2015-2016 年度高二英语阅读限时训练（30 分钟） （五）
一、完形填空 If any of our visions of technological revolution(革命) come true, then how will humans deal with it? Economist and futurist Robin Hanson presents
his 31 . 32 many people, economist and futurist Robin Hanson says he wants to live for as long as he can, but what would be the best way to do this? First, he says you could do all the things that will 33 your chance of dying now – like wearing seat belts, 34 dangerous activity and eating healthy food. Then there’s finding ways to 35 the limitations of our bodies and 36 medicine, which could 37 donating one’s body or brain to cryogenics(低温学). If something like whole brain emulation(仿 真 ) is 38 , you could take frozen brains of people, and make another version of that old brain. Immortality(长生不老) is much harder than it commonly 39 . It’s not just a matter of 40 the ways to possibly live forever, you have to do it in a way that makes it cheap and valuable enough to make it 41 for you to stay around. In the future there will be artificial(人工的) intelligence. If the artificial intelligence revolution comes, you can’t just 42 our ability to earn wages for your 43 and prosperity(兴旺). 44 , you should diversify( 多 样 化 ) your belongings and 45 things other than wages, like stocks( 股 票 ), real estate( 房 地 产 ), patents(专利), etc. In other words, when there’s a world with millions of robots, don’t count on being at the centre of things. 31. A. worry B. guide C. dream D. terror 32. A. Like B. Unlike C. Against D. Without 33. A. improve B. ruin C. reduce D. waste 34. A. attending B. organizing C. designing D. avoiding 35. A. accept B. overcome C. recognize D. realize 36. A. current B. future C. useful D. harmful 37. A. finish B. enjoy C. mean D. stop 38. A. stupid B. possible C. urgent D. unimportant 39. A. believed B. meant C. denied D. aimed 40. A. recommending B. losing C. finding D. removing 41. A. strange B. funny C. bitter D. easy 42. A. depend on B. fall for C. add to D. work out 43. A. education B. survival C. intelligence D. revolution 44. A. Unnecessarily B. Instead C. Fortunately D. Otherwise 45. A. sell B. buy C. own D. make
阅读理解 (共 10 小题，每小题分，共 20 分) A Planning on your 2013 Adventure? ... there's plenty of exciting opportunities overseas. Check out one of your Hot Jobs below. If you are interested in the job below please email email@example.com or call 1300 723 928 for more information Teach English in Huangshi, China Office Huangshi, China Number of positions 2 Job start date 1 st September 2013 Location Huangshi Type of teaching Classroom Oral English Duration of contract 9 months-1 st Sept 2013 to 30th May 2014 Salary 4,500 RMB Teaching hours less than 19 hours per week, Teaching hours per week approximately 15 hours at present. Each class, 40 minute duration Yes, to the value of AUD $1,500 Airfare allowance(补贴) Teacher must take our his/her own travel insurance Housing Fully furnished apartment Yes, also 2,200 RMB travel allowance at the time Paid Vacation the contract ends yes, life accident insurance for the period of the Health Insurance contract Is there over time work available? None How much per hour/class? How about visa(护照) Teacher pays visas in Australia to enter China processing? Work related visas are paid by the school in China Who will pay the visa on arrival fees? ATA TESOL, certificate required, University Required Qualifications education desirable but not compulsory Information of school, city, province etc.: The school is located in a quiet area of the city of Huangshi. The city is built around a lake, nice walking areas, open large parks, very safe areas and the city is on the banks of the Yangtse River. Good city bus service, 3 KFC's, Pizza Hut, department stores, IGA supermarkets and more. Huangshi is approximately 100 Km South-East of Wuhan. Excellent long distance bus service to and from Wuhan. The climate is good, earthquake free, can snow during January and February - very light. The school has approximately 4,500 students made up of Grade 1,
Grade 2, Grade 3. It is the number one high school in this city. 46. Who of the following Australians might succeed in applying for this job? A. Alice, who is looking for a long time job of at least 2 years. B. Tom, who is seeking a job with an annual income of AUD$54,000. C. Mike, who wants to earn more money by working for extra time. D. Jim, who loves adventure and holds an ATA TESOL certificate. 47. What can an applicant do to apply for this job? A. Visiting the advertising company in person. B. Writing an email to the school office in Huangshi. C. Making a phone call to the advertising company. D. Travelling to China to meet the school headmaster. 48. Which of the following is NOT provided for free to a successful applicant? A. Air tickets to and from China valued 2,200 RMB. B. Living apartment in China with good furniture. C. Health insurance for the period of the contract. D. Cost for work related visas by the school on arrival. 49. Which of the following is true according to the information? A. The natural environment around the school is satisfying. B. Earthquakes sometimes happen in the city of Huangshi. C. Good life facilities are available except bus services. D. The school is the best middle school in the city of Wuhan. B Overjoyed with our returning home on cold Saturday, Mother insisted making a big dinner for us. My wife and I tried to persuade her from taking so much trouble, as she was already of age, but in vain. Mother said it was of no trouble, but a pleasure to her. Nothing could stop her willing heart, so I told her I would like to walk with her. ―Alright, alright, go with me. I shall buy whatever you like.‖ Mother was more than pleased. Mother kept talking to me about the household trifles, while walking slowly to the market, basket in hand. Old trees root more, old people talk more. At such an age, it's natural that mother liked nagging on and on, to which, we, as her children, should show our interest at any time, although for most of the time, we just pretended to. At the other side of the road was the market, mother suddenly came to a stop, carried the basket on her arm, and reached her right hand to me. For that instant, my heart was shaken. How familiar this action was! During my primary years, I had to cross the road every day on my way to school. And mother always walked me all the way and then hurried to work. Every time she would hold my little hand into her palm, pulled me across the road and then bent down and warned me once and again.
Twenty years passed. The little hands had now become manful big hands, while the tender hands of my mother's in her youth now had turned into coarse dried ones, and the only thing unchanged was her action to pull my hand. Mother went through and endured(忍受) all kinds of hardship, which were all swept away without complaint, without hatred(憎恨), the only thing never swept away was her love for her children. But her son's feeling was fading out every day. I didn’t give out my hand to my mother, but reached out my hand, took the basket from Mother's arm and earned it in my hand, while the other hand held my mother’s. "Mum, you used to walk me across the road when I was young. It is my turn today." Pleasant surprise flickered in mother's eyes, and smiles danced on her face. ―Mum, be aware of buses when you cross the road. Buses are always rushing blind.‖ I added those familiar words. 50. What does the underlined phrase ―In vain‖ mean in the first paragraph? A. failed B. succeeded C. faded D. escaped 51. Why was the son's heart shaken when his mother reached her hand to him? A. Because he felt embarrassed by his mother's action. B. Because he was worried about Mother's age and health. C. Because Mother's hand had become coarse and dried. D. Because it reminded him of mother's care throughout years. 52. What can we infer from the passage? A. The author was uncomfortable about Mother's talking. B. Mother was sad that I didn't allow her to walk me again. C. It was the first time I had walked Mother across the road. D. Mother went through much hardship but she never complained. 53. What do you think is the best title for the passage? A. Crossing Road with Mother B. Mother's Helping Hand C. Holding Mother's Hand D. Not Young Any Longer
2015-2016 年度高二英语阅读限时训练（30 分钟） （六）
A The offering Just as they were getting ready to leave the street corner, they noticed a man walking toward them. He was obviously a wealthy man ---- they could tell that from the finely tailored business suit he was wearing and the gold watch chain that decorated his left pocket. The first beggar whispered to the second with excitement, "He's coming our way!" The two tried not to look directly at the man as he stepped closer to them, but they couldn't help gazing up with expectation as he reached into his pocket and took something out. "Thunk" was the only sound they heard as what looked like a piece of hard candy, wrapped doubly in tissue paper, hit each of their waiting hats. The rich man turned and continued on his way, not making a backward glance. "How disgusting (令人作呕的)!" said the first beggar, as soon as the rich man was out of sound range. ―He could have easily left us a few coins or a spare bill, but he tricks us with a piece of rock candy." He looked at the wrapped offering with disgust. "Who does he think we are ---- children? There's no way we can even eat this ---- we have no teeth." The beggar picked up the object with the very tips of his fingers and threw it into the gutter（臭水沟）. He watched as it floated a few yards in the stream of muddy water and disappeared into the drain at the end of the street. Then, he gathered up his things and walked away. The second beggar looked down at the morsel in his hat, then at his departing friend. His first impulse (冲动) was to throw the donation in the trashcan under the street light. But his second thought made him change his mind. "I haven't had anything like this for ages," he thought. "I can't chew (咀嚼) it, but I can suck on it for a while, and the sugary juices will stay in my mouth for a long time. How nice of that man to offer me something so sweet." He eagerly opened the paper outside, then paused as his hands touched the white tissue paper inside. "Maybe I should save it for another
time," he thought. "It won't spoil, and I could eat it later when I'm really hungry." The beggar hesitated for a moment, then declared aloud, "Who cares? He wanted me to have it anyway. I might as well enjoy it now." With that, he unwrapped the white tissue paper, but to his surprise, there was no hard rock candy inside. Instead, into his fingers fell a shiny white pearl worth thousands of dollars. 54. Why was ―thunk‖ the only sound they heard when the rich man dropped the candy? A. Because there was no other sound at that time. B. Because all their attention was focused on the offering. C. Because the sound was too loud at that time. D. Because they liked listening to the sound. 55. What can be inferred from the underlined sentence ―The beggar picked up the object with the very tips of his fingers and threw it into the gutter（臭水沟）‖? A. The candy was really too small and hard to pick up. B. The beggar was unsatisfied with the offering. C. The beggar thought the candy was so dirty. D. The candy was spoilt and couldn’t be eaten. 56. What can we learn from the story? A. Rich people who give offering to the poor deserve more respect. B. Those who are lazy may miss more opportunities. C. Things which have no appealing appearance tend to be more valuable. D. Those who appreciate what they own are more likely to be rewarded. 第五部分 任务型阅读 (满分 10 分) 请认真阅读下列短文， 并根据所读内客在文章后表格中的空格里填入 —个最恰当的单词. Advertising informs consumers about new products available on the market. It gives us information about everything from shampoo to toothpaste to computers and cars. But there is one serious problem with this. The ―information‖ is actually very often ―misinformation‖. It tells us the products’ benefits but hides their disadvantages. Advertising not only leads us to buy things that we don't need and can't afford, but it also confuses our sense of reality. ―Zoom toothpaste prevents cavities(蛀牙) and gives you white teeth!‖ the advertisement tells us. But it doesn't tell us the complete truth that a healthy diet and a good toothbrush will have the same effect. Advertisers use many methods to get us to buy their products. One of their most successful methods is to make us feel dissatisfied with ourselves and our imperfect lives. Advertisements show us who we are
not and what we do not have. Our teeth aren't while enough. Our hair isn't shiny enough. Our clothes aren't clean enough. Advertisements make us afraid that people won't like us if we don't use the advertised products. "Why don't I have any dates?" a good-looking girl sadly asks in a commercial. ―Here,‖ replies her roommate, ―try Zoom toothpaste!‖ Of course she tries it, and immediately the whole football team falls in love with her. ―That's a stupid commercial.‖ we might say. But we still buy Zoom toothpaste out of fear of being unpopular and having no friends. If fear is the negative motive( 动机) for buying a product, then wanting a good self-image is the positive reason for choosing it. Each of us has a mental picture of the kind of person we would like to be. For example, a modern young woman might like to think that she looks like a beautiful movie star. A middle-aged man might want to sec himself as a strong, attractive athlete. Advertisers know this. They write specific ads to make certain groups of people choose their product. Two people may choose different brands of toothpaste with the same price, amount, and quality; each person believes that he is expressing his personality by choosing that brand. Many people believe that advertising does not affect them. They know that there is freedom to choose, and they like to think they make wise choices. Unfortunately, they probably don't realize the powerful effect of advertising. They may not clearly understand that advertisers spend billions of dollars each year in aggressive competition for our money, and they are extremely successful. Do you believe that ads don't influence your choice of products? Just look at the brands in your kitchen and bathroom.
Passage outline The (57) ________ with advertising
The (61) ________ advertising uses to persuade us to buy products The powerful effects of advertising
Title: What does the Advertising do? Supporting details ◇ Advertisements may give us (58) ________ information of a product. ◇ Advertising may lead us to buy things that we don’t need and can’t (59) ________. ◇ Advertising may confuse our sense of reality by not (60) ________ us the complete truth. ◇ Making us feel dissatisfied with our lives by (62) ________ us who we are not and what we do not have. ◇ Making us afraid of not being (63) ________ by others without the advertised products. ◇ Making (64) ________ of our psychology of wanting a good self-image and writing specific ads to make certain groups of us choose a product. ◇ Although people are (65) ________ to choose whether to buy a product or not, they are often affected by advertising and make wrong choices. ◇ Advertisers spend billions of dollars each year to compete for our money, and they are extremely (66) ________.
31-35 BACDB 36-40 ACBAC 46-49 DCAA 50-53 ADCC 54—56BBD 57. problems afford
60. telling 62. showing 63. liked 64. use
61.methods/ways/approaches 65. free 66. successful