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第二部分 必修四 Module 3 Body Language and Non-verbal Communication


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(一)基础单词(根据汉语提示写单词)
1.I was trying to think of some way to prolong (延长) the conversation. 2.The colour black is traditionally (传统地) associated with mourning.

3.Teachers apparently expect a certain amount of aggressive (挑衅性的) behaviour from boys.

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4.Women have yet to achieve full equality (平等) with men in the workplace. 5.It is really a fair deal (交易). 6.The staff immediately requested (要求) that he reconsider his decision. 7.We watched a live (现场直播的) television show. panicked 8.The gunfire (使惊慌) the horses.

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(二)重点单词

A:根据提示,写出下列单词的适当形式
1. unconscious adj.无意的;不知不觉的 → conscious adj.意识到的;自觉的 2. formal adj.正式的→ informal adj.非正式的 3. threatening adj.恐吓的;具有威胁的 → threaten vt.威胁;恐吓→ threat n.威胁 4. religion n.宗教→ religious adj.宗教的 5. invitationn.邀请→ invite vt.邀请 返回

6. performance n.表演;演出→ performer n.表演者

→ perform vt.表演;执行 7. judgement n.判断;意见→ judge vt.判断
8. social adj.社会的→ socially adv.社会地→ society n.社会 9. vary vi.变化→ various adj.各种各样的 10. favour n.恩惠→ favourite adj.特别受喜爱的

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B:一言辨异(根据语境,用所给单词的适当形式填空) 11. Communication is very important in our daily life.

Everyone relies on communicating with other people to
make friends. (communicate) 12.Don't involve me in your quarrel and I don't want to get involved in it.(involve)

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(一)根据汉语提示写出短语 1. on guard 2. make a deal 3. hold up 4. give away 5. lift up (保持)警惕 达成协议;做成交易

举起;使停顿
暴露(自己的情况);赠送 举起

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6. up and down
7. by accident 8. say hello to 9. switch on 10. on earth

一上一下地
偶然地 向??问好 打开(灯、无线电等) 究竟;到底

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(二)选用以上短语填空(其中两项是多余的) 1.The building work has been held up by bad weather.

2.We met by accident at the airport.
3.While danger threatens, we must all be on guard . 4.Why on earth did you refuse to accept his invitation? 5.I'm afraid the kids would give away the whole thing.

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6.We'll make a deal with you.You make the trip downtown and we'll give you your cab fare. 7.She was pacing up and down in front of her desk. 8.He stood there with his arms lifted up above his head.

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1. Although these are very important, we communicate with
more than just spoken and written words. 仿 他不仅仅是我们的老师,也是我们的朋友。

写 He is more than our teacher, he is our friend.

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2.One person then holds up his hand, palm outwards and five fingers spread.

仿 工作完成后,他们回家了。
写 Work finished, they went home.

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3.Body language is fascinating for anyone to study. 仿 这个女孩很容易相处。 写 The girl is easy to get along with.

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常考 单词

vary, involve, panic, request, favour hold up

冷点词汇

常考
短语

1.Although these are very important, communicat we communicate with more than 常考 just spoken and written words. palm outwards and five fingers spread. 返回 句式 2.One person then holds up his hand, e, stare, spread, by accident

1.vary vi.变化vt.改变;变更 We see examples of unconscious body language very often, yet there is also “learned” body language, which varies from culture to culture.(教材P22原句)

我们经常看到无意识的身势语,但也有“习得”的身势语。
习得的身势语在不同的文化中各不相同。 返回

vary with vary in vary from ...to ... variety n.

随??而变化 在??方面不同,有差异

由??到??情况不等
变化,多样性,种类

a variety of (= varieties of) 各种各样的 various adj. variable adj. 各种各样的;多方面的 易变的;变化无常的

varied adj.

各种各样的;不相同的
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The color of the leaves varies with weather.
叶子的颜色随着天气的变化而变化。 Teaching methods vary greatly from school to school. 各个学校的教学方法大不相同。 Not only a large variety of news programs have been created, but a group of highly competent news anchors emerged during this period.

这一时期不仅创办了大量形式多样的新闻类节目,还涌现
出一批非常能干的新闻节目主持人。 返回

[多维演练] A.用vary的适当形式填空 ①He led a varied life.

②The shoppingcentre sells a variety of goods. ③That sort of thing varies from person to person.
④For various reasons, he didn't attend the party.

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B.单项填空

⑤(2011· 安徽百校论坛高三联考)Recent studies have
shown that most US graduates receive cash as gifts, though the amount received ________ from person to person. A.prefers C.varies B.promotes D.suffers

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解析:句意:最近的研究表明大多数美国毕业生接受

现金作为礼物,尽管数量因人而异。vary from ...
to ...“由??到??情况不等”。prefer “更喜欢”; promote “提升”;suffer “遭受”。 答案:C

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2.involve vt.包括;涉及;使参与 Greetings in Asian countries do not involve touching the
other person,but they always involve the hands. (教材P22原句) 亚洲人打招呼是不接触别人身体的,但经常会用到手。

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involve sb. in (doing) sth. 使某人参与(做)某事,使人牵扯到某事中 involve doing sth. 包括做某事;需要做某事 involved adj. 复杂的;有牵连的;有关的

get/be involved in

被卷入??之中;热衷于,专心于

be/get involved with sb./sth. 与某人混在一起;和??有密切联系 involvement n. 包含;涉及 返回

His job involves spending quite a lot of time with other people.

他的工作需要花费很多的时间与其他人打交道。
Mary and I do everything together; she involves me in everything. 玛丽和我一起做任何事情,她让我参与一切事情。 It's said that he gets involved in a series of criminal activities. 据说他与一系列的犯罪活动有关。

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[点睛] involved adj.作前置定语时,意为“复杂的”, 作后置定语时,意为“涉及到的”。

the involved plot复杂的情节(前置定语)
the people involved所涉及的人(后置定语)

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[多维演练] A.用involve的适当形式填空 ①Zang Tianshuo was arrested for involvement in gang fights.

②She has to do a lot of housework, involving cooking,
cleaning, etc. ③I attended a lecture involved in global warming.

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B.单项填空

④(2011· 兰州模拟)The Department is also
deeply________in various improvement schemes.

A.connected
C.involved

B.included
D.implied

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解析:句意:该部门也深入地参与到了各种各样的改善 计划中。be involved in“参与”,符合句意。 答案:C

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3.panic v.(使)惊慌;(使)惊恐 n.惊慌,恐慌 If your mind goes blank, try not to panic.(教材P26原句)

如果你大脑一片空白,尽量不要惊慌。
As the bees came closer, his panic increased.(选自2010年高考 江西卷· 阅读A) 当蜜蜂靠近的时候,他的恐惧也加剧了。

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panic sb. into doing sth. Don't panic! get into a panic in (a) panic

使某人因惊慌而做某事

别慌!(用于劝告别人保持镇静)

陷入恐慌
处于恐慌中

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The protests became more violent and many landowners were panicked into leaving the country. 抗议变得更加激烈,许多地主慌忙离开了那个国家。 There's no point in getting into a panic about exams.

对考试惊慌失措是没有用的。

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[思考归纳]

panic的过去式、过去分词是
现在分词是 panicking 。

panicked



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[多维演练] A.系列翻译 ①当火灾发生时,他们陷入恐慌之中。 They got into a panic as the fire broke out. ②他们惊慌逃出。 They fled in panic.

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B.句式升级(用非谓语动词连接①、②句) ③ Getting into a panic, they fled in panic as the fire broke out.

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C.单项填空 (2011· 湖北高考)“Tommy, run! Be quick! The house is on fire!” the mother shouted, with ______clearly in her voice.

A.anger
C.regret

B.rudeness
D.panic

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解析:考查名词词义辨析。 句意:“汤米, 快跑! 快点 儿! 房屋着火了!” 妈妈叫喊着, 声音里明显带着恐 慌。 anger “怒火, 怒气”; rudeness “粗鲁”; regret “懊悔, 遗憾”; panic “恐慌”。 答案:D

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4.request v.&n.请求;要求

Mr.and Mrs.Harry Blunkett request the pleasure of your company at the wedding of ...(教材P28原句) 哈里布朗奇夫妇恭请您参加??的婚礼。

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To apply, please request an application pack by emailing
hr@cwu.org or by telephoning HR(Human Resources) on 020 8971 7482.(选自2010年高考江西卷· 阅读B) 如要申请,请通过电子邮件hr@cwu.org或致电020 8971 7482人力资源请求应用程序包。

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request sth.of/from sb.

向某人请求某事

request sb. to do sth.
request that ...

请求某人做某事
请求/要求??

make a request for 要求得到?? at sb.'s request (= at the request of sb. ) 应某人的要求

upon/on request 一经要求,应要求

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Visitors are requested to register at the front desk. 要求来客在前台登记。 We requested that you should be informed of what had happened.

我们要求你应该被告知所发生的一切。
No photographs of the girl were printed, at the request of her family. 应这个女孩家人的要求,不准印她的照片。 返回

[多维演练] A.用request的相关短语填空 ①She made a request for some water. ②The writer's name was withheld by request ③Further detail will be sent on request . .

④I telephoned her in Paris, at the request of Mary.

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B.单项填空 ⑤(2010· 湖北高考)Duty is an act or a course of action that people ________ you to take by social customs, law

or religion.
A.persuade C.instruct B.request D.expect

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解析:考查动词词义辨析。句意:责任是人们期望 你按照社会习俗、法律或宗教所实施的一种行为或 行为过程。A项“说服,劝服”;B项“要求”;C

项“指示,指导”;D项“期望,期待”。
答案:D

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5.favour n.帮助;恩惠;造成;关心v.支持;喜爱; 偏袒;有助于

Can I ask you a favour?(教材P28原句)
我可以请你帮个忙吗?

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A generation which would once only wear oldfashioned

clothes is now favouring the same high street looks worn
by those half their age.(选自2010年高考湖北卷· 阅读C) 曾经只穿老式服装的一代人现在开始追求那些同一条主 要商业街上是他们岁数一半的年轻人的大众时尚。

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do a favour for sb.= do sb.a favour

给某人恩惠,帮某人忙
in/out of favour in one's favour in favour of 得宠/失宠 受(某人)喜爱的,对(某人)有利的 支持,赞同

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Could you do me a favour and pick up Sam from school
today? 今天你能帮我个忙去学校接萨姆吗? Yet polls still show a narrow majority of Europeans in favour of taking in more countries. 可是民意调查显示依然有过半数的欧洲人同意接纳更多 的国家。

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[多维演练]

A.完成句子
①All those in favour of the plan, please raise your hands. 所有支持这个计划的人,请举手。 ②The miniskirt is out of favour with American women at present.

目前美国妇女不喜欢迷你裙。 ③The delay might work in our favour because we can
prepare a better defense. 这次延误可能对我们有利,因为我们能准备更好的防御。 返回

B.单项填空

④________ restoration of ancient architecture, the
Chinese government has invested a large sum of money on it. A.In case of C.In terms of B.In favor of D.In honor of

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解析:句意:在修复建筑方面,中国政府已经投入了大
量的资金。in case of “以防”;in favor of “赞成,支 持”;in terms of “就??面言,从??方面来说”;in honor of “为了向??表示敬意”。由句意可知选C。 答案:C

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6.hold up 举起,抬起;阻碍;使停顿;支撑

The teacher held up his hand, signing the students to stop

their discussion.
老师举起手,示意学生停止讨论。 Roadworks on the motorway are holding up traffic. 高速公路上的道路施工影响了交通。

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hold back hold off hold on hold out hold to

阻止;抑制(情感、情绪);隐瞒 保持距离;不接近;拖延;延期(=put off) 别挂断(电话)

坚持;维持;伸出
坚持;遵循(后接观点、工作类名词)

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You must be holding something back from me. 你一定对我隐瞒着什么。 Will the water supply hold out through the summer?

供水能维持整个夏天吗?

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[多维演练] A.介、副词填空 ①You shouldn't hold anything back from us; we want to

know the whole story.
②When he left the telephone to find a pencil, he asked me to hold on . ③I will stay in Mexico as long as my money holds out . ④Whatever your argument is, I'll hold to my decision.

⑤They were held up by fog.
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B.单项填空 ⑥—Sorry, Linda! I have to ________ now. Mum is calling me for supper. —OK, I'll call back later. Enjoy your supper.

A.hang up
C.give up

B.break up
D.hold up

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解析:句意:“对不起,Linda!我现在得挂电话了,妈妈 在喊我吃晚饭呢。”“好的,我晚会儿打过去,享用你的 晚餐吧。”hang up “挂断电话”;break up “分裂,破 碎”;give up “放弃”;hold up “延迟”。由句意可知选A。 答案:A

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Although these are very important, we communicate with
more than just spoken and written words. 虽然这些很重要,但我们并不只是用口语和书面语进行交

流。
more than+名词,表示“不仅仅,不只是”。 China Daily is more than a newspaper. It helps to improve

our English.
《中国日报》不仅仅是一种报纸,它还有助于提高我们的 英语水平。 返回

(1)more than+数词,表示“超过,多于”,相当于over。

more than+形容词,表示“很”或“非常”的意思。
(2)在“more ...than ...”中,第一个意思是表比较,可译为 “比??更”;第二个意思是肯定“more”后面的而否定 “than”后面的,可译为“是??而不是??,与其?? 不如??”。

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(3)no more than+名词或基数词,意思是“不过;仅仅;

只有”,相当于only。有感情色彩,侧重数量少。而
“not more than+基数词”,表示“至多,不超过”, 相当于at most,只是指出数量或程度,没有感情色彩。 “If he'd like to stick to a regular life, I'd be more than happy to do that,” Jane says.(选自2010年高考四川

卷· 阅读E)

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“如果他想坚持过有规律的生活,我会很乐意那样做”, 简说。

It's her manner I dislike, more than what she actually says.
我讨厌的倒不是她实际上说些什么,而是她的态度。 He is more sad than angry when his son lied again. 当他的儿子再次说谎时,他的悲伤甚于愤怒。 [点睛] more than one+名词,在语意上虽为复数,但视

为单数。
More than one house was burnt down in the fire. 多间(不只一间)房屋在火灾中被烧毁。 返回

[多维演练] A.句型转换 ①I'm very surprised to see him behind me. →I'm more than surprised to see him behind me.

②Tom is as lazy as his brother. →Tom is no more diligent than his brother.
③His whole school education added up to only one year. →His whole school education added up to no more than one year. 返回

B.单项填空
④It took________building supplies to construct these energysaving houses. It took brains, too. A.other than C.rather than B.more than D.less than

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解析:考查短语辨析。句意:建造这些节能建筑不 仅仅需要建筑材料,也需要“脑子”。other than “除了”;more than “不只是”;rather than “而 不是”;less than “少于”。

答案:B

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本单元中还有以下知识点需要特别关注。
1.communicate v. 交际,交流;沟通,表达 communicate sth. to sb. 把??通知/传达给某人 communicate with 与??交流/通信/联络/相通

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2.stare vi. stare at

凝视;盯着看 盯着看

glance at
gaze at glare at 3.by accident by chance by design on purpose

匆匆一瞥
凝视 怒视 偶然,意外地(= accidentally) 偶然地;碰巧地 有意地,故意地,有计划地 故意地 返回

条件状语从句;让步状语从句 1.Could I speak to ________ is in charge of International Sales please? A.who B.what

C.whoever

D.whatever

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解析: 句意:请找任何一位负责国际销售的人来接电话 好吗?这里的whoever相当于anyone who, 既是主句的宾

语,也是宾语从句的主语。
答案:C

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2.—Peter told me he wanted to come with us. Is it OK for

you?
—I don't mind ________ he pays for his meals.

A.as far as
C.as long as

B.as well as
D.as soon as

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解析:考查条件状语从句。句意:“彼得说他想和我们 一起去,你觉得可以吗”“我并不介意,只要他自己付 钱。”as far as “远到,至于”;as well as “也,又”; as long as “只要”; as soon as “一??就??”。

答案:C

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3.Many people believe we are heading for
environmental disaster ________ we radically change the way we live. A.once C.if B.because D.unless

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解析:考查条件状语从句。句意:很多人认为除非
我们从根本上改变生活方式,否则我们将面临环境 灾害。once “一旦”;because “因为”;if “如果”; unless “除非,如果不”。 答案:D

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4.You can either have the double room or the family room,
________ you want. A.whichever C.whenever B.whatever D.however

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解析:考查让步状语从句。由前句中的either ...or ...可

推知此处表示“无论哪个”,因此应用whichever引导
让步状语从句。 答案:A

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5.(2011· 东北三校联考)________I have some sympathy for them, I don't think they are right to do so. A.As C.While B.If D.When

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解析:考查让步状语从句。句意:虽然我对他们表
示同情,但我认为他们这样做不妥。while放在句首, 意为“虽然”。 答案:C

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根据提示,利用本课所学知识,完成下面的小作文。 每个老师的教学方法各不相同(vary)。李明的英语老师, 吴老师,有丰富(deal)的教学经验,特别注重学生活动。在 课堂上,他让学生参与(involve)每一项活动。他总是问各种 各样的问题。任何知道答案的学生都可以举手(hold up)回答。

如果问题有点难,他要求(request)学生们分组讨论。班上的
每个学生都赞成(favour)他的教学方法。他们认为有吴老师 教他们,他们会取得更大的进步。 返回

参考范文:
Teaching methods vary from teacher to teacher. Li Ming's English teacher, Mr. Wu, has a great deal of teaching

experience and pays special attention to the students' activity.
He involves his students in every activity in class. He always asks various questions. Whoever knows the answers can hold up his/her hand and answer them. If the question is a bit difficult, he requested his students to discuss in groups. Each of the students in his class is in favour of his teaching method. They think they will make great progress with Mr. Wu teaching them. 返回

点击进入一卷冲关的课后练案

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