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【优化指导】2015届高三人教版英语总复习 全国通用活页作业37Word版含解析


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一、单项填空 1. According to recent reports,one of the rare animals, ______ crocodile,will be in danger of dying out in ______ 2020s. A.a;/ C.the;/ B.the;the D./;the

解析:考查

冠词。第一个空定冠词 the 用于单数可数名词前,表示类别;第二个空 the 用于“年号”的复数或所有格前表示年代,如:in the 1990s 或 in the 1990’s。 答案:B 2.Is there a supermarket around ______ I can buy a pair of new shoes? A.that C.where B.which D.what

解析:考查定语从句。around 是副词表示“附近”,where(=in which)引导定语从句修 饰 supermarket。 此题易错选 which, 是在超市里面买鞋, 而不是在超市的周围, 故不选 which。 句意:这附近有我能买双新鞋的超市吗? 答案:C 3.The old man is not equal to ______ care of himself. A.take C.took B.taking D.taken

解析: be equal to 此处表示“胜任”, 其结构中的 to 是介词, 后跟名词或动名词。 句意: 那位老人不能照顾自己。 答案:B 4.Scarcely ______ they rushed out of the building into the street. A.did they felt the earthquake than B.had they felt the earthquake when C.did they felt the earthquake when D.had they felt the earthquake than 解析:scarcely...when 引导的从句位于句首,从句要部分倒装,而且主句用过去完成时 态。句意:一感觉到地震他们就冲出大楼到街上去了。 答案:B 5.It was ______ Jane was dismissed ______ how serious the financial crisis was. A.not until;did she realize B.until;that she realized
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C.not until;that she realized D.until;did she realize 解析:考查强调句式。强调 not until 即 It was not until...that...“直到??才??”。句 意:直到 Jane 被解雇了,他才意识到经济危机是多么的严重。 答案:C 6.America was______was first called India by Columbus. A.that C.what B.where D.the place

解析:what 引导了表语从句。在从句中 what 作了主语,表示“地点”。句意:美国就 是被哥伦布首次称作印第安的地方。 答案:C 7.I wonder if John has forgotten my number.I______him to call me for the past two hours. A.was expecting C.have been expecting B.have expected D.expected

解析:考查动词时态。由时间状语“for the past two hours”可以看出应用完成时,由第一 句话可知,应用进行时,所以用现在完成进行时,表示我期待他给我打电话这个动作从过去 某时开始,一直延续到说话时还在继续进行,有可能还继续下去。 答案:C 8.As is known to us all,anyone who drives after drinking alcohol______be punished. A.can C.would B.shall D.may

解析:考查情态动词的用法。shall 用于二、三人称的陈述句,表示说话者的告诫、意 图、命令、决心等。句意:任何一个酒后开车的人都会受到惩罚。 答案:B 9.Social networking is an important factor ______ business success. A.devoting to C.attaching to B.appealing to D.leading to

解析:考查动词短语在具体语境中的运用。lead to“通向,导致”。句意:社会关系是 使得事业成功的一个很重要的因素。 答案:D 10.Clothing made of fibers like cotton,wool or silk. A.one C.that
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fibers has certain advantages over ______ made of natural

B.what D.those

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解析:考查代词的用法。that 代替前面的 clothing。此题易错选 B 项。 答案:C 11. ______ we sympathize with Lehman Brothers Holdings who has gone bankrupt, we can’t really do very much to help them out of the difficulties,especially when the US economy has slowed down. A.As long as C.While B.As D.Even

解析:考查状语从句中连接词的选择。句意:虽然我们对已经倒闭的雷曼兄弟公司表示 同情,然而我们无法帮助他们摆脱困境,尤其是在美国经济已经放缓的时候。根据语境,应 用 while“虽然”引导让步状语从句。as 常引导原因状语从句;as long as“只要”引导条件 状语从句;when“当??的时候”。 答案:C 12. Three boy students from Chang Jiang University, for______ lives were priceless, died for saving the two drowning children in Chang Jiang River. A.whom C.whose B.who D.which

解析:考查定语从句关系代词的选用。whom 代替先行词 three students,在从句中作介 词 for 的宾语。句意:来自长江大学的三名男生,对他们来说生命是无价的,为救两个落水 的少年献出了自己宝贵的生命。 答案:A 13.Don’t leave out any detail in your account,even if a word______. A.counts C.performs B.manages D.acts

解析:考查动词辨析。既然不要漏掉细节,这说明每个单词都很重要。 count“重要” 符合题意。 答案:A 14.They have invited us to visit their country,______ is very kind of them. A.that C.which B.it D.what

解析:which 引导的是非限制性定语从句,其先行词是前面的整个句子。 答案:C 15.I ______ to take a holiday this summer,but I had to change my plan. A.would hope C.had been hoped B.was hoping D.had hoped

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解析:hope 动作发生在 had to change 动作之前,是“过去的过去”,故用过去完成时。 句意:我原打算今年暑假休假,但我不得不改变主意。 答案:D

The beach in the autumn gives people a strong feeling of__14__.Even the light of the sun in the late afternoon,as if it wanted to__15__time,brings on nostalgia(怀旧感).I__16__the busy summer activity, its sounds, smells and colors still staying in the air; weekdays are__17__, though the weekend is still filled with activity.I__18__where everyone is going.Why am I left at the beach?But I suppose that’s what I__19__best about being here;the continuing noise of the wind in the grass and the moving sand under my feet tell me that life is always__20__. 作者最喜欢的地方就是家乡临街的海滩,尤其是在秋天,夕阳的余晖,伴随着秋日的寂 静,给人以无限的舒适和遐想。 1.A.far C.natural B.expensive D.big

解析:根据句中 going nowhere 可知,前面指去很远的地方,与之相对应。 答案:A 2.A.seems C.means B.happens D.aims

解析:这里 happen 意为“结果是”,表示与其他人不同。 答案:B

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3.A.seasons C.plans

B.vacations D.ages

解析:根据后句 However,I prefer autumn 可知,这里指季节。 答案:A 4.A.loneliness C.anxiety B.relaxation D.homesickness

解析:根据句中 brush against something 可知,没有保护人也意味着遇到麻烦时会有担 忧。 答案:C 5.A.performance C.description B.program D.imagination

解析:根据句中 a jellyfish,or a shark,or a whale 和 vivid 可知,这里指作者的想象力。 答案:D 6.A.clearly C.especially B.actually D.probably

解析:根据下文 many guitarstrumming loners 可知,这里强调很多学艺术的学生都来这 里。 答案:C 7.A.shining C.burning B.coming D.setting

解析:根据句中 In the late afternoon 可推断,太阳应该要落山了。 答案:D 8.A.follows C.lights B.draws D.leads

解析:根据常识可推断,篝火应该照耀着海滩上的路。 答案:C 9.A.remaining C.serving B.reminding D.losing

解析:根据句中 the memories of the days 可知,这里指唤起你的记忆。 答案:B 10.A.pick up C.leave behind B.put in D.take out

解析:根据后句中 with a bag full of dead marine life 可推断,这里指垃圾较少,不需用 捡。
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答案:A 11.A.absent C.smelly B.private D.present

解析:根据句中 but 可知,死去的海生物到处都是。 答案:D 12.A.so C.because 解析:分析句意可知,前后为因果关系,用 so。 答案:A 13.A.bad C.close B.friendly D.strange B.though D.but

解析:由于这个地方在东海岸的边远处,所以近乎于未开发状态。 答案:C 14.A.excitement C.pride B.nature D.sadness

解析:根据后句中 brings on nostalgia 可推断,秋天的海滩带给人浓浓的失落之感。 答案:D 15.A.bend back C.get over B.break down D.drive away

解析:根据句中 brings on nostalgia 可推断,傍晚的阳光似乎要把时光往回拉,带给人 无限的怀旧感。 答案:A 16.A.hate C.miss B.spend D.attend

解析:根据语境可推断,作者怀念热闹的夏日活动,它的声音、气息和色彩依然还萦绕 在海滩的空气中。 答案:C 17.A.relaxing C.boring B.quiet D.sunny

解析:根据句中 though the weekend is still filled with activity 可推断,工作日期间这里很 静。 答案:B 18.A.predict C.wonder
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B.guess D.ask

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解析:根据后面的问句可推断,作者想知道人们都去哪儿了。 答案:C 19.A.achieve C.dream B.learn D.love

解析:根据第一段 my favorite place in the world 可得出答案。 答案:D 20.A.improving C.changing B.developing D.suffering

解析:根据句中 the continuing noise 和 the moving sand 可推断,作者认识到生活总是在 变化。 答案:C 三、阅读理解 There are a growing number of language immersion(沉浸)schools in the United States, including one that was founded in Columbia called La Petite Ecole, which teaches children French as a second language.Statistics,however,show that language instruction in regular schools is actually decreasing,and relatively few Americans know a second language. Scholars have spent years studying why Americans seem to ignore the importance of learning languages.while they have developed theories and given potential solutions, the future of language learning in the United States remains hazy. Since 1997,the percentage of elementary and middle schools that offer foreign language courses has fallen significantly,from 3l percent to 25 percent at the elementary level and from 75 percent to 58 percent at the middle school level.However,the decline in elementary schools has appeared primarily in public schools,while the percentage of private elementary schools teaching foreign languages has remained roughly the same at 51 percent.The percentage of high schools teaching foreign languages has remained at about 91 percent. Meanwhile,the number of language immersion schools designed to teach a second language to Englishspeaking children and young adults has actually increased.Since 1962,367 twoway immersion programs—schools that pair native English speakers with those who speak another native language—have developed in 28 states. “The younger the learner is,the more likely the acquisition of a second language will be facilitated,”Adel Safty wrote in the Canadian Journal of Education.Linguistic ability shows the greatest development between the ages of 4 and 8,she wrote. While the number of people who speak a language other than English at home is still relatively small, it has more than doubled over the past 30 years, according to a survey released in April.
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People between 18 and 40 make up the largest percentage of people who speak a foreign language.The 5 to 17 age group follows closely.But,among those 41 and older,the percentage of people who speak a second language decreases. 学习外语似乎已经成为了一个全球化的热潮,在美国是一种什么情况呢?

4.Which group has the highest percentage of people who speak a foreign language? A.People between 4 and 8. B.People between 5 and 17. C.People between 18 and 40. D.People who are 41 and older. 解析: 细节理解题。 从最后—段的 People between 18 and 40 make up the largest percentage of people who speak a foreign language.可知答案。 答案:C

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