天津市第一中学 2016 届高三上学期第一次月考
英 语 试 题
第 I 卷（选择题，共 115 分） 第一部分：听力测试（共两节，满分 20 分） 第一节（共 5 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 5 分） 听下面五段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选 出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你将有 10 秒钟
的时间来回答 有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 例：How much is the shirt? A．?19.15. B．?9.15. C．?9.18. 答案为 B。 1．What is the probable relationship between the two speakers? A．Schoolmates. B．Colleagues. C．Teacher and student. 2．What are these people going to do? A．Phone Alice. B．Wait a little longer. C．Try to find Alice. 3．What is Tony doing? A．He is checking his emails. B．He is fixing his computer. C．He is working on his paper. 4．What does the man want to do? A．Apply for a job. B．Advertise a product. C．Complain to the manager. 5．Why didn’t the man go on the trip? A．He had something important to do. B．He wanted to stay at home. C．It would cost too much. 第二节（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 听下面几段材料。每段材料后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段材料前，你将有时间阅读各个小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段材料读两遍。 听下面一段对话，回答第 6 至第 8 小题。 6．Which year of college is the student in? A．The first year. B．The second year.
C．The third year. 7．What does the student do on Wednesdays? A．He watches movies. B．He plays basketball. C．He goes to the French club. 8．What is probably the woman? A．A newspaper reporter. B．A basketball coach. C．A French teacher. 听下面一段对话，回答第 9 至第 11 小题。 9．What does the woman want the man to do? A．Come to the theatre with her. B．Take care of her little brother. C．Buy tickets for her mother. 10．What is the woman’s plan for the evening? A．To see a play. B．To date Joe. C．To watch a video. 11．How does the man feel about the misunderstanding? A．Sorry. B．Amused. C．Awkward. 听下面一段独白，回答第 12 至第 15 小题。 12．What are the students doing? A．Volunteering at a discount store. B．Helping prepare for an emergency. C．Practising teaching at a primary school. 13．Why is Sophie the group leader? A．She is more mature. B．She is better with children. C．She is experienced in emergency aid. 14．Where did they get the information they needed? A．From the parents. B．From the teachers. C．From the Internet. 15．What did they buy yesterday? A．Batteries, canned food and blankets. B．Flashlights, blankets and medicine. C．Canned food, bottled water and candles. 第二部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节 单项填空（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 16. The fact that she never apologized ________ a lot about what kind of person she is. A. means B. says C. expresses D. contains 17. I met some tourists while I was working in the travel agency ________ vacations included an unexpected adventure. A. whose B. where C. which D. as 18. --- Hi, Tom. _________? --- Very well. Long time no see! I miss you very much.
A. What are you doing B. What’s going on C. How do you like it D. How’s it going 19. We were going to paint the house ourselves, but when we considered the ________ in time and effort, we decided to get a painter to do it for us. A. cost B. charge C. expense D. price 20. ________ myself of the past pleasant days, I have some related photos pinned beside my desk. A. Remind B. Reminding C. To remind D. Reminded 21. We've been through a bit of a bad period, but things are ________ again now. A. looking up B. picking up C. turning up D. holding up 22. ________ you are trying to lose weight to please yourself, it's going to be tough to keep your motivation level high. A. Until B. When C. If D. Unless 23. — Sorry for being late, Cathy. I was held up in the traffic. — It’s all right, Joe. I the newspaper, anyway. A. am reading B. have read C. read D. have been reading 24. Just in front of our house ________ with a history of 1,000 years. A. does a tall tree stand B. a tall tree is standing C. stands a tall tree D. a tall tree stands 25. --- Do you feel like going swimming this afternoon? --- ________ What about now? A. We’d better not. B. That sounds great! C. Oh, I’m afraid not. D. What a pity! 26. You’d better take an overcoat with you because temperatures there ________ fall to 10℃ below zero in the summer. A. can B. shall C. must D. should 27. Many experts hold the view _______ when trained for a certain period of time employees will become more efficient at work. A. 不填 B. that C. unless D. until 28. It is reported in the newspaper that it’s a mistake to think of Florida only ________ its tourist attractions. A. in terms of B. in place of C. in need of D. in short of 29. If Professor Wang came here today, he would be surprised by what ________ in science and technology by the students. A. has invented B. had invented C. had been invented D. has been invented 30. They must have thought everything was safe, or else they ________ us. A. would warn B. would have warned C. might have warned D. should warn 第二节：完型填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后所给各题的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出可以填入空 白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 It was a December 23 many years ago. For a single mom who was supporting my children completely 31 , Christmas was looking bleak（凄凉的）. Our tiny house had just two bedrooms. With no doors on the children’s rooms, I could see and hear them at all times. It made them feel 32 , and it made me feel close to them. It was early evening. The snow was falling softly, 33 , and my children were both asleep. I was wrapped in a blanket, sitting at the window, watching the snow, 34 I heard someone knocking at my front door. 35 , I wondered who would stop on such a snowy winter night. I opened the door and found a couple.
―Are you Susan?‖ The man stepped forward as he 36 a lot of boxes for me. Nodding stupidly, unable to find my 37 , I was sure they thought I was mentally disabled. Finally coming to my 38 , I invited them in. The couple introduced themselves and told me their 39 were all gifts for my little family. My 40 angels then handed me a white envelop, and took turns hugging me. They wished me a Merry Christmas and disappeared into the night as 41 as they had appeared. Amazed and deeply 42 , I looked around me at the boxes and gifts and felt the ache of depression suddenly being 43 into a childlike joy. I began to cry. I cried hard, sobbing tears of the deepest 44 . Suddenly, I 45 the envelope. Like a child, I 46 it and a shower of bills spread onto the floor. 47 them up, I counted the money, then recounted it to 48 I had it right. Sobbing again, I said it loud: ―One hundred dollars.‖ One 49 from complete strangers had magically turned a painful day into a(n) 50 one that we would always remember with happiness. 31. A. apart B. firmly C. simply D. alone 32. A. comfortable B. independent C. secure D. confident 33. A. silently B. roughly C. brightly D. hurriedly 34. A. because B. if C. unless D. when 35. A. Excited B. Alarmed C. Disappointed D. Pleased 36. A. picked up B. dug out C. held out D. set up 37. A. voice B. attention C. imagination D. thought 38. A. senses B. interests C. ideas D. aims 39. A. wishes B. goals C. choices D. packages 40. A. humorous B. strange C. mysterious D. funny 41. A. quietly B. suddenly C. quickly D. slowly 42. A. frightened B. upset C. satisfied D. touched 43. A. designed B. accelerated C. transformed D. revolved 44. A. sadness B. shame C. regret D. gratitude 45. A. located B. remembered C. mentioned D. covered 46. A. felt B. found C. opened D. recognized 47. A. Gathering B. Separating C. Turning D. Putting 48. A. figure out B. make sure C. pick out D. decide on 49 A. interview B. check C. visit D. talk 50 A. absurd B. accessible C . special D. awful 第三部分：阅读理解（共 20 小题：每小题 2.5 分，满分 50 分） 阅读下列短文，从每篇短文后所给各题的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选 项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Being raised on the edges of the great Okefenokee Swamp（沼泽）has its advantages. For me, one of these was having a father who knew the swamp and taught me to respect it and enjoy it. He had lived as a child along the edges of the swamp for several years. As a result of his efforts, I learned to hunt along its edges and to both fish and camp within its environs（周 围地区）. On at least two occasions I have canoed（乘独木舟）all the way through the Okefenokee camping overnight for 2—3 nights each trip. I have sought to teach my children not to fear the swamp and its mysteries, but instead to learn how to enjoy it. As a part of that I have been sure to teach my sons about how to go
camping in it. In the early part of this year, I was able to introduce my youngest son, now in college, the beauty of the great swamp. By planning ahead and achieving a camping permit from the headquarters office of the Okefenokee Wildlife Refuge, we were able to paddle in about 6 miles and camp overnight at the Coffee Bay shelter along the canal. It was a good family outing for those who were physically capable of paddling a canoe for medium distance. The camping was on a hard surface and that could make for some uncomfortable sleeping for some people; however, the novelty（新奇）of it and the opportunities to see many types of birds and other wildlife made it worthwhile. The Park Service did a good job of posting highly visible trail markers as well, for those of us who might be afraid of making a wrong turn in such a broad watery and overgrown region. Those who would like to try such a trip should begin the process 3 – 4 weeks in advance by calling the office to make a reservation for a camping spot along one of the many trails marked out through the swamp, and the information should be learned about at their Internet website. 51. What is the main benefit for the author when he lived on the swamp? A. He watched a lot of rare birds that lived there. B. He learned hunting, fishing and camping there. C. He enjoyed the beautiful natural scenery there. D. He experienced some adventurous trips there. 52. The author planned the spring camping mainly to ________. A. have a good spring holiday in the great swamp B. have an unforgettable sleep outside his home C. let his youngest son know the beauty of the swamp D. learn to control or paddle a canoe along the canal 53. Visitors should call the office 3 -- 4 weeks in advance ________. A. because they need to book their camping place B. in order that they will not lose their way in the great swamp C. so that the headquarters office will give them a permit D. so that they can know more information about the great swamp 54. We can learn from this passage that ________. A. the author and his family paddled a canoe for the longest distances B. the author and his son had some comfortable sleep in the camp spot C. the author’s father was an experienced teacher on the knowledge of the swamp D. the author thinks the great Okefenokee Swamp is not scaring but mysterious 55. What’s the main idea of the passage? A. The beauty of the great Okefenokee Swamp. B. How to protect the great Okefenokee Swamp C. How to survive in the great Okefenokee Swamp D. Camping and canoeing within the Okefenokee Swamp B There is no denying that digital technology has the power to benefit education, improve learning and introduce new and creative ways. However, with over ?1.4 billion spent by schools on technology over the past year alone, researchers say this technology isn’t being used to its full potential and promise. As we know, classrooms worldwide are being equipped with advanced technology.
However, all too often they are being used without a strong understanding of how to attain their educational power. Teachers just use them to support traditional teaching methods rather than considering new ways of teaching with them. It has also been reported that in spite of the billions being invested by schools, test scores in reading and math have become unsuccessful since 2005 without any evidence that this huge investment is making a difference. In other words, schools are spending billions on technology but with very little proof that this approach is improving students’ basic learning. Teachers say that for the past decade, technology has been prioritized(优先) above teaching, and they are really concerned about the problem and some school’s unwise measures. Schools should only invest in technology when they have a very clear understanding of what they need, what it can do, and what it will achieve. Students say how valuable they find the technology they have access to within school. Not only does it help them find new ways to enjoy subjects that are traditionally boring, but it’s also preparing them for college and work life in ways that would never be measured by traditional tests anyway. To conclude, computer-based technology is a method, not an end. It is a tool that can be used to achieve instructional goals, but is not a goal in itself. Large-scale educational reform will never be easy, but it could be much less difficult if we let go of our out-date views of teaching, schooling and society. By carefully balancing technological investments with teaching and curriculum investments we will start to prepare our children for the challenges in the real world. 56. What do the first two paragraphs mainly tell us? A. The benefits of modern technology. B. Teachers’ misusing modern technology. C. The popularity of modern technology. D. The relationship between education and modern technology. 57. What is implied in the result of the test in reading and math? A. The school’s efforts to use the technology turned out a failure. B. The government’s investment has improved the students’ abilities. C. Modern technology shouldn’t be combined with traditional methods. D. The students in the classroom have been troubled by modern technology. 58. How do the teachers feel about the schools’ actions according to the passage? A. Satisfied. B. Confused. C. Worried. D. Angry. 59. What is the students’ attitude towards the modern technology? A. It is a waste of time. B. It is valuable and helpful. C. It makes them feel relaxed. D. It helps in traditional tests. 60. Which of the following suggestions does the author agree with? A. Modern technology should be an aim rather than a way. B. The government should stop investing in modern technology. C. Teaching should be the only way to help children grow up. D. Teaching investment should keep up with the investment in technology. C Many of us are quick to blame others for how we feel: ―He makes me so mad!‖ or ―She really hurt my feelings.‖ But did someone really ―make me angry‖ or are we feeling the anger
in us getting kicked up in response to the way someone behaved towards us? The difference between the two is in who the responsible party is for the way we feel. If we blame others for our feelings we will eventually feel reasonable at whatever our retaliation （报复）may be, and we will explain that it was their fault, not ours. “They were driving me mad‖. When we blame others for the way we feel we have in fact given power to others for the state of our emotional wellbeing（健康）. The truth is, no one controls our feelings but us. If we are finding that people in our lives really know how to ―push our buttons‖ then we are not doing a good enough job at protecting our ―buttons.‖ We are the ones leaving our buttons out in the open so that other people can ―push them.‖ Ultimately, the switch for our buttons is inside us – not on the outside. While there are some things in life that are clearly out of our control, like the weather or a flight that’s two hours late, how we act and respond to other people’s behavior is not among them. Our responses to others are well within our control. If someone is ―making us‖ so mad, for example, that we get angry, we are not doing enough to learn about what drives our anger and how to properly cope with it. my suggestion is taking time before you get angry, and putting some work into taking an inventory（清单） of the past. An inventory can show you how much of your past experiences influence your feeling reactions in the current moment. When we finally realize that so much of our present feelings and reactions are driven from within ourselves and our own past experiences, we will be ready to make the changes in our lives that will better secure our buttons so that they are no longer left out in public for everyone to push at will. 61. What result will appear if we blame others for our emotions? A. We consider others to be correct. B. We consider ourselves to be correct. C. We consider we were driving ourselves mad. D. We consider they were driving themselves mad. 62. What’s the author’s attitude towards feelings? A. We should blame others for the way we feel. B. We should enable others to control our feelings. C. We should let others know our daily life clearly. D. We should control personal feelings ourselves. 63. According to the author, which can always be under our control? A. The weather conditions. B. The delay of a flight. C. Other people’s feelings. D. Our own behavior. 64. Which proverb best suits the author’s advice in Paragraph 5? A. A burden of one’s choice is not felt. B. A friend is easier lost than found. C. Think twice before acting. D. A good beginning is half done. 65. What does the underlined phrase ―push our buttons‖ probably mean in Paragraph 3? A. Force us to do a good job. B. Make us angry.
C. Take off our buttons. D. Let us down. D Should girls go to school only with other girls? Is it better for boys to attend all-boy schools? Educators at school for girls in Washington D.C. believe children in classes of the same sex do better, but other experts say there is no real evidence to support that idea. They believe there are other more important things that make a school effective. Excel Academy is the first all-girl school in Washington, D.C. that is independently operated and supported by taxpayers. It was established in 2007 and opened its doors in 2008. The Excel Academy provides free education to children from families without much money. It serves more than 600 girls from preschool, the youngest children to grade five. Three meals are served each day. One of its students is 10-year-old Anyreah, who attended kindergarten in a classroom with boys. She says boys have different interests from girls. She’s now at Excel for the following five years. ―They would like to tell me that I can do it. They make me feel like I’m loved and that I’m the smarter person in the world.‖ Kaye Savage established the school. She says that when boys and girls are taught together, the teachers teach for the boys. She says boys are a little louder and much more active than the girls, which makes girls second-class citizens in their own classrooms and schools. But Galen Sherwin at the American Civil Liberties Union, the ACLU, disagrees. She says the evidence, in her words, is not really there to support claims that same sex classrooms produce better results. "Similarities between boys and girls are much greater and more relevant than any differences. Certainly any differences that exist are not relevant from an educational viewpoint," Sherwin said. Elaine Weiss is an education expert. She believes other considerations besides same sex classes have a bigger effect on children success in school. She says everything that happens in children's early development is important. ―some of the early gap should be dealt with before kids get to kindergarten The classes should be relatively small, so that teachers can have a one-on-one conversation and interaction with students. And after-school opportunities should be enriched," Weiss said. 66. We can learn from the passage that the Excel Academy _______. A. is the only all girl school of the United States B. raises funds to support the school and the students C. receives students from all levels of the US families D. is operated with the government’s financial support 67. According to 10-year-old Anyreah, ________. A. she spent her kindergarten days with only others girls B. she disliked the differences between boys and girls C. she has been studying at Excel for at least 5 years D. she thought highly of the same-sex classes at Excel 68. The Excel Academy was established mainly to ________. A. let girls study lessons with all attention B. help girls get the right of education C. give girls the same concern and education D. develop the same interest of girls in study 69. As for helping children to succeed at school, Elaine Weiss ________. A. thinks smaller classes work better
B. can’t offer any better way or suggestion C. stresses that fair education is the most important D. thinks there’s no difference between boys and girls 70. What is Elaine Weiss’s attitude towards the argument of the same-sex education? A. She thinks same-sex classes are more effective. B. She doesn’t strongly support the same-sex class education. C. She supports both same-sex classes and common classes. D. She doesn’t show any interest in how children are educated. 第 II 卷（选择题，共 35 分） 第四部分：写作 第一节：阅读表达（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 阅读下面短文，并按照题目要求用英语回答问题。 Heating and cooling equipment are the biggest users of energy in American homes. And homes are responsible for about one fourth of the nation's total energy use. But there are surprisingly simple ways to deeply cut energy use, its effect on the environment and its cost. David Peabody and his team at Peabody Architects design passive homes. Passive houses use no solar or wind energy equipment. But they are extremely energy efficient. They cut heating and cooling costs by about ninety percent. But what sets his design apart from other ―green homes‖ is that it looks like any other home. Mr. Peabody says, ―This is the beauty of the passive house. You don’t have to build a passive house in a particular way or to any particular style. That’s why we decide to make something that was very traditionally American.‖ Peabody Architects says it is building the first passive home in the Washington DC area. But it will not be the last. In Arlington, Virginia, Roger Lin and his brother Eric are also building one. Roger Lin of Southern Exposure Homes explains that windows are sealed against leaks and have three layers of glass. The windows are airtight. On a cold winter day, the temperature inside the unfinished home is a comfortable twelve degrees. David Peabody says you can find passive homes all over the world. ―North Africa, for example, has a passive house community designing for very hot dry climates and that’s a whole other area of exploration for passive houses.‖ he says. The first passive design was an apartment building in Darmstadt, Germany. Two physicists helped develop it about twenty years ago. Passive houses use some specialized materials. They also need to have special air treatment systems. Supporters say they cost only 6% more than traditional homes. But they use 10% of the energy for heating and cooling. But Passive House Institute US says even greater savings can be reached with additions like solar water heating systems. They might call that an active passive house. 71. What is the purpose of designing a passive house? (no more than 8 words) 72. What is the difference between the passive house and other green homes? (no more than 7 words) 73. What does the underlined word ―sealed‖ in Paragraph 3 probably mean? (no more than 2 words) 74. What does David Peabody want to tell us in Paragraph 4? (no more than 10 word) 75. What do you think of Roger Lin’s passive house and why?(no more than 15 words) 第二节：书面表达（满分 25 分） 76. 假设你是天津晨光中学学生会主席李津，你校将要在 2016 年组织国际中学生冬令
营，请你给美国中学生 Joe 回一封电子邮件，介绍冬令营的相关情况。内容主要包 括： 1. 时间：2016 年 1 月 27 日至 2 月 13 日； 2. 活动内容（中文课程，与接待家庭度周末，参观古文化街等） 3. 预期收获（语言，文化等） 注意：1. 词数不少于 100； 2. 请适当加入细节，使内容充实、行文连贯。 3. 开头和结尾已为你写好，不计入总词数。 参考词汇：冬令营 Winter Camp 古文化街 Ancient Cultural Street Dear Joe, Thanks for your mail, and I’m glad to know you are interested in the 2016 International Winter Camp for middle school students.________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ Yours truly, Li Jin
参考答案 听力部分 1-5 ABCAC 6-10 CBABA 11-15 CBACA 单选部分 16-20 BADAC 21-25 BDDCB 26-30 ABADB 完形部分 31-35 DCADB 36-40 CAADC 41-45 BDCDB 46-50 CABCC 阅读部分
51-55 BCADD 56-60 BACBD 61-65 BDDCB 66-70 DDCAB 阅读表达 71. What is the purpose of designing a passive house? (no more than 8 words) To reduce energy demand./ To cut energy use and its cost. 72. What is the difference between the passive house and other green homes? (no more than 7 words) It looks like a common house. 73. What does the underlined word ―sealed‖ in Paragraph 3 probably mean? (no more than 2 words) Closed/ Shut tightly. 74. What does David Peabody want to tell us in Paragraph 4? (no more than 10 word) Passive houses have been popular around the world. 75. What do you think of Roger Lin’s passive house and why?(no more than 20 words) It is energy-saving because (the windows are airtight and have 3 layers of glasses and ) it keeps most of the energy inside. 书面表达 Dear Joe, Thanks for your mail, and I’m glad to know you are interested in the 2016 International Winter Camp for middle school students. It will be held from January 27 to February 13, during which time you will get wonderful experiences. You will have opportunities to improve your spoken Chinese in the courses provided. Also, activities are arranged for you to spend weekends together with your host family, so you can learn Chinese in authentic situations. Besides, a trip to Ancient Cultural Street will certainly add to the fun of the camp where there are nearly one hundred shops selling various items of traditional characteristics of Tianjin. Join the camp and you will have a better knowledge of Chinese culture life. You are sure to benefit from it. Yours truly, Li Jin