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2015最新高考真题 定语从句


专题十

定语从句

高考试题 考点一 限制性定语从句 1.When I arrived,Bryan took me to see the house I would be staying.(2013 新课标全国Ⅱ,4) A.what B.when C.where D.which 剖析:C 考查定语从句。分析句子结构可知,此处为定语从句,先

行词是 the house,从句中 缺少地点状语因此用关系副词 where。 【技巧点拨】 定语从句关系词的选择,关键是分析从句中所缺少的成分,并结合先行词作出 判断。一定要记住的是 what 不能引导定语从句。 2. Nowadays people are more concerned about the environment they live.(2013 四川,9) A.what B.which C.when D.where 剖析:D 考查定语从句。句意:现在人们更加关心他们所居住的环境。the environment 为 先行词,其后的定语从句中缺少地点状语,因此用关系副词 where 引导定语从句。 3.Finally he reached a lonely island was completely cut off from the outside world.(2013 山东,35) A.when B.where C.which D.whom 剖析:C 考查定语从句。 句意:最后他到达了一个孤岛,该岛完全与世隔绝。 分析句子结构可 知,空处引导定语从句,修饰先行词 island,并在从句中作主语,所以选 C。 4.He wrote a letter he explained what had happened in the accident.(2013 江西,33) A.what B.which C.where D.how 剖析:C 考查定语从句。 句意:他写了一封信,在信中他解释了那起事故中发生的事情。 后句 中有主语,有宾语,缺少的是状语。 where 在这里相当于 in which,表示在信中,引导定语从句。 故选 C 项。 【技巧点拨】 解答该类题目时,首先看从句中缺少什么句子成分,由此来确定是选关系代词 还是关系副词,然后根据句子要表达的意义,选择合适的关联词。 5.Many countries are now setting up national parks animals and plants can be protected.(2013 北京,27) A.when B.which C.whose D.where 剖析:D 句意:眼下,许多国家正在建立一些国家公园,动物和植物在那儿可以得到保护。分 析结构可知,此处是考查定语从句的引导词,先行词为 national parks,定语从句中缺少地点 状语,要用 where 来引导。故选 D 项。 6.The book tells stories of the earthquake through the eyes of those lives were affected.(2013 福建,27) A.whose B.that C.who D.which 剖析:A 考查定语从句。 句意:这本书通过那些生活受到影响的人的视角讲述了地震的故事。 those 表示“那些人”,而在定语从句中缺乏的成分意思应是“那些人的”,所以只有关系代 词 whose 符合题意,故选 A 项。

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7.The museum will open in the spring with an exhibition and a viewing platform visitors can watch the big glasshouses being built.(2013 浙江,13) A.what B.where C.when D.why 剖析:B 本题考查定语从句。题干的意思是:“博物馆将在春季开放,届时将有一个展览,还 有一个观光平台,在这里参观者可以观看大玻璃房的建筑安装。”分析句子结构可知, visitors can watch the big glasshouses being built 为定语从句,a viewing platform 为定语从句的先行词,从句缺少地点状语,要用 where 引导,所以正确选项为 B 项。 【技巧点拨】 定语从句类试题的解题方法:先找准先行词,关系词根据先行词而定。指人就 用 who,whom。 指物时如果是限定性的就用 that,非限定性的就用 which,介词后一般用 which。 what 不能引导定语从句。定语从句不缺少主语、宾语和表语时,指时间就用 when,指地点就 用 where。 8.Sales director is a position communication ability is just as important as sales skills.(2012 重庆,29) A.which B.that C.when D.where 剖析:D 考查定语从句。句意:销售经理是一个职位,在这个职位上,交流能力和销售能力一 样重要。“position”为先行词,后面是其定语从句,代入定语从句后为:Communication ability is just as important as sales skills in the position.由此可见,先行词与介 词 in 一起作状语,故排除 A、B 两项;position 在本句中表示“模糊化的地点”,故答案为 D 项。 9.We live in an age more information is available with greater ease than ever before.(2012 浙江,9) A.why B.when C.to whom D.on which 剖析:B 考查定语从句。 句意:我们生活在这样的一个时代,在这个时代我们比以前更容易得 到更多的信息。when 引导定语从句,在从句中作时间状语,修饰先行词 an age(时代)。 10.She has a gift for creating an atmosphere for her students allows them to communicate freely with each other.(2011 福建,24) A.which B.where C.what D.who 剖析:A 句意:她有为学生营造一种良好氛围的天赋,这种氛围能够令学生交流自如。 先行词 是 atmosphere(气氛),是物,而定语从句又缺少主语,所以用 which;先行词是人时,才能用 who;where 引导定语从句时,在从句中作状语;what 不能引导定语从句。 11.The old town has narrow streets and small houses are built close to each other.(2011 山东,32) A.they B.where C.what D.that 剖析:D 句意:这座古镇拥有窄巷小舍,它们彼此紧邻。先行词为 small houses,定语从句中 缺少主语,故用关系代词 that。they 是代词不能引导从句,where 是关系副词,在从句中充当 地点状语,what 不引导定语从句。 12.The days are gone physical strength was all you needed to make a living.(2011 天津,10) A.when B.that C.where D.which 剖析:A 句意:体力是你赖以生存的唯一手段的日子一去不复返了。句中 days 是先行词,定 语从句中缺少状语,所以用关系副词 when,在从句中充当时间状语。

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13.The prize will go to the writer story shows the most imagination.(2011 全国Ⅰ,31) A.that B.which C.whose D.what 剖析:C 句意:奖品将发给作品最能展示其想象力的作者。whose 引导定语从句,且在定语从 句中作定语修饰 story,whose story 相当于 the story of whom。 14.That’s the new machine parts are too small to be seen.(2010 山东,24) A.that B.which C.whose D.what 剖析:C 句意:那就是那台零部件小得几乎看不见的新机器。 whose 引导定语从句,且在定语 从句中作定语修饰 parts。 考点二 非限制性定语从句 1.“You can’t judge a book by its cover,” .( 2013 新课标全国Ⅰ,33) A.as the saying goes old B.goes as the old saying C.as the old saying goes D.goes as old the saying 剖析:C 考查非限制性定语从句。句意:正如古语所说,“你不能以貌取人”。此处关系词引 导非限制性定语从句,修饰前面的整个句子,意为“正如”,因此用 as。 2.There is no simple answer, is often the case in science.(2013 山东,31) A.as B.that C.when D.where 剖析:A 考查非限制性定语从句。 句意:没有简单的答案,这在科学中是常有的事。 分析句子 结构可知,该题为非限制性定语从句,所填的词在从句中作主语。that 不能引导非限制性定 语从句;where 和 when 不能作主语,所以选 as。 3. is often the case with children,Amy was better by the time the doctor arrived.(2013 陕西,16) A.It B.That C.What D.As 剖析:D 考查非限制性定语从句。句意:正如(其他)孩子经常出现的情况一样,医生到达 时,Amy(比之前)好多了。根据句意并分析句子成分可知,空处引导一个非限制性定语从句, 指代后面整个句子,又因为在句首,所以要用 as 引导该定语从句,as 在从句中作主语。 【技巧点拨】 做定语从句的选择题时,要先区分限制性定语从句及非限制性定语从句;再看从 句中缺少什么成分;最后看先行词是人还是物。 4.Mo Yan was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 2012, made one of the Chinese people’s long-held dreams come true.(2013 安徽,29) A.it B.that C.what D.which 剖析:D 考查定语从句的引导词。句意:莫言获得了 2012 年诺贝尔文学奖,这使中国人民长 久以来的一个梦想得以实现。此处为非限制性定语从句,修饰整个主句。it 和 what 不能引 导定语从句,可排除。that 不能用于引导非限制性定语从句。故选 D。 5.We have launched another man-made satellite, is announced in today’s newspaper.(2013 天津,6) A.that B.which C.who D.what

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剖析:B 考查非限制性定语从句。句意:今天的报纸宣布我们发射了另外一颗人造卫星。 which 在这里指代前面整句话的内容,在定语从句中作主语,故选 B 项。 【技巧点拨】解答定语从句类题时,前后两句间若有逗号隔开,且无连词出现,可确定为非限 制性定语从句。然后查看后句缺少什么句子成分,由此可判断选用关系代词还是关系副词, 从而得出正确答案。 6.He may win the competition, he is likely to get into the national team.(2013 辽宁,34) A.in which case B.in that case C.in what case D.in whose case 剖析:A 考查非限制性定语从句。which 引导非限制性定语从句,其先行词是整个主句的内 容,其他三个选项都没有此功能。句子的意思是他可能会赢得比赛,在这种情况下,他有可能 进入国家队。 【技巧点拨】 引导非限制性定语从句修饰整个句子的内容要用 which。 如:He is often late for class,which makes the teacher angry. 他经常迟到,这使得老师很生气。 More and more cars are running in the street today,in which case more and more waste gas will be sent into the air. 越来越多的汽车在街上跑,在这种情况下会有越来越多的废气将会被排放到空气中。 7.The children, had played the whole day long,were worn out.(2013 浙江,5) A.all of what B.all of which C.all of them D.all of whom 剖析:D 本题考查非限制性定语从句。题干的意思是:“孩子们玩了一整天,都累坏了。”分 析句子结构可知, had played the whole day long 是非限制性定语从句,先行词 children 指人作 of 的宾语应用 whom,所以 D 项正确。 8.The president of the World Bank says he has a passion for China, he remembers starting as early as his childhood.(2013 江苏,32) A.where B.which C.what D.when 剖析:B 考查非限制性定语从句。句意:世界银行行长说,他热爱中国,他记得这种热爱早在 童年时就开始了。通过分析句子结构可知,The president of the World Bank says he has a passion for China 为主句,通过还原法可知定语从句是 he remembers his passion for China starting as early as his childhood,从句中 his passion starting 为动名词复合 结构。his passion 用 which 替代。when 和 where 虽然可以引导定语从句,但是它们在定语 从句中是分别用来作时间状语和地点状语的,不能指代 passion;what 不能用来引导定语从 句,故排除。 9.Ellen was a painter of birds and of nature, ,for some reason,had withdrawn from all human society.(2012 浙江,17) A.which B.who C.where D.whom 剖析:B 句意:Ellen 曾经是位画家,擅绘禽鸟及自然景物,但基于某些原因,已悄然引退,远 离人尘。who 引导非限制性定语从句,在从句中作主语,修饰先行词 Ellen(人名)。which 修 饰先行词是物的定语从句;whom 修饰人,在从句中作宾语;where 修饰地点名词,在从句中作 地点状语。 10.After the flooding,people were suffering in that area, urgently needed clean water,medicine and shelter to survive.(2012 江苏,22)

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A.which B.who C.where D.what 剖析:B 句意:洪水过后,那个地区的人们忍受着巨大的痛苦,人们迫切需要清洁的水、药品 和栖身的临时住所。people 是先行词指人,在非限制性定语从句中充当主语,所以用关系代 词 who 引导。 11.A lot of language learning, has been discovered,is happening in the first year of life,so parents should talk much to their children during that period.(2012 安徽,29) A.as B.it C.which D.this 剖析:A 句意:正如所发现的那样,大量的语言学习是在人的生命开始的第一年进行的。 所以 这段时期父母应该和他们的孩子多说话。因为有逗号,判断是非限制性定语从句。故先排除 B、D 两项。as 引导定语从句有“正如,像”的含义,并可以放在主句前,也可以放在后面,而 which 引导的从句只能放在主句后,并无“正如”的意思。 12.By 16:30, was almost closing time,nearly all the paintings had been sold.(2012 江西,28) A.which B.when C.what D.that 剖析:A 句意:到 16:30 为止,也就是几乎到了截止时间时,几乎所有的画都售完了。从后面 的 closing time 打烊时间,可以得知此句是在谈时间,但此句中缺少主语,前面又有一个逗号, 所以是个非限制性定语从句,故用 which。 13.That evening, I will tell you more about later,I ended up working very late.(2012 全国Ⅱ,8) A.that B.which C.what D.when 剖析:B 句意:那天晚上我加班到很晚,过后我会给你讲更多关于那天晚上的事。which 在此 引导非限制性定语从句且在定语从句中作介词 about 的宾语(tell sb.about sth.)。 14.Whatever is left over may be put into the refrigerator, it will keep for two or three weeks.(2011 安徽,28) A.when B.which C.where D.while 剖析:C 句意:无论剩下什么东西,都可以放到冰箱里,在冰箱里它可以保存两到三周。先行 词 refrigerator 在从句中作地点状语,故选择关系副词 where。when 在从句中作时间状 语;which 在从句中作主语或宾语;while 不能用于定语从句。 15.The school shop, customers are mainly students,is closed for the holidays.(2011 四川,17) A.which B.whose C.when D.where 剖析:B 句意:这家学校商店,其主要顾客多数是学生,因为放假就关门了。此处考查的是 whose 引导非限制性定语从句,在定语从句中作 customers 的定语。 which 在从句中作主语或 宾语;when 在从句中作时间状语;where 在从句中作地点状语。 16.A bank is the place they lend you an umbrella in fair weather and ask for it back when it begins to rain.(2011 浙江,10) A.when B.that C.where D.there 剖析:C 句意:银行是在天晴之时借伞给你,到了下雨时就催你还回去的地方。 本题考查定语 从句,先行词为 the place,将先行词代入定语从句后为:They lend you an umbrella in fair weather and...in the place.由此可见,先行词在定语从句中作地点状语。 17.After graduating from college,I took some time off to go travelling, turned out to be a wise decision.(2010 四川,10)

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A.that B.which C.when D.where 剖析:B 句意:大学毕业后我抽出了点时间去旅游,这证明是一个明智的决定。 根据句意可知, 此处先行词代指前面整个句子,故用关系代词 which 来引导非限制性定语从句,在句中作主 语。 考点三 “介词+关系代词”引导的定语从句 1.John invited about 40 people to his wedding,most of are family members(2013 重庆,24) A.them B.that C.which D.whom 剖析:D 考查定语从句。句意:John 邀请了大约四十个人参加他的婚礼,其中大部分是家庭 成员。前后两个句子没有连接词,故排除 A 项;that 不能放在介词 of 之后,故排除 B 项,该定 语从句的先行词指人,which 指代物,故应用 most of whom 引导非限制性定语从句,并在从句 中作主语。whom 指代 about 40 people。 2.In our class there are 46 students, half wear glasses.(2012 四川,13) A.in whom B.in them C.of whom D.of them 剖析:C 句意:在我们班有 46 名学生,一半戴眼镜。 前后两句话之间无连词,故不能用人称代 词 them;而应用关系代词 whom 引导定语从句;在 46 个学生当中,表所属,应用 of。 3.I wish to thank Professor Smith,without help I would never have got this far.(2012 天津,7) A.who B.whose C.whom D.which 剖析:B 句意:我真的感谢史密斯教授。 如果没有他的帮助,我就永远不会(在学术上)走得这 么远。without whose help=and without his help。whose 引导的是非限制性定语从句,在 句中作“help”的定语,其先行词为“Professor Smith”。 4.Have you sent thank-you notes to the relatives from you received gifts?(2012 上海,35) A.which B.them C.that D.whom 剖析:D 句意:你从亲戚那儿收到了礼物后,有没有给他们发感谢信?介词+关系代词中只能 用 which 或 whom。根据先行词 relatives 为人可知用 whom。 5.Care of the soul is a gradual process even the small details of life should be considered.(2012 湖南,34) A.what B.in what C.which D.in which 剖析:D 句意:心灵的呵护是一个逐渐的过程,在这个过程中,即使是生活中那些微小的细节 也应该考虑到。 A、 B 两项不能引导定语从句,排除掉;先行词 process 在从句中作状语,还原 从句应为 even the small details of life should be considered in the process,故答 案为 D 项。 6.Maria has written two novels,both of have been made into television series.(2012 山东,23) A.them B.that C.which D.what

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剖析:C 句意:玛利亚已经写了两本小说了,这两本小说都被制作成了电视连续剧。 句中的先 行词是 two novels,在非限制性定语从句中作 both of 的宾语,故用 which 引导。 7.She showed the visitors around the museum,the construction had taken more than three years.(2011 江西,34) A.for which B.with which C.of which D.to which 剖析:C 句意:她带领游客遍览了这个博物馆,它的建设花了三年多。 此题考查非限制性定语 从句的用法。先行词是 the museum 与 the construction 是所属关系,故用 of which。 8.English is a language shared by several diverse cultures,each of uses it somewhat differently.(2011 浙江,8) A.which B.what C.them D.those 剖析:A 句意:英语是好几种不同文化共有的一门语言,每种文化在使用它时都会有点不同。 前后两句话之间没有连接词,故逗号后是非限制性定语从句,排除 B、C、D 三项;此处先行词 是 cultures,先行词在从句中作介词 of 的宾语,用关系代词 which。 9.The house I grew up has been taken down and replaced by an office building.(2009 江西,26) A.in it B.in C.in that D.in which 剖析:D 句意:我所成长的那所房子已经被拆了,被一所办公楼代替了。the house 为先行 词,grow up 是不及物动词短语,不能直接接宾语,只能接介词+宾语,故用 in which。 模拟试题 考点一 限制性定语从句 1.You’ll find taxis waiting at the bus station you can take to get where you want to go.(2013 安徽高考模拟冲刺五) A.which B.where C.when D.what 剖析:A 句意:你可以发现等在车站的出租车,你可以乘出租车到你想去的地方。先行词为 taxis,且从句中 take 后缺少宾语,故用 which 引导定语从句。 2.Do you remember those days we spent along the seashore very happily?(2013 江苏预测四) A.when B.where C.which D.on which 剖析:C 句意:你还记得我们在海边一起快乐地度过的那些日子吗?先行词为 those days,且 从句中 spent 缺少宾语,故用 which。 3.Being from a family produced great actors,it’s no wonder that she quickly found her way into the spotlight.(2013 黄浦区期终考试) A.who B.where C.what D.which 剖析:D 句意:来自一个出过很多伟大演员的家庭,难怪她很快就找到进入娱乐圈的路。 先行 词为 family,在从句中作主语,故用 which。 4.Our psychology teacher seems unable to explain everything in a way makes sense to us.(2012 浙江温州二模) A.in which B.of which C.∕ D.that

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剖析:D 句意:我们的心理学老师似乎不能用我们能理解的方式来解释所有的事情。先行词 为 a way,在定语从句中作主语,不能省略,故 D 项符合。 5.I’m always busy with my work,so occasions are quite rare I can spend the whole day with my kids.(2012 金华十校期末) A.when B.that C.why D.in which 剖析:A 句意:我一直忙于工作,所以很少有整天和孩子们待在一起的时刻。先行词 occasions,还原到从句中为:I can spend the whole day with my kids on the occasions, 可见是在从句中作时间状语,相当于 on which,所以选 when。 6.The World Expo 2010 is being held at a time the world is looking for a new kind of balance between nature and cities.(2011 唐山摸底) A.when B.where C.which D.that 剖析:A 句意:2010 世博会在一个全世界正在寻找新的自然和城市的平衡的时代举行。先行 词为 time 指时间,且定语从句中缺状语,故用 when 作时间状语。 7.After graduation from high school we will reach a point we have to decide which university to attend. (2011 浙江温州八校联考) A.that B.what C.which D.where 剖析:D 句意:从高中毕业以后,我们将到达一个选择点,我们得决定进入哪所大学。 a point 是先行词,在定语从句中作地点状语,故用 where。 8.It was in the lab was taken charge of by Professor Zhang they did the experiment. (2011 江西南昌一中第一次月考) A.where;that B.which;where C.that;where D.which;that 剖析:D 考查强调句型及定语从句的连接词。 句意:就是在张教授负责的试验室里,他们做了 那个试验。第一空为定语从句,the lab 是先行词,在定语从句中作主语,故用 which 或 that; 第二空是选择强调句型中的引导词,只能用 that。 考点二 非限制性定语从句 1.I walked up to the top of the hill with my friends, we enjoyed a splendid view of the lake.(2013 浙江一轮综合能力训练) A.which B.where C.who D.that 剖析:B 句意:我和我的朋友走上山顶,在那里我们欣赏了湖上的美景。where 引导非限制性 定语从句,并在从句中作地点状语,其先行词为 the top of the hill。 2.Mo Yan’s novel,Red Sorghum, was made into a film,won the Golden Bear at the Berlin Film Festival in 1988.(2013 安徽省级示范高中名校联考) A.that B.which C.what D.it 剖析:B 句意:在 1988 年,莫言的小说,制作成电影的 《红高粱》 ,赢得了柏林电影节金熊奖。 先行词为 Red Sorghum,从句中缺主语且为非限制性定语从句,故用 which 引导。 3.He made another wonderful discovery, of great importance to science.(2013 北京预测七) A.which I think is B.which I think it is

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C.which I think it D.I think it is 剖析:A 句意:他又有一个精彩的发现,我认为这个发现对于科学是很重要的。I think 是插 入语,which 引导一个非限制性定语从句,在从句中作主语。 4.The song In Spring has brought national fame to Xuri-yanggang, won the second place in the 2010 Avenue of Stars Finals.(2013 北京预测七) A.when B.what C.where D.who 剖析:D 句意: 《春天里》 这首歌让在 2010 年的星光大道总决赛中获得第二名的旭日阳刚闻 名全国。先行词 Xuriyanggang(旭日阳刚)指人,且从句中缺主语,所以用关系代词 who。 5.The CCTV Spring Festival Gala is a big stage, many new actors or actresses are to become famous.(2013 北京预测七) A.where B.when C.that D.which 剖析:A 句意:中央电视台的春晚是一个大舞台,(在这个舞台上)许多男女演员成名了。 先行 词为 stage,表示地点;且从句缺少状语,故用关系副词 where。 6.The wonderful moment, we had been expecting for years,finally came.(2012 宝鸡一次质检) A.which B.that C.what D.when 剖析:A 句意:我们期待了多年的那个精彩的时刻终于到来了。先行词是 moment,从句可还 原为 we had been expecting the wonderful moment for years,moment 作动词 expect 的 宾语,且为一个非限制性定语从句,所以用 which。 7.Many young people just can’t live without the Internet, they depend on for whatever information they need.(2011 山东烟台三模) A.which B.when C.where D.what 剖析:A 句意:很多年轻人好像离开网络就不能生活,他们要依靠网络来获得自己所需要的 各种资料信息。先行词为 the Internet,从句还原为 they depend on the Internet for whatever information they need,可见先行词在从句中作宾语,故选关系代词 which。 8.—I got an email from Susan, said she was going abroad for sightseeing. —Fantastic! That’s what she has been dreaming of.(2011 浙江温州十校联考) A.which B.she C.who D.it 剖析:A 句意:——我收到一封苏珊的邮件,邮件中说她要出国去观光旅游。——太棒了!那 是她一直梦想的事情。先行词为 an email,且从句缺少主语,故用 which 代替 an email 作主 语。 考点三 “介词+关系代词”引导的定语从句 1.We have gathered nearly 100,000 quilts, up to half have gone to the flood-hit areas.(2013 安徽蚌埠第一次教学质量检查) A.of which B.in which C.with which D.for which 剖析:A 句意:我们已经收集了将近 100 000 套被子,多达一半(的被子)已经运往洪灾地区。 先行词为 100 000 quilts,指物,并用在非限制性定语从句中,表所属,应用 of which。

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2.Living in the eastern part of the city has its problems, shopping is not the least.(2013 芜湖一中二模) A.with which B.of which C.for which D.which 剖析:B 句意:住在城市东部有它的问题,购物是其中最大的问题。 先行词为 problems,在非 限制性定语从句中表所属,应用 of which。 3.Some passers-by witnessed the car accident five passengers were killed,a baby included.(2013 宁海正学中学二次阶段性测试) A.in which B.which C.that D.in that 剖析:A 句意:一些路人目击了这场车祸,五个乘客死亡,包括一个婴儿。先行词为 the car accident,从句可还原为 five passengers were killed in the car accident,先行词在从 句中作介词 in 的宾语,故用 in which。 4.The factory was built in a secret place,around high mountains.(2013 天 津预测六) A.which was B.it was C.which were D.them were 剖析:C 句意:工厂建在一个秘密的地方,周围环绕着高山。先行词是 the factory,从句可 还原为 around the factory were high mountains,故是一个由“介词+which”引导的非限 制性定语从句。在该从句中,主语是 high mountains,所以句子谓语应用复数 were。 5.The project is based on an agreement,one of purposes is to ensure that the project can be accomplished before the deadline.(2012 江苏南通高三期末) A.whose B.which C.its D.what 剖析:A 句意:这项工程是有协议根据的,协议的一个目的就是确保工程按时完工。 非限制性 定语从句修饰先行词 agreement,在从句中作定语修饰 purposes,由此可知答案是 whose。 6.The companions with my brother associates are friendly and warm-hearted.(2012 泰安期末) A.whom B.which C.that D.them 剖析:A 句意:我弟弟交的伙伴很友好而且是热心肠。associate with “与??交往”,介 词 with 提到了前面,先行词 the companions 作 with 的宾语,故用 whom 引导。 7.In our city there are several big public parks many people can go to enjoy the beautiful scenery.(2011 九江一模) A.in which B.at which C.from which D.to which 剖析:D 句意:在我们的城市里有几个大的公园,许多人去那里欣赏美景。先行词是 several big public parks,短语 go to the parks 的介词 to 提前,故用 to which。本句中 to enjoy the beautiful scenery 为目的状语。 8.The professor built a glass wall we could observe what was going on inside.(2011 南阳期终) A.in which B.where C.from which D.through which

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剖析:D 句意:教授建了一堵玻璃墙,透过这堵墙能够观察到里面的一切。 表示 “透过玻璃墙” , 应该用介词 through,在介词后作宾语且代替指物的先行词 a glass wall,用关系代词 which。 实战模拟 A 组(限时 10 分钟) 1.Which of you can think of a situation this idiom is often used?(2013 菏 泽一中阶段性教学效果检测) A.which B.when C.where D.how 剖析:C 句意:你能想到哪种情况下,这个习语经常被用到?先行词为 situation,从句还原 为 this idiom is often used in the situation,先行词在从句中充当地点状语,故用 where。 2.The three backpackers finally reached the top of Mount Huangshan, they could enjoy the breathtaking sights to their hearts’ content.(2013 成都第二次诊断) A.when B.where C.why D.how 剖析:B 句意:这三个背包徒步旅行者最终到达黄山山顶,他们可以尽情地享受这激动人心 的景色。先行词为 the top of Mount Huangshan 在从句中充当地点状语,故用 where。 3.He is always telling the director how to run the business, is like teaching one’s grandmother how to suck eggs.(2013 湖南师大附中月考) A.that B.which C.what D.as 剖析:B 考查非限制性定语从句的用法。 句意:他经常告诉主任如何经营,这简直就像班门弄 斧。which 引导非限制性定语从句,先行词为整个主句。as 引导非限制性定语从句时通常指 大家都知道的事情,译为“正如”。根据句意,用 which。 4.The old temple roof was damaged in storm is now under repair.(2013 山东 威海上学期期末) A.where B.which C.its D.whose 剖析:D 句意:在暴风雨中屋顶损坏的古庙现在在修葺。先行词为 the old temple,从句可 还原为 The old temple’s roof was damaged in storm,先行词在从句中作定语,故用 whose。 5.More wild tigers have been seen in the forest around this area, there used to be few.(2013 绵阳第二次诊断) A.when B.where C.what D.which 剖析:B 句意: 更多的野生老虎在这个地区的森林里被见到,过去那儿很少有。先行词为 the forest,在句子中作地点状语,故用 where。 6.A lot of lovers chose to get married on Dec.12,2012, the date,the month and the year match.(2013 浦东新区期末质检) A.that B.on which C.in which D.which 剖析:B 句意:很多情侣选择在 2012 年 12 月 12 日结婚,在这一天日期月份年份相配。先行 词 Dec.12,2012,在从句作时间状语,具体到在特定的某一天用介词 on,故用 on which。 7.My favorite writer is Mo Yan,some of novels have a surprising ending.(2013 南充第一次高考适应)

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A.whom B.his C.whose D.which 剖析:C 句意:我最喜欢的作家是莫言,他很多的小说都有惊人的结尾。先行词为 Mo Yan,与 novels 是一种所属关系,故在从句中作定语,用 whose。 8.Foreign ministers of the two countries hold regular meetings, they can exchange views on international issues of both concern.(2013 山东实验中学第二次 诊断) A.what B.where C.which D.why 剖析:B 句意:这两个国家的外交部长定期会晤,在会上他们就双方都关心的国际问题交换 看法。先行词为 meetings,在从句中作地点状语,故用 where。 9.I’ve read many stories of Lei Feng, this is the most touching one.(2012 安徽皖南八校三联) A.who B.of which C.of whom D.that 剖析:B 句意: 我读过很多雷锋的故事,其中这个故事最令人感动。先行词为 stories,在从 句中作介词 of 的宾语,且先行词为物,故用 of which。 10.They have started an investigation, are being kept secret.(2012 聊城五 校联考) A.the details of which B.of it the details C.whose the details D.the details of it 剖析:A 句意:他们开始了一项研究,细节被保密。 先行词为 investigation,of 表示所有格, 故用 the details of which 相当于 whose details。 11.A housing bubble is an economic situation occurs when house prices rise much too fast.(2012 宁波八校联考) A.which B.where C.what D.why 剖析:A 句意:房地产泡沫是房屋价格增长过快的时候出现的一种经济形势。先行词为 situation,在从句中作主语,故用 which。 12.Every time Ashtita tries to break a record,he reaches a point he feels he cannot physically do any more.(2011 安徽合肥一模) A.where B.that C.when D.which 剖析:A 句意:每当 Ashtita 尝试着打破一个记录,他就达到一个感觉体力上再也不能超越 的地步。 从句中已有主语 he 而且 do 在本句中代替 break a record,所以不需要宾语,排除 B、 D 两项;at the point 在句中作地点状语所以用 where。 13.Mary really enjoyed her visit there last month she did some shopping and tasted local food.(2011 天津南开模拟) A.where B.that C.when D.how

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剖析:C 句意:玛丽真的喜欢上个月她到那儿旅游的时光,那时她去购物并且品尝了当地的 小吃。由于原句中的 there 不能作先行词,所以不用 where,而 that 在从句中作主语和宾语, 所以不适合本题的语境。本题的先行词为 last month 表示时间,所以用 when。 14.Just as Benjamin Franklin puts it,never leave that until tomorrow, you can do today.(2011 合肥临考) A.which B.what C.that D.those 剖析:A 句意:正如本杰明·富兰克林所说的那样,永远不要把你今天能做的事推到明天。 which 引导非限制性定语从句,修饰先行词 that。 B 组(限时 10 分钟) 1.We went camping last Saturday.Unfortunately,the day, began brightly,ended with a violent storm.(2013 北京东城区期末检测) A.when B.where C.which D.that 剖析:C 句意:我们上周六去野营。不幸的是,那天以晴朗开始,又以大暴风雨结束。先行词 为 the day 指时间,从句中缺主语,故用 which。 2.She’s in a hopeless situation, we will keep a very close eye on.(2013 北京预测五) A.where B.when C.which D.that 剖析:C 句意:她处在一种无助的境地,我们将密切关注她的情况。先行词为 situation,从 句中介词 on 缺少宾语,故用关系代词 which。 3.Tom took the police to the spot the accident happened.(2013 陕西预测八) A.which B.that C.where D.when 剖析:C 句意:汤姆把警察带到了事故现场。因先行词 spot 在这里是表地点的名词,且从句 中的动词 happen 为不及物动词,后不能接宾语,故应选关系副词 where 来引导定语从句。 4.Occasions are quite rare I have the time to spend a weekend with my parents.(2013 日照阶段训练) A.while B.which C.why D.when 剖析:D 句意: 我与父母在一起共度周末的机会极其难得。 先行词为 occasions(场合)表示 的就是这种“机会”,在从句中作状语。从句可还原为:I have the time to spend a weekend with my parents on the occasions,故用关系副词 when 引导定语从句修饰 occasions。 5.Immediately after the school bus accident,twelve students were sent to hospital, eight died despite treatment.(2013 成都七中 “一诊”模拟) A.which B.that C.who D.where 剖析:D 句意:校车事故发生后,12 名学生立即被送往医院,尽管经过治疗仍有 8 人死亡。 先 行词为 hospital,在从句中作地点状语,故用 where。 6.It was said that he never lost the occasions he could learn his lessons in order to be admitted to a key university the next year.(2013 四川达州高中第一 次诊断) A.where B.which

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C.when D.that 剖析:C 句意:为了能在第二年进入一所重点大学,据说他从不错过任何能学习他的课程的 机会。先行词为 occasions,在从句中作时间状语,故用 when。 7.Luckily,we all had completed our own task by 10:30, was the deadline.(2013 内江第一次模拟) A.what B.when C.that D.which 剖析:D 句意:很幸运,到十点半我们都完成了自己的任务,这是最后的期限。先行词为 10:30,在从句中充当主语,且为非限制性定语从句,故用 which。 8.We still remember the day we spent in the old house.(2013 济南一月教学 质量调研) A.what B.on which C.when D.which 剖析:D 句意:我们仍记得我们在老房子里度过的那天。 先行词为 the day,在从句中作 spend 的宾语,故用 which。 9.Steve Jobs passed away at the age of 56, spirit will forever be the treasure of Apple.(2012 济南二月月考) A.whose B.that C.of which D.when 剖析:A 句意:乔布斯在 56 岁时去世了,他的精神将永远是苹果公司的宝贵财富。非限制性 定语从句修饰 Steve Jobs,此处关系代词作定语修饰 spirit,应该用 whose。 10.A good advertisement often uses words people attach positive meanings.(2012 合肥质检) A.that B.which C.with which D.to which 剖析:D 句意:好广告经常使用那些人们赋予积极意义的词语。 考查介词+关系代词引导的定 语从句。根据 attach 的搭配确定介词用 to 且宾语为指物的先行词 words,故用 which。 11.Remember that there is still one point we must make clear at the conference tomorrow.(2012 浙江温州八校期末联考) A.where B.why C.when D.that 剖析:D 句意:记住,还有一点是我们在明天的会议上必须讲清楚的。 此处定语从句修饰先行 词 point,先行词在从句中作 make 的宾语,应该用关系代词 that。 12.December 17,2011 was a sad day for the people of DPRK(朝鲜), their top leader Kim Jong-il passed away unexpectedly.(2012 厦门期末) A.when B.that C.which D.who 剖析:A 句意:2011 年 12 月 17 日对于朝鲜人民来说是一个悲痛的日子,那一天他们的最高 领导人金正日意外辞世。表示时间的先行词 December 17,2011,在从句中作时间状语,所以 要用关系副词 when。 13.I often look back on my university days, I regard as the happiest of my life.(2011 山东威海一模) A.which B.that C.when D.what

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剖析:A 句意:我经常回忆我的大学生活,我把它看作是我一生中最幸福的时光。which 引导 非限制性定语从句,并且在从句中充当 regard 的宾语。that 不引导非限制性定语从句;when 不能作宾语,只能作时间状语;what 不引导定语从句。 【技巧点拨】 做定语从句的选择题时,要先区分限制性定语从句与非限制性定语从句,可排 除 that;再看定语从句中缺什么成分,最后看先行词是人还是物。 14.What beautiful sights! Is it a city you have been desiring?(2011 巢湖 第一次质检) A.where B.that C.when D.what 剖析:B 句意:多么美丽的景色啊!它是一个你一直渴望的城市吗?先行词为 city,在从句中 作宾语,故用 that。

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