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比较级


形容词和副词的原级、 比较级和最高级的用法

Let’s fill in the blanks,

一、形容词、副词的比较级、最高级的构成 规则:

1 一般在形容词、副词后加上er表示比较 级加 上est表示最高 级 原级
1)small

比较级
small er

>
最高级
small est

2) young
3) fast

young er
fast er

young est
fast est

2 以不发音的e结尾的,只加上r表示

比 较级,加上st表示最高级。
1) large large r large st

2) nice
3) fine

nice r
fine r

nice st
finest

3 以辅音字母+y 结尾的,把消去y,然后加

上er表示比较级;加上 est表示最高级。
原级 1)early 2) happy 比较级 early ier happy ier 最高级 early iest happy iest

4

双写最后一个辅音字母,然后加上 er

表示比较级;加上est表示最高级。
原级 比较级 最高级

1) big
2) thin

big ger
thinner

big gest
thinnest

3) wet
4) fat 5) hot

wetter
fatter hotter

wettest
fattest hottest

5 双音节和多音节的形容词,副词,在这些形 容词和副词前加上more表示比较级;加上 most表示最高级。 原级 比较级 最高级 most happily 1) happily more happily most heavily 2) heavily more heavily

3) expensive more expensive most expensive

4) carefully more carefully
5) exciting more exciting

most carefully most exciting

6) frightening morefrightening most frightening 7) boring 8) careful more boring more careful most boring

most careful

双音节或多音节形容词和副词的比较级 和最高级的特殊情况:
1、一般是在原级前加more构成比较级,在原级前加most构 成最高级。 beautiful – more beautiful – most beautiful interesting – more interesting – most interesting

dangerous – more dangerous – most dangerous
2、某些单音节形容词,加more, most 构成比较级和最高级。 glad – more glad – most glad pleased – more pleased – most pleased tired – more tired – most tired

often-more often- most often

4、有些双音节和单音节形容词,既可以加er或est构 成比较级和最高级,也可以加more 和most构成比较 级和最高级。 friendly huge calm free true clever

不规则变化
原级 比较级 good better well bad(ly) worse ill many more much less little far farther 最高级

further
old

说明 巧记: best 特殊形式比较级 共有三对二合一 worst 坏病两多并两好 most little意思不是小 least 一分为二有两个 farthest 一是老来二是远 furthest oldest eldest

older elder

Good , better , best, Never let it Till And good rest .

is better,

better , best .

好上加好,直到最好; 精益求精,永无止境。

原级
fast
short big thin funny

比较级
faster

最高级
fastest
shortest biggest thinnest funniest

shorter
bigger thinner funnier heavier

heavy
athletic expensive far

heaviest
most athletic most expensive farthest

more athletic
more expensive farther

给出下列词的比较级和最高级
important ______________ _________________ most important more important easier easy___________________ ___________________ easiest wettest wet___________________ ____________________ wetter happy________________ ____________________ happier happiest more careful most careful careful ________________ __________________ thinner thinnest thin _________________ __________________ better best good________________ ____________________ hotter hottest hot __________________ ____________________ more easily most easily easily ________________ ____________________ most more many________________ ____________________ nicer nicest nice ________________ ____________________ bigger big _________________ ____________________ biggest heaviest heavy______________ ____________________ heavier most delicious delicious____________ ____________________ more delicious most more much_______________ _____________________

1、as+形容词原形+as Tom is as tall as Mike.
汤姆和迈克一样高。

Tom is as old as Mike.
汤姆和迈克一样大。

There are as many students in our class as yours. 我们班有和你们班一样多的学生。

2、否定


not as+形容词原形+as “和… 不一样” not so+形容词原形+as “不及/不如…

Lucy is not as tall as Mike. Lucy is not so tall as Mike.
露西没有迈克那样高。

1、 比较级+than…
Our school is larger than theirs. This bridge is longer than that one.

比较级的用法: …than… 1.汤姆比杰克高. Tom is taller than Jack. 2.这只箱子要比那只箱子大. This box is bigger than that one. 3.那些苹果比这些大. Those apples are bigger than these ones. 4.第一个问题很容易,但第二个更容易. The first question is very easy, but the second one is easier.

(2) 数量的比较
1.我的笔比你的多. I have more pens than you (do). 2.我喝的茶比他多. I drink more tea than he (does). 3.他吃的饭比我少. He has less rice than I (do).

4.一班的学生比二班多. There are more students in Class 1 than in Class 2.

2、表示两者之间的选 择
可使用“Which is+ 比较级,…or…?”

Which is longer, this one or that?
表示不及另一方时,使用“less+原级+than…”

This park is less beautiful than that one.

3、 形容词的比较级 + and + 形容词的 比较级 (前后形容词是同一个) 越来越……
She is becoming thinner and thinner. Our country is becoming richer and richer. There are more and more students in our school. Living in the world is becoming more and more difficult. In spring, the days are getting longer and longer.

4、“The+比较级…,the+比较级…” 表示越...越...
The smaller the house is, the less it will cost us the heat. The more ,the better. The busier he is ,the happier he feels. 他越忙就越高兴。

5、the+比较级+of+the+two 两者中比较...的
The watch is the cheaper of the two. 这块手表是两个中比较便宜的 He is the older of the two. 他是这俩个中年纪大的那个 He is the better of the two. 他是这两个中比较好的

特例

用比较级形式表示最高级的意思:

比较级+than any other+单数 He is taller than any other boy in his class.

在比较级前面使用的修饰词有: even(更,更加),a little(有点), far/ much/ a lot (更加,……的多)

eg: 1. Yesterday was hot, but today is even hotter.
2. I’m a little taller than Mary.

3. This skirt is far/ much/ a lot more beautiful than that one.

原级前面通常使用very, quite, too, much too, as, so 等。 eg: 1. The room is very big. 2. The person is quite clever. 3. Today is too hot. 4. He eats too much, so he’s much too heavy.

1、形容词最高级的用法 (…in…; …of…+范围)
那个短发的女孩是我们班最高的.

The girl with red hair is the tallest in our class.
今天是一年中最热的一天. Today is the hottest day of the year. 他的房间是三个中最干净的一个.

His room is the cleanest of the three. 上海是中国最大的城市. Shanghai is the largest in China.

2、…one of the+最高级+名词复数 表示“最......之一”

Lu Xun is one of the greatest writers last century.

…最高级+of (in)…

Of all the movie stars, I think Zhang Ziyi is the best.

3、三者及以上做比较 Which/Who…+ 最高级,A ,B or C?

Who is the tallest, Jim , Mike or Tom
Which language is ____ , English, French or Chinese? A. difficult B. more difficult C. the most difficult

4、当表示“第二,第三”等意思时,经 常在最高 级的前面加second, third,等词。
This is the third largest city in China .
Hainan is a very large Island .It is the second ______ island in china. A. large B. larger C. largest D. most largest

等级

用法

句型

例句

He draws as well as her. Tom is three times as 1. 表示双方 as+原级形容 old as Mike 在程度、性
质、特征等 原级 方面相等时 词/副词+as

There are as many students in our school as yours.

Jim is not so/as tall asTom.
2.表示双方 不相等时 not so/as+ 原级形容词 /副词+as

等级

用法

句型

例句

1.表示两者之 间的比较
比较 级

“Which is+ 比较 级,…or…?”

比较级+ than 比较级+and+ 比较级

Our school is larger than theirs./ Which is longer, this one or that?
In spring, the days are getting longer and longer. The smaller the house is, the less it will cost us the heat.

2.表 “越来 越……”,表示 本身程度的改变 3.表“越…… 越……表示一 方随另一方的 程度而变化 4.用比较级形 式表示最高级 的意思

The+比较级, the+比较级 比较级+than any other+单数

等级

用法

句型

例句

1.三者或以上 表示最高程度
最高级

the+最高级 +of/in的短语

one of+the+ 2.表 “最……之 最高级+复数 一” 名词 3.表“第几个 the+序数词+ 最……” 最高级+名词 4.三者及以 上做比较
Which/Who…+ 最高级, A ,B or C?

? ? ? ?

用所给形容词或副词的适当形式填空: 1 He gets up a little________ than I.(early) earlier 2 You do the work _____ than Tom.(well) better 3 She is much shorter than her brother. ______ (short) ? 4 This picture is _____________ than that more beautiful one .(beautiful) bigger ? 5 Which is ______,the sun or the moon?(big) ? 6 Jack is ___________of the two boys.(clever) the cleverer

比较级用法:两者比较,常用句型: A+ (much, a little等修饰词)比较级+than+ B

? 8 This is _________________ the most interesting book in my bag. ? (interesting) ? 9 Which is ____________ of the three the farthest places? ? ( far) the longest ? 10 The Changjiang River is one of _________ ? rivers in the world. (long) ? 11 Which city is _________________,Xi’an, the most beautiful ? Beijing or Nanjing? (beautiful) 最高级用法:三者或三者以上比较程度最高 常用句型:A+ the+最高级+of / in+ 范围

Choose the best answer
? 1.This problem is _____ than that one. ? A.difficulter V B.more difficult C.much difficult. ? 2.Li’s pencil is ______ than Lucy’s. ? A.longger B.more long C. longer . V

Choose the best answer.
3. It has the ________ clothing store in the town. A. goodest B. gooddest C. best D. better 4. This clothing store is ____ than that one. A. bad B. worse C. the worst D. worst 5. This book is ____ of all. A. cheapest B. cheap C. cheaper D. the cheapest
6. This is one of ____ films of this year. A. more exciting B. exciting C. the most exciting D. most exciting. 7. This watch is ____ than that one. A. much expensive B. expensiver C. more expensiver D. more expensive

8、The Changjiang River is ____ than any B other river in China. A. shorter B. longer C. shortest D. longest B 9、Bob never does his homework ____ Mary. He makes lots of mistakes. A. so careful B. as carefully as C. carefully as D. as careful as 10、____ she is, ____ she feels. D D A. The more busy, the more happy B. The busy, the happy C. Busier, happier D.The busier, the happier older nd 11、The weather is getting c____ a__ c____ .(越来越冷)

12. The bread isC ____ than these cakes A. very delicious B. much delicious C. more delicious D. as delicious

D 13. In our city it’s
A. hotter; hottest C. hotter; hot 14. An elephant is A. Heavy C. the heaviest

in July ,but it is even _____in August . B. hot; hot D. hot; hotter

D

than a tiger. B. very heavy D. heavier

15. Which subject is _____ , physics or chemistry ? C A. interesting B. most interesting C. more interesting D. the most interesting


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