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牛津高中英语句子结构第一课时


第一课时:认识句子成份(2013.07.05) 一.翻译下了句型: 1.我的英语提高(improve)了不少。 2.我们经常在操场上玩。 3.我喜欢我所有的科目(subject)。 4,最好的办法是努力学习。 5.我的班主任给了好多的鼓励。 (encouragement) 6..妈妈为我买了好多好吃的 7.我感到幸运。. 8.我让学生大声朗读。 二.句子成分基本示意图:

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记住歌诀 ① 主在前、谓在中,宾语、状语后面冲 。 ② 短语定语主宾后,形、代定语主宾前 。 ③ 间宾直宾紧相依,直、间之间 to、for 连 。 ④ 宾补位于宾语后,地状常在时状前 。 划分句子结构 例 1. We are going to have physics next term. 主 谓 宾 状 例 2. Our politics teacher often tells 定语 主语 状语 谓语 us a story about Comrade Lei Feng on Saturdays. (人作)间宾 (事物作)直宾语 (介词短语作后置定语) 状语 例 3.He gave some money to me. 主 谓 定 直宾 间宾 例 4.Chen Hua asked us to watch a volleyball match 主语 谓语 宾语 宾语补足语 in the Capital Stadium next Sunday. 地点状语 时间状语

三.简单句的五种基本句型

主语 + 不及物动词 ( S + Vi ) 主语 + 及物动词 +宾语 ( S + Vt + O) 主语 + 系动词 + 表 (S + LV + predicative) 主语+双宾动词+间宾+直宾(S +Vt +O.indir+O. dir) 主语 + 宾补动词 +宾语 +宾语补语
1.S+ VI (主+谓) 1). The sun │was shining. 2). The moon │rose. 3). The universe │remains. 4). We all │breathe, eat, and drink. 2.S+vt+O(主+谓+宾) 1).Who │knows │the answer? 2).She │smiled │her thanks. 3). He │has refused │to help them. 4).He │enjoys │reading. 3.S+ V +P (主+系+表) 1).He │is growing │tall and strong. 2). The dinner │smells │good. 3).Our well │has gone │dry. 4). Everything│looks│different. 4.S +V +o +O (主+谓+间宾+直宾) 1). She │ordered │herself │a new dress. 2.) She │cooked │her husband │a delicious meal. 3).I │ told │that the bus was late. (S + Vt. + O│ + him O. compl) 4).. He │ showed │ me │how to run the machine. There + be / stand/ lie / live... 5. S +V+ O+ C (主+谓+宾+宾补) 1). They│appointed│him │manager. 2). They│painted│the door│green. 3). This│set│them│thinking. 4). They│found│the house│deserted. 总结心得:

英语句子万万千,五大句型把线牵。 句型种类为动词,后接什么是关键; 系词后面接表语;vi.独身无牵连; vt.又可分三类,单宾双宾最常见, 还有宾语补足语;各种搭配记心间。
四.简单句的扩展成份: 1.I bought a rain coat with a warm lining. 2.He is saving up to buy a mobile phone. 3.A bright little boy with rosy cheeks put three bottles of milk quietly on my doorstep before seven o’clock. 4.He worked like a madman in the garden on Saturday. 5.The young girl with long black hair seems to be very happy 五.句子成分练习题( 一 )

(一). 指出下列句中主语的中心词 ① The teacher with two of his students is walking into the classroom. ② There is an old man coming here. ③ The useful dictionary was given by my mother last year. ④ To do today's homework without the teacher's help is very difficult. (二) 选出句中谓语的中心词 ① I don't like the picture on the wall. A. don't B. like C. picture D. wall ② The days get longer and longer when summer comes. A. get B. longer C. days D. summer ③ Do you usually go to school by bus? A. Do B. usually C.go D. bus ④ There will be a meeting at the library this afternoon. A. will be B. meeting C. the library D. afternoon ⑤ Did the twins have porridge for their breakfast? A.Did B. twins C. have D. breakfast ⑥ Tom didn't do his homework yesterday. A. Tom B. didn't C. do D. his homework ⑦ What I want to tell you is this. A. want B. to tell C. you D. is ⑧ We had better send for a doctor. A. We B. had C. send D. doctor ⑨ He is interested in music. A. is B. interested C. in D. music ⑩ Whom did you give my book to? A. give B.did C. Whom D. book (三) 挑出下列句中的宾语 ① My brother hasn't done his homework. ② People all over the world speak English. ③ You must pay good attention to your pronunciation. ④ How many new words did you learn last class? ⑤ Some of the students in the school want to go swimming, how about you? ⑥ The old man sitting at the gate said he was ill. ⑦ They made him monitor of the class. ⑧ Go across the bridge and you will find the museum on the left. ⑨ You will find it useful after you leave school. ⑩ They didn't know who "Father Christmas" really is. (四) 挑出下列句中的表语 ① The old man was feeling very tired. ② Why is he worried about Jim? ③ The leaves have turned yellow. ④ Soon They all became interested in the subject. ⑤ She was the first to learn about it. (五) 挑出下列句中的定语

① They use Mr, Mrs with the family name. ② What is your given name? ③ On the third lap are Class 1 and Class 3. ④ I am afraid some people forgot to sweep the floor. ⑤ The man downstairs was trying to sleep. (六) 挑出下列句中的宾语补足语 ① She likes the children to read newspapers and books in the reading-room. ② He asked her to take the boy out of school. ③ She found it difficult to do the work. ④ They call me Lily sometimes. ⑤ I saw Mr Wang get on the bus. ⑥ Did you see Li Ming playing football on the playground just now? (七) 挑出下列句中的状语 ① There was a big smile on her face. ② Every night he heard the noise upstairs. ③ He began to learn English when he was eleven. ④ The man on the motorbike was travelling too fast. ⑤ With the medicine box under her arm, Miss Li hurried off. ⑥ She loves the library because she loves books. ⑦ I am afraid that if you've lost it, you must pay for it. ⑧ The students followed Uncle Wang to see the other machine. (八) 划出句中的直接宾语和间接宾语 ① Please tell us a story. ② My father bought a new bike for me last week. ③ Mr Li is going to teach us history next term. ④ Here is a pen.Give it to Tom. ⑤ Did he leave any message for me? (九)句子翻译。 1.我的英语提高(improve)了不少。 2.英国高中在早上 9 点开始上课(start)。3.30 放学(end)。 3.我们经常在操场上玩。 4.有时候我们坐在树下或草坪(grass)上休息。 5.开学第一天,我们所有新生要参加一个集会(attend,assembly)在学校的礼堂。 6.我喜欢我所有的科目(subject)。 7.他们能停止学校他们的科目。 8.在星期二晚上我补法语课。 (extra) 9.最好的办法是努力学习。 10.我的班主任给了好多的鼓励。 (encouragement) 11.同学给了我好多建议. 12.妈妈为我买了好多生日礼物。


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