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2012江苏高考试卷任务型填空解题思路浅见


我对江苏省任务型阅读浅见
体裁:说明文 研究成果报告 题材话题:企业管理之积极心态对管理的影响 解题思路:1.先看表格,它会指示文章的结构 2.快速浏览,学会“变脸”和“变形金刚” 3.历年答案提示,简单的直接填,转化的“变脸”找 不到的学会英文释义考虑。 4.良好心态 保底 6 个 力争 8 个

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“Happiness Advantage” Effect (1)In July 2010 Burt’s Bees, a personal-care products company, was going through enormous change as it began a global expansion into 19 new countries. In this kind of high-pressure situation, many leaders bother their assistants with frequent meetings or flood their in-boxes with urgent demands. In doing so, managers lift everyone’s anxiety level, which activates the part of the brain that processes threats and steals resources from the prefrontal cortex ( 大脑皮层), which is responsible for effective problem solving. 此题答案:可以直接填写,难度 一般。 此题答案:可以直接填写,主要 是意思的整合, 如result in 和lift 意思相近。 (2)Burt’s Bees’s then-CEO, John Wolfgang, took a different approach. Each day, he’d send out an e-mail praising a team member for work related to global marketing. He’d interrupt his own presentations to remind his managers to talk with their teams about the company’s values. He asked me to further a three-hour session with employees on happiness in the course of the expansion effort. As one member of the senior team told me a year later, Wolfgang’s emphasis on developing positive leadership kept his managers actively involved and loyal as they successfully transformed the company into a global one. 此题答案:是对横线部分的概 括, 我自己填的是considerate 学 生或许更易想到答案给的aware 此题答案: 看上去直接填loyal 但在考场上要求学生具有概 括能力。 之所以填loyal是因为 后面介词是to loyal to 而 involved in 此题答案: 实际上到了下文第三 段,此题的答案要求概括,本来 是对什么有影响的意思have an effect on 但是这里却换成了 make a differce to,有点难。

(3)That outcome shouldn’t surprise us. Research shows that when people work with a positive mind-set (思维模式), performance on nearly every level—productivity, creativity, involvement—improves. Yet happiness is perhaps the most misunderstood driver of performance. For one, most people believe that success comes before happiness. “Once I get a promotion, I’ll be happy,” they think. Or, “Once I hit my sales target, I’ll feel great. ”But because success is a moving target—as soon as you hit your target, you raise it again—the happiness that results from success does not last long. 此题答案:将positive mind-set(thingking) 换成think positively

此题答案:概括转化能 力,直接填 success.

(4)In fact, it works the other way around: People who have a positive mind-set perform better in the face of challenge. I call this the “ happiness advantage”—every business outcome shows improvement when the brain is positive. I’ve observed this effect in my role as a researcher and lecturer in 48 countries on the connection between employee happiness and success. And I’m not alone: In an analysis of 225 academic studies, researchers found strong evidence of cause-and-effect relationship between life satisfaction and successful business outcomes. 此题答案:较难,关键是学生 看不出prove 动词和 evidence 之间的关系,而且strong还变成 strongly

(5)Another common misunderstanding is that our genetics, our environment, or a combination of the two determines how happy we are. To be sure, both factors have an impact. But one’s general sense of well-being is surprisingly unstable. The habits you form, the way you interact with colleagues, how you think about stress—all these can be managed to increase your happiness and your chances of success. 此题答案:不难,只要改成被 动就行了 determined

此题答案:不难,直接填写 chances 或是 opportunities

备考建议:1.历年总有 3-4 个单词原封不动,今年有 5 个 bother anxiety loyal success chances

2.适当“变脸”有 3 个左右,今年有 3 个 positively strongly determined 3.还有 2 个是找不到的,需要英文同意替换或是概括 能力的转化。Considerate difference 较难。 4.快速“找”是技巧,但扎实的基础知识和概括能力 是保障。 5.可以给学生适当看 “大学英语四级的试卷” 有益处。 ,


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