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必修5和选修6短语汇总


必修 5 Unit1 Phrases 1. put forward 提出,推荐, 把…提前, (表) 拨快 put up with 忍受 put up 举起;安装;修建;张贴;住宿 put off 推迟;延迟 put out 扑灭;生产;出版;使不高兴 put down 写下来;镇压 put away 收拾起来;放弃;打消;存起来 put aside 放一边;搁置起来;积蓄 pu

t an end to 结束 2. conclude v.结论 conclude sth. (from sth.)/conclude(from sth.) that… 推断出,断定 conclude sth. with sth. (by doing sth.) 以…. 结束 conclusion n. draw a conclusion 得出结论 come to/arrive at/reach a conclusion 结束; 告一段落;得出一个结论 in conclusion=finally 最后 3. attend v.照顾;出席; 护理;参加 attend a meeting/wedding/funeral 参加会议/ 婚礼/葬礼 attend church/school/class 做礼拜(上学 / 上课) attend to sb./sth. 处理;对付;照料; 关怀;专心 4. absorb v.吸收;吸引; 使专心 be absorbed in (doing) sth. 专心于…; 全 神贯注于… be buried in.../be lost in…/fix one’s attention on…/concentrate one’s mind on… 全神 贯注….. be absorbed by/into… 被….所吸引 absorb one’s attention 吸引某人注意 5. blame v.责备;谴责 be to blame 应该受责备 (用主动形式表示被 动) If you are not to blame, then who is? blame sb. for sth. 因某事责备某人 blame sth. on sb. 把某市归咎于

某人 bear/get/take the blame for…. 对….承担责任 put/lay the blame on sb. 怪在….身上 6 contribute v.贡献;捐献; 捐助 contribute to 为…作贡献或捐款,导致,有 助于 contribution n. make contribution to…… 为…做出贡献 7. positive adj.积极的;肯 定的;确实的 be positive about sth. 对…积极的 8. strict adj. 严格的;严 厉的;精确的 (be)strict with sb. 对某人要求严格 be strict in sth. 对某事严格 9.enthusiastic adj.热情的;热心的 be enthusiastic about 对…热情 10. cautious adj.小心的 be cautious about sth. 小心…. 11. reject doing sth. v.拒绝; 不解受;抛弃 12. expose… to…/be exposed to… 暴 露….中 13. come to an end 结束 14. apart from 此外 15. look into 调查 16. in addition 另外 17. make sense 有意义 make sense of 明白,理解 a sense of ……感 a sense of humor 18. at times 有时 19. be for/against 支持/反对 20. be/get under control 在……控制下 be/get out of control 失去控制,不能操纵 21. in addition 也,另外,此外 22. link...to... 将…和…连接或联系起来 23. lead to 导致,通向 24. be curious about 对…好奇 25. cure sb. of illness 治好某人…病

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a cure for 用来治疗某种疾病的药物或 疗法 26. point of view 态度,观点,看法 27. make room for… 为….腾地方 28. suspect vt. 认为;怀疑 n. 被怀疑者; 嫌疑犯 suspect…to be…. 怀疑是….. suspect sb. of….怀疑某人…. 29. challenge vt.& n. 挑战;向…挑战 face a challenge 面临着挑战 offer a challenge 具有挑战性 accept a challenge 接受挑战 30. announce vt. 宣布;宣告;通知 announce sth. to sb./announce to sb. sth. 向 某人宣布某事 It is announced that… 据宣布….. Unit 2 The United Kingdom Phrases 1. consist of 由……组成 consist in 在于;存在于;以….为主 consist with 与….一致;相符 2. divide…into… 把……分成 divide sth. between/among sb. 在….之间分 配;由…分享 separate…from… 把….和…分开 3. at war (with…) (与……)交战中 4. break away ( from… ) 挣托(束缚);脱 离 break down 出故障; 身体垮掉; 分解 break in 破门而入;打断(话题) break out 爆发 break through 突围;突破 break up 分解 5. educational / legal system 教育 / 立法制 度 6. have a good / bad influence on … 对…… 有好/ 坏影响 =have a bad/good effect on 7. take the place of sb./sth. 代替 =take sb’s/sth’s place take one’s place(s) 就位 be in place of sb./sth.= in sb’s/sth’s place 代 替 in place 在适当的位置 out of place 不合适

in the first place 最初;首先;第一 8. to one’s credit 为….带来荣誉;值得赞 扬;在…名下 have credit with sb. 得到某人的信任 9. leave out 省去;遗漏;不考虑 be/feel left out 被忽视(冷落)/觉得被忽 视/冷落 leave for…. 动身去某地 leave…aside 搁置一边;不予考虑 leave…behind 把…抛在后面;超过 leave alone 不管;不理;不干涉 leave off 戒除;停止 10. puzzle over / about 为…烦恼,困扰 11. debate sth. with sb. 与某人讨论、争辩 12.at one’s convenience 在某人方便的时候 at your convenience 在你方便的时候 for convenience 为了方便(实用) convenient adj. conveniently adv. it is convenient( for sb.) to do sth. 13. in / with relation to (介)关于……; 和……相关 14. under construction 在建设中 15. arrange vt. 筹备;安排;整理 arrange for sb. to do sth. 安排某人做某事 arrange to do sth. with sb. 与某人约定做某 事 arrange that… 商定;安排 arrangement n. make arrangements for.. 安排 come to an arrangement 达成协议 16. delight n. 快乐;喜悦;高兴 vt. 使高 兴 delight in(doing) sth. 以(做)某事为乐 (尤指不该做的事) to one’s delight 令某人高兴的是 take/find/have delight in 喜好;以…为乐 with/in delight 高兴地 it’s a delight to do sth. 做某事是令人 愉快的 delighted adj. be delighted at 为…而高兴 be delighted to do sth. 高兴做某事 17. thrill vt. 使激动;使胆战心惊 n. 兴 奋;激动

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give sb. a thrill to do sth./of doing sth. 做某 事让某人感到激动 thrilled adj. 激动的;兴奋的 be thrilled at/about/with sth. 对….感到兴 奋 thrilling adj. 令人感到兴奋的 unit 3 Life in the future phrases 1. have/ ge a good/bad impression of sb. sth. 对某人、某物的印象好/不好 2. leave/make an impression on sb. 给某人留 下印象 3. have/ get the impression that... 觉得 4. under the impression that 原以为 5. Impress sb. with 给某人留下......印象 6. Impress sth. on/ upon sb. 使某人铭记某事 7. be impressed by / with / at... 为......所感 动,对......有印象 8. be impressed on one’s mind 给......留下印 象 9. take up 拿起,接受,从事,继续,占去 10. take away 拿走,夺走,消除 11. take back 拿回,收回,带回 12. take sb./sth. for sb. / sth. 把某人/物误认 为某人或某物 13. take in 吸收,理解, 接受,领会,欺骗 14. take off 起飞,脱下,成功 15. take over 接管 16. be surrounded by/ with... 被......包围/围 着 17. can’t / couldn’t tolerate sth. / doing sth. 不 能容忍某事 18. lack for 缺少,缺乏 19. a lack of 缺乏...... 20. for / through lack of 因缺乏...... 21. no lack of ...不缺少 22. be lacking in 缺乏,没有 23. make adjustment to 调整,调节 24. adjust to 调节,使适应 25. adjust oneself to (doing ) sth. 适应 26. press sb. to do / into doing sth. 催促某人 做某事 27. press for sth,不断要求某事 28. press sth. on sb. 勉强某人接受某事

29. catch sight of 望见,看到 30. in sight 在视线内 31. out of sight 看不见了 32. at the sight of 一看见….. 33. out of sight, out of mind.眼不见,心不烦 34. switch ...to ...把......转换到....... 35. switch (from...)to ...转向....... 36. switch (sth. ) on 打开 37. speed by 飞驰而过 38. with great speed 迅速 39. at a speed of 以.....速度 40. at slow/ high speed 以很慢/很快的速度 41. pick up speed 逐渐加速 42. the instant 一.....就.... 43. in an instant 立刻 44. for an instant 一会儿 45. swallow up 吞没,耗尽,吞并,侵吞 46. swallow one’s words 承认说错了话 47. represent ...as / to be 称.....是....... unit 4 Making the news phrases 1. delight 作动词 delight in sth /donging sth 以……为乐 delight (sb. ) with sth. 因.....使某人高兴 delight 作名词 with delight 高兴地 to one’s delight = to the delight of sb. 令某人 高兴的是 take delight in sth. / doing sth. 以某物为乐/ 喜欢干某事 delighted 作形容词 be delighted to do sth. 很高兴干....... be delighted at/ by 因.....而高兴 2. submit sth. to 向某人或者某组织呈交/递 交....... submit oneself to 屈服于 submit to 屈服于/甘于...... 3. assist sb. in doing sth. 帮助某人做某事 assist sb. to do sth. assist sb. in / with sth. 4. concentrate sth. on sth. / doing sth. 专心致 志于某事 concentrate one’s attention to 把注意力集中 在 5. assess sth. at + 钱 估算/估定某物为
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make an assessment of 评估/评价.... 6. inform sb. of / about sth. 通 知 / 告 知 某 人........ inform oneself of 了解....... keep sb. informed 使某人随时了解 informed 有知识的,见识广的 7. depend on sb. to do sth. 依赖某人做某事 depend on sb. / sth. for sth. 依赖.....得到...... It / That (all) depends. 视情况而定 depend on it 请放心 8. 因......指责或控告...... accuse sb. of sth. charge sb. with sth. blame sb. for sth. 9. to meet / satisfy one’s demands 满足某人的 需求 in demand = in need 需要 demand sth. of /from sb.向某人要某物 demand to do sth. 要求干某事 sth. demand doing 某事需要被做 10. ahead of 在.....前面,胜过,强于 get ahead of 在前,向前 go ahead 说吧,干吧,请吧 go ahead with sth.继续进行某事 keep ahead 保持领先地位 look ahead 向前方看 11. be senior to ...比........地位或者资历高 A is ... Years senior to B A 比 B 大.....岁 be one’s senior by... 比.......大.....岁 12. be junior to ...比........地位或者资历低 A is ... years junior to B A 比 B 小.....岁 be one’s junior by... 比.......小.....岁 13. approve of sb. /sb’s doing sth. 赞同, 同意 give one’s approval to 同意批准 with approval of 经批准 general approval 一致同意 14. be in the process of doing sth. 正在做某 事 in the process of time 随着时间的流逝 in process 在进行中 Unit 5 First aid Phrases 1. give / offer / do first aid to sb perform / carry out first aid on sb. 对某人实 施急救

aid sb in sth/ doing sth.在莫方面帮助 aid sb to do sth 帮助某人做某事 2. fall ill 生病 3. get injured / infected / burned 受伤 / 感染 / 烧伤 4. save one’s life 挽救某人的生命 5. sense of touch 触觉 6. electric shock 触电;电休克 7. take off 脱下;(飞机)起飞 8. squeeze out 榨出;挤出 9. over and over again 反复;多次 10. in place 在适当的位置;适当 out of place 在不适当的位置,不恰当 in place of 代替 in the first place 首先,从一开始 take place 发生,举行 take sb’s place=take the place of sb 替代 某人 11. put one’s hands on 找到 12. present sb. with sth. present sth. to sb. 赠予/ 给予某人某物 13. a piece of jewellery 一件珠宝 14. cause / do damage to…. 使……受到危害 / 损害 15. a number of +n. (pl. ) 若干;许多 the number of......的数量 16.treat sb to... 用什么招待,款待某人 My treat 我请客 16. stick sth. to… 贴在…….上 17. make a difference 区别 23. assist sb. in /with sth. = assist sb. in doing sth. = assist sb. to do sth. 帮忙,协助某人去做 某事 24. go soft 变软 25. speak in whisper 低声地说 26. be optimistic about … 对……乐观 27. switch on / off the power 开 /关电 源 28.explain to sb. sth.= explain sth. to sb. 向 某人解释某事 29. give off 发出(光/热等) 30. get / be caught in … 被困在……中 31. require sb. to do sth.
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=require that sb. (should ) do sth.要求某人做 某事 Sth. require doing / to be done 某物需要被 32. be supposed to do 应该 33. be equipped with … 装备有…… 34. be essential for / to … 对……是必要 poison one’s mind wth....用.....毒害某人的 心灵 poison sth with sth 用....污染/伤害 35.Vary from...to...从.....到什么不等 various=varieties of=a variety of 各种各样的, 不同种类的 37.be vital to 对....很重要 It is vital to do sth 做...是很重要的 It is vital that... ...是十分重要的(that 从句中要用虚拟语气,即 should+do 38.apply to 适应于... 39.apply for...向.....申请 选修 6 Unit 1 Art Phrases 1. in the abstract 抽象 地,理论上 abstract sth. from sth. 从…中 提取… 2. as well as 也, 同,和;同…一样 3. aim at sth. 瞄准 aim to do sth. 意 欲,企图做某事 aim at doing sth. with the aim of 带 有……的目的 4. focus on=concentrate on 集中 5. convince sb. Of 使 某人信服 6. a great deal 大量 7. in the flesh 活着 的 本人 8. take the place of sb. = replace 代替,取 代 take one’s place 代 替,取代;入座;就位 9. break away from 脱 离,摆脱,放弃 10. at the same time 同

时;但是 11. would rather do sth (主 语)宁愿做某事 would rather sb. did sth. 宁愿某人 做某事(现在或将来) would rather sb. had done sth. 宁愿某人 做某事(过去) 12. as a consequence =in consequence = as a result 结果 as a consequence of =in consequence of =as a result of 由于…的原因 13. in possession of 拥 有… in the possession of sb =in one’s possession 为 某人所拥有 take/ have possession of 拥有(占有) 14. consider doing 考虑做某事 consider sb./sth. to be/as consider that-clause 认为,看待 consider it adj./n.+to do sth. 15. be well worth doing 值得…(表被动) 16. be contemporary with 与…属同时期 17. convince sb. of sth 使某人确信/明白某事 convince sb. +that clause 使某人相信… convince sb.to do sth. 说服某人做某事 18. attempt to do sth. 企图做某事 19. on one hand…… on the other hand…… 一方面…另一方面… 20. scores of 许多,大量 21. not only……but also 不但……而且 22. every two years 每两年 every second year
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every other year 23. be (well) worth n./doing( 主 动 表 被 动) …值得…Ⅱ. 24.be typical of...是......特有的,是典型的... 25.Keep one’s figure 保持身材 figure out 算 出,解决,理解 26.In preference to 优先于 have a preference for 更喜欢..... give a preference to 给......以优惠 27.appeal to 有吸引力,感兴趣 appeal for 呼吁,恳求 28.a good/bad reputation 好/坏名声 win/earn reputation 赢得名声 live up to one’s reputation 名不虚传,不负盛 名 have a reputation foe 以.....而闻名 Unit 2 Poems Phrases 1. go over 复习,检查 2. make sense 有意义,说得通 (Sb.) make sense of sth 理解…… (Sth.) make sense to sb. 有意义,说得通 3. recite / read / explain sth. to sb. 给某人背 诵/读 / 解释…… 4. convey one`s emotions 表达情感 convey sb./ sth. from A to B 把某人或某 物从 A 地运送到 B 地 5. bow to … 向鞠躬 / 屈服 6. stay/sit up 熬夜 7. take it easy = take things easy 放轻松,别 紧张 take one`s time 别着急,慢慢来 take … for granted 认为……理所当然 8. (Sb.) run out of sth. 用完,耗尽(及物, 主语为人) (Sth.) run out 用完(不及物,主语为时间、 金钱、食物等) 9. make up 组成 / 编造 / 化妆 / 弥补 / 和解 be made up of = consist of … 由……组成 10. a few more minutes 再多几分钟 11. be popular with … = be well received by … 很受欢迎 12. be brimful of = be full of … 充满 13. translate A into B 把A翻译成B

14. week in ,week out 一周又一周 day by day 一天又一天 15. on and on 继续不停地 16. by chance / accident 碰巧 17. hold on 继续 / 别挂断(电话) 18. (Sb. / Sth.) be likely to do sth.有可能….. 19. try out 试验 try on 试穿 20. let out 泄漏 / 发出(声音) / 释放 / 放 宽(衣服) 21. look forward to 盼望 22. in particular 尤其,特别 be particular about/ over sth. 对某事挑 剔,讲究 23. tease sb. about … 拿……取笑某人 24. transform A into B 把 A 变成 B transform into 转化成,改造为 25. be appropriate to/ for 对……是适当的 It is appropriate that…(从句谓语动词常用 “should + V 原,should 可省略) 26. in exchange for 作为对……的交换 exchange sth. for sth. 以……交换…… exchange sth. with. sb. (与某人)交换某 物 27. take a load off one’s mind 打消某人的顾 虑 28. loads of (= lots of ) 很多的 29. load sth. / sb. with sth. 用……装载……/ 使负担 30. load up 装载某物 Unit 3 Healthy Life Phrases 1. due to 由于;归功于 be due to do sth. 预期做某事 be due for sth. 应有,应得到 2. be/become addicted to 对……有瘾 3. decide on 对……做出决定 4. be/become/grow accustomed to sth./doing sth.习惯于某事/做某事 5. feel like (doing) 想要(做) 6. in spite of 不管;不顾 = despite + n. =
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regardless of + n. 7. stand for 支持;代表 8. get (sb.) into (sth.)陷入;染上坏习惯;进 入 get into the way/habit of doing sth.学成做某 事的方法/养成做某事的习惯 9. be ashamed of/that.…为……感到惭愧/羞 愧 be ashamed to do sth.羞于做某事 10.take off 开除/脱衣/起飞/取消/休假 11.quit (doing) sth.停止做某事 12.at risk 处在危险之中 take risks(a risk)冒险 13.manage to do sth.设法做好/设法办到某事 14.so far 到目前为止(与现在完成时连用) 15.make sure 确定;查明;弄明白 16.prevent sb. (from) doing sth.阻止某人做某 事 17.every time 每次;每当……时 望

be desperate to do sth. 极想做某事 in desperation 在绝望中 对某事失望

22. be appointed at/ by sth.

be appointed in/ with sb. 对某人失望 be appointed to do sth. 因做……而失

23. to one’s appointment

令某人失望的是

24. it won’t be long before 用 不 了 多 久 就…… 25. risk doing sth. 冒险做…… risk one’s life to do sth. 冒着生命危险做 某事 25. get into the habit of … 养成……的习惯 get down to 开始认真做…… get over 克服困难,痊愈

get through 穿越(马路),接通电话 26. owe it to sb. that… 把……归功于…… 27. leave it for sb. that… 把……留给某人去

18. ban … from sth./ doing sth. 禁止做某事 forbid sb. to do sth./ forbid doing sth. prohibit sb. from sth./ doing sth. 19. lay/ put/ place stress on 强调,着重于 Under the stress of 为……所迫, 在…… 压力之下 20. have an effect on 对……有影响 put / bring sth. into effect come into effect 实施,使生效

做 28. take it for granted that… 当然 29. keep it in mind that… 里 Unit 4 Global warming Phrases 把……记在心 认为……理所

1. global warming 全球气候变暖 2. a supply of /supplies of 大量的 3. depend on 依靠 4. human activity 人类活动 5. a natural phenomenon 自然现象
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开始实施,开始生效

21. be desperate for 极想要某物

6. be trapped in...被困在…… 7. a quantity of/quantities of + n.大量的 8. result in 导致.. result from 原因是..

25. greenhouse effect 温室效应 26. oppose doing sth. 反对做某事 27. be opposed to doing sth. 反对做某事 28. in a...... state 处于.......状态中 29. on behalf of 代表.......一方,作为........ 代表 29. carry out 实施,执行 Unit 5 The power of nature Phrases 1. a volcano erupting 一次火山爆发 2. be appointed as/to be….. 被任命为…… 3. compare…with / to…把……和……进行 比较 compare…to…把……比作…… 4. equip sb./sth. with…用………装备…… equip sb. for……使某人为….做好准备 a piece of equipment 一件设备 5. take risks / a risk 冒险 at risk 处于危险之中 at the risk of doing sth.…冒……危险 risk doing sth.冒险做某事 6. be suitable for……适合于某人、某物 be suitable to do……适合做某事 7. be warned (not) to do sth.被警告(不要) 去做某事 warn sb. of danger 警告某人有危险 8. be home to……是……的栖息地 9. burn to the ground 全部焚毁 10. draw up 停下来, 起草 11. have a gift for…有………的天赋 12. be fast asleep 睡得很熟 13. be about to do sth. … when…正要做某 事……就在这时…… be on the point of doing….when……刚要 做………这时….. be doing……when……正在做………这 时……….. had just done……when………刚做 完………这时……….. 14. in the distance 在远处(大范围的)
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9. as a result = in consequence 因此 as a result of =in consequence of 由于…的缘 故 10. build up 逐渐建立 11. keep on 保持 12. make a difference 有影响;有关系 make no difference 对……没有影响;不重 要 13. put up with…忍受 14. as/so long as 只要 15. and so on 等等 16. glance at…很快地看……一眼.. 17. on the whole 大体上 18. compare…to.../compare….with 与…相 比 19. come about 发生(不及物) come across 偶遇;穿过 come back 回来 come down 降下;减低 come in 进来;到达 come out 出来;出版 come up 上来;被提出讨论;发芽 come up with 追上;赶上 come to 结果达到;苏醒 20. heat up 受热 21. up to 多达;比得上 22. in the years ahead 今后一些年里 23. carry out 执行 24. tend to do sth. 倾向于做某事

15. have a much closer look ( at sth.)近距离 的观看(某物) 16. be in a panic 陷入恐慌(状态) get into a panic 陷入恐慌(动作) 17. make one’s way to …前往……. 18. be enthusiastic about…对……怀着热情 19. be amazed at …对……感到惊讶 20. take sb. by surprise 使某人大吃一惊 take sth. by surprise 突袭 21. make an effort to do sth.努力做某事 22. nature reserve 自然保护区 23. vary from … to …由……到……不等 24. a great diversity of 多种多样 25. give birth to sb.生小孩 26. glance through 匆匆看一遍 27. be bored with sb. / sth.对某人/某物厌烦 28. cancel one’s appointment with sb.取消和 某人的约会

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