必修 5 Unit 1 Great scientists Reading JOHH SHOW DEFEATS “KING CHOLERA” John Snow was ______ famous doctor in London - so expert, indeed, _____ he attended Queen Victoria as her personal physic
ian. But he became _________ (inspire) when he thought about helping ordinary people ______ (expose) to cholera. This was the ______ (dead) disease of its day. Neither its cause ______ its cure was understood. So many thousands of terrified people died every time there was _____ outbreak. John Snow wanted to face the challenge and solve this problem. He knew that cholera would never _______ (control) until its cause was found. He became interested ______ two theories that possibly explained _____ cholera killed people. The first suggested that cholera multiplied in the air. A cloud of dangerous gas floated around ______ it found its victims. The second suggested that people ________ (absorb) this disease into their bodies with their meals. From the stomach the disease quickly attacked the body and soon the ________ (affect) person died. John Snow suspected that the second theory was correct ______ he needed evidence. So when _______ outbreak hit London in 1854, he was ready to begin his enquiry. ______ the disease spread quickly through poor neighbourhoods, he began to gather information. In two particular streets, the cholera outbreak was _____ severe that more than 500 people died in ten days. He was determined to find out _______. First he marked on a map the exact places _______ all the dead people had lived. This gave ______ a valuable clue about the cause of the disease. Many of the deaths were near the water pump in Broad Street (especially numbers 16, 37, 38 and 40). He also noticed that some houses (such as 20 and 21 Broad Street and 8 and 9 Cambridge Street) had had no deaths. He had not foreseen this, so he made _______ (far) investigations. He discovered that these people worked in the pub _____ 7 Cambridge Street. They had been given free beer and so had not drunk the water from the pump. It seemed that the water was _________ (blame). Next, John Snow looked _______ the source of the water for these two streets. He found that ______ came from the river polluted by the dirty water from London. He immediately told the ________ (astonish) people in Broad Street to remove the handle _______ the pump so that it could not be used. Soon afterwards the disease slowed down. He had shown that cholera was spread by germs and not in a cloud of gas. In another part of London, he found _______ (support) evidence from two other deaths that were linked ____ the Broad Street outbreak. A woman, ______ had moved away from Broad Street, liked the water from the pump so much that she had it _______ (deliver) to her house every day. Both she and her daughter died ____ cholera after drinking the water. With this extra evidence John Snow was able to announce with certainty that polluted water _______ (carry) the virus. To prevent this from ______ (happen) again, John Snow suggested that the source of all the water supplies ________ (examine). The water companies were instructed not to expose people _____ polluted water any more. Finally "King Cholera" _______ (defeat).
Using Language COPERNICUS’ REVOLUTIONRRY THEORY Nicolaus Copernicus was ________ (frighten) and his mind was confused. ________ he had tried to ignore them, all his mathematical calculations led to the same conclusion: _____ the earth was not the centre of the solar system. Only ______ you put the sun there did the movements of the other planets in the sky make sense. Yet he could not tell anyone about ______ theory as the powerful Christian Church would have punished him _____ even suggesting such an idea. They believed God had made the world and _____ that reason the earth was special and must be the centre of the solar system. The problem _______ (arise) because astronomers had noticed that some planets in the sky seemed to stop, move backward and _______ go forward in a loop. _______ appeared brighter at times and less bright at others. This was very strange _____ the earth was the centre of the solar system and all planets went round ______. Copernicus had thought long and hard about these problems and tried to find ____ answer. He __________ (collect) observations of the stars and used all his mathematical knowledge to explain _____. But only his new theory could do that. So between 1510 and 1514 he worked on it, gradually ________ (improve) his theory until he felt ______ was complete. In 1514 he showed it _________ (private) to his friends. The changes he made to the old theory were revolutionary. He placed _____ fixed sun at the centre of the solar system with the planets going round it and only the moon still _______ (go) round the earth. He also suggested that the earth was spinning as it went round the sun and this explained changes in the movement of the planets and in the brightness of the stars. His friends were enthusiastic and encouraged him to publish his ideas, but Copernicus was cautious. He did not want to _______ (attack) by the Christian Church, so he only published it ______ he lay dying in 1543. Certainly he was right to be careful. The Christian Church rejected his theory, _______ (say) it was against God's idea and people who supported ______ would be attacked. Yet Copernicus' theory is now the basis on _____ all our ideas of the universe are built. His theory replaced the Christian idea of gravity, _______ said things fell to earth because God created the earth as the centre of the universe. Copernicus showed this was _______ (obvious) wrong. Now people can see that there is a direct link ________ his theory and the work of Isaac Newton, Albert Einstein and Stephen Hawking.
Module5 Unit 1 1. 看起来一些自然灾害应归咎于全球变暖。 It seems that global warming could be to blame for the _____________． 2. 中国著名运动员刘翔的伤痛的确严重，以至他可能会出国治疗。 The injury to China's famous athlete Liu Xiang is ___________ he may go abroad for medical treatment. 3. 专家提出的计划得到了政府的认可。 The project ___________ by experts has been accepted by the government. 4. 只有集中精力在学习上，你才能获得进步。 Only if you are absorbed in your study _________________________. 5. 每次试着去办公室找他，我总是被告知他在开会。
___________ I try to visit him in his office, I’m told he is having a meeting。 6. 别在太阳下晒得太久，否则你会被晒伤。 Don’t ______ yourself ____ the sun for too long ____ you will get sunburned. Unit 2 The United Kingdom Reading PUZZLES IN GEOGRAPHY People may wonder _____ different words are used to describe these four countries: England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. You can clarify this question ______ you study British history. _______ there was England. Wales was linked to it in the thirteenth century. Now ______ people refer to England you find Wales included as well. Next England and Wales were joined _____ Scotland in the seventeenth century and the name was changed to "Great Britain". ________ (happy) this was accomplished without conflict when King James of Scotland became King of England and Wales as well. Finally the English government tried in the early twentieth century to form the United Kingdom by _______ (get) Ireland connected in the same peaceful way. _________, the southern part of Ireland was unwilling and broke ______ to form its own government. So only Northern Ireland joined with England, Wales and Scotland to become the United Kingdom and this was shown to the world in a new flag called the Union Jack. To ______ credit, the four countries do work together in some areas (eg, the currency and international relations), but they still have very different institutions. For example, Northern Ireland, England and Scotland have different educational and legal systems as well as different football teams for _________ (compete) like the World Cup! England is the ________ (large) of the four countries, and for _________ (convenient) it is divided roughly into three zones. The zone nearest France is called the South of England, the middle zone is called the Midlands and the one nearest to Scotland is known ____ the North. You find most of the population _______ (settle) in the south, but most of the industrial cities in the Midlands and the North of England. _________, nationwide, these cities are not as large as those in China, they have world-famous football teams and some of them even have two! It is ____ pity that the industrial cities built in the nineteenth century do not attract visitors. For _________ (history) architecture you have to go to older but _______ (small) towns built by the Romans. There you will find out more about British history and culture. The greatest historical treasure of all is London ______ its museums, art collections, theatres, parks and buildings. It is the centre of national government and its administration. It has the oldest port ______ (build) by the Romans in the first century AD, the oldest building begun by the Anglo-Saxons in the 1060s and the oldest castle constructed by later Norman _______ (rule) in 1066. There has been four sets of invaders of England. The first invaders, the Romans, left their towns and roads. The second, the Anglo-Saxons, left their language and their government. The third, the Vikings, __________ (influence) the vocabulary and place-names of the North of England, and the fourth, the Normans, left castles and introduced new words for food. If you look around the British countryside, you will find evidence of all these invaders. You must keep your eyes open ______ you are going to make your trip to the United Kingdom ________ (enjoy) and worthwhile.
Using Language SIGHTSEEING IN LONDON _______ (worry) about the time available, Zhang Pingyu had made a list of the sites she wanted to see in London. Her first delight was going to the Tower. It was built long ago by the Norman invaders of AD 1066. Fancy! This solid stone, square tower had remained _______ (stand) for one thousand years. ________ the buildings had expanded around it, it remained part of a royal palace and prison _______ (combine). To _____ great surprise, Zhang Pingyu found the Queen's jewels _______ (guard) by special royal soldiers who, _____ special occasions, still wore the four-hundred-year-old uniform of the time of Queen Elizabeth I. There followed St Paul's Cathedral built after the terrible fire of London in 1666. It looked splendid _____ first built! Westminster Abbey, too, was very interesting. It contained statues in memory _____ dead poets and writers, such as Shakespeare. Then just _____ she came out of the abbey, Pingyu heard the famous sound of the clock, Big Ben, _______ (ring) out the hour. She finished the day by looking at the outside of Buckingham Palace, the Queen's house in London. Oh, she had so much to tell her friends! The second day the girl visited Greenwich and saw its old ships and famous clock _____ sets the world time. _____ interested her most was the longitude line. It is _____ imaginary line dividing the eastern and western halves of the world and is very useful for navigation. It passes through Greenwich, _____ Pingyu had a photo _______ (take) standing on either side of the line. The last day she visited Karl Marx's statue in Highgate Cemetery. It seemed strange that the man _____ had developed communism should have lived and died in London. Not only that, _____ he had worked in the famous reading room of the Library of the British Museum. ______ (sad) the library had moved from its original place into _______ building and the old reading room was gone. But she was thrilled by so many wonderful treasures from different cultures displayed in the museum. When she saw many visitors ______ (enjoy) looking at the beautiful old Chinese pots and other objects on show, she felt very proud of her country. The next day Pingyu was leaving London ______ Windsor Castle. "Perhaps I will see the Queen?" she wondered _____ she fell asleep.
Module5 Unit 2 1. 我的早餐包括巧克力饼干和牛奶。 My breakfast ______________ chocolate-covered biscuits and milk. 2. 北京奥运会盛大的开幕式吸引了全球亿万观众的注意力。 The magnificent opening ceremony of the Beijing Olympic Games ______________ of millions of people all over the world. 3. 值得称赞的是，史密斯先生不乐意卷入。 To his credit, Mr. Smith was unwilling to_______________. 4. 为了图方便, 我把参考书放在书桌前。 I keep my reference books near my desk ________________. 5. 他以证明别人有错为乐。(take great delight) He takes great delight ___ proving others wrong.
6. 在工作的重压下他的身体垮掉了。 His health broke down ___ the pressure of work. 7. 南奥塞梯(South Ossetia)在八月二十六日脱离格鲁吉亚(Georgia)并宣布独立的消息，使我们很震惊。 We were shocked __ the news that South Ossetia ______________ Georgia and declared independence on August 26. 8. 她在试卷上漏写了名字。 She ______her name on the test paper.
Unit 3 Life in the future Reading FIRST IMPRESSIONS Spacemall: liqiang299A@GreatAdventureSpaceStation.com Dear Mum and Dad, I still cannot believe that I am taking _____ this prize that I won last year. I have to remind myself _______ (constant) that I am really in AD 3008. _______ (worry) about the journey, I was unsettled for the first few days. As a result, I suffered _______ “Time lag”. This is similar ______ the “jet lag” you get from flying, but it seems you keep getting flashbacks from your previous time period. So I was very nervous and uncertain ____ first. ______, my friend and guide, Wang Ping, was very understanding and gave me some green tablets ______ helped a lot. Well-known for their expertise, his parents' company, called "Future Tours", _________ (transport) me safely into the future in a time capsule. I can still remember the moment _______ the space stewardess called us all to the capsule and we climbed in through a small opening. The seats were comfortable and after _____ calming drink, we felt sleepy and closed our eyes. The capsule began swinging gently sideways _____ we lay relaxed and dreaming. A few minutes later, the journey was completed and we had arrived. I was still ____ the earth but one thousand years in the future. What would I find? At first my new surroundings were difficult ___________ (tolerate). The air seemed thin, as ______ its combination of gases had little oxygen ______ (leave). Hit by a lack of fresh air, my head ached. Just as I tried to make the necessary adjustment _____ this new situation, Wang Ping appeared. "Put on this mask," he advised. "It'll make you feel much better." He handed _____ to me and immediately hurried me through to a small room nearby for a rest. I felt better in _____ time. Soon I was back on my feet again and following him to collect a hovering carriage _______ (drive) by computer. These carriages float above the ground and by bending or pressing down in your seat, you can move swiftly. Wang Ping _______ (fast) my safety belt and showed me _____ to use it. Soon I could fly as fast as him. ______, I lost sight of Wang Ping when we reached ______ looked like a large market because of too many carriages ________ (fly) by in all directions. He was swept up into the centre of them. Just _____ that moment I had a "time lag" flashback and saw the area again as it had been in the year AD 2008. I realized that I had been transported into the future of _____ was still my hometown! Then I caught sight of Wang Ping again and flew after ______. _______ (arrive) at a strange-looking house, he showed me into a large, bright clean room. It had a green wall, 15/11/3008 (Earthtime)
a brown floor and soft lighting. Suddenly the wall moved - it was made of trees! I found _____ (late) that their leaves provided the room _______ much-needed oxygen. Then Wang Ping flashed a switch on a computer screen, and a table and some chairs rose from under the floor as ____ by magic. "______ not sit down and eat a little?" he said. "You may find this difficult ______ it is your first time travel trip. Just relax, since there is nothing planned on the timetable today. Tomorrow you'll be ready _______ some visits." Having said this, _____ spread some food on the table, and produced a bed from the floor. After he left, I had a brief meal and a hot bath. Exhausted, I slid into bed and fell fast asleep. More news later from your loving son, Li Qiang
Using Language I HAVE SEEN AMAZING THINGS My first visit was to a space station _______ (consider) the most modem in space. Described as an enormous round plate, it spins slowly in space to imitate the pull of the earth's gravity. Inside was _____ exhibition of the most up-to-date inventions of the 31 st century. A guide (G) showed us around along a _______ (move) path. G: Good morning to all our visitors from 2008. First we're going to examine one of the latest forms of communication among our space citizens. No more typists working on a typewriter or computer! No more postage or postcodes! Messages can now be sent using a "thoughtpad". You place the metal band over your head, clear your mind, press the sending button, think your message and the next instant it's sent. It's stored on the "thoughtpad" of the receiver. It's quick, efficient and ____________ (environment) friendly. The only limitation is if the user does not think his or her message clearly, an unclear message may be sent. But we cannot blame the tools for the faults of the user, can we? During the explanation I looked at the pair of small objects called "thoughtpads" on a table. They just looked like metal ribbons. ______ ordinary but so powerful! While I was observing them, the path moved us _____. G: And now ladies and gentlemen, we are in the "environment area". People used to collect waste in dustbins. Then the rubbish was sent to be buried or burned, am I fight? (We nodded.) Well, now there's a system _____ the waste is disposed of using the principles of ecology. A giant machine, always greedy for more,_________ (swallow) all the waste available. The rubbish is turned into several grades of useful material, such as "fertilizer" for the fields and "soil" for deserts. Nothing is wasted, and everything, even plastic bags, is recycled. A great idea, isn't' it? I stared at the moving model of the waste machine, ________ (absorb) by its efficiency. But again we moved on. G: Our third stop shows the changes that have happened to work practices. ___________ (manufacture) no longer takes place on the earth but on space stations like this one. A group of engineers programme robots to perform tasks in space. The robots produce goods such as drugs, clothes, furniture, hovering carriages, etc. There is no waste, no pollution and no environmental damage! However, the companies have to train their representatives to live and work in space settlements. They have to monitor the robots and the production. When the goods are ready they're transported by industrial spaceship back to earth.
My mind began to wander. What job would I do? My motivation increased _____ I thought of the wonderful world of the future.
Module5 Unit 3 1. 我正在考虑将国际象棋作为我的新爱好，因为它可以训练一个人的思维。 I am thinking of _____________ chess as my new hobby as it helps to ______________. 2. 她出生于北京的一个工人家庭，5 岁就开始打乒乓球。 Born into a worker’s family in Beijing, she began to play table tennis ____________________ five. 3. 在股票市场亏损了所有的资产之后，他过了好多年才在资金方面恢复过来。 After _____ all his money in the stock market, it was many years before the man could ___________ his feet financially. 4. 我们应该乐观向上，永远对生活保持一种积极的态度。 We should be optimistic and always ____________________ life. 5．你不应该将这次比赛的失利归咎于他；那不是他的错。(blame… for…) You shouldn’t blame him for the _________ of the competition. It isn’t his fault. 6. 多亏专家及时赶到，他们的难题随即便就得到了解决。 Thanks to the quick __________ of the expert, their problem was solved in no time. 7. 我们不能忽视这样一个事实：那就是报纸需对所服务的社区负责。 We must not ____ sight of the fact that each newspaper needs to ____________________ the community that it serves. 8．在未来，我们希望我们能够建立一个环保地回收垃圾的系统。 （where 引导的定语从句） ____________, we hope we can develop a system where waste can be recycled in _______________________________ way.
Unit 4 Making the news Reading MY FIRST WORK ASSIGNMENT "Unforgettable", says new journalist _______ will Zhou Yang (ZY) forget his first assignment at the office of a popular English newspaper. His discussion with his new boss, Hu Xin (HX), was to strongly influence his life _____ a journalist. HX: Welcome. We're delighted you're coming to work with us. Your first job here will be _____ assistant journalist. Do you have any questions? ZY: Can I go out _____ a story immediately?
HX: (laughing) That' s _________ (admire), but I' m afraid _____ would be unusual ! Wait till you' re more experienced. First we'll put you as an assistant to an __________ (experience) journalist. Later you can cover a story and submit the article _________. ZY: HX: Wonderful. What do I need to take with me? I already have a notebook and camera. No need for a camera. You'll have a professional photographer with you to take photographs. You'll find your colleagues very eager ______ assist you, so you may be able to concentrate on photography later ____ you' re interested.
Thank you. Not only ______ I interested in photography, but I took an amateur course at university to update my skills.
HX: Good. ZY: What do I need to remember when I go out to cover a story?
HX: You need to be curious. Only _____ you ask many different questions will you acquire all the information you need to know. We say a good journalist must have a good "nose" _____ a story. That means you must be able to assess when people are not telling the whole truth and then try to discover _____. They must use research to inform themselves of the _______ (miss) parts of the story. ZY: HX: What should I keep in mind? Here _______ (come) my list of dos and don'ts: don't miss your deadline, don't be rode, don't talk too much, but make sure you listen to the interviewee carefully. ZY: Why is listening so important?
HX: Well, you have to listen for detailed facts. Meanwhile you have to prepare the next question depending on _____ the person says. ZY: But how can I listen carefully while taking notes?
HX: This is a trick of the trade, If the interviewee agrees, you can use a recorder to get the facts straight. It's also useful ______ a person wants to challenge you. You have the evidence to support your story. ZY: I see! Have you ever had a case ______ someone accused your journalists _____ getting the wrong end of the stick? HX: Yes, but it was a long time ago. This is ______ the story goes. A footballer was accused of taking money ______ deliberately not scoring goals so as to let the other team win. We went to interview him. He denied _______ (take) money but we were sceptical. So we arranged an interview between the footballer and the man supposed to bribe him. When we saw them together we guessed from the footballer's body language _____ he was not telling the truth. So we wrote an article _______ (suggest) he was guilty. It was _____
dilemma because the footballer could have demanded damages if we were wrong. He tried to stop us publishing _____ but later we were proved right. ZY: Wow! That was a real "scoop". I'm looking forward to my first assignment now. Perhaps I'll get a scoop too! HX: Perhaps you will. You never know.
GETTING THE "SCOOP" "Quick," said the editor. "Get that story ready. We need it in this edition to be ahead of the _____ newspapers. This is a scoop." Zhou Yang had just come back into the office after ____ interview with a famous film star. "Did he really do that?" asked someone from the International News Department. "Yes, I' m afraid he did," Zhou Yang answered. He set _____ work.
His first task was ________ (write) his story, but he had to do it carefully. _______ he realized the man had been lying, Zhou Yang knew he must not accuse him directly. He would have to be accurate. Concise too! He knew how to do that. Months of training had taught him to write with no wasted words or phrases. He sat down at his computer and began to work. The first person _____ saw his article was a senior editor from his department. He checked the evidence, read the article and passed it ____ to the copy-editor. She began to edit the piece and design the main headline and ______ (small) heading. “This will look very good on the page,” she said. "Where is a good picture of this man?" Then as the article was going to be written in English Zhou Yang also took a copy to the native speaker ______ (employ) by the newspaper to polish the style. She was also very happy with Zhou Yang's story. "You are really able to write a good front page article," she said. Zhou Yang smiled with _______ (happy). Last of all, the chief editor read it and approved it. "Well done," he said to Zhou Yang. "But please show ____ your evidence so we're sure we've got our facts straight.” “I’ll bring it to you immediately," said Zhou Yang ________ (excite). The news desk editor took the story and began to work on all the stories and photos until all the pages were set. All the information was then ready to be processed into film negatives. This was _____ first stage of the printing process. They needed four negatives, as several colours were going to be used on the story. Each of the main colours had one negative sheet and _____ they were combined they made a coloured page for the newspaper. After one last check the page was ready ___________ (print). Zhou Yang waited excitedly for the first copies to be ready. "Wait 611 tonight," his friend whispered. "I expect _______ will be something about this on the television news. A real scoop!"
Module5 Unit 4 1. 只有当你经历了很多磨难后, 你才知道幸福的可贵。(only if) 2. 如果你专注于英语学习，你会有效地掌握这门语言。 If you _______ your energies on the study of English, you’ll _______the language ____________. 3. 在得知自己上呈给教育部门的信被发表在报纸上这一消息时，这个家庭主妇很高兴。 The housewife was delighted at the news that the letter she ______ to the education department was ____ in the newspaper. 4. 我不仅对摄影感兴趣，而且在大学里我还专修过摄影课来提高我的技术。 ________________________ photography, but I took a course at university to improve my skills. 6. 老实说，为了如期完成这项任务，我两天两夜都没睡觉。 To tell you the truth, I _____________ 2 days and nights so as to finish the task _________________. 7. 他被指控杀人, 确认后被宣判死罪。 He was accused ___murder, convinced and sentenced ___ death. 8. 这个记者被派去报道一个受贿官员的有关新闻。 The journalist was sent to _____ the news about _________ who took bribes. 9. 使她的父母感到开心的是，她在班上总是遥遥领先。 She is always ___________ the rest of the class, _______ makes her parents very happy.
Unit 5 First aid Reading FIRST AID FOR BURNS The skin is _____ essential part of your body and its largest organ. You have three layers of skin _____ act as a barrier against disease, poisons and the sun's ______ (harm) rays. The functions of your skin are also very complex: it keeps you warm ____ cool; it prevents your body ______ losing too much water; it is ______ you feel cold, heat or pain and it gives you your sense of touch. So as you can imagine, _____ your skin gets burned it can be very serious. First aid is a very important first step in the ________(treat) of bums. Causes of burns You can get burned by a ______ (various) of things: hot liquids, steam, fire, radiation (by being close to high heat or fire, etc), the sun, electricity or chemicals. Types of burns There are three types of burns. Burns are called first, second or third degree burns, depending on ______ layers of the skin are burned. ◎ First degree burns These affect only the top layer of the skin. These burns are not serious and should
feel better within a day or two. Examples include mild sunburn and burns caused by touching a hot pan, stove or iron for a mordent. ◎ Second degree burns These affect both the top and the second layer of the skin. These bums are serious and take a few weeks to heal. Examples include severe sunburn and bums caused by hot liquids. ◎ Third degree burns These affect all three layers of the skin and any tissue and organs under the skin.
Examples include burns caused by electric shocks, burning clothes, or severe petrol fires. These burns cause very severe injuries and the victim must go to hospital _____ once. Characteristics of burns First degree burns ◎ dry, red and mildly swollen ◎ mildly painful ◎ turn white when pressed Second degree burns ◎ rough, red and swollen ◎ blisters ◎ ______ (water) surface ◎ _______ (extreme) painful Third degree burns ◎ black and white and charred ◎ swollen; often tissue under them can be seen ◎ little or no pain if nerves are damaged; may be pain around edge of injured area.
First aid treatment 1 Remove clothing using scissors ______ necessary unless it is stuck to the burn. Take off other clothing and
jewellery near the burn. 2 Cool burns immediately with cool but not icy water. It is best to place burns under gently ______( run)
water for about 10 minutes. (The cool water stops the burning process, prevents the pain becoming ______ (bear) and reduces swelling.) Do not put cold water _____ third degree burns. 3 For first degree burns, place cool, clean, wet cloths on them until the pain is not so bad. For second degree
burns, keep cloths cool by putting them back in a basin of cold water, squeezing them out ____ placing them on the burned area over and over again for about an hour _____ the pain is not so bad. 4 5 Dry the burned area gently. Do not rob, as this may break any blisters and the wound may get _____ (infect). Cover the burned area with a dry, clean bandage that will not stick to the skin. Hold the bandage ____ place
with tape. Never put butter, oil or ointment on bums as they keep the heat in the wounds and may cause infection. 6 If bums are on arms or legs, keep them higher than the heart, if possible. If bums are on the face, the victim
should sit up. 7 If the injuries are second or third degree bums, it is vital ______ (get) the victim to the doctor or hospital at
Using Language HEROIC TEENAGER RECEIVES AWARD Seventeen-year-old teenager, John Janson, _________ (honour) at the Lifesaver Awards last night in Rivertown for giving lifesaving first aid on his neighbour after a shocking knife attack. John was presented with his award ____ a ceremony which recognized the bravery of ten people _____ had saved the life of another. John was studying in his room _____ he heard screaming. When he and his father rushed outside, a man ran from the scene. They discovered that Anne Slade, mother of three, had been stabbed _______ (repeat) with a knife. She was lying in her front garden _______ (bleed) very heavily. Her hands had almost been cut off. It was John's quick action and knowledge of first aid _____ saved Ms Slade's life. He immediately asked ____ number of nearby people for bandages, but ______ nobody could put their hands on any, his father got some tea towels and tape from their house. John used these ______ (treat) the most severe injuries to Ms Slade's hands. He slowed the bleeding by applying pressure to the wounds ______ the police and ambulance arrived. "I'm proud of _____ I did but I was just doing what I'd been taught," John said. John had taken part in the Young Lifesaver Scheme at his high school. When ____________ (congratulate) John, Mr Alan Southerton, Director of the Young Lifesaver Scheme said, "There is no doubt _____ John's quick thinking and the first aid skills he learned at school saved Ms Slade's life. It shows that a knowledge of first aid can make _____ real difference." ________ receiving their awards last night, John and the nine other Life Savers attended a special reception yesterday hosted by the Prime Minister.
Module 5 1. 在某人受伤时，懂得急救知识能发挥重要的作用。
It is a ________ of first aid that can ______________________________ when someone is hurt. 2. 虽然这里有许多书， 但我找不到我想要的那本。 Although there are a large number of books here, I can’t _____ my hands _____ the one I wanted. 3. 晚会上的一切都已经摆放好了，我们终于可以放松休息一下了。 Everything is _____________________ the party, so we can finally _____ and have a rest. 4. 毫无疑问, 在反复练习后,他会做得更好。 ________________________ he will do a better job after practicing it over and over again. 5. 为了阻止火灾蔓延, 你应当中断电源。 You should _____the electricity supply to prevent the fire from spreading. 6. 好好休息一两天, 有必要的时候就吃这个药。 Have a good rest for _____________ and take this pill when _________. 7. 他很感激我为他做的一切并把我当最好的朋友对待。 He was very grateful ____ me for what I had done for him and ________ me ___his best friend. 8. 校长为他颁发了优秀学生奖。 The headmaster _____ him with the award as an excellent student.