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speaking and writing


Speaking and Writing

Discussion
? List the reasons why we should learn English.

? English is a world language ? We need English to do international business ? mos

t valuable books, newspapers and magazines are written in English. If you wish (hope) to get knowledge, you must learn English

? We need English to publicize China including our ancient culture, our people and so on ? There are many software using English, we need English to learn them ? you want to make a trip round the world without being misunderstood

写作中使用率最高的基本句式
以下是短文写作中使用率最高、覆盖面最广的基 本式,每组句式的功能相同或相似,可根据自 己的情况选择其中的1-2个,做到能够熟练正 确地仿写或套用。 ? 1.表示原因 ? There are three reasons for this. ? The reasons for this are as follows. ? The reason for this is obvious. ? The reason for this is not far to seek. ? The reason for this is that... ? We have good reason to believe that...

? ? ? ? ? ?

2.表示好处 It has the following advantages. It does us a lot of good. It benefits us quite a lot. It is beneficial to us. It is of great benefit to us.

? 3.表示坏处 ? 1)It has more disadvantages than advantages. ? 2)It does us much harm. ? 3)It is harmful to us.

4表示重要、必要、困难、方便、可能 ? It is important(necessary,difficult, convenient, possible)for sb.to do sth. ? We think it necessary to do sth. ? It plays an important role in our life.

? 5.表示措施 ? We should take some effective measures. ? We should try our best to overcome (conquer)the difficulties. ? We should do our utmost in doing sth. ? We should solve the problems that we are confronted(faced)with

? 6.表示变化 ? Some changes have taken place in the past five years. ? A great change will certainly be produced in the world‘s communications. ? The computer has brought about many changes in education.

? ? ? ? ?

7.表示事实、现状 We cannot ignore the fact that... No one can deny the fact that... There is no denying the fact that... This is a phenomenon that many people are interested in. ? However,that‘s not the case.

? 8.表示比较 ? Compared A with B... ? I prefer to read rather than watch TV. ? There is a striking contrast between them.

? 9.表示数量 ? It has increased(decreased) from…to… ? The population in this city has now increased (decreased)to 800,000. ? The output of July in this factory increased by 15% compared with that of January.

? 10.表示看法 ? People have(take,adopt,assume) different attitudes towards sth. ? People have different opinions on this problem. ? People take different views of(on)the question. ? Some people believe that…Others argue that…

? 11.表示结论 ? In short,it can be said that ... ? It may be briefly summed up as follows. ? From what has been mentioned above,we can come to the conclusion that ...

写作步骤
? 1、审题:审题是做到切题的第一步。所谓审 题就是要看清题意,确定文章的中心思想、主 题,并围绕中心思想组织材料。 ? 2、进行构思,列出简单的提纲,打造文章之 骨架:审好题、立好意后,就要写提纲,打造 文章的骨架。文章布局要做好几件事:安排好 层次段落,铺设好过渡,处理好开头和结尾。 ? 3、扩展成文:根据字数多少扩展成篇。扩展 的内容一定要紧扣主题,千万不要写那些与主 题不相关的内容。展开的方式包括:顺序法、 举例法、比较法、对比法、说明法、因果法、 推导法、归纳法和下定义等。可以根据需要任 选一种或几种方式。

扩展
? 1、在整篇文章中,避免只是用一两个句式或 重复用同一词语。英语中存在着极为丰富的同 义词,准确地使用同义词可以给读者清新的感 觉。同时要灵活运用各种句式,如倒装句、强 调句、省略句、主从复合句、对比句、分词短 语、介词短语等,从而增加文章的可读性。 ? 2、使用不同长度的句子。如果一个意思用一 句话写不清楚的话,通过分句和合句或用两句、 三句来表达,增强句子的连贯性和表现力。 ? 3、改变句子的开头方式,不要总是以主、谓、 宾、状的次序。可以把状语至于句首,或用分 词等。

? 4、学会使用过渡词。 递进furthermore,moreover,besides,in addition,then 转折however,but,nevertheless,afterwards 总结finally,at last,in brief,to conclude 强调really,indeed,certainly,surely,above a11, 对比in the same way,just as,on the other hand 5、确定文章用第几人称写,基本时态是什么。 使用人称时人物不能张冠李戴或指代不明。时 态要尽量保持一致。

? 检查修改:要检查复核,不要写完了事。 ? 要留时间通读全文,修改可能出现的错误。检 查上下文是否连贯,句子衔接是否自然流畅。 检验的标准主要是句子是否通畅,该用连词的 地方用了没有,所用的连词是否合适,是否有 语法错误,主谓是否一致,动词的时态、语态、 语气的使用是否正确,词组的搭配是否合乎习 惯,是否有大小写、拼写、标点错误等,还有 就是注意卷面整洁。

如何提高英文写作水平
1.背 诵 ? 背诵是提高写作的又一有效途径。要学好写作文,首 先要处理好语言输入与输出之间的关系。前者是后者 的前提条件。如果头脑空空如也,就根本谈不上写出 像模像样的文章。只有读过大量东西,并且有意识地 将其中精彩部分储存于记忆之中,才能保证下笔流畅、 文通字顺。因此,背诵对于写作极为重要。但背诵不 是机械记忆,而是有选择性的背诵,是有意义的记忆。 因为机械背诵的结果要么是记忆很快就荡然无存、了 无痕迹,要么是无法活学活用、付诸实践。背诵包括 五个方面:重点词汇、常用套语、精彩句子、优秀段 落、经典篇章。

2.努力用多种方式表达一种意思。 ? As soon as we arrived at the village, we were warmly welcomed by the villagers. ? On arriving at the village,we were warmly…. ? The moment we arrived at the village, we were… ? We were warmly welcomed by the villagers immediately we arrived at the village. ? No sooner had we arrived at the village than we …… ? Hardly had we arrived at the village when we….

1. 整理第二单元笔记,周三交检查。 2. 听力作业(顶尖英语Page 38 Ex 3—5 ) 3. 书面作业: 汉译英 Page 49 Ex 3 (下周一交) 4. 完成顶尖英语第二单元综合卷(包括听力, 声音已发到班级邮箱)下周一讲评。 5. 复习Unit1—2,下周二下午单元考。 6. 本单元作文:Why should we learn English?(120词) 注意:周一带顶尖英语和综合卷讲评并交上来 检查。

下周二英语单元考试题型 总分:150 分
第一部分 1.听力部分 2. 单选题 3. 完形填空 4. 阅读理解 第二部分 1. 拼写单词(首字母/中文提示) 2. 选择词组的适当形式填空 3. 汉译英翻译句子(格子填空形式) (试题来源:第一单元安妮日记;背诵佳作; 顶尖英语P1P22 Sentence Pattern ) 4. 短文填词(首字母/汉语提示/填词)


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