Unit Three Computers
Period I (reading paragraph1-2)
编号：001 Part one. 单词和短语（英汉互译） 1. calculate (v.) be calculated for sth./to do sth
. make a rapid calculation 2.universal (a.) universe (n.) calculation (n.) calculate distance ; universal disease 编写者： 审核者：
The desire to look attractive is universal. 3.simplify (v.) simply further simple (a.) simply (ad.)
simple pictures and diagrams
some pages of simple advice on how to learn English well Most of the damage was simply because of fallen trees.
The book explains grammar simply and clearly.
4.intelligence(n.) a man with average intelligence
Use your intelligence, and you're sure to achieve sth.
They’re intelligent, hard-working and lively students.
5.sum 一大笔钱 6.operator(n.) 操纵这个机器； 7.solve(v.) solution(n.) operate(v.)
Here is the perfect solution to all your problems.
南中学案 9.reality(n.) 10．personal(a.) 个人的观点； real(a.) 事实上，实际上； personally（ad.） 个人的经验；
Personally, I think the team that won first place cheated.
11.结果； 导致，造成； 12.total(a.) 完全不同 totally(ad.)
由于，因为； 由…引起； 总之 =(in all );
Add up these figures and see if the total is correct.
His income reached a total of $1000.
What he said was totally opposed to facts.
Part Two.课文理解部分： Read the reading passage and finish the timeline below. 1642: 1936: 1940s: 1960s: 1970s: Read the reading passage and write down the topic of the first two paragraphs. Paragraph1. Paragraph2. 分析句子： 1.Although I was young I could simplify difficult sums. 2.From then on, I grew rapidly both in size and in brainpower. 3.By the 1940s I had grown as large as a room, and I wondered if I would grow and larger.
南中学案 4.I have been used in offices and homes since the 1970s. 5.As a result, I totally changed my shape.
6.Over time my memory has developed so much that, like an elephant, I never forget anything I have been told. 何时用 so ？何时用 such？
单句改错： 1. The number of people who travel by plane in China are larger than ever before. 2. Those who comes to school by bike don’t keep your umbrellars open while riding. 3. Neither you nor I are fit for the work. 4. There are a lake and some hills around it. 5. Every means have been tried, but we still can’t bring the fire under control. 6. Although the boy is only 3, but he knows a lot. 7. When he was young, he usually goes climbing. 8. You do say that you would lend me some money yesterday. 9. It is already 10 years since he becomes a lawyer. 10. The teacher told us that China was in the east of Asia. 11. The first railway in the world was designing in the last century. 12. It has been rained for the past few weeks. 语法填空： I have 3 good 1 (friend) and each of them 2 (have) their own problems. My (laugh) at. My friend (little) two hours 6 very friend Laura likes eating junk food and doesn’t like physical activities. So she is much3 (heavy) than other teeangers of her age. Sometimes she is 4 Jim likes playing computer games. He spends at 5 school. He 7 hard. 9
（play） computer games every day so that he doesn’t have much time to do his homework after （want）to stop playing computer games, but he finds8 is my friend Sally’s problem? Well, her parents work too hard every
day. They often come back very late. She has to stay at home alone. She feels very lonely at times. How she wished her parents could spare more time for her! What is my problem? I’m too shy. I’m afraid of 10 （talk）to strangers. 编号：002 Part one. 单词和短语 finance（n.）________→financial（adj.）____________ He does not understand finance at all.（英译汉）__________________________________ the financial crisis _________________________________ mobile (adj. )_________ → mobile phone___________________ He joined the mobile medical team.（英译汉）______________________________________ supporting(adj.) __________ a supporting actor__________________________ 编写者： 审核者：
Period II (reading paragraph3---using language)
programmer (n.) _______________systems programmer__________________________ virus (n.) _______________ The virus caused the computer to break down. ______________________________________ teammate (n.) _______________ ________ n.教练
The teammates in the basketball team felt great admiration for the coach. ___________________________________________________________________________ character (n.) _____________ His character is very different from his wife's. _______________________________________ naughty (adj.) ___________ ________n.侄女，外甥 God! My naughty niece has made quite a mess! ______________________________________ mop __________________________
Please mop up the mess. ____________________________________________________ spoil (vt.) _____________ Be careful not to spoil your new clothes. _____________________ _____________ (n.)火箭 发射火箭_________________________ _________ v．探索；考察；探险→____________ n. 探索→____________ n．探险者 探索的成功让探险者激动不已。 （汉译英） _____________________________________________ ___________ adv.（也作 anyway）无论如何，即使如此 无论如何，我今天晚上要见你。 （汉译英） _____________________________________________ __________ n．目标；目的；球门；(进球)得分→_________________________实现目标 We have achieved our goal of building a shelter for the homeless.（英译汉） ______________________________________________ ____________________ 人类 没有水，人类不能生存。______________________________________________ ______________(vt.)下载 你最好从网上下载一些歌曲。______________________________________________ _________ vi.& vt.发信号；发暗号；示意 n.信号 →________________交通信号灯 右转弯前你示意了吗？__________________________________________________ ________ n.类型；vi.& vt.打字
Could you type this letter for me? _____________________________________________ There are two types of rocks in this area. ________________________________________ ________ n．应用，运用，申请，请求，申请表；→ _________ v．应用，运用，申请， 请求 He applied himself to his new job. __________________________________________ ____________n 幸福，快乐→___________adj.幸福的，快乐的 _______vi.出现，发生→________vi.上升，升起→________vt.升起，提高，种植，饲养 新的困难出现了。____________________________________________________________ The river is rising after the rains. _________________________________________________ 她举起她的手。______________________________________________________________ ______________adj.电子的→________________n.电，电学 electronic brain ______________ ________________n.外观，外貌，出现→________________v.出现 _______________________________ 在某种程度上 In a way our programmer is like our coach. _________________________________________ 从某种程度上看， 失业并不是一件坏事。 __________________________________________ _______________________________ 在…的帮助下 在老师们的帮助下， 我已取得很大成就。 __________________________________________ ________________________________ 处理，安排，应付 他必须应对许多困难。________________________________________________________
南中学案 _________________________________ 看守，监视
她在照料自己生病的孩子。____________________________________________________ Part Two.课文理解部分： Choose the best answer according to the text. 5. How can you understand the underlined word? Since the 1970s many new applications have been found for me. A．a formal request for sth. B．the practical use of sth. C．an act of spreading sth. 6．The android was allowed to play a game of football ___________． A．once a year B．twice a year C．once a month 7．What can the writer be? A robot player. B．A coach. C．A team leader. 8．Why can the writer move and think like a human? A．His teacher helps him move and think like a human. B．A striker helps him move and think like a human. C．His computer chips help him to move and think like a human. 分析句子： 1. First as a PC and then as a laptop, I have been used in offices and homes since the 1970s.(翻译并找出时态和语态) 2. Over time my memory has developed so much that, like an elephant, I never forget anything I have been told! (翻译并找出时态和语态) 译： 3. Since the 1970s many new applications have been found for me. (翻译并找出时态和语 态) 4. I have also been put into robots and used to make mobile phones as well as help with
medical operations. (翻译并找出时态和语态) 译： Unit Three Computers Grammar：the present perfect tense & the present perfect pasive voice 编号：003 编写者： 审核者： 一、现在完成时的构成 （以下所有例句翻译成汉语） （一）肯定式 主语＋助动词 have ／has ＋过去分词＋其它 说明：这里的 have ／has 是助动词，没有什么具体意义。当主语是第三人称单数时助动
词用 has，其余人称一律用 have。 has，have 的缩略式分别为's 或've。实例： 1） I've just copied all the new words ． (表示不要再抄了) 2） She has lost her books ． （表示到目前为止还没有找到） (如果用过去时 She lost her books.则强调书是过去丢的这一动作，而不知现在有没有找到) 3） We've just cleaned the classroom ． （表明现在教室是干净的） （二）否定式 主语＋助动词 have ／has＋not＋过去分词＋其它 说明：现在完成时构成否定句时，只需在助动词 have ／has 后面加 not 就行。have not， has not 的缩略式分别为 haven't ，hasn't。另外，肯定句中有 some，already 时，改为否定 时要分别改成 any，yet。 实例： 1）I haven't finished my homework yet． 2）She hasn't travelled on a train ． 3）We have never spoken to a oreigner． 注：有时 not 可以用 never 代替，表示“从来没有”的意思。又如： 4）I have never seen him before． （三）一般疑问式 助动词 Have ／Has ＋主语＋过去分词＋其它 ？ 说明：把陈述句中的 have 或 has 放到句首，句末打问号，同时把句中的 some ，already 改为 any ，ye t 就构成了一般疑问句。肯定回答用“Yes ，主语＋have／has． 否定回答 用“No， 主语＋haven't／hasn't． ”有时也可以用“No， not yet． ／No ， never． ／No， not even once．”等。实例： 1）—Have you ever made dumplings ？ —Yes ，I have ．是的，我做过。 2） —Has she ever been abroad ？ —No， never． 不， 从来没有。 3）—Have they found the lost books yet ？ —Yes ，they have．是的，他们找到了。 注意：当句中有否定词 not ，hardly（几乎不） ，never 的时候，在改为反意疑问句时，附 加部分用肯定形式。例如：You have never come to our school ，have you ？ （四）现在完成时地被动语态：主动语态即主语为动作的执行者；被动语态即主语为动 作的承受者。现在完成时的被动语态同它的主动语态一样，强调过去的动作对现在造成 的影响或结果，但主语为动作的承受者，表示“……已经被……”。如： The new school has been set up. 2) 现在完成时被动语态的肯定式为：have / has + been + done。如： The experiment has been done successfully. 现在完成时被动语态的否定式为：have / has + not + been + done。如： Tom’s novel has not been published. 现在完成时被动语态的一般疑问句需将 have / has 提到主语的前面。如： Has his bike been repaired? 现在完成时被动语态的特殊疑问句为：疑问词 + have / has + been + done。如： Who has been invited? （五）现在完成时被动语态的主要用法 1．表示被动的动作发生在说话之前（即现在的过
去），强调对现在造成的影响和结果。例如：The door has been locked．门被锁上了。 （结果是现在没有人能进去） 2．表示一个被动的动作或状态开始于过去，持续到现在，并可能将持续下去，常与 for 或 since 引导的时间状语连用，或用于 How long．．．？句型中。例如： They have been told about it for many times． （可能还会有人告诉他们） How long has the machine been used？ 二、现在完成时的用法 （一）现在完成时的用法 1：表示过去发生或已经完成的某一动 作对现在造成的影响或结果。此时，常与时间副词 already（已经） ，yet（还、已经） ， just(刚刚、仅仅) ，ever（曾经） ，never（从不） ，before（以前）等连用。这几个副 词的用法如下： 1．already 意为“已经”，通常用于肯定句中，可放在助动词之后，过去 分词之前，也可以放在句末。实例： 1）I've already read this book. （“读”这一动作发生在过去，对现在造成的影响是“知道书中的内容”。 2）I've washed my clothes already． （洗衣服的动 作已完成，其结果是“衣服冼干净了”。 ） 注意：在表示吃惊或明知故问等感情色彩时，already 也可用于（口语）疑问句中。实例： 3）Have you met him already ？ 2．yet 用在疑问句中意为“已经”，用在否定句中意为“还”，常放在句末。实例： 1） —Has he found his watch yet ？ No， not yet． 不， 还没有。 2）The woman hasn't found her dog yet ． （没找到狗，心里着急，这就是对现在的影响） 3．just 意为“刚刚”，表示行为刚刚过去，常放在助动词与过去分词之间。实例： He has just come back from school ． 4．ever 意为“曾经”，用于疑问句或否定句中，放在助动词与过去分词之间。实例： 1）Have you ever been to Hong Kong ？ 2）I haven't ever spoken to her． 5．never 意为“从来没有”常与 before 连用（before 要放在句尾，而 never 多放在助动词与 过去分词之间.实例：I have never travelled by plane before.我以前从来没有乘飞机旅行过。 6．before 意为“以前”，指过去不确定的某个时间，总是放在句末，不受句型的限制。实 例：1）Have you been to Hainan before ？ 2）I haven't eaten Guangdong food before． （二）现在完成时用法二——持续性用法（肯定句，疑问句中谓语动词必须是延续性动 词） ：表示过去已经开始，持续到现在的动作或状态。此时常与“for ＋一段时间 或“since ＋过去的点时间或从句（从句用一般过去时）以及 so far（到目前为止）等时间状语连用。 for + 段时间, since +点时间 实例： 1） 自从 1990 年以来我就住在这里。 I've lived here since 1990． = I've lived here since 13 years ago. = I've lived here for 13 years. = It is 13 years since I began to live here. 2）我三年没有看见他了。I haven't seen him for three years ．= I haven't seen him since three years ago = I haven't seen him since 2000. = It is 3 years since I saw him last time.
3）Mr Wang has worked in the factory since he came to the city ． 自从到这个城市以来，王先生一直在这家工厂工作。 4）She's been at this school since five years ago． 自从五年前以来她就在这个学校。 注意：①在这类句子的肯定句和疑问句中谓语动词必须用延续性动词。短暂性动词由于 动作不能持续，故不能与 for(达到；累计)或 since（自从。 。 。到现在）引出的时间状语连 用。 ②对 for 和 since 引导的时间状语提问要用 How long 1） 他入团两年了。 误：He has joined the League for two years． 正：He has been a League member for two years． 2）我买这辆自行车三年了。 误：I have bought this bike for three years． 正：I have had this bike for three years． 2） ▲部分短暂性动词与之对应的延续性动词： 短暂性动词 延续性动词 die → be dead borrow → keep buy/catch → have get up → be up come → be in finish → be over leaver → be away open → be open close → be closed begin → be on become interested in → be interested in 注意：1.一般过去时和现在完成时所表示的动作的区别： ①一般过去时与具体的表示过 去时间状语如：yesterday 连用；强调动作在过去发生，与现在无关。②现在完成时与自 己的特征词连用，强调过去发生的动作对现在的影响或过去开始发生一直持续到现在的 动作。例：He saw the film last night. (过去时，表示他昨晚看过那部电影了，现在不知还 要不要再看一次) He has (ever) seen the film before.（现在完成时，表他已看过那部电影，现在不想再看了） 2.用于现在完成时的句型：1）It is the first / second time…. that…结构中的从句部分，用现 在完成时。 It is the first time that I have visited the city. It was the third time that the boy had been late. 2）This is the… that…结构，that 从句要用现在完成时. This is the best film that I've (ever) seen. This is the first time (that) I've heard him sing. Exercise:一． 句型转换。 1、He has never surfed, ?（改成反意疑问句） 2、They have been here since 2000. (对划线部分提问)
have they been here? 3、The old man _________ last year. He for a year. (die) （动词填空） 4、This factory opened twenty years ago.(同义句转换) This factory ________ for twenty years. 5、The Green Family moved to France two years ago. (同义句转换) ____ ___ two years ________ the Green family moved to France. 二．汉译英。1. 我刚刚丢了我的化学书。 （just） 2. 我以前从来没去过那个农场。(never) 3. 你已经看过这部电影了吗？
三． Fill in the blanks with the proper form. 1. I__ 2. My father __ __ already __ __ just __ __ (see) the film. I ________ (see) it last week. __ (come) back from work. He is tired now.
3. I've lost my pen. _________ you ________ (see) it anywhere? 4. Where’s Li Ming ? He __________ (go) to the teacher’s office. 5. I __________ (work) here since I ______ (move) here in 1999. 6. So far I _______________(make) quite a few friends here. 7. He ________ (go) to school on foot every day. 8.____ you ______ (find) your science book yet? 9. If it ____ (be) fine tomorrow, I'll go with you. 10. The students ____________ (read) English when the teacher came in. 11. Look! The monkey __________ (climb) the tree. 12. My mother __________ (come) to see me next Sunday.
Unit Three Computers (keys)
Period II (reading paragraph1-2)
编号：001 编写者： 巩志英 审核者：白广阔 Part one. 单词和短语（英汉互译） 1. calculate (v.) 计算 calculation (n.) 计算 calculate
be calculated for sth./to do sth. distance 计算路程、距离
适合于，为适合。 。 。而设计
make a rapid calculation 2.universal (a.) 世界性疾病
做快速的计算 通用的 universe (n.) 宇宙
; universal disease
The desire to look attractive is universal. 3.simplify (v.) 简单地 simply further 片和图表 进一步简化 简化
爱美之心，人皆有之。 simply (ad.) 仅仅，
simple (a.) 简单的，
simple pictures and diagrams
some pages of simple advice on how to learn English well 简单的建议 Most of the damage was simply because of fallen trees. 大部分的损失仅仅是因为倒下的树。 The book explains grammar simply and clearly. 这本书简单明了地解释语法。 4.intelligence(n.) 智力 intelligent(a.)
a man with average intelligence
Use your intelligence, and you're sure to achieve sth. 用你的大脑，你一定会获得成功。 They’re intelligent, hard-working and lively students. 他们是聪明，努力，活泼的学生。 5.sum 一大笔钱 up 6.operator(n.) 接线员 operate(v.)
a large sum of money
南中学案 操纵这个机器； operate on his leg 7.solve(v.) 解决 solution(n.) 解决方案 operate the machine
solve these problems Here is the perfect solution to all your problems. 这是你所有问题的完美的解决方案。 8.from…on… 从。 。 。起 从现在起； 9.reality(n.) reality=in fact 10．personal(a.) 个人的观点； experience Personally, I think the team that won first place cheated. 就自己而言，我认为赢得第一名的对作弊了。 11.结果； 导致，造成； 12.total(a./n.) =(in all ) 完全不同 totally different 完全同意； totally agree as a result result in 总的 totally(ad.) 由于，因为； 由…引起； 完全地 as a result of result from 总之 in total 个人的 personally（ad.） 亲自地，就自己而言 个人的经验； personal from now on 事实，真实 real(a.) 真的 从那时起； from then on from that day on in
Add up these figures and see if the total is correct. 把这些数字加起来，看总是是否正确。 His income reached a total of $1000. 他的总收入 What he said was totally opposed to facts. 他所说的和事实相反。 单句改错： 1. The number of people who travel by plane in China are larger than ever before. are →is 2. Those who comes to school by bike don’t keep your umbrellars open while riding. comes →come
达到 1000 美元。
南中学案 3. Neither you nor I are fit for the work. are →is 4. There are a lake and some hills around it. are→is
5. Every means have been tried, but we still can’t bring the fire under control. have →has 6. Although the boy is only 3, but he knows a lot. but 去掉 7. When he was young, he usually goes climbing.goes→went 8. You do say that you would lend me some money yesterday. do→did 9. It is already 10 years since he becomes a lawyer.becomes→became 10. The teacher told us that China was in the east of Asia. was→is 11. The first railway in the world was designing in the last century. designing →designed 12. It has been rained for the past few weeks. rained→raining 语法填空： I have 3 good 1 friends much3 laughed heavier (friend) and each of them 2 has (have) their own problems. My friend Laura likes eating junk food and doesn’t like physical activities. So she is (heavy) than other teeangers of her age. Sometimes she is 4 least playing （play）computer games every day so that he doesn’t have wants What （want）to stop playing is my friend Sally’s very hard. 9 (laugh) at. My friend Jim likes playing computer games. He spends at 5
(little) two hours 6
much time to do his homework after school. He 7 computer games, but he finds8 it
problem? Well, her parents work too hard every day. They often come back very late. She has to stay at home alone. She feels very lonely at times. How she wished her parents could spare more time for her! What is my problem? I’m too shy. I’m afraid of 10 （talk）to strangers. Part one. 单词和短语 金融，财经；财政的，金融的；他对财务一窍不通；金融危机；可移动的，机动的；移 动电话；他参加了巡回医疗队；支持的，支撑的；男配角；程序员，程序师；系统程序 员；病毒；病毒使得计算机出故障了；同伴，同伙；coach；篮球队的队员们都非常钦佩 教练；性格，特点；他和他妻子的性格迥然不同；顽皮的，淘气的；niece；天呐！我顽 皮的小侄女把东西弄得乱七八糟！拖把，用拖把拖；请擦掉这堆脏东西；损坏，宠坏； 小心别把你的新衣服弄坏了；rocket；launch a rocket ；explore，exploration，explorer； talking
The success of the exploration made the explorer excited. see you tonight.
goal；achieve/realize one's goal；我们已经实现了为无家可归者建庇护所的目标。
human race；The human race cannot survive without water.
download；You had better download some songs from the web. signal；traffic signals；Did you signal before you turn right? type；你能为我打这封信吗？这 个地区有两种类型的岩石。apply；application；他努力干好新的工作。happiness；happy； arise；rise；raise；A new difficulty has arisen. 几场雨后河水不断上涨。She raised her hands. electronic；electricity；电脑；appearance；appear；in a way；从某种程度上看， 我们的程序员就好比是我们的教练。In a way, losing job is not a bad thing. with the help of； With the help of my teachers，I have made great progress. deal with；He must deal with many difficulties. watch over；She is watching over her sick child. Part Two.课文理解部分： 选择题：5-9 BABC 分析句子：略
语法答案： 一．1.has he 2.How long 3.died, has been dead 4.has been open 5.It is , since; 二．1.I have just lost my chemistry book. 2.I have never been to the farm before. 3.Have you ever seen the film? 三．1.has seen, saw. 2.has come 3.Have seen 4. has gone 5. have been working, have worked? 6.have made 7.goes 8.Have found 9.is 10.were reading 11.is climbing 12.will come