smoke meter 烟度计 snap ring 液力挺柱卡环 socket 插座 solenoid 电磁线圈 solenoid feed terminal 电磁线圈接线柱 solenoid switch 电磁开关 solid moistureproof model 固体防潮式 Sound level meter 声级计 sound type 发声式 spacer 手柄垫圈 spacer , pinion 主动齿轮弹性隔垫 spacer, window regulator handle 手柄垫圈 Spark ignition type 点燃式 spark plug 火花塞
spark plug gap 火花塞间隙 spark plug type 火花塞型号 spark test 火花测试 speaker 扬声器 speaker, left front door 左前门扬声器 speaker, left liftgate 举升门左侧扬声器 speaker, right front door 右前门扬声器 speaker, right liftgate 举升门右侧扬声器 special note 专项注解 Special-Purpose Vehicle 特别用途车辆 Specific gravity 比重 Specification 技术规格 Specification Measurement Procedure for Motor Vehicles 机 动车参数测量方法 Specification table 技术规格表 specifications 技术参数 Speed Indication Devices 车速显示装置 Speed Limitation Devices 车速限制装置 speedometer 车速里程表 speedometer drive 速率表 Speedometer tester 车速表试验台 spool valve 阀芯 Spraying rate 喷射率 spring assy. 钢板弹簧 spring bracket 弹簧支架 spring brake 弹簧制动器 spring clamp 弹簧卡子 spring housing gasket 弹簧外壳垫片 spring piece 弹簧片 spring planet 弹簧托板 spring retainer 弹簧保持器 spring seat 弹簧座 spring, air valve 大气阀弹簧 spring, control valve 控制阀弹簧 spring, flow control valve 流量控制阀弹簧 sprinkler 洒水车 sprocket camshaft 凸轮轴传动链轮 sprocket, crankshaft 曲轴链轮 SSI magnetic induction model distributor 磁感应 SSI 型分 电器 Stability 稳定性 stabilizer bar; 平稳杆 stabilizer bar arm 稳定杆支架 STAMPING 钢印 stamping form 印记格式 stamping/embossment 钢印/凸字
Standard Illuminants and Sources for Colorimetry 标准光源 比色法 Standing capacity 站席定员 Standing Space 立席 starter 起动机 starter relay 起动继电器 starter type 发动机型号 starting motor 启动马达 Starting System 起动装置 Static test 静态试验 station 工位 stator assy. 定子总成 steel plate spring 钢板弹簧 steering damper 转向减振器 steering gear; 转向齿轮 steering linkages 转向拉杆 steering knuckle 转向节 steering ratio 转向器速比 steering rocker arm 转向摇臂 Steering System 转向系 steering tube 转向拉杆 steering valve 转阀式 Steering Wheel 方向盘 steering wheel hub 方向盘毂 steering wheel rim 方向盘轮缘 steering worm 转向螺杆 steering yoke 转向节叉 Stop Lamp 制动灯 stopping distance 制动距离 stroke 冲程 stub shaft 外半轴,输入轴 stud, diff. bearing cap 差速器轴承盖螺栓 Study document 分析文件 Sub-transmission 副变速器 Sulpher content 硫含量 Sun-visor 遮光板 Supercharger 增压器 Supercharger with intercooler 中冷增压器 supply tank 供液罐 supply tube assy. 加油管总成 Supporting fixture 支承框 supporting member 支撑元件 supporting surface 支承面 Surface plate 平板 Suspension System 悬吊系统 swirl chamber type 涡流室型
switch assembly, turn hazard 转向危险报警开关总成 switch lamp, fog lamp 雾灯开关灯 switch rod, brake alarm lamp 报警灯开关滑杆 switch, backup lamp 倒车灯开关 switch, brake lamp 制动灯开关 switch, front wiper/washer 前刮水器/洗涤器开关 switch, left front door ; chime module 左前门开关和 蜂鸣器开关 switch, rear wiper/washer 后刮水器/洗涤器开关 switch, right front door 右前门开关 synchro-Mesh Type Transmission 同步啮合式变速机 synchronizer assy. 同步器总成 TAC system 恒温进气系统 Tachographs 行驶记录仪 Tail Lamps 尾灯 tank 罐 tank truck 罐式车 taper 变截面 tappet body 液力挺柱体 T-bar joining the knees 连接膝部关节的 T 型杆 Technical Committee of Japan Automobile Importers' Association 日本汽车进口者协会技术委员会 technical standard 技术标准 teflon seal 聚四氟乙烯油封 tell-tale display 指示灯显示屏 temp switch, efe heater 进气加热器温控开关 temperature gauge 温度表 temperature gauge calibration 温度表电阻 Temporary Passenger Capacity 临时乘员定员 Tensile strength 抗拉强度 tensioner 张紧器 terminal 拉线柱 test cycle 试验循环 Test data 试验资料 Test Equipment 试验设备 Test item 试验项目 Test machine 试验机器 test procedure 试验方法 Test Room 试验室 test sample 试样 Test Sequence 试验顺序 Testing institute 试验机构 The femur force criterion 腿骨受力标准 The head performance criterion 头部性能标准 the like 类似物 The midsagittal plane 中切面
The neck injury criteria 颈部伤害标准 The thorax compression criterion 胸部压缩标准 The thorax viscous criterion 胸部粘性标准 The tibia compression force criterion 胫骨压缩力标准 The tibia index 胫骨指数 The Type 1 seat belt 第一类座椅安全带 The Type 1 seat belt anchorage test 第一类座椅安全带固定 装置的试验 thermometer 温度计 Thermostat; 节温器,自动调温器 thermostat housing 节温器盖 thermostat switch 恒温开关 thermostat switch case 恒温开关壳体 thermostat valve 温控阀 thermostatic vacuum switch(3 port) 温控真空开关(三通 阀) thigh bar 大腿杆 third decimal place 小数第三位 thorax performance criteria 胸部性能指标 Three-dimensional “H” point machine 三维‘H’点装 置 Three-dimensional reference system 三维坐标系 three-point belt; 三点式安全带 three-sided high floor 三侧高地板型 three type chassis 三类底盘 Three-way catalyst; 三效催化器 three-wheeled motor vehicle 三轮摩托车 throat 喉管 throttle body 化油器下体 throttle control arm 节气门操纵臂 throttle control arm piece 节气门操纵臂舌簧片 throttle plate 节气门 throttle plate pin 节气门轴 throttle solenoid 节气门定位器 throttle, air heated 热空气活门 thrust bearing (止推)轴承 thrust plate 配流盘 thrust washer, diff. gear 半轴齿轮止推垫片 thrust washers 半轴定位垫圈 Time base 时基 time core 触发轮 timing chain 正时链 timing marks 正时标记 tire assy. 车轮 tire dozer 轮胎式推土机 tire pressure 轮胎压力
Tire Rim 轮辋 tire roller 轮胎式压路机 tire tread 轮胎面 tire tube 内胎 tire size 轮胎尺寸 tire surface 轮胎面 to compressor absorb valve 至压缩机 to evaporator drier 进蒸发器 to heater core 进加热器 to thermostat 至节温器壳 Toe-in 前束 toe-in(measure along the inner rim) 前束(沿轮辋内侧测 量) tolerange 公差 top compression ring 第一压缩环 top housing, fuel pump 燃油泵上壳体 top housing, fuel tank 燃油箱上壳体 Torque 扭矩 torsion bar 扭力杆 torsion-bar spring 扭杆弹簧 torsion bar type 扭杆式 Torsional moment 扭矩 torso reference line 躯干参考线 torso weight hanger 躯干重块悬架 Torso-line 躯干线 TR (temperature resistant) 热阻式 tracer gas 示踪气 track bar 推力杆 track bar bracket 推力杆支架 tractor 牵引车 trailer 挂车 trailer with dolly 带台车挂车 trailing shoe 从蹄 Transducer 传感器 Transducer cross sensitivity ratio 传感器横向灵敏度比 transfer case 分动器 transfer case assembly 分动器总成 transfer case lamp 变速器控制台照明灯 Transmission 变速器 transmission line 传动线路 transmission power transmitting 变速器操纵装置及动力传 动 transport pipe 输油管 Transverse plane 横向平面 transversely-mounted 横向安装 tread (前、后)轮距
Triangle(Large-sized) 三角板(大型) trim; 内饰 Trolley 移动车 truck 货车 truck bed 车箱 Truck cab 货车驾驶室 Truck rear body; 货车后车身 tube air heater 热空气管 tube assy. , supply 供油管 tube, heater inlet 加热器进水管 tubeless tires 无内胎轮胎 tube, heater return 加热器回水管 turbocharger 涡轮增压器 turbo type 涡轮式 turn lamp, left front 左前转向灯 turn lamp, right front 右前转向灯 turn signal flasher 转向闪光灯 Turn-bending fatigue test 旋转弯曲疲劳试验 turning diameter 最小转弯直径 two kits 2 套 two-stroke cycle 二行循环 two-wheeled 两轮 two-wheeled motor vehicle 两轮摩托车 two-wheeled motor vehicles with sidecar 带边斗的两轮摩 托车 two-wheeled vehicle 两轮摩托车 Type 型号 Type Designation Regulations 车型认定规则 type approval 型式认证 Type Approval Test Procedures 《关于新型机动车的试验方 法》 type designation 型式认定 Type Designation System 型式认定制度 Type Notification 型式认可 Type Notification System 车型认可制度 Type of protective system 防护系统型式 type-approved motor-driven cycle 经型式认证的摩托车 type-designated 型式认定 U-bolt 骑马螺栓 Unauthorized-Use Warning Devices 防盗报警装置 underrun protection device 后下防护装置 Uniform Technical Regulations of Economic Commission for Europe 联合国欧洲经济委员会统一规则 universal joint cross 十字万向节 universal joint, front output shaft 前输出轴万向节 unladen mass 整备质量
unloaded state 空载状态 unloaded WT 整车装备质量 unnecessary item 不必要的项目 upper body 化油器上体 upper control arm 上控制臂总成 use 用途 vaccum breaker 阻风门切断器 vaccum harness 真空线束 vacuum action jack 真空动作缸 vacuum actor 真空执行器 vacuum booster 制动真空助力器,真空助动器 vacuum booster and master cylinder 真空助力器和制动主 缸 vacuum break mode 阻风门切断状态 vacuum breaker 阻风门切断器 vacuum breaker link 阻风门切断器连杆 vacuum check valve 真空单向阀 vacuum control switch 真空控制开关 vacuum distribution 真空分配器 vacuum flow 真空流向 vacuum from intake manifold 来自进气歧管真空 vacuum hose 真空管 vacuum moter 真空马达 vacuum pump 真空泵 vacuum reservoir 真空罐 vacuum room 真空气室 vacuum storage tank 真空贮存罐 vacuum switch 真空开关 vacuum tube 真空管 vacuum valve 真空阀 vacuum vehicle 真空抽吸车 vacuum vent valve 真空阀 vacuum way 真空气道 valve 放气阀,阀片 valve assy. , bowl vent control 浮子室通风控制阀总成 valve body 阀体 valve clearance 汽门间隙 valve gate 阀门 valve overlap 气门重叠角 valve packe 转阀总成 valve push rod 气门挺杆 valve seat 阀座 valve socket 阀座 valve spring 气门弹簧 valve timing 汽门正时 valve train 汽门机构
van 厢式车 van type truck 厢式货车 vanes 叶片 variant 变型 Variant number 变型号 Vehicle and Component Approvals Division 车辆和零部件 认证科 Vehicle identification number 车辆识别代号 Vehicle measuring attitude 车辆测量位置 vehicle min. idle with A/C (not work) 带空调 (空调不工作) 车辆最低怠速 vehicle speed detector device 车速检测装置 Vehicle Weight 车重 vent filter 通气过滤器 vent hose 通气管 vent plug 通风螺塞 venturi 文杜里管 venturi inlet 文杜里管入口 vertical line 铅垂线 vibration damper 减震器 Virtual specific gravity 虚比重 Viscous Criterion 粘性指标 viscous drive 硅油离合器总成 viscous, drive fan 风扇硅油离合器 Visiting Inspector 派遣检验人员 Volatile oil 挥发油 voltmeter 电压表 voltmeter calibration 电压表校准 warning device 警告装置 Warning lamps of emergency motor vehicles 应急用车闪光 灯 Warning Reflex Reflectors 警告反射板 warning switch, ignition key 点火钥匙报警开关 washer 垫片 washer , pinion yoke 主动齿轮万向节叉垫片 Washing fluid 洗涤液 Washing fluid for low-temperature use 低温风窗玻璃洗涤 液 wastegate; 废气门 water jacket; 水套 water jacket, intake manifold 进气歧管水套 water line 水位线 water pump 水泵 water pump assy. 水泵总成 water pump pulley 水泵皮带轮 Water Resistance Test 耐水性试验
water valve 热水阀 water valve body 热水阀壳体 water-cooled 水冷 Weathering Resistance 抗风化性 Weathering Test 风化试验 Webbing 织带 Weight 重块 Weighted factor; 加权系数 wet basis 湿基 wet-bulb 湿球 wheel alignment; 轮胎定位 Wheel alignment tester 前轮定位仪 wheel-arch cutting 切割轮口 wheel balance 轮胎平衡 Wheel Arrangement 车轮布置 wheel chair lift 轮椅升降机 wheel cylinder 轮缸,刹车分泵 wheel rim; 钢圈 wheelbase 轴距,轮距 wheel house 轮罩护板 Width contraction test 宽度收缩试验 wind hose, panel instrument 仪表板风口 Window Glass 窗玻璃 Windshield Wiper 刮水器 wiper motor 刮水器电机 wire connector 电线连接器 wire repair vehicle 架线修理车 wobbe index 沃泊指数 wobble plate 斜板 work van 厢式作业车 working position 工作状态 working principle diagram of brake booster 制动助力器工 作原理示意图 yoke 万向节叉 yoke assy. , axle pinion 主动齿轮万向节叉总成 zero gas 零气体
试验方法 test method 老化试验 aging test 火烧试验 bonfire test 爆破试验 burst test 坠落试验 drop test 电磁干扰试验 electromagnetic interference
环境模拟试验 environmental simulation test 气体成分试验 gas composition test 湿度试验 humidity test 微粒成分检验 particulate compostion test 箱内试验 tank test 温度负荷试验 temperature load test 视野 vision field (visibility) 眼椭圆 eyellipse 驾驶员视野范围 vision field of driver 视线 sight line 眼椭圆样板 eyellipse template 眼椭圆中心 eyellipse center 眼椭圆定位线 eyellipse locating line 坐标系 coordination system(axissystem) 视觉 vision 视平面 sight plane 视野 vision field 直接视野 direct vesion field 间接视野 indirect vision field单眼视野 monocular vision field 双眼视野 binocular vision field 两单眼视野 ambinocular vision field 周边视野 peripheral vision field 双眼障碍 binocular obstruction A 立柱 A-pillar 座椅基准点 seating reference point (SgRP) 有效瞳孔距 effective interpupillary width 视野原点 original points of vision field 颈部转动中心点(P 点) neck pivot point (P point) 仪表参考平面 reference plane of instrument panel 显示表面 display surface 转向盘轮缘盲区 steering wheel rim obstruction 转向盘毂及辐条盲区 steering hub and spoke obstruction 派生 V 点和 P 点 developing V points and P points 汽车视野障碍 vehicle visural obstruction 视点(V 点) vision point (V points) 眼点(E 点) eye point (E point0 眼睛投影点 projected eye point 上视角 upward angle of visibility 下视角 downwards angle of visibility 电磁环境 electromagnetic environment 电磁环境兼容性 electromagnetic compatibility(EMC) 电磁敏感度 electromagnetic susceptibility(EMS) 电磁干扰 electromagnetic interference 电磁骚扰(现象) electromagnetic distrubance (电磁)发射 (eelctromagnetic )emission
窄带(电磁)发射 narrowband emission 宽带(电磁)发射 broadband emission 带外发射 out of band emission 电磁辐射 electromagnetic radiation 横向电磁波模式 transverse electromagnetic (TEM)mode 干扰源 distrubance source 信号源 signal source 无用信号 undesired signal 干扰信号 interfering signal 无线电环境 radio environment 射频骚扰 radio environment 射频干扰 radio frequency interference(RFI) 系统间干扰 inter-system interference 系统内干扰 intra-system interference 电磁噪声 electromagnetic environment 射频噪声 radio frequency noise 自然噪声 natural noise 人为噪声 man-made noise 随机噪声 random noise 静电放电 electrostatic discharge(ESD) 脉冲 pulse 冲激脉冲 impulse 尖峰脉冲 spike 群脉冲 burst of pulses 脉冲噪声 impulsive noise 脉冲骚扰 impulsive distrubance 脉动 pulsating 基波(分量) fundamental (component) 谐波(分量) harmonic (component) 电源骚扰 mains-borne distrubance 磁场 field 均质磁场 homogenous field 磁场强度 field strength 敏感度阈值 susceptibility thresholds 电流注入 bulk current injection (BCI) 无线电干扰抑制 radio interference suppression 骚扰抑制 distrubance suppression 骚扰场强 disturbance field strength 骚扰功率 distrubance power 抗扰性 immunity to a distrubance 抗扰度 immunity level 电源抗扰性 mains immunity 外部抗扰性 external immunity 抗扰性电平 immunity level 抗绕性裕量 immunity margin 藕合路径 coupling path
地藕合干扰 earth-coupled interference 频率响应 frequency response 频率级规格 frequency step sizes 调幅 amplitude modulation (AM) 正弦波调幅 sine-wave amplitude modulation 甚高频 very high frequency (VHF) 超高频 ultra-high frequency (UHF) 无调谐 no-modulation (CW) 交调 crossmodulation 互调 intermodulation 中频抑制比 intermediate frequency rejection ratio 镜频抑制比 image rejection ratio 电压驻波 voltage standing wave(VSW) 电压驻波比 voltage standing wave ratio(VSWR) 脉冲极性 pulse polarity 性能降低 degradation of performance 灵敏度降低 desensitization 抗扰性试验 immunity test 试验强度级 test severity level 功 效 性 能 状 况 分 类 function performance status classificaton (FPSC) 开阔试验场地 open area test site(OATS) 吸波室 absorber lined chamber 屏蔽室 shielded chamber 隔音室 anechoicchamber 横向电磁波室 transverse electromagnetic cell 小型诊断室 compact diagnostic chamber 屏蔽门 shielded gate 反射屏蔽 reflective enclosure 吸波材料 absorbing material 尖劈 absorber lined chamber 放大器 amplifier 宽带放大器 broadband amplifier 窄带放大器 narrowband amplifier 天线 antenna 环行天线 loop antenna 双锥天线 bi-conical antenna 对数周期天线 log.per.antenna 天线塔 tripod(mast) 偶极子天线 dipole antenna 平行天线 parallel plate antenna 四分之一波天线 quarter-wave antenna 衰减器 attenuator 信号发生器 signal generator 场强发生器 field generator 电场/脉冲发生器 e-/h-generator
试验脉冲发生器 test pulse generator 磁场控制器 field monitoring equipment 双向藕合器 bidirectional coupler 定向藕合器 directional coupler 注入探头 injection probe 电流探头 current probe 电压探头 voltage probe 迷向磁场探头 isotropic field probe 射频滤波器 radio frequency (RF)filter 低通滤波器 low-pass filter 抑制滤波器 suppression filter 线束 wire harness 同轴电缆 coaxial cable 光导纤维电缆 fiber optic links 人工(电源)网络 artificial network(AN) 宽频人工(电源)网络 broadband artificial network (BAN) 电位计 voltmeter 功率计 power meter 频率分析仪 frequency analyzer 频谱分析仪 spectrum analyzer 测试接收机 testing receiver system 波形采集装置 waveform acquisition equipment 检波器 detector 准峰值检波器 quasi-peak detector 模拟手 antificial hand 吸收钳 absorbing clamp 模拟灯 dummy lamp 带状线 stripline 平衡-不平衡转化器 balun 在试设备 device under test(DUT) 转鼓试验台 roler bench 转台 truntable 测功机 dynamometer 升降台 lifting device for lifting 废气排气系统 exhaust emission suction system 消防系统 fire extinguishing system 可视通话系统 video and intercom system 声学和噪声 acoustic and noise 声学 acoustics 声学工程 acoustical engineering 声波 acoustic wave 声容 acoustic capacitance 声频 acoustical frequency 声阻 acoustical resistance 声级 acoustical level 声谱 acoustic spectrum
声抗 acoustical reactance 声阻抗 acoustic impedance 声质量 acoustical mass 声反馈 acoustic feed back 声功率 acoustical power 声效率 acoustical efficiency 传声性 acoustical conductivity 声藕合 acoustical coupling 声学分析 acoustical analysis 声源 source of sound 声场 sound field 声压 sound pressure 声蟠 sound coil 声速 sound velocity 共鸣 resonance 响度 loudness 回声 echo 噪声 noise 汽车噪声 automobile noise 噪声控制 noise control 分贝 decibel(dB) 声强与声强级 sound intensity and sound intensity level 声压与声压级 sound pressure and pressure level of sound 响度级与等响曲线 soundness level and equal -loundness contours 声级 sound level 噪声测量系统 measurement system of noise 声功率与声功率级 sound power and power level 汽车噪声测量方法 measurement method of vehicle noise 声学仪器 acoustical instrument 声强计、比声计 acoustimeter 声幅射器 acoustical radiator 共鸣器 acoustic resonator 滤声器 acoustical filter 检声器 sound detector 噪声计 noise meter 精密声级计 precision sound level meter 电平记录仪 level recorder 频谱分析仪 frequency spectrum analyzer FFT——快速傅里叶变换)分析仪 fft analyzer 机械阻抗分析系统 mechanical impedance analysis system 跟踪滤波器 tracking filter 功率谱分析仪 power spectral density analyzer 概率密度分析仪 probability density analyzer 自相关仪 autocorrelaton function analyzer 消声器(噪声衰减装置) sound attenuatin
噪音消声器(隔音材料) silencer(sound deadener) 清洁度 cleanliness 毛坯清洁度 rough cleanliness 零件清洁度 parts cleanliness 快速不解体清洁度 rapid undisassembly cleanliness 解体清洁度 disassembly cleanliness 装配清洁度 assembly cleanliness 重量法 weighting method 光电比色法 photoelectric colorimetry method 离心法 centrifuagl method 色度比较法 patch test method 滤膜 filtrer membrance 恒重 standing weight 清洗液 leaner 混浊液 dirty soulution 过滤 filtration 微粒 particle 粒度 paritcle size 孔隙度 void ratio 全液过滤 whole solution through filtering 抽样过滤 sample filtering 滤膜气泡点压力 pressure of air bulb in film 滤膜孔隙率 void ratio of film 滤膜萃取率 percentage of film taken off 环境 environment 清洁度检测室 cleanliness measurement room 局部洁净区 clean work area 准备室 preparatory room 将尘量 quantity of fallen dust 抽样基数 sampling basic number 取样部位 sampling location 清洁度限值 cleanliness limit 重量分析法 analysis by weight method 滤膜显微镜分析法 microscopic method 磨料试验法 grit test method 重复性 repeatability 再现性 reproducibility 传动系 drive line(transmission ,power train) 机械传动 mechanical transmission 无 级 传 动 stepless transmission (continuously variable transmission ) 液力传动 hydrodynamic drive 液力机械传动 hydromechanical transmission 液压分流传动 hydrostatic differenctial tranmission 液 压 蓄 能 传 动 hydrostatic stored energy transmission ssytem
飞 轮 蓄 能 传 动 系 flywheel stored energy transmission system 电传动 electrical transmission 电动轮 eelctric wheel 链传动 chain-driving 双发动机并联传动 dual engine drive 传动系的扭转振动 torsional vibrations of transmission 齿轮噪声 gear noiose 传动系的噪声 transmission noise (driveline noise, power tranin noise) 离合器 clutch 类型 type 摩擦式离合器 friction clutcch 单盘离合器 single plate clutch 双盘离合器 double plate clutch 多盘离合器 multi-plate clutch 膜片弹簧离合器 diaphragm spring clutch 自动离合器 automatic clutch 离心式自动离合器 centrifugal tyep automatic clutch 电磁离合器 eelctromagnetic clutch 磁粉离合器 magnetic-powder lutch 螺旋弹簧离合器 spring-loaded clutch 中央弹簧离合器 cetnral spring clutch 斜置弹簧离合器 angle-spring clutch 伺服离合器 servo clutch 部件 assembly and parts 离合器操纵机构 clutch operation 飞轮 flywheel stored energy transmission system 飞轮壳 flywheel casing 从动盘摩擦衬片 clutch palte lining 离合器壳 clutch housing 传力片 steel tape 压盘 pressure plate 分离杆 release lever 分离套筒 release sleeve 离合器轴 clutch shaft 离合器盖 clutchcover 从动盘 clutch plate 从动盘毂 clutch plate hub 分离弹簧 release spring 分离轴承 release thrust bearing 中间压盘 center plate 压紧弹簧 pressure spring 膜片弹簧 diaphragm spring 减震弹簧 damping spring 摩擦片 friction lining
扭转振动减震器 tortional vibration damper 离 合 器 机 械 式 操 纵 机 构 clutch operation device(mechanical ) 离合器踏板轴 clutch pedal shaft 离合器踏板臂 clutch pedal lever 离合器踏板密封套 pedal lever seal 离合器踏板 cltuch pedla pad 分离推杆 release rod 分离推杆叉 push-rod fork 离合器分离轴 clutch release shaft 分离杆支座 release lever supoort 分离杆轴 release lever axle 分离杆调整螺钉 release lever adjusting screw 分 离 轴 承 和 分 离 套 筒 总 成 release bearing and sleeve assembly 自动调心分离轴承 self-aligning release thrust bearing 离合器推力轴承 clutch thrust bearing 离合器轴前轴承 clutch opilot bearing 分离叉 withdrawal fork 分离叉球头支座 operating fork bal -end 分离推杆调整螺钉 release rod adjusting screw 分离叉回位弹簧 operatign fork retrun spring 踏板回位弹簧 clutch pedal retrun spring 离合器分离拉索 clutch release cable 离合器液压式操纵机构 clutch operaton (hydraulic) 离合器操纵机构主缸 clutch release master cylinder 储液罐 fluid reservoir 主缸活塞 master cylinder piston 主缸推杆 master cylinder push rod 工作缸推杆 slave cylinder push rod 工作缸活塞 slave cylinder piston 工作缸 clutch release slave cylinder 液压系统放气塞 hydraulic system bleeding plug 油管 pipe 联接软管 hose 踏板支座 clutch pedal mounting bracket 分离杆铰销 operating lever articulation 工作缸活塞回位弹簧 slave cylinder piston return spirng 主缸活塞回位弹簧 master cylinder piston return spring 离合器打滑 cltuch slipping 滑磨功 work of slipping 接合平顺性 smoothness of pick-up (engagement) 分离的彻底性 cleanliness of disengagemet 离合器后备系数 reserve coefficient of clutch 离合器的微处理机控制 microprocessor controlled clutch 变速器 transmission (gearbox)
机械式变速器 mechanical transmission 固定轴式变速器 fixed shaft transmission 中间轴变速器 countershaft transmission 双中间轴变速器 twin countershaft transmission 多中间轴变速器 multi-countershaft transmission 两轴式变速器 twin-shaft transmission 行星齿轮式变速器 planetary transmission 滑动齿轮变速器 sliding gear trnasmission 全直齿常啮式变速器 fully constant mesh all spur gear transmission 全斜齿常啮式变速器 fully constant mesh all helical gear transmission 全齿套变速器 all dog clutch transmission 多级变速器 multi-speed transmission 无级变速器 non-stage transmission 同步器式变速器 synchromesh transmission 直接档变速器 direct drive transmission 超速档变速器 over drive transmision 手动换档变速器 manually shifted transmission 直接操纵变速器 direct control transmissionm 远距离操纵变速器 remote control trnasmission 动力助力换档变速器 power assisted shift transmission 自动换档机械式变速器 automatic mechanical tranmission 半 自 动 换 档机 械 式 变 速 器 semi-automatic mechanical transmission 插入式多档变速器 interttype multi-speed tranmission 分段式多档变速器 sectional type multi-speed tranmisssion 组合式变速器 combinatory transmission 主变速器 basic trnasmission 副变速器 splitter 带主减速器的变速器 final driving transmission 液力变速器 hydraudynamic transmission 自动液力变速器 automatic transmission 半自动液力变速器 semiautomatic transmission 人工换档液力变速器 manually shifted transmission 分流式液力变速器 split torque drive tranmisson 定轴式液力变速器 countershaft transmission 行星式液力变速器 planetary trnamission 电 子 同 步 变 速 装 置 electronically synchronized transmission assembly 滑动齿轮传动 sliding -gear transmission 常啮合齿轮传动 constant mesh transmission 啮合套 shift sleeve (engagement sleeve) 液力传动 hydraudynamic drive 液力传动装置 dydraudynamic drive unit 液力偶合器 fluid coupling
液力变矩器 torque converter 综合式液力变矩器 torque converter-coupling 锁止式液力变矩器 lock-up torque converter 变容式液力变矩器 variable capacity converter 同步器 synchronizer 常压式同步器 constant pressure synchronizer 惯性式同步器 inertial type of synchronizer 自动增力式同步器 self-servo sysnchronizer 双涡轮液力变矩器 double-turbine torque converter 双泵轮液力变矩器 double-impeller torque converter 导轮可反转的变矩器 torque converter with revereal reacto 分动箱(分动器) transfer case 辅助变速器 auxiliary gear box 取力器(动力输出机构) power take-off 传动轴减速器 dirveline retarder 液力减速器 hydraulic retarder 单向离合器 one-way clutch 锁止离合器 lock-up clutch 叶轮 member 泵轮 impeller 涡轮 turbine 导轮 reactro 转子 rotor 定子 stator 级 stage 相 phase 叶片 blade 转动叶片 variable blade 循环圆 trus section 速度三角形 triangle of velocities 外环 shell 内环 core 设计流线 design path 边斜角(进出口) bias(entrance and exit) 包角 scroll 叶片骨线 mean camberline 叶片角 blade angle 阻流板 step,reflectro,baffle 速度环量 circulation (circulation of stream) 液流角 flow angle 滑差 slip 速比 speed ratio 变矩比 torque ratio 能容系数 capacity factor 零速转速 stall speed 空转转速 racing speed
变矩范围 torque conversion range 偶合范围 coupling range 偶合点 coupling point 锥形渐开线齿轮 conical involute gear 变速齿轮 transmission gear 分动齿轮(分动机构) transfer gear 变速齿轮组 change gear set 滑动齿轮 sliding gear 常啮齿轮 constant mesh gear 倒档中间齿轮 reverse idler gear 行星齿轮机构 planetary gears 行星齿轮 planet gear 行星架 planet carrier 太阳齿轮 sun gear 内齿轮 internal or king gear 外侧行星齿轮 outer planet gear 内侧行星齿轮 inner planet geear 长行星齿轮 long planet gear 短行星齿轮 shor planet gear 双联行星齿轮 compound planet gear 中间齿轮 intermediate gear(counter gear) 副轴齿轮 counter shaft gear 副轴 counter shaft 变速器输入轴 transmission imput shaft 变速器输出轴 transmission output shaft 变速器主动齿轮轴 transmission drive gear shaft 变速器主轴 transmission main shaft 变速器中间轴 transmission countershaft 变速器轴的刚度 rigidity of shaft 变速齿轮比(变速比) transmission gear ratio 传动比 gear ratio 主压力 line pressure 调制压力 modulated pressure 真空调制压力 vacuum modulator pressure 速控压力 governor pressure 缓冲压力 compensator or trimmer pressure 限档压力 hold presure 前油泵 front pump (input pump ) 液 力 传 动 装 置 充 油 压 力 hydrodynamic unit change pressure 后油泵 gear pump (output pump ) 回油泵 scavenge oil pump 调压阀 pressure -regulator vavle 电磁阀调压阀 solenoid regulator valve 液力变矩器旁通阀 converter bypass valve 速控阀 governor valve
选档阀 selectro valve 换档阀 shift valve 信号阀 signal valve 继动阀 relay valve 换档指令发生器 shift pattern generator 档位指示器 shift indicator(shift torwer) 先导阀 priority valve 流量阀 flow valve 重迭阀 overlap valve 液力减速器控制阀 retarder control valve 液力起步 fluid start 零速起动 stall start 液力变矩器锁止 converter lockup 全液压自动换档系统 hydraulic automatic control system 电液式自动换档系统 electronic -hydraulic automatiec 换档 shift 升档 upshift 降档 downshift 动力换档 power shfit 单向离合器换档 freewheel shfit 人工换档 manual shfit 自动换档 automaitc shfit 抑制换档 inhibited shift 超限换档 overrun shift 强制换档 forced shift 换档点 shift point 叶片转位 blade angle shift 换档滞后 shift hysteresis 换档循环 shift schedule 换档规律 process of power shift 动力换档过程 timing 换档定时 property of automatic shift 换档品质 property of automatic shft 换档元件 engaging element 换档机构 gearshift 操纵杆 control lever 变速杆 stick shift(gear shift lever) (副变速器)变速杆 range selector 变速叉 shifting fork (gear shift fork) 分动箱控制杆 transfer gear shift fork 变速踏板 gear shift pedal 变速轨(拨叉道轨) shift rail 直接变速 direct change(direct control) 方向盘式变速 column shift (handle change) 按钮控制 finger-tip control 槽导变速 gate change
空档位置 neutral position 直接驱动 direct drive 高速档 top gear(high gear) 低速档 bottom gear(low speed gear) 第一档 first gear 第二档 second gear 超速档 overdirve gear 经济档 economic gear 倒档 reverse gear 爬行档 creeper gear 驱动特性 drive performance 反拖特性 coast performance 定输入扭矩特性 constant input torque performance 全油门特性 full throttle performance 寄生损失特性 no load (parasitic losses)performance 原始特性 primary characteristic 响应特性 response characteristic 吸收特性 absorption characteristic 全特性 total external characteristic 输入特性 characteristic of enhance 输出特性 characteristic of exit 力矩特性 torque factor(coefficient of moment) 过载系数 overloading ratio 变矩系数 torque ratio 能容系数 capacity factorr 几何相似 geometry similarity 运动相似 kinematic similarity 动力相似 dynamic similarity 透穿性 transparency 万向节和传动轴 universal joint and drive shaft 万向节 universal joint 非等速万向节 nonconstant velocity universal joint 等速万向节 constant velocity universal joint 准等速万向节 near constant velocity universal joint 自承式万向节 self-supporting universal joint 非自承式万各节 non self suporting universal joint 回转直径 swing diameter 等速平面 constant velocity plane 万向节夹角 true joint angle 十字轴式万向节 cardan (hookes)universal joint 万向节叉 yoke 突缘叉 flange york 滑动叉 slip yoke 滑动节,伸缩节 slip joint 花键轴叉 slip shaft yoke 轴管叉(焊接叉) tube(weld yoke)
十字轴 cross(spider) 十字轴总成 cross assembly 挠性元件总成 flexible universal joint 球销式万向节 flexible member assembly 双柱槽壳 housing 球环 ball 球头轴 ball head 球头钉 button 中心球和座 centering ball and seat 球笼式万向节 rzeppa universal joint 钟形壳 outer race 星型套 inner race 保持架 cage 可轴向移动的球笼式万向节 plunging constant velocity joint 筒形壳 cylinder outer race 柱形滚道星形套 inner race withcylinder ball grooves 偏心保持架 non-concentric cage 滚动花键球笼式万向节 ball spline rzeppa universal joint 外壳 outer housing 内壳体 inner housing 球叉式万向节 weiss universal joint 球叉 ball yoke 定心钢球 centering ball 三球销万向节 tripod universal joint 三柱槽壳 housing 三销架 spider 双联万向节 double cardan universal joint 凸块式万向节 tracta universal joint 凸块叉 fork yoke 榫槽凸块 tongue and groove couplijng 凹槽凸块 groove coupling 传动轴 drive shaft(propeller shaft) 传动轴系 drive line 传动轴形式 drive shaft type 两万向节滑动的传动轴 two -joint inboard slip ddiveshaft 两万向节外侧滑动传动轴 two joint ouboard slip drive shaft 单万向节传动轴 single joint coupling shaft 组合式传动轴 unitized drive shaft 传动轴减振器 drive shaft absorber 传动轴中间轴承 drive shaft center bearing 传动轴管焊接合件 weld drive shaft tube assembly 传动轴特征长度 drive shaft length 传动轴谐振噪声 resonant noise of rive shaft 传动轴的临界转速 critical speed of drive shaft
传动轴总成的平衡 balance of drive shaft assembly 允许滑动量 slip 相位角 phase angle 传动轴安全圈 drive shaft safety strap 驱动桥 drive axle(driving axle) 类型 type 断开式驱动桥 divided axle 非独立悬架式驱动桥 rigid dirve axle 独立悬架式驱动桥 independent suspension drive axle 转向驱动桥 steering drive axle 贯通式驱动桥 tandem axles “三速”贯通轴 "three-speed" tandem axles 单驱动桥 single drive axle 多桥驱动 multiaxle drive 减速器 reducer 主减速器 final drive 单级主减速器 single reduction final drive 双级主减速器 double reduction final drive 前置式双级主减速器 front mounted double reduction final drive 后置式双级主减速器 rear mounted double reduction final drive 上置式双级主减速器 top mounted double reducton final drive 行星齿轮式双级主减速器 planetary double reduction final drive 贯通式主减速器 thru-drive 双速主减速器 two speed final drive 行星齿轮式双速主减速器 two speed planetary final drive 双级双速主减速器 two speed double reduction final drive 轮边减速器 wheel reductor(hub reductro) 行星圆柱齿轮式轮边减速器 planetary wheel reductor 行 星 锥 齿 轮 式 轮 边 减 速 器 differential geared wheel reductor(bevelepicyclick hub reductor) 外啮合圆柱齿轮式轮边减速器 spur geared wheel reductor 差速器 differential 锥齿轮式差速器 bevel gear differential 圆柱齿轮式差速器 spur gear differential 防滑式差速器 limited -slip differential 磨擦片式自锁差速器 multi-disc self -locking differential 凸轮滑滑块自锁差速器 self-locking differential with side ring and radial cam plate 自 动 离 合 式 自 锁 差 速 器 automotive positive locking differential 强制锁止式差速器 locking differential 液压差速器 hydraulic differential
轴间差速器 interaxial differential 差速器壳 differential carrieer(case) 主降速齿轮 final reduction gear 驱动轴减速比 axle ratio 总减速比 total reduction ratio 主降速齿轮减速比 final reduction gear ratio 双减速齿轮 double reduction gear 差速器主齿轮轴 differential pinion-shaft 差速器侧齿轮 differential side gear 行星齿轮 spider gear(planetary pinion) 螺旋锥齿轮 spiral bevel gear 双曲面齿轮 hypoid gear 格里林齿制 gleason tooth 奥林康型齿制 oerlikon tooth 锥齿轮齿数 number of teeth in bevel gears and hypoid gears 锥齿轮齿宽 face width of tooth in bevel gears and hypoid gears 平面锥齿轮 plane bevel gear 奥克托齿形 octoid form 平顶锥齿轮 contrate gear 齿面接触区 circular tooth contact 齿侧间隙 backlash in circular tooth 差速器十字轴 differential spider 差速器锁止机构 differential locking -device 差速器锁止系数 differential locking factor 差速器壳轴承 carrier bearing 桥壳 axle housing 整体式桥壳 banjo housing 可分式桥壳 trumpet-type axle housing 组合式桥壳 unitized carrier-type axle housing 对分式桥壳 split housing 冲压焊接桥壳 press-welding axle housing 钢管扩张桥壳 expanded tube axle housing 锻压焊接桥壳 forge welding axle housing 整体铸造式桥壳 cast rigid axle housing 半轴 axle shaft 全浮式半轴 full-floating axle shaft 半浮式半轴 semi-floating axle shaft 四分之三浮式半轴 three-quarter floating axle shaft 驱动桥最大附着扭矩 slip torque 驱动桥额定桥荷能力 rating axle capactiy 驱动桥减速比 driveaxle ratio 驱动桥质量 drive axle mass 单铰接式摆动轴 single-joint swing axle 双铰接式摆动轴 double joint swig axle
悬架系 suspension system 悬架 suspension 类型 type 非独立悬架 rigid axle suspension 独立悬架 independent suspension 平衡悬架 equalizing type of suspension 组合式悬架 combination suspension 可变刚度悬架 variable rate suspension 纵置板簧式 parallel leaf spring type 上置板簧式 over slung type 下置板簧式 under slung type 双横臂式 double with-bone arm type 横置板簧式 transversal leaf spring type 双纵臂式 double trailing arm type 单横臂式 single transverse arm type 双横臂式 double -wishbone type 单横臂式 singe trailing arm type 双纵臂式 double-trailing arm type 单斜臂式 single oblique arm tyep 四连杆式 four link type 扭矩套管式 torque tube drive type 第迪安式 De Dion type 烛式 sliding pillar type 麦弗逊式 MacPherson type 金属弹簧式 metal spring type 空气弹簧式 air spring type 油气弹簧式 hydro-pneumatic spring type 橡胶液体弹簧式 hydro-rubber spring type 橡胶弹簧式 rubber spring type 液体弹簧式 hydraulicspring type 三点悬架 three-point suspension 四点悬架 four-point suspension 部件 assembly and parts 悬架臂 suspension arm 上悬架臂 upper suspension arm 控制臂 control arm 上控制臂 upper control arm 下控制臂 lower control arm 纵臂 trailing arm 横臂 transverse arm 斜臂 oblique arm 支撑梁 support beam 横向推力杆 lateral rod 纵向推力杆 longitudinal rod 拉杆 tension rod 压杆 strut bar
支撑杆 strut bar 扭矩套管 torque tube 变截面弹簧 tapered spring 钢板弹簧 leaf spring(laminated spring) 副钢板弹簧 auxiliary spring 非对称钢板弹簧 unsymmetrical leaf spring 单片式钢板弹簧 single leaf spring 多片式钢板弹簧 muotileaved spring 纵向钢板弹簧 longitudinal leaf spring 螺旋弹簧 coil spring (helicalspring) 空气弹簧 air spring 囊式空气弹簧 bellow type air spring 膜式空气弹簧 diaphragm typeair spring 橡胶弹簧 rubber spring type 液体弹簧 hydraulic spring 油气弹簧 hydro-pneumatic spring type 单气室油气弹簧 single chamber hydragas spring 双气室油气弹簧 double chamber hydragas spring 液体弹簧 hydraulic spring 底盘弹簧 chassis spring 四分之一椭圆形弹簧 quarter elliptic spring 半椭圆形弹簧 half-elliptic spring(semi-elliptic spring) 四分之三椭圆形弹簧 three quarter elliptic spring 全椭圆形弹簧 full elliptic spring 悬臂弹簧 cantilever spring 簧上质量 sprung weight 簧下质量 unsprung weight 垫上弹簧载荷量 spring capacity at pad 地面弹簧载荷量 spring capacity at ground 弹簧静挠度 spring static deflection 弹簧跳动间隙 bump clearance of spring 弹簧中心距 distance between spring centers 减振器 shock absorber 筒式减振器 telescopic shock absorber 油压缓冲器 hydraulic buffer 负荷调平式减振器 load -levelling shock absorber 液压减振器 dydraulic shock absorber 可调减振器 adjustable shock absorber 摇臂式减振器 lever type shock absorber 磨擦式减振器 frictional shock absorber 充气减振器 gas-filled shock absorber 动力减振器 dynamic shock absorber 减振器卸荷阀 shock absorber relief valve 减振器进油阀 shock absorber intake valve 减振器示功图 damper indicator diagram 减振器液 damper fluid
横向稳定器 stabilizer anti-roll bar 滑动座 sliding seat 滑板 sliding plate 弹簧架 spring bracket 弹簧主片 spring leaf 钢板弹簧吊耳 leaf spring shackle 钢板弹簧衬套 leaf spring bushing 钢板弹簧销 leaf spring pin 弹簧卷耳 spring eye U 型螺栓 U bolt 钢板弹簧中心螺栓 leaf spring center bolt 橡胶衬套 rubber bushing 缓冲块 buffer stopper 限位块 limiting stopper 平衡轴 trunnion shaft 平衡轴支座 trunnion base 臂轴 arm shaft 平横臂 equalizer 螺纹衬套 screw bushing (车身)高度阀 levelling valve 车架 auxiliary tank 整体车架 unitized frame 上弯式梁架 upswept frame (kick up frame) 短型车架 stub frame 发动机支架 engine mounting 半径杆 radius rod 平衡杆 stabilizer bar 制动反应杆 brake reaction rod 分开式车身和车架 separated body and frame 车轮 wheel 车轮尺寸名称 wheelsize designation 车轮类型 wheel type 单式车轮 single wheel 双式车轮 dual wheel 整体轮毂式车轮 wheel with integral hub 组装轮辋式车轮 demountable rim wheel 对开式车轮 divided wheel 可调车轮 adustable wheel 辐板式车轮 disc wheel 可反装式车轮 reversible wheel 辐条式车轮 wire wheel 安装面 attachment face 安装面直径 attachment face diameter 双轮中心距 dual spacing 半双轮中心距 half dual spacing 轮缘 flange
固定轮缘 fixed flange 轮缘规格代号 flange size disignation 轮缘高度 flange height 轮缘半径 flange radius 轮级端部半径 flange edge radius 轮级宽度 flange width 内轴承座肩 inner bearing cup shoulder 内移距 inset 横向跳动 lateral run-out 外移距 outset 径向跳动 radius run-out 轮辋 rim 轮辋尺寸名称 rim size disignation 轮辋宽度 rim width 标定轮辋宽度 specified rim width 轮辋直径 rim diameter 标定轮辋直径 specified rim diameter 轮辋类型 rim types 整体式(深槽式) one-piece(drop -center DC) 半深槽式 semi-drop center (SDC) 二件式 two-piece 三件式 three-piece 四件式 four-piece 轮毂座 hub seat 五件式 five-piece 轮辋轮廓类型 rim contour classification 深槽轮辋 drop center rim(DC) 深槽宽轮辋 wide drop center rim(WDC) 半深槽轮辋 semi-drop center rim(SDC) 平底轮辋 flat base rim 平底宽轮辋 wide flat base rim (WFB) 全斜底轮辋 full tapered bead seat rim (TB) 可拆卸轮辋 demountable rim wheel 对开式轮辋 divided rim(DT) 轮辋基体 rim base 轮辋基体偏移距 rim base offset 轮辋偏移距 rim bevel distance 气门嘴孔 valve hole 气门嘴孔的位置 rim hole location 锁圈槽 gutter 锁圈槽沟 gutter groove 锁圈槽顶 gutter tip 隔圈 spaceband 隔圈宽度 spacerband width 标定轮辋直径 specified rim diameter 标定轮辋宽度 specified rim width
花键 spline 弹性锁圈 spring lock ring 辐条式车轮轮毂 shell (wire shell) 轮辋槽 well 槽角 well angle 槽深 well depth 槽底半径 well iner radius 槽的位置 well position 槽顶圆角半径 well radius top 槽宽度 well width 中心孔 center hole 中心线 center line 夹紧块 clamp 夹紧螺栓 clamping bolt 锥型座(螺帽定位用) cone seat (for retaining nut) 可拆卸档圈 detachable endless flange 可拆卸弹簧档圈 detachable spring flange 可拆卸锥形座圈 detachable endless taper bead seat ring 轮辐 disc 辐条 wire spoke 零移距 zeroset 弯距 bending moment 动态径向疲劳试验 dynamic radial fatigue test 横向疲劳试验 cornering fatigue test 轴安装 axel mounting 轴颈安装 journal mounting 孔径 bore 轮胎 tyre (tire) 轮胎系列 tyre series 轮胎规格 tyre size 轮胎标志 tyre marking 速度符号 speed symbol 胎面磨耗标志 tread wear indicator 骨架材料 framework material 层数 number of plies 层级 ply rating 外胎 cover 内胎 inner tube 胀大轮胎 grown tyre 充气轮胎 pneumatic tyre 新胎 new tyre 有内胎轮胎 tubed tyre 无内胎轮胎 tubeless tyre 水胎 curing bag 保留生产轮胎 reserved old series of tyre 普通断面轮胎 conventional section tyre
低断面轮胎 low section tyre 超低断面轮胎 super low section tyre 宽基轮胎 wide base tyre 斜交轮胎 diagonal tyre 子午线轮胎 radial ply tyre 活胎面轮胎 removable tread tyre 越野轮胎 cross-country tyre 沙漠轮胎 sand tyre 浇注轮胎 cast tyre 调压轮胎 adjustable inflation tyre 海棉轮胎 foam filled tyre 常压轮胎 atomospheric pressure tyre 内支撑轮胎 internal supporter tyre 拱形轮胎 arch tyre 椭圆形轮胎 elliptical tyre 实心轮胎 solid tyre 粘结式实心轮胎 cured on solid tyre 非粘结式实心轮胎 pressed on solid tyre 圆柱实心轮胎 cylindrical base solid tyre 斜底实心轮胎 conical base solid tyre 抗静电实心轮胎 anti-static solid tyre 导电实心轮胎 conductive solid tyre 耐油实心轮胎 oil-resistance solid tyre 高负荷实心轮胎 high load capacity solid tyre 胎面花纹 treadpattern 纵向花纹 circumferetial pattern 横向花纹 transverse pattern 公路花纹 highway tread pattern 越野花纹 cross-country tread pattern 混合花纹 dual purpose tread pattern 定向花纹 directional tread pattern 雪泥花纹 mud and snow pattern 花纹细缝 pattern sipe 花纹块 pattern block 花纹条 pattern rib 花纹沟 groove 花纹加强盘 tie-bar of pattern 花纹角度 pattern angle 花纹纹深度 pattern depth 花纹展开图 patttern plan 光胎面 smooth tread 胎冠 crown 胎面 tread 胎面行驶面 tread cap 胎面基部 tread base 胎面基部胶 tread slab base
胎面过渡胶 transition rubber of tread 缓冲层 breaker 带束层 belt 缓冲胶片 breaker strip 包边胶 tie-in strip 完带层 cap ply 胎体 carcass 帘 面层 cord ply 隔离胶 insulation rubber 封口胶 sealing rubber 胎里 tyre cavity 内衬层 inside liner 气密层 innerliner 胎肩 shoulder 胎肩区 shoulder area 胎肩垫胶 shoulder wedge 胎侧 sidewall 屈挠区 flexing area 胎侧胶 sidewall rubber 装饰胎侧 decorative sidewall 装饰线 decorative rib 装配线 fitting line 防擦线 kerbing rib 胎圈 bead 钢丝圈 bead ring 钢丝包胶 wire covering 胎圈座 bead seat 胎圈座角度 beat seat angle 胎圈座圆角半径 bead seat radius 胎圈座宽度 bead seat width 可选择的胎圈座轮廓 bead seat optional contours 凹陷型 center-pente(CP) 平峰型 flat hump(FH) 凸峰型 round hump(RH) 特殊座架 special ledge(SL) 胎圈芯 bead core 三角胶 apex 胎圈补强带 bead reinforcing strip 胎圈包布 chafer 胎圈外护胶 bead filler rubber 胎踵 bead heel 胎趾 bead toe 胎圈底部 bead base 内胎胎身 tube body 断面宽度 section width 断面高度 section height
高宽比(H/S) aspect ratio(H/S) 外直径 overall diameter 自由半径 free radius 转向系 steering system 类型 type 机械转向系 manual steering system 动力转向系 power steering system 转向操纵机构 steering control mechanism 直列式转向器 in-line steering gear 四边联杆式转向机构 parallelogram linkage steering 整体式动力转向机构 integral type power steering 总成和部件 assemblies and parts 转向万向节 steering universal joint 转向传动轴 steering inner articulated shaft 转向管柱 steering column 球轴承套管式转向管柱 tube and ball type steering column 可伸缩式转向管柱 telescopic steering column 折叠式转向管柱 collapsible steering column 倾斜和缩进式转向管柱 tilt and telescopic steering column 吸能式转向管柱 energy-absorbing steering column 网络状转向柱管 net type steering column 转向轴 steering shaft 转向横轴 cross shaft 转向盘 steering wheel 倾斜式方向盘 tilt steering wheel 机构转向器 manual steering gear 蜗杆滚轮式转向器 worm and roller steering gear 转向器盖 cover of steering gear 壳体 housing 转向蜗杆 steering worm 滚轮 roller 滚轮轴 roller shaft 侧盖 side cover 摇臂轴 pitman arm shaft 循环球式转向器 recirculating ball steering gear 循环球和螺母式转向器 recirculating ball and nut steering gear 循 环 球 齿 条 齿 扇 式 转 向 器 recirculating ball-rack and sector steering gear 转向螺母 steering nut 钢球 ball 转向螺杆 steering screw 循环球-曲柄销式转向器 recirculating ball-lever and peg steering gear 指销 stud 蜗杆指销式转向器 worm and peg steering gear
转向齿轮 steering pinion 转向齿条 steering rack 动力转向器 power steering stgear 整体式动力转向器 integral power steering gear 常压式液压动力转向器 constant pressure hydraulic power steering gear 常流式液压动力转向器 constant flow hydraulic power steering gear 螺杆螺线式转向器 screw and nut steering gear 蜗杆指销式转向器 worm and peg steering gear 齿轮齿条式转向器 rack and pinion steering gear 变传动比转向器 steering gear with variable ratio 转向控制阀 steering control valve 滑阀式转向控制器 spool valve type 阀体 valve housing 滑阀 valve spool 转阀式转向控制阀 rotary valve type 扭杆 torsion bar 转向动力缸 power cylinder 转向油泵 power steerig pump 转向油罐 oil reservoir 转向传动杆系 steering linkage 动力转向系布置 power steering system layout 反作用阀 reactive valve 梯形转向机构 ackerman steering 整体式转向梯形杆系 ackerman steering linkdage 分段式转向梯形杆系 divided ackerman steering linkage 中间转向杆 intermediate steering rod 转向摇臂 pitman arm 转向直拉杆 steering drag link 中间转向联杆 center steering linkdage 端部螺塞 end plug 球头销 ball stud 球头座 ball cup 压缩弹簧 compression spring 梯形机构 tie rod linkage 梯形臂 tie rod arm 转向横拉杆 steering tie rod 接头 socket 横拉杆端接头 tie rod end 分段式梯形机构 split tie rod type tie rod linkage 摆臂 swing arm 动力转向 power steering 气压式动力转向 air-power steering 液压式动力转向 hydraulic power steerig 液压常流式动力转向 hydraulic constant flow type power
steering 液压储能式动力转向 hydraulic accumulator power steering 慢速转向 slow steeirng 快速转向 fast steering (quick steering) 过度转向 oversteering 转向不足 understeering 转向系刚度 steering system stiffness 转向盘自由行程 free play of steering wheel 转向器转动力矩 rotating torque of steering gear 转向力矩 steering mometn 转向阻力矩 steering resisting torque 转向力 steering force 转向传动比 steering gear ratio (steering ratio0 恒定转向传动比 constant ratio steering 可变转向传动比 variable ratio steering 转向系角传动比 steering system angle ratio 转向器角传动比 steering gear angle ratio 转向传动机构角传动比 steering linkage angle ratio 转向器传动效率 steerign gear efficiency 正效率 forward efficiency 逆效率 reverse efficiency 转向器扭转刚度 torsional stiffness of steering gear 转向盘总圈数 total number of steering wheel turns 转向器总圈数 total turns of steering gaer 转向器传动间隙 steering gar cleanrance 摇臂轴最大转角 max.rotating angle of pitman arm shaft 转向摇臂最大摆角 max. Swing angle of steering pitman arm 转向器反驱动力矩 reverse rotating torque of steering gear 转向器最大输出扭矩 steering gear max. Output torque 最大工作压力 max. Working pressure 额定工作压力 rated working pressure 转向油泵理论排量 theoretical displacement of pump 限制流量 limited flow 转向控制阀预开隙 pre-opened play of steering contol valve 转向控制阀全开隙 totally -opened play of steering control valve 转向控制阀内泄漏量 internal leakage in steering control valve 转向控制阀压力降 pressure loss in steering control valve 转 向 器 角 传 动 比 特 性 steering gear angle ratio characteristic 转向器传动间隙特性 steering gear clearance characterstic 转向器传动效率特性 steering gear efficeieny characteristic 转向力特性 steering force characteristic 动力转向系灵敏度特性 power steering systme response
characteristic 转向控制阀压力降特性 steeirn gcontrol valve presrue loss characteristtic 前桥 front axle 工字梁 I-beam 双工字梁 twin I-beam 非驱动桥 dead axle 转向节 steering knuckle 挂车转向装置 steering system of trailer 中央主销式转向装置 central king pin type steering systme 无主销转向装置 no king pin type steering system 全杆式转向装置 all linkage tyep steering system 球销式转向节 ball and socket steering knuckle 转向节止推轴承 steering knuckle thrust bearing 前轮轴 front wheel spindle 转向盘轴 steering spindle 转向节轴 knuckle spindle 转向节臂 steering knuckle arm (转向节)主销 knuckle pin(King pin) 反拳式前桥 reverse elliott axle 反拳式转向节 reverse elliott steering knuckle 叉式前桥 elliott type axle 叉式转向节 elliott steering knuckle 制动系 braking ssytem 类型 tyep 行车制动系统 service braking sytem 应急制动系统 secondary (emergency )braking sytem 驻车制动系统 parking braking system 辅助制动系统 auxiliary braking system 自动制动系统 automatic braking sytem 人力制动系统 muscular energy braking sytem 助力制动系统 energy assisted braking system 动力制动系统 non-muscular energy braking system 惯性制动系统 inertial braking styem 重力制动系统 gravity braking sytem 单回路制动系统 single-circuit braking system 双回路制动系统 dual -ciurcuit braking system 单管路制动系统 single-line braking system 双管路制动系统 dual braking sytem 多管路制动系统 multi-line braking sytem 连续制动系统 continuous braking sytem 半连续制动系统 semi-continuous braking sytemm 非连续制动系统 non-continuous braking system 伺服制动系统 servo braking system 液压制动系统 hydraulic braking sytem 电磁制动系统 electormagnetic braking sytem
机械制动系统 mechanical braking sytem 组合制动系统 combination braking sytem 基本术语 bsic terms 制动装备 braking equipment 组成部件 constituent elements 制动力学 braking mechanics 渐进制动 gradual braking 制动能源 braking energy source 制动力矩 braking torque 总制动力 total braking force 干扰后效制动力矩 distrubing residual braking torque 总制动距离 total braking distance 有效制动距离 active braking distance 制动力分配率 braking force distaribution rate 制动效能因素(制动强度) braking efficiency factro 制动力 braking work 瞬时制动功率 instantaneous braking power 保护压力 rptection pressure 报警压力 alarm pressure 制动系滞后 braking system hysteresis 制动效果百分数 percentage of the braking efficiency 停车距离(制动距离) stopping distance 充 分发出 的平均 减速 度 mean fully developed braking deceleration (MFDD) 制动反应时间 reaction time 促动时间 actuating time 初始反应时间 initial response time 制动力增长时间 build-up time of braking force 有效制动时间 active braking time 释放时间 release time 驾驶员反应时间 reaction time of driver 机构滞后时间 mechanism hysteresis time 增长时间 build-up time of braking force 主制动时间 main braking time 总制动时间 total braking tiem 停车时间 stopping tiem 开启行程 opening travel 空行程 spare travel 中间行程 mid-travel 制动储备行程 reserve brake travel 断油行程 cut-off travel 行程损失 loss of travel 缩小比(减压比) reduction ratio 回缩 retraction 两片法 two-plate method 单片法 single-plate method
含水量 moistrue content 单轮控制 individual wheel control 多轮控制 multi wheel control 轴控制 axle control 边控制 side control 对角控制 diagonal control 组合多轴控制 combined multi-axle control 可变选择 variable selection 最低控制速度 minimum control speed 传感器信号选择 sensor signal 低选择 select -low 高选择 select-high 预定选择 predetermined selectin 车轮选择 selection by wheel 平均选择 average selecton 分辨率 resolution rate 控制周期 control cycle 控制频率 control frequency 控制力 control force 作用力 control froce 制动器效能因素 application force 制动器材的滞后 brake hysteresis 制动器输出力矩 brake output torque 制动器额定力矩 brake rating torque 制动蹄效能因素 brake shoe efficiency factro 制 动 蹄 作 用 压 力 application pressure of brake shoe assebmly 制动蹄释放压力 release pressure of brake shoe 最大制动蹄中心升程 maximum shoe centre lift 制动鼓直径 drum diameter 制动鼓宽度 drum width 制动鼓厚度 drum thickness 制动盘厚度 disc thickness (鼓或盘)的摩擦面积 swept area 制动衬片吸收功率 power absorption of lining 制动衬片包角 lining arc 制动衬片单位面积制动力 lining drag 衬片摩擦系数 lining mu 衬片摩擦面积/每轴 lining area/axle 衬片摩擦面积/每个制动器 lining area/brake 踏板行程 pedal travel 踏板自由行程 free pedal travel 踏板最大行程 maximum pedal travel 踏板力 pedal effort 有效踏板长度 effective pedal length 踏板速比 pedal velocity ratio
踏板回位弹簧力 pedal return spring load 踏板回位弹簧刚度 pedal return spring rate 制动初速度 initial speed of braking 制动减速度 braking deceleration 瞬时制动减速度 instantaneous braking deceleration 平均制动减速度 mean braking deceleration 最大制动减速度 maximum braking deceleration 石油基制动液 petroleum base brake fluid 非石油基制动液 non-petroleum base brake fluid 最低湿沸点 minimum wet boiling point 防冻液 anti-freeze liquid 冷却液 cooling liquid 供能装置 energy supplying device 真空泵 vacuum pump 喷射器 ejector 真空罐(筒) vacuum tank 空压机 air compressor 气缸盖 cylinder head 气缸体 cylinder block 活塞 piston 火塞环 piston ring 连杆 connecting rod 活塞销 piston pin 曲轴 crank shaft 进气阀 intake valve 排气阀 exhaust valve 储气罐(筒) air storage reservoir 调压阀 pressure regulating valve 单向阀 single check valve 止回阀、单向阀 check valve 滤清器 filter 进气滤清器 air intake filter 排气滤清器 air exhaust filter 管路滤清器 line filter 滤网(芯) strainer 油水分离器 oil and water seperator 防冻器 aiti-freezer 空气干燥器 air dryer 排放阀 drain valve 压力保护阀 pressrue protection valve 控制装置 control device 行车制动踏板装置 service braking pedal device 制动踏板 braking pedal 踏板护套 pedal pad 踏板支架 pedal brackeet 衬套 bushing
套管 collar 销轴 axis pin 回位弹簧 retruen spring 驻车制动操纵装置 parking brake control device 操纵杆 control lever 操纵杆支架 control lever bracket 操纵杆导套 control lever guide collar 齿杆(棘轮) rod rack(ratchet) 棘抓 ratchet pawl 操纵揽绳 control cable 平衡臂 equalizer 拉杆(拉绳) pull rod(pull wire) 拉杆导套 pull rod guide collar 制动杆 brake lever 手制动杆 hand lever 气制动阀 aire brake valve 单腔气制动阀 single-chamber air brake valve 推杆 plunger 气阀 air valve 平衡弹簧 equalizing spring 膜片 diaphragm 双腔气制动阀 dual-chamber air brake valve 串列式双腔气制动阀 series dual -chamber air brake valve 并列式双腔气制动阀 parallel dual-chamber air brake valve 三腔气制动阀 triple-chamber air brake valve 三通路控制阀 three way control valve 双向止回阀(双通单向阀) dual way check valve 继动阀 relay valve 快放阀 quick release valve 继动快放阀 relay and quick release valve 挂车制动阀 trailer braking valve 挂车制动应急继动阀 trailer braking relay emergency valve 挂车制动保护阀 trailer braking protecton valve 挂车制动放松阀 trailer braking relax valve 手控制动阀 hand braking valve 传能装置 transmission device 制动主缸 brake master cylinder 有补偿孔式制动主缸 compensating brake master cylinder 无补偿孔式制动主缸 portless brake master cylinder 串列双腔式制动主缸 series dual chamber brake master cylinder 盘式制动器制动缸 disc brake cylinder 双腔制动主缸 tandem master cylinder 主腔 primary chamber 应急腔 secondary chamber 膜片 diaphragm
主缸缸体 master cylinder body 皮碗防护垫 cup protector 主皮碗 primary cup 皮圈(副皮碗) ring cup 副皮碗 secontary cup 弹簧座 spring seat 活塞挡圈 piston stopper 卡环 snap ring 主缸推杆 master cylinder push rod 连接叉 clevis 防尘罩(套) boot 残留阀 residual valve 储液室 fluid reservoir 主缸储液室 master cylinder reservoir 储液室盖 fluid reservoir cap 进油阀 inlet valve 第一活塞 first piston 第二活塞 secondary piston 轮缸 wheel cylinder 伺服机构 servo mechanism 助力器 booster 真空助力器 vacuum booster 反馈杠杆 reaction lever 反馈盘 reaction plate 伺服阀 servo valve 反馈柱塞 reaction plunger 伺服活塞 servo piston 助力活塞 boosting piston 伺服膜片 servo diaphragm 助力膜片 boosting diaphragm 真空增压器 vacuum intensifier 控制阀体 control valve body 阀门弹簧 valve spring 控制膜片回位弹簧 control diaphragm return spring 控制膜片 control diaphragm 控制活塞 control piston 控制活塞皮碗 control piston cup 辅助缸缸体 auxiliary cylinder body 液压活塞 hydraulic piston 液压阀 hydraulic valve 端盖 end plate 气压助力器 air booster 气压-液压增压器 air over hydraulic intensifier 气顶油助力器 air over hydraulic booster 管件 pipe unit 管路 pipe-line
传能管路 energy transmission lines 供能管路 energy transmission lines 供给管路 feed pipe 控制管路 supply line 促动管路 control line 操纵管路 pilot line 共用管路 common line 应急管路 emergency line 制动管路 braking line 应急制动管路 secondary line 刚性件 rigid pipe 半刚性管 semi-rigid pipe 软管 flexible pipe 电缆或导线 cable or wire 制动软管总成 brake hose assemblies 制动软管 braking hose 液压软管 hydraulic hose 软管保护管 hose protector 气制动软管 airbrake hose 跨接软管 jumper hose 桥式管 bridge pipe 热塑管路 thermo-plastic tubing 软管卡子 hose clip 橡胶内衬 elastometric lining 层 layer(plie) 加强帘线编织层 textile reinforcing cord 层迭迭外层 outer cover 管接头 pipe fittings 制动软管管接头 btrake hose end fitting 挂车制动接头 coupling head 压力接头 compression fittings 接头体 fittings body 接头轴心 coupling axis 密封圈 sealing ring 压力环 pressure ring 管座 pipe seat 管螺母 pipe nut 推力接头 thrust fitting 内锥座接头体 fitting body with innerconical seat 快速接头 quick fitting 跨接软管连接器 jumper lose connection 气制动管连接器 pneumatic braking connection 制动气室 brake chamber 膜片式制动气室 diaphragm brake chamber 活塞式制动气室 piston brake chamber 储能弹簧制动气室 energy storage spring brake chamber
储 能 弹 簧 放 松 机 构 energy storage spring release mechanism 随动件 follower 推杆 pusher 锁止式制动气室 lock brake chamber 锁止腔 lock chamber 琐止弹簧 lock spring 楔环 wedge ring 制动蹄促动器 brake shoe actuator 储能弹簧 energy storage spring 制动器 brake 摩擦式制动器 frictin braek 鼓式制动器 drum brake 盘式制动器 disc brake 多片盘式制动器 multiple disc brake 挂车制动器 trailer brake 超速制动器 overrun brake 液压制动器 hydraulic brake 内涨型鼓式制动器 internal expanding drum brake 双领蹄式制动器 two leading shoe brake 双从蹄式制动器 two trailing shoe brake 双向双领蹄式制动器 dual two leading shoe brake 双向双从蹄式制动器 dual two trailing shoe brake 领从蹄式制动器 leading trailing shoe brake 单向伺服式制动器 uni-servo brake 双向伺服式制动器 duo-servo brake 外收缩型鼓式制动器 external contracting drum brake 帘式制动器 band brake 钳盘式制动器 caliper disc brake 定钳盘式制动器 disc brake with fixed caliper 浮钳盘式制动器 disc brake with floating caliper 浮盘式制动器 floating disc brake 全盘式制动器 complete disc brake 凸轮张开式制动器 cam brake 楔式制动器 wedge brake 轮缸式制动器 wheel cylinder brake 刚性连接式制动器 positive engagement brake 驻车制动器 parking brake 盘式中央制动器 transmission disc brake带式中央制动器 transmission band brake 手制动器 hand brake 冷制动器 cold brake 制动鼓 brake drum 双金属式制动鼓 bimetallic shoe brake drum 制动鼓衬里 brake drum liner 制动鼓缘圈 drum rim
制动鼓散热肋 brake drum cooling rib 制动底板 brake bottom plate 制动蹄 brake shoe 制动蹄总成 brake shoe assembly 领蹄(紧蹄) primary shoe(leadijg shoe) 从蹄(松蹄) secondary shoe(trailing shoe) 销式蹄 pivoted shoe 滑动式蹄 sliding shoe 铰接式蹄 articulated shoe 刚性蹄 rigid shoe 半刚性蹄 semi-flexible shoe 蹄跟部 heel 蹄前端部 toe 间隙调整装置 lash adjusting device 调整臂 adjusting arm 调整臂总成 adjusting arm assembly 制动凸轮轴 brake camshaft 制动蹄限位弹簧 brake shoe hold down spring 制动蹄回位弹簧 brake shoe return spring 制动蹄支承座 brake shoe abutment 支承销 anchor pin 支承块 anchor plate 制动蹄导板 brake shoe link 蹄片张开装置 shoe expander mechanism 蹄片(自动)调整装置 brake shoe(automatic )adjuster 制动蹄张开杠杆 expander lever 制动蹄张开凸轮 expander cam 驻车制动杠杆 parking brake lever 驻车制动推杆 parking brake push-rod 制动轮缸 brake cylinder 制动带 brake band 制动盘 brake disc 制动钳 brake caliper 制动钳板臂 brake caliper plate yoke 制动钳安装架 brake caliper mounting bracket 制动块总成 brake pad assembly 盘式制动衬块 disc brake pad 制动衬块背板 brake pad back plate 制动衬片 brake lining 缓冲器 retarder 发动机缓冲装置 retarder by combustion engine 电机缓冲装置 retarder by electric traction motor 液力缓冲器 hydro-dynamic retarder 气动缓冲器 aerodynamic retarder 电磁缓冲器 electromagnetic retarder 空气动力缓速装置 aerodynamic retarder
排气缓速器 exhaust retarder 排气节流器 exhaust shutter valve 进气消声器 intake silencer 控制缸 control cylinder 电磁缓速器 electromagnetic retarder 盘形转子 discal rotor 定子电磁铁组 stationary electromagner 环形定子 stationary torus 电磁铁心 electromagnet core 激磁线圈 field winding(field coil) 液力缓速器 hydrodynamic retarder 双叶片转子 double runner rotor 排液管 drain pipe 作动拉杆 actuating link 排气管 exhaust pipe 断油拉索 cut-off link 辅助装置 auxiliary device 保护压力装置 protection pressure device 制动力调节装置 device to apply correction to braking force 车轮防抱死装置 anti-lock device 传感器 sensor 控制器 controller 调节器 modulatro 限压阀 proessure limiting valve 比例阀 proportioning valve 异径活塞 different diameter piston 阀体 valve body 压力控制弹簧 pressure control spring 阀弹簧 valve spring 阀 valve 惯性比例阀 inertia proportioning valve 惯性球 inertia ball 球阀座 ball valve seat 感载比例阀 loading sensing pressure proportoining valve 感载限压阀 loading sensing pressure limiting valve 惯性防抱死装置 inertia anti-lock device 电子防抱死装置 eoectro anti-lock device 报警装置 warning device 真空报警开关 vacuum warning switch 低压报警开关 low pressure warning switch 液面报警开关 level warning switch 作用机构 application mechanism 磨损补偿装置 wear compensation device 限位装置 inhibiting device 弹簧制动器的辅助放松装置 auxiliary release device for spring-brake actuator
防弯折装置 king protection device 托板 carrier 防铰接系统 anti-link system 附加装置 additional device 安全缸 safety cylinder 抑制螺拴 check bolt 抑制螺母 check nut 空气溢流阀 air bleed valve 安全阀 safety valve 压差控制阀(优先阀) pressure-gradient control valve 十字单向阀 spider singe check valve 差压阀 defferential valve 气压制动阀 air brake valve 分立制动阀 dual air brake valve 继动阀 relay valve 快放阀 quick release valve 安全继动阀 safety relay valve 双进口单向阀 double way check valve 调压阀 pressure governor 保险阀 relief valve 继动应急阀 relay emergency valve 牵引车保护阀 tractor protection valve 液压继动阀 dydraulic relay valve 手制动阀 hand brake valve 制动灯开关 braking light switch 分离开关 shut-off switch 气压表 air gauge 试验 test 缩颈试验 constriction test 抖动试验 whip test 膨胀试验 expansion test 拉伸试验 tensile test 吸水试验 water absorpton test 冷弯实试验 cold bend test 耐臭氧试验 ozone resistance test 盐雾试验 salt spray test 中性盐雾试验 neutral salt spray test 鉴定试验 qualification test 成批验收试验 lot acceptance 热压反复试验 heat pressure stroking 张紧变形试验 tension set test 冷效应试验 cold effectiveness test 热衰退试验 fade test 预备试验 preliminary test 强度试验; strength test 静态驻坡试验; static hill-holding test
颜色耐久度试验; test for color fastness 冷弯试验; cold impact test 热弯试验; hot impact test 爆裂试验; burst test 试验设备(台); test rig 塞规; gauge plug 防潮材料; moisture barrier material 滴定管; burette 添加剂; additve 空气游离; free of air 挠曲试验机; flexing machine 吸油绳; wick 加热罩; heating mantle 烧瓶; flask 沸腾石; boiling stone 玻璃仪器; glassware 冷凝器; condenser 环形夹子; ring clamp 硬石棉耐火垫; hard asbestos refractory 腐蚀试瓶; corrosion test jar 螺旋盖; screw-top 干燥器; desiccator 烘箱外罩; oven enclosure 金钢砂纸; silicon carbide paper 松节油; white spirit 钢丝棉; steel wool 钳子; forceps 软木塞; cork 培养皿; petri dish 离心试管; centrifuge tube 橡胶防护套; elastometric boot 臭氧箱; ozone chamber 冲程试验装置; stroking fixture 抛光机; polished machine 扩张芯轴; stretching mandrel 千分尺; micrometer 投影检测仪; shadowgraph 玻璃容器; glass container 镀锡钢盖; tinned steel lids 不起毛布; lint-free cloth 包装屑; packing debris 湿度箱; humidity cabinet 加热板; heating plate 载荷锤头; loading ram 拉力机; tensile machine 压力机; compression machine
夹具; fixture 拉头; block 导轨; guide 砂纸; emery paper 材料剪切试验台; material shear test rig 吸水石; absorbent paper 增湿; humidification 雾化; atomization 拉伸强度; tensile strength 屈服点; yield point 破坏时伸长量; elongation at break 化学试剂; reagent 盐溶液; salt solution 酒精-蒸馏水混合液; ethanol/distilled water mixture 玻璃电极; glass electrode 杂质; impurities 悬浮固体物; suspended solids 沉淀液; precipitaton number 不透明液; opaque transparent liquid 中和值; neutralization number 电位滴定法; potentiometric titration 平衡回流沸点; equilibrium reflux boiling point (ERBP 湿式平衡沸点; wet equilibrium reflux boiling point PH 值; PH value 污斑; staining 变色; discoloration 胶状物; jelly 无结晶型沉淀物; no crystalline-type deposit 流动性; fluidity 遮盖力图; hiding power chart 黑白分辨线; black contrast lines 分层; stratification 沉淀; sedimentation 硬度; hardness 油泥; sludging 磨粒; abrasive grains 化学转化; chemical reversion 气候老化; weather ageing 变质; deterioration 报废; rejection 刀痕; cut 麻点; pit 针孔; pin-hole 凸起; protuberance 烘箱老化; oven ageing 冷放时间; soaking time
使用温差; service temperature 制动器失效; misfunctioning of brake 试验跑道; test track 路面; surface 弯道; bend 普通水泥混凝土; portland cement concrete 转弯; corner 坡度; gradient 路拱; camber 点刹; snub 过大跑偏; undue deviation 满载停车; laden stops 防水性; protection against ingress of water 防尘性; protection against dust 热衰退; heat fade 水衰退; water fade 恢复; recovery 过恢复; over recovery 增强(突升); build up 制动气阻; braking vapor lock 龟裂; crack 热龟裂; heat crack 制动拖滞; braking drag 冷制动弊病; cold braking sickness 光学设备; optical device 校准器; aimer 光束轴; beam axle 校准屏幕; aiming screen 聚光装置; optical block 对光装置; alignment device 投影设备; projection equipment 远距离屏幕; distant screen 照明系统; lighting system 照明设备; lightig equipmetn 灯具; lamp 等效灯具; equivalent lamps 成对灯具; lamps constituting a pair 偶数灯; even number of lamps 操作指示灯; operational tell-tale 倒车灯; backup (reversing) lamp 车宽示廓灯; clearance lamp 复合灯; combined lamps 内藏灯(暗灯); concealable lamp 反射发光装置; reflex reflexting device 回射装置; retro0reflecting device 放电灯; discharge lamp
雾灯; fog lamp 组合灯; grouped lamps 危险警告灯; hazard warning lamp 近光前照灯; lower-beam (dipped beam) headlamp 远光前照灯; upper-beam 制动颤振; brake chatter 制动噪声; brake noise 车轮抱死; wheel lock 制动跑偏; braking deviation 制动甩尾; braking swerve 制动折叠; braking jack-knifing 制动跳动; braking hop 制动失效; braking failure 制动滑移; braking skid 制动点头; braking nose dive 电气设备和操纵件; electric equipment and controls 通用术语; general tems 要求电压; required voltage 标称电压; nominal voltage 外部电源; external power supply 外部稳压电源; external stabilized power 针式仪器; pointer instrument 测量电阻; measuring resistor 电阻值; resistance value 平均电力输入; mean electrical power input 串联电阻; series resistors 预热; warming up 电晕效应; corona effect 压痕; indentation 过热试验; thermal overload test 热收缩; shrinkage by heat 抗火焰传播性; resistance to flame propagation 本生灯; bunsen-burner 剥开绝缘; stripping of insulatin 热老化试验; heat ageing test 快速寿命试验; accelerated life test 卷绕试验; winding test 耐磨损性; abrasion test 擦刮磨损试验; scrape abrasion test 线层包覆层; strand coating 击穿; dielectric puncture 绝缘击穿; dielectric tracking 搭铁; ground (earth) 正极搭铁; plus earth 负极搭铁; minus earth 内搭铁; internal earth
外搭铁; external earth 火线; hot wire 电干扰; electrical distrubance 瞬变; transient 瞬变时间; transient duration 上升时间; rise time 下降时间; fall time 脉冲周期; pulse cycle time 失效程度的等级; failure mode severity classification 试验脉冲和试验方法; test pulse and method 试验脉冲强度; test pulse severity 耦合; coupling 耦合网络; coupling network 抗耦合网络; decoupling network 耦合夹钳; coupling clamp 电瞬变; electrical transients 瞬变传递; transient transmission 脉冲重复频率; pulse repetition rate 脉冲宽度; pulse width 模拟网络; artificial network 电磁环境; elecromagnetic environment 瞬变发射; transient emission 电压瞬变; voltage transient 并联电阻; shunt resistor 波形探测仪器; waveform acquisition equpment 电源切断; supply disconnecton 瞬变免疫性; transient immunity 脉冲发生器; pulse generator 线束阻抗; impedance of wiring harness 感应系数; inductance 线绕电阻; wire-wound resistor 内部电阻; internal resistance 浪涌电流; inrush current 附加波动电压; superimposed ripple voltage 频率宽度; band width 扫描速度; writing speed 输入灵敏度; input sensitivity 衰减精度; attenuation accuracy 接通转速; cut-in frequency 零电流转速; zero-amp frequency 使用转速; application frequency 空载转速; cut-in speed 负载转速; load speed 外部激励; external excitation 简化试验; short form test 预热试验; warm test
离散点法; discrete point method 连续测量法; continuous mode method 反电动势; back-electromotive force 磁通量; magnetic flux 磁场; magnetic field 磁场电流; field current 直流电压表; DC voltmeter 电流检测器; current probe 内装式传感器; built-in sensor 示波器; oscilloscope 负荷电容; load capacity 插入式传感器; plug-in sensor 负荷电阻; load resistor 发电机; generator (dynamo) 直流发电机; DC generator (dynamo) 前端盖; dirve end baring bracket 后端盖; commutator (slip ring) end bearing bracket 机壳; frame 定子总成; stator assembly (field frame assembly) 磁场绕组; field coil (excitation winding) 电枢总成; armature assembly 电枢绕组; armature winding 换向器; commutator 电刷; brush 电刷架; brush spring 电刷弹簧; brush spring “A” 接线柱; armature terminal (output terminal) “ F” 接线柱; field terminal “E” 接线柱; earth terminal 交流发电机; alternator (AC generator) 无刷交流发电机; brushless alternator 整体式交流发电机; integrate alternator 转子总成; rotor assembly 定子铁芯; stator core 散热板; heat sink 爪极; claw pole 磁轭; yoke 滑环; slip ring (collector ring) 整流器; rectifier 二极管; diode 功率二极管; power diode “B” 接线柱; battery terminal “N” 接线柱; neutral terminal 输出特性曲线; output characteristic curve 最大输出电流; maximum current output
磁场电流; fiel current 直流发电机调节器; DC generator regulator 电压调节器; voltage regulator 电流限制器; current limiter 继电器; relay 截流继电器; cutout relay 交流发电机调节器; alternator regulator 磁场继电器; field relay 充电指示继电器; chaerge indicator relay 电磁振动式调节器; electromagnetic regulator (vibrating type regulator) 单级电磁振动式继电器; single stage voltage regulator 双节电磁振动式调节器; double stage voltage regulator 调节电阻; regulating resistor 加速电阻; accelerating resistor 铁芯; core 衔铁; armature 搭铁螺钉; eqrth screw 磁分路片; magnetic by-pass plate 晶体管调节器; transistor regulator 集成电路调节器; Ic regulator (solid state regulator) 内装式调节器; built-in voltage regulator 调节电压; regulating voltage 限制电流; limiting current 闭合电压; cut-in voltage 逆电流; reverse current 蓄电池; battery (accumulator) 镍-镉蓄电池; nickel-cadmuum battery 镍-铁蓄电池; nickel-iron battery 酸性蓄电池; acid battery 铅酸蓄电池; lead-acid battery 密封蓄电池; no-service battery 干蓄电池; dry -charged battery 免维护蓄电池; maintenance free battery 并联电池组; batttery in quantity 蓄电池外壳; battery jar (accumulator jar) 蓄电池壳体; battery case 蓄电池单元; battery cell 蓄电池盖; cell lid 蓄电池加电水口塞; cell filler plug 蓄电池联条; cell connector 穿通式联条; over-partition connector 蓄电池极板组; pass through partition connector 栅板; palte grid 负极板; negative plate 正极板; positive plate
沉淀物储存槽; sediment chamber 极板活性物质; plate active material 电解液; electrolyte (battery solution) 电界液液面高度; electrolyte level 蓄电池吊架; cell hanger 极性; polarity 蓄电池接柱; battery post 阳极接头; hot post 边接头; side post 正极接线柱; positive terminal 负极接线柱; negative terminal 绝缘层; insulating laminaiton 氢氧化镍; nickel hydroxide 起动机; starter (starting motor,cranking motor) 电磁开关; solenoid switch 吸引线圈; pull-in winding 保持线圈; holding winding 起动继电器; starter relay 机械啮合式起动机; mechanically engageddrive starter 预啮合式起动机; pre-engaged drive starter 电枢移动式起动机; sliding armature starter 齿轮移动式起动机; sliding gear starter 同轴式起动机; coaxial drive starter 惯性式起动机; inertial drive starter 预热器; intake air heater 电热塞; glow plug 热电丝式指示器; glow indicator 点火系统; ignition system 传统点火系统; conventional igniton system 半导体点火系统; semi-conductor ingnition sytem 电子点火系统; electronic ignitin system 电感点火系统; inductive ignitin system 电容放电点火系统; capacitor discharge ignition system 半 导 体 辅 助 点 火 系 统 ; semi-conductor assisted ignition system 触点式点火系统; contact-controlled ignition systme 无触点式点火系统; breakless ignition system 磁脉冲信号发生器; magnetic pulse generator 传感线圈; pick-up coil 光电信号发生器; photoelectric signal generator 点火脉冲信号放大器; ignition pulse amplifieer 无分电器点火系统; distributorless ignition sytem 离心提前机构; centrifugal advance mechanism 真空提前机构; vacuum advance mechanism 触点间隙; point gap 次级有效高压; secondary available voltage
火花塞需要电压; required spark plug voltage 点火电压储备; ignition voltage reserve 次级输出电压; secondary output voltage 次级电压上升时间; secondary voltage rise time 平均输入电流; average current input 峰值线圈电流; peak coil current 断电电流; interruption current 断电触点电流; contacet breaker current 初级供电电流; primary supply voltage 线圈初级感应电压; coil primary induced voltage 最低工作转速; minimum operating speed 储存能量; stored energy 励磁时间间隔; energizing interval (dwell angle) 最高连续发火转速; maximum continued sparking speed 最高断火转速; maximum misfire revolution 发火率; sparking rate 点火提前角; spark advance angle 离心提前角; centrifugal advance angle 分压器; voltage divider 放大器; amplifier 储存能量; stored energy 火花塞; spark plug 冷型火花塞; soft plug 中型火花塞; normal plug 热型火花塞; hard plug 前置火花塞; leading spark plug 后置火花塞; trail spark plug 长螺纹(长型)火花塞; long-reach plug 突出型火花塞; projectred nose type spark plug 锥座型火花塞; conical seat type spark plug 矮型火花塞; compact type spark plug 抑制型火花塞; seppresssed type spark plug 电阻型火花塞; resistor type spark plug 屏蔽型火花塞; screened spark plug 半导体火花塞; semiconductor spark plug 沿面间隙火花塞; surface gap spark plug 热值; heat rating 耐冷污值; cold fouling rating 电火花; electric spark 火花间隙; spark gap 电极间隙; electrode gap 火花电压; spark voltage 火花电流; spark current 火花持续时间; spark duration 点火次序; firing order 自点火; self-ignition
纯燃(后燃); post-ignition 高压火花点火; jump-spark ignition 压电点火; piezoelectric ignition 封闭回路式点火; closed circuit ignition 电子点火; electronic ignition 点火正时; ignition timing 点火调节器; ignition governor 过热; overheating 油污; oiol fouling 积碳; carbon deposit 火花间隙接通; gap bridging 接线杆绝缘物(胶合物); pin insulation (cement) 火花塞接线杆; spark plug terminal pin 火花塞绝缘体; spark plug insulator 火花塞体环; spark plug body rim 火花塞外壳六角螺母; spark plug bodyhexagon nut 火花塞外壳; spark plug body 中心电极; centre electrode 接地电极; ground electrode 火花塞螺纹; spark plug thread 点火迟后; timing lag 点火线圈; ignition coil 并联线圈; shunt winding 串联线圈; series winding 加速线圈; acceleating winding 补偿线圈; compensating widning 无芯线圈; air-core winding 线圈体; coil case (点火)线圈绝缘体; coiled insulator 线圈绝缘层; winding insulating layer 铁芯绝缘层; core insulating tube 绝缘杯; core insulator 磁芯; magnetic core 隔磁套; magnetic shield 胶木盖; ignition coil head 高压接线柱; high tension terminal 初级绕组; primary winding 次级绕组; secondary wnding 平衡电阻; ballast resistor 低压接线柱; low tension ternminal 接触断电器; contact breaker 断电器触点臂; breaker cam 分电器; igniton distributor 集成分电器; unit distributor 分电器轴; distributor shaft 分电器外壳; distributor housing
分电器转子; distributor rotor 分电器盖; distributor cap 分电器盖塔; distributor cap tower 分火头; distributor track 电容器; condenser (capacitor) 高压线; coil high tension cable 低压线; cool low tension cable 高压阻尼线; anti-interference igniton cable (high resistance cable) 阻尼电阻; suppressor resistor 定时器转子; timer rotor 电气元件; electric elements 插头; plug 插座; socket 触头; contact 接线柱; terminal 螺纹拉线柱; threaded terminal 片状接线柱; blade terminal 双极插接器; double-pole connector 导线; conductro 防水盖; splash-proof cover 铰接盖; hinged cover 锁上凸块; locking lug 弹性管; spring tube 弹性销; resilient pin 触角标志; contact disignation 电源线; supply line 电缆; cable 电缆颜色; cable color 压接电线; fixed wiring 内部电线; internal cable 外部电线; external cable 多芯导线; multicore cable 双芯电线; twin-core cable 单芯电线; single-core cable 七芯连接电缆; seven-core connecting cable 无屏蔽高压点火线; unscreened high-tension igniton calbe 外皮; sheath 插片; male tab 插座孔; socket aperture 二极管; diode 稳压二极管; zener diode 变阻器; varistor 阻尼电阻; damping resistor 抑制滤波器; suppression filter 断开触点; break contact
闭合触点; make contact 转换触点; changeover contact 片式快速插接件; flat quick-connect termination 锁销; detent 自锁插座; positive locking female connector 无肩插座; tab without shoulder 有肩插座; tab with shoulder 卷压接头; crimped termination 变压器; transformer 整流器; rectifier 过载保护; over-current protection 保险丝; fuse 微型电路继电器; miniature circuit breaker 保险丝壳; fuse holder 保险丝盒; fuse box 片式插头; blade terminal 喇叭; horn 电喇叭; electric horn 盆形喇叭; disc type horn (high0frequency horn) 气动多音喇叭; windtorn horn (shell type horn) 筒形电喇叭; trumpet type horn 气喇叭; air horn (pneumatic horn) 电控喇叭; electrically controlled air horn 电动气喇叭; electropneumatic horn 晶体管电喇叭; transistor horn 单音喇叭; monotone horn 双音喇叭; bitone horn 三音喇叭; tritone horn 扬声筒; trumpet projector 共鸣板; resonator 膜片; diaphragm 支架; bracket 喇叭继电器; horn relay 倒车报警器; back-up buzze 蜂鸣器; buzzer 声频特性; acoustic properties 声能频谱分布; spectral distribution of acoustic energy 声压计; sound pressure level 声响讯号装置; sound signalling device 声级计; sound level meter 一音级; octave 半音级; half-octave 第三音级; third-octave 频带过滤器; band filter 无回音室; anechoic room 截止频率; cut-off frequency
拾音器; microphone 吸声屏; absorbing screen 环境噪声级; ambient noise level 复音声响讯号装置; multi-tone sound signalling device 信噪比; singla-to-noise ratio 闭合比例; dwell raito 噪声电平; noise level 小功率功率电动机; small power motor 刮水电动机; wiper motor 暖风电动机; heater motor 冷风电动机; cooling fan motor 燃油泵电动机; fuel pump motor 摇窗机构电动机; window lift motor 天线电动机; antenna motor (aerial motor) 座椅调节电动机; seat adjustment motor 洗涤泵; washer pump 洗涤电动机; washer motro 润滑泵电动机; lubricating motor 操纵件; controls 方向盘; steering control 变速杆; gear selector (transmission control) 加速踏板; accelerator pedal 手油门; manual accelerator control 离合器踏板; clutch pedal 行车制动器制动踏板; service braking control 应急制动器操纵件; secondary (emergency) braking conrol 驻车制动器操纵件; parking brake control 发动机冷起动操纵件; engine cold start control 风窗玻璃刮水器操纵件; windscreen wiper conrol 风窗玻璃洗涤器操纵件; windscreen washer control 门锁操纵件; door latch control 门锁止操纵件; door lock control 门窗玻璃升降器操纵件; window lift control 暖风操纵件; heater control 空调操纵件; air conditioning control 点火开关; ignition switch 灯光总开关; master lighting swithc 转向指示器操纵件; direction indicator control 危急信号操纵件; hazard warnig signal control 客厢顶灯开关; interior light switch 音响警告(喇叭)操纵件; audible wanring (horn) control 座椅调节操纵件; seat adjustment cntrol 动力输出操纵件; power-take-off control 翻倾操纵件; tilt control 发动机罩操纵件; front hood (bonnet) control 行李箱盖操纵件; real hood (boot) control
散热器百叶窗操纵件; radiator shutter control 外后视镜调节操纵件; outside rear-view mirror adjustment control 车灯开关; lighting switch 制动灯开关; stop lamp switch 手制动灯开关; hand brake indicator switch 变光开关; dimmer switch 转向灯开关; turn signal swich 倒车灯开关; back-up lamp siwthc 停车灯开关; parking lamp swich 仪表灯开关; instrument lamp switch 门灯开关; door lamp switch 阅读灯开关; reading lamp switch 刮水器开关; wiper switch 洗涤器开关; washer switch 暖风开关; heater switch 雾灯开关; fog lamp swtich 防空灯开关; black-out lamp swtich 起动开关; starting switch 发动机预热起动开关; engine start preheating switch 蓄电池总开关; battery main swtich 起动转换开关; battery change -over switch 摇压开关; rocker switch 按钮开关; push button switch 扳扭开关; toggle switch 顶杆开关; plunger switch 推拉开关; push pull switch 旋转开关; rotary switch 组合开关; multi-function switch 活动车顶操纵件; sliding roof control 自动天线操纵件; automatic antenna control 收音机操纵件; radio receiver contols 柴油机停机操纵件; diesel engine cut-off control 起动机操纵件; startercontrol 前照灯光束对光操纵件; headlight beam aiming control 前照灯刮水器操纵件; headlight wiper control 前照灯清洗器操纵件; headlight cleaner control 蓄电池断路器操纵件; battery isolating switch control 光警告操纵件; optical warning control 转向盘调节装置操纵件; steering wheels adjustment control (下坡)缓速器操纵件; retarder control 附加驱动车轮的操纵件; additional wheel drive control 差速锁操纵件; differential lock control 水箱面罩操纵件; radiator grill control 档位变换操纵件; range shift control 指示器; indicator
电流表; ammeter 燃油表; fuel gauge (发动机)冷却液温度表; coolant thermometer (发动机)机油温度表; oil thermometer 发动机油压表; engine oil pressue indicator 气制动贮气筒压力表; air brake reservoir pressrue indicator 车速里程表; speedometer 里程表; odometer 短程里程表; trip odometer (counter) 速度纪录仪; tachograph 转速表; tachometer 转速累计表; total revolution counter 集 中 润 滑 系 统 油 压 表 ; cetnralized lubrication pressure indicator 自动变速器指示器; automatic gearbox indicator 磁感应式车速里程表; magnetic inductive speedometer 里程计数器; mileage counter 数字轮; digit wheel 标度盘; scale (dial) 调零机构; null setting 电子车速里程表; electronic spedometer 磁感应式转速表; magnetic inductive tachometer 电子转速表; electronic tachometer 油压表; oil pressure gauge 双金属式机油压力传感器; bimetallic oil pressure snesor 双金属式机油压力表; bimetalic oil pressure indicator 电磁式机油压力表; electromagnetic oil pressure indicator 动磁式机油压力表; moving magnet oil pressrue indicator 可变电阻式压力表; variable reistance oil pressure sensor 波登管式压力表; bourdon tube pressure gauge 机油油量报警传感器; oil level warning sensor 压力报警传感器; pressure warning sensor 空气滤清器堵塞报警传感器; air filter clog warning sensor 温度表; temperature gauge 双金属式温度传感器; bimetallic temperature sensor 电磁式温度计; electromagnetic temperature indicator 热敏电阻式温度传感器; thermistor temperature sensor 波登管式温度表; bourdon tube temperature gauge 温度报警传感器; temperature warning sensor 双金属式油量表; bimetallic fuel indicator 电磁式油量表; eelctromagnetic fuel indicator 动磁式油量表; moving magnet fuel indicator 可变电阻式燃油储量传感器; variable resistance fuel level sensor 燃油储量报警传感器; fuel level warning sensor 极化电磁式电流表; polarized electromagnetic ammeter
动磁式电流表; moving magnet ammeter 电压表; voltmeter 软轴; flexible shaft 组合仪表; combination instrument 气压表; air pressure gauge 自记式转速计; tachograph 发动机工作小时表; engine hour meter 信号装置; tell-tales 远光信号灯; driving (upper )(high) beam tell-tale 近光信号灯; pasing (dipped )(low) beam tell-tale 雾灯信号灯; fog light tell-tale 转向信号灯; direction indicator tell-tale 危急报警信号灯; hazard warning system tell-tale 行车制动系警报灯; service braking system warning tell-tale 轮 胎 充 气 压 力 警 报 灯 ; tyre inflation pressure warning tell-tale 安全带警报灯; seat belt warning tell-tale 门开警报灯; automatic door warning tell-tale 机油压力警报灯; oil prssure warning tell-tale 机油油面警报灯; oil level warnig tell-tall 温度警报灯; temperature warnig tell-tale 蓄电池充电状况警报灯; battery charging condition tell-tale 燃油油面警报; fuel level tell-tale 挡 风玻璃电 加热器 信号灯 ; windscreen eletric heater tell-tale 驻车制动系警报灯; parking braking sytem warning tell-tale 被动式乘员安全警报灯; passive restraint tell-tale 乘 客 与 驾 驶 员 联 系 信 号 灯 ; passenger-driver communication tell-tale 无线电话信号灯; radio communication sytem tell-tale 空气滤清器警报灯; air filter tell-tale 机油滤清器警报灯; oil filter tell-tale 驾驶室锁止警告灯; cab lock tell-tale 灯光和照明系统; light and lighting sytem 通用术语; general terms 照明; lighting 灯光; light 光源; light source 灯具的几何可见度角; angles of geometric visibility of a lamp 外表面; apparent surface 基准轴线; reference axis 基准中心; reference center
发光面; light-emitting surface 照明装置的光照面; illuminating sruface of a lighting device 反射镜的光照面; illuminating surface of a reflex reflextor 信号装置的光照面; illuminating surface of a signalling device 灯组的调整; adjustment of setting 对中; alignment 光色特性; colorimetric characteristics 光度特性; photometric characteristics 光束亮度; beam intensity 光束中心; beam center 远光束; main beam 近光束; dipped beam 远光; high beam 近光; lower eam 对称光; symmetrical beam 非对称光; asymmetrical beam 眩目; dazzle 眩光; glare 认视距离; bright viewing distance 配光; luminous intensity distribution 透光直径; transmission diameter 灯光颜色; lamp colr 兰色; blue 红色; red 局部黄色; selective yellow 绿色; green 琥珀色; amber 紫色; purple 谱值; spectral value CIE 光色三角区; zone of te CIE color triangle 断路; break 阻抗; impedance 短路; short circuit 瓦数; wattage “ 切断”电路 " off"circuit 线路图; wiring diagram 电压波纹; ripple voltage 起动电流; inrush currant 绝缘强度; dielectric strength 闪频; flash rate 瞬间超电压强度; transient overvoltage strength 通电时间; current"on"time 直流电; direct current 交流电; alternating current 会车光束倾斜角; dipped beam inclinatin
灯光明暗截止线 " cut-off"line 初始倾斜角; initial inclination 封闭式灯光组; sealed beam unit 半封闭式灯光组; semi-sealed beam unit 配光镜; lens (glass lens) 反射镜`; reflector 配光屏; filament shield 定焦盘; prefocus plate 等照度曲线; isolux curve 等光强曲线; isocandela curve 信号系统; signal sytem 闪光频率; flash rate 起动时间; starting tiem 光度仪器; photometric device

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