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牛津高一上第13讲


Part One 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 一位穿着讲究的女士 用微笑打招呼 把(信息,消息)传递给某人 与某人保持联系(communication) 给某人留下很好的印象(impression) 为了得到帮助 犹豫做某事,不愿意做某事 提醒某人(做)某事 在人类历史上

10. 保持眼神交流 11. 保证做某事(guarantee

) 12. 向某人保证 13. 觉得兴高采烈 14. 向公司申请某个职位 15. 对某物有害处 16. 至少 17. 一些人….然而另一些人….. 18. 集中注意在… 19. 避免做某事 20. 抢了某人的东西(rob) 21. 偷了某人的东西(steal) 22. ...的疗法 23. 扭曲事实 24. 在建设中 25. 成型 26. 承认做某事 27. …的遗迹 28. 成为废墟 29. 容纳超过五千人

30. 令人惊讶的是 31. 向某人低语 32. 在舞台上 33. 渺茫的希望 34. 因…..而晕倒 35. 坐在座位的边缘 36. 下定决心做某事 37. 弥补 38. 达到相似的效果 39. 娱乐科技 40. 安排某人做某事 41. 被引进 42. 对….有影响 43. 警告某人某事 44. 冒险做某事 45. 以….为代价 46. 在一方面,在另一方面 47. 充分利用 48. 经济利益 49. 相比之下 50. 解释,说明 51. 领先

Part Two I: Grammar and vocabulary: ( 26 分) Section A 21. There is still 30 minutes _____, so we _____ hurry with supper. A. going, needn?t C. leaving, needn?t to 22. ____cleans the blackboard is to be praised. A. Anyone B. Those who C. Whomever D. The one who B. left, don?t need D. to go; needn?t

23. Every time _____ I went to my uncle?s, I _____ him lots of presents. A. when…was used to bring C. that…used to bringing B. /…used to bring D. in which…was used to bringing

24. The students appeared _____ with my explanation. A. that they were confused C. to confuse B. that they confused D. to be confused

25. Not to waste time searching, Alex kept everything just _____ he could get his hands on it. A. where B. as if C. when D. as long as

26. -- Since when have you been a vegetarian? -- Since I _____ Professor Wang?s nutrition class. A. have taken B. take C. took D. was taken

27. The poor lady is _____ with her use of salt when cooking. A. economy B. economics C. economic D. economical

28. The employees _____ the introduction of the new technology and greatly improved their efficiency. A. accounted for C. compared with B. benefited from D. decided on

29. He ____ away. We don?t see him anywhere around. A. might have gone B. must go

C. could go

D. must be going

30. The thing _____ he felt very proud was a gold watch given by his retired grandfather. A. which B. of which C. that D. for that

31. We have to be patient because it ______ some time ______ we get the final result. A. has been, since C. is, after B. has been, until D. will be, before

32. No sooner ______ the news that Michael Jackson passed away _____ the world fell into the mood of sadness. A. had…when B. did…when C. had…than D. did…than

33. Grandma warned him not to _____ that tall tree. A. risk of climbing C. take risk to climb B. run the risk of climbing D. risk to climb

34. The lecturer began his speech after the audience ________. A. seated B. took their seats C. sitting D. were sitting

35. Mandy and Angela are curious about the fainted woman_____ the filming of the quiz after the contest. A. who involves herself in C. who was involved B. who involving in D. that was involved in

36. The changing ____ in consumer choice can be seen in other areas of entertainment besides movies. A. trends B. technology C. style D. suit

37. Most environment problems remain to be solved because adequate measures for preventing them ____taken in the past. A. to be Section B A offer AC predictions B speak AD obvious C directions BC hopeful D ended BD conditions AB changed CD understood B. were not C. from being D. had not been

About sixty years ago, on a stormy night in 1945, the inspiring American physicist Robert

Oppenheimer stepped onto the stage of a movie theatre in the secret city of Los Alamos, New Mexico. He was there to __38__ to hundreds of scientists---the men and women who build the first atomic bombs under his __39__. Exploded over the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on August 6 and 9, 1945, those bombs had just __40__ the most destructive war in human history---and __41__ the face of war forever The world would soon learn what they already knew. Oppenheimer warned: Nuclear weapons were surprisingly cheap and easy to make, once you __42__how. Soon he said, other countries would be making them, too. Their power of destruction---“already incomparably greater than that of any other weapons”--- will grow, he declared. Despite these unsetting (尚未确定的) __43__, Oppenheimer found __44__ benefits in the breakthroughs(突破), calling nuclear weapons “not only a great danger, but a great hope.” What was Oppenheimer thinking? The serious danger was __45__: Hiroshima and Nagasaki lay in ruins, with tens of thousands of killed and thousands more seriously injured. What “great hope” nuclear weapons might __46__ was hard to imagine, even in victory. Sixty years later it still

II. Reading Comprehension( 15+24)分 Section A Surveys show that in the United States, about 3,000 teenagers each day become regular smokers---about the same number of adults who ___47___ smoking each day. Nearly one ___48___ ten 14-17-year-old smokes now. In the 1980s, ___49___ than one out of twenty smoked. Experts say kids who start smoking usually do so to ___50___ grown-up or because they think it ___51___ “cool”. Many kids don?t ___52___ the danger of smoking when they start the bad ___53___. They think they can stop (at) ___54___ they want “Many teenagers start smoking, ___55___ they can give it up whenever they want to,” explains Ron Todd, an official at the American Cancer Society. “But then they find out they can?t because of the nicotine (尼古丁), and that?s a ___56___.” Nicotine is a chemical ___57___ in all tobacco products. Recent studies ___58___ that nicotine is__59__ habit-forming, or addictive (使人上瘾的). People who use tobacco products can become__60__ addicted to the nicotine __61__ in those products.

47. A. avoid 48. A and 49. A little 50. A appreciate 51. A looks 52. A find 53. A habit 54. A any time 55. A considering 56. A disaster 57. A formed 58. A indicate 59. A great 60. A clearly 61. A contained

B escape B or B less B feel B sees B realize B hobby B each time B regarding B crisis B found B mean B largely B simply B comprised

C leave C in C few C express C appeared C master C custom C all time C thinking C misfortune C made C present C effective C easily C implied

D stop D by D fewer D sense D likes D grasp D leisure D every time D estimating D horror D consisted D speak D highly D obviously D involved

Section B A We are looking for an experienced English-speaking teacher for our kindergarten, for a minimum of one year?s teaching. Children?s age ranges from 2-12 years. Duties include but are not limited to teaching a variety of subjects such as maths, science, environmental studies, physical education, art and music. The successful employers will be creative, motivated and fond of working with children. We are constantly trying to create a more effective program, and we encourage input (投入) from all our staff. ●Eight working hours/day ● Holiday: 2 weeks in winter, 2 weeks in summer and national holidays ● Five working days/week and one Saturday of 3 hrs work/month ● Accommodation well be prepared ● 250,000 yen/month (regular position) Employer: Maria International Kindergarten

Contact: Maria Shoji Tel: 0555-72-5522 Fax: 0555-72-5522 Email: mariashoji@hotmail.com 62.Most probably we can read this passage in a __________. A.novel B.newspaper C.text book D.travel book

63.Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage? A.The teacher is asked to teach some fixed subjects. B.The teacher will work 40 hours a week at the most. C.The teacher has to look for a room to live in. D.The teacher has to work on weekends sometimes. 64.According to the passage , you can contact Maria Shoji by the following ways EXCEPT _______. A.E-mail B.fax C.letter D.telephone

B Many animals recognize their food because they see it. So do humans. When you see an apple or a piece of chocolate you know that these are things you can eat. You can also use other senses when you choose your food. You may like it because it smells good or because it tastes good. You may dislike some types of food because they do not look, smell or taste very nice. Different animals use different senses to find and choose their food. A few animals depend on only one of their senses, while most animals use more than one sense. Although there are many different types of food, some animals spend their lives eating only one type. The giant panda eats only one particular type of bamboo. Other animals eat only one type of food even when given the choice. A kind of white butterfly will stay on the leaves of a cabbage, even though there are plenty of other vegetables in the garden. However, most animals have a more varied diet. The bear eats fruits and fish. The fox eats small animals, birds and fruits. The diet of these animals will be different depending on the season. Humans have a very varied diet. We often eat food because we like it and not because it is good for us. In countries such as France and Britain, people eat foods with too much sugar. This

makes them overweight, which is bad for their health. Eating too much red meat and animal products, such as butter, can also be bad for the health. Choosing the right food, therefore, has become an area of study in modern life. 65. We can infer from the text that humans and animals ________. A. depend on one sense in choosing food C. choose food in similar ways B. are not satisfied with their food D. eat entirely different food

66. Certain animals change their choices of food when ________. A. the season changes C. they move to different places B. the food color changes D. they are attracted by different smells

67. We can learn from the last paragraph that _________. A. food is chosen for a good reason C. some people have few choices of food diet B. French and British food is good D. some people care little about healthy

C I?ll be the first to admit that I am a technophobe(对技术有恐惧感的人).Who would have guessed that a website would help repay a 20-year-old loan? I?ll always remember my last day at school. My best friend, Jenny, had organized a party in the Sixth Form Common Room. Jenny asked me to go to the supermarket with her to buy all the snacks. “I?m really looking forward to this party, Stingy(小气),” she said. Everyone called me Stingy instead of Debbie because they thought I didn?t like to spend money. Actually, it was true. “There?s lots of money in the kitty. Let?s go crazy!” Going crazy meant buying enough snacks to feed an army. It came to£19.90, which was a lot of money in 1982. Jenny gave me a guilty look. “I?ve left the kitty money in the common room. Can you pay and I?ll give you back the money?” “Sure,” I replied, trying to look relaxed. “Neither a lender or a borrower be” was my motto but I didn?t want to look stingy. I gave £20 to the impatient shop assistant.

Well, the party was a great success. So great that I completely forgot about my loan until I was flying to America the next day. I was going to live with my uncle?s family until I started university. I tried to get in touch with Jenny but her family had moved. My £20 was lost. Until… I?d heard about a website called Friends Reunited which helped people contact old school friends. My husband helped me log on and find my school. There she was, Jenny Frost. “I?m now married, with a beautiful daughter called Debbie. Does anyone know how to get in touch with Debbie ?Stingy? Jones? I still owe her £20! We met two months later and the £20 was returned, plus interest of course. After all, I?m a bank manager now, so loans are my business. 68. Why did Jenny spend a lot of money on the snacks? A. Debbie had money C. She wanted Debbie to stop being stingy. 69. How did Debbie get her money at last? A. Her husband found Jenny. B. Jenny had a website on the Internet. C. Debbie met Jenny. D. Debbie put a message on the Friends Reunited website. 70. We know from the passage that Jenny________. A. liked parties at school and felt guilty about borrowing money. B. had fun at school but soon forgot about her school friends. C. forgot her best friends at school until she saw the Friends Reunited website. D. was forgetful about the money. D A Band plays in Lumley Park every Sunday afternoon. I often attend these open-air concerts if the weather is fine, because I find it a restful ways of passing time, and because the band plays many kinds of music: dance music, marching music, anything with a tune that you can whistle; you know what I mean. One Sunday, there was a blind girl in the front row of the audience, just behind the band-leader. She was about fourteen or fifteen years of age, I should think. She had been sitting B. There was money she could use. D. She wanted to be crazy.

down until about halfway through the programme, when the band started to play The Blue Danube (蓝色多瑙河) by Strauss. I?d never heard them play this particular piece before; and there was something magical about the way they played it then. They had only played a few bars when this blind girl stood up and began waving her arms about in time to the music, just as the band-leader himself was doing. After a while, I could see that more and more members of the band were watching the blind girl instead of the band-leader. And the leader must have noticed this himself, because he turned round and watched her, and saw that she was keeping perfect time (合拍子). He was a very thoughtful man who I took my hat off to. He moved to one side little by little so that the band could see the blind girl better, and after a while he stopped conducting altogether. The band knew the piece quite well, of course, so things weren?t likely to go seriously wrong. But she kept time beautifully, and she made it clear when she wanted certain passages (音符,音节) to be loud or soft, just as the band-leader himself had done. Since then, to be quite honest, I?ve never heard The Blue Danube played better anywhere. I have seldom heard an audience clap more loudly than that audience, when the music was over. I should think they must have heard the noise on the other side of the town. When the blind girl sat down, even from where I was sitting I could see that there were tears running down her face. 71.The speaker thought that attending the Sunday afternoon concerts was a pleasure because ___________. A.a band plays music in Lumley Park. B.he could pass the time in a peaceful way in fine weather C.his favorite music could be played by the band in the open air. D.all of the above 72.While the blind girl was waving her hands to keep time, ___________. A.many more members of the band were still watching their band leader. B.the band leader stopped conducting after a while and took off his hat to the girl. C.the band kept playing wonderfully even without their band-leader D.the audience preferred the blind girl to the band-leader. 73.From what the speaker said, it can be inferred that__________.

A.he thought the blind girl was doing better than the band-leader. B.he not only respected the band-leader but also thought highly of the blind girl. C.he regarded the band as the first class band even without anyone conducting D.with the blind girl conducting, the concert was much more wonderful

III: Word formation (10 分) 1. At the start of Olympic Games, all the _____ take part in the great opening ceremony. (contest) 2. She became a _____ when she saw the cruel way animals are killed. (vegetable) 3. The _____ number of the unemployed has attracted the attention of the economists.(increase) 4. It was a ______ experience to see so much blood on the floor.(horror) 5. _____, the restaurant he recommended is far from satisfactory.(fortunate) 6. The committee finally chose the most ______ candidate.(experience) 7. There is a great demand for ______ machinery in this country.(agriculture) 8. Personal contact is ______ to the promotion of understanding.(benefit) 9. She stared at him in _____ and hesitated for a while.(amaze) 10. _____ knowledge is used to help cause destruction and war.(science)

IV: Verb-filling: (10 分) 1. I wonder why Jenny _____ (not write) to us recently. We should have heard from her by now. 2. By the end of last year, more than ten new gymnasiums _____ (complete) in Beijing. 3. —Oh, it?s you? I _____ ( recognize) you. —I had my hair cut, and I _____ (wear) new glass. 4. Unless _____ (invite) to speak, you should remain silent at the conference. 5. Standing on the top of the hill, I wouldn?t do anything but _____ ( enjoy) the flowing of the smog around me.

6. The visiting Minister expressed his satisfaction with his talks, _____(add) that he had enjoyed his stay here. 7. It was unbelievable that the fans had been waiting outside the gym for three hours just _____ (have) a look at the sports stars.

8. “The film that _____ (produce) at Shanghai Film Studio now is one of the exciting one I have ever made”, said the director. 9. David is the only one of those boys who _____ (have) trouble deciding on a plan.

V: Translation: (15 分) 1. “白色农业”在土地贫瘠的地区证明有效。 (prove)

2. 与西方人相反,亚洲人吃更少的肉食和奶制品。 (contrast)

3. 这些运动设施的建设提前两个月完成。 (facility)

4. Angela 又回答出了六个问题,这使她打败了其它对手。 ( another)

5. 孙桥农业开发区是高科技的农耕技术与自然的完美结合之地。

Keys to the final examination: 1-10 ACAAA, DCBDB 11-16 BAD, ABC 17-20 non-smoking, 32C, first, instructions 21-25 DDBDA 26-30 CDBAB 31-37 DCBBD ,AB 38-40 B ,C, D 41-46 AB,CD,AC,BC,AD,A 56-61 CBADC,A 71-73 DCB

47-50 DCDB 51-55 ABAAC

62-64 BCD 65-67 CAD 68-70 BDA III: 1.contestants 2.vegetarian

3.increasing 4.horrible 5.Unfortunately

6.experienced 7.agricultural 8.beneficial 9.amazement 10.scientific IV: 1.hasn’t written 2.had been completed 3.didn’t recognize ,am wearing 4.invited 5. enjoy 6.adding 7. to have V: 1. White agriculture proves/has proved effective in areas/places with poor soil quality/with soil of poor quality.. 2. In contrast to Westerners, Asians eat less meat and fewer dairy products. 3. The sports facilities was completed two months ahead of the time. 4. Angela answered another questions ,which made/let her beat the other contestants. 5. Sunqiao Modern Agricultural Development Zone is a place where high-tech and nature work well together. 8.is being produced 9. has

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25.

a well-dressed lady 一位穿着讲究的女 士 greet sb with a smile 用微笑打招呼 communicate sth to sb 把(信息,消息) 传递给某人 keep up communication with sb 与某人 保持/失去联系 leave/make/ give sb a good impression = leave/make /give a good impression on sb 给某人留下很好的印象 for assistance 为了得到帮助 hesitate to do sth 犹豫做某事,不愿意 做某事 remind sb to do sth /remind sb of sth /remind sb +从句 提醒某人(做)某事 throughout the history of mankind 在人 类历史上 maintain eye contact 保持眼神交流 guarantee to do sth 保证做某事 guarantee sth to sb 向某人保证 be /feel on top of the world 觉得兴高采 烈 apply to the company for the position 向 公司申请某个职位 do damage(n) to sth 对某物有害处 at least 至少 Some people…..while others…… 一 些 人….然而另一些人….. pay attention to sth/to doing sth 注意 keep sth from doing sthe 避免 rob sb of sth 抢了某人的东西 steal sth from sb 偷了某人的东西 remedy for …..的疗法 twist the truth 扭曲事实 be under construction 在建设中 take shape 成型

26. admit to doing sth 承认做某事 27. fall into ruin 成为废墟 28. hold more than 5000 people 容纳超过五 千人 29. to one?s surprise 令人惊讶的 30. whisper to sb 向某人低语 31. on the stage 在舞台上 32. a faint hope 渺茫的希望 33. faint with 因…..而晕倒 34. sit on the edge of one?s seat 坐在座位的 边缘 35. make up one?s mind 下定决心做某事 36. make up for 弥补 37. achieve a similar effect 达到相似的效 果 38. entertainment technology 娱乐科技 39. arrange for sb to do sth 安排某人做某 事 40. be introduced in 被引进 41. have an influence on = have an effect on 对….影响 42. warn sb of sth 警告某人某事 43. risk doing sth(v.) 冒险做某事 run the risk of doing sth 44. at the risk (n.)of= at the cost of 以 ….为 代价 45. on one hand / on the other hand 在一方 面,在另一方面 46. make the best use of 充分利用 47. economic benefits 经济利益 48. in contrast to 相比之下 49. account for 解释,说明 50. be ahead of 领先


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