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真题作文分析及模板ppt


近年真题作文分析及模板

? 通过对从2002年6月到2008年12月的所有四级作 文试题的深入研究,我们可以把大学英语四级一 定会考的作文题目分成二类: ? 第一类是观点型作文(Arguments) 一、第一类是观点型作文 ? 这一类的作文题目考察我们的观点及对社会上 的一些事情的看法和改进的措施等。 ·如2002年6月的图表分析题 Students Use of Computers ·2003年1月的It Pays to Be Honest,暗合那几年 风靡一时的高考作文题目《诚信》 ? ·2006年1月的问我们对Campus Tourism(即大 学校园成为旅游景点的看法和观点)

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12月又趁胜追击,考察热点问题,大家对春节 晚会(Spring Festival Gala)是否继续的社会热点 问题,同样不像2003年考察诚信这个人人皆是的 问题,又是一道辩证性的题目。 2008年6月的Recreational Activities和12月的 Limiting the Use of Disposal Bags都是较为热门 的话题,且都要求发表自己的看法。 可见四级考试更加重视我们自己的perspective 即观点,而且一般都是辩证性的观点,考生要格 外的注意这一趋势。

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? 针对这一趋势,要想突破这一考点,首先一定要 学会一些表达观点,特别是辩证观点的句型和词 汇。在此给出一些作文模板供大家参考。通常我 们可供选用的方式有这么几种: 1. 答案统一的,即不辩证的。 开头提出观点+第二段论证+总结 2. 辩证的 ? 开头按背景+观点提出有些人的观点;第二段用 however或者是yet提出另一部分人的观点;最后一 段用personally提出自己的观点及解决方法,最后 总结。

? (一) 选用开头方法: 一 选用开头方法: ·方法一:重述作者的观点,其实就是复述题目加 完美的改写。 改写方式:主动变被动,替换短语, 改写方式:主动变被动,替换短语, 词组换动词等等。 词组换动词等等。 Nowadays, there has been a heated debate about/that… 当今社会,对于……产生了一个激烈的辩论 Some of my fellow students hold the opinion that … 我的一些同学认为…… 然后引出自己的观点: 肯定 : From my perspective (我认为……) I am inclined to support the idea that……(我趋向 于同意……)

? 否定 否定: Personally, however, I disagree upon this view f or some obvious reasons:( 但是,我不同意是由 于以下几个明显的原因。) ·方法二(hot):背景开头+自己的立场 ? In contemporary society, there is a growing tendency over the resent years for sb(人) to do sth.(干什么) 最近对……有一个增长的趋势。 ? This issue/phenomenon has caused wide public concern. From my part, I am inclined to support the idea that……

? (二) 第二段的 二 第二段的main part: : 相比不加任何序号写一堆理由,用序号要明 智的多,所以当然可以用First, second, third…(但 是不要多于四点)。辩证的可以用 on one hand…on the other hand…或者 For one thing…for another… ? 还有注意使用连词, 如and 可以换成 besides, moreover, furthermore ,what’s more 等;but 换成however, Instead, On the contrary, yet; so 换成 Therefore, As a result, thus…

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另外要会使用一些连词和句子:Personally(就 我个人而言),Undoubtedly(毫无疑问的), Obviously(显而易见的),Unfortunately(不幸的 是),nevertheless(不过),while(有时又轻微的对 比,但是),anyway(无论如何,切话题), in addition(再者),definitely(很确定的)。 However, people seem to fail to take into account the fact that… 人们似乎忽视了……的事实。 There is no denying the fact that… No one can deny the fact that… It is indisputable (不容置疑的) that…… ? 上面的句子都是用于表达你的观点和理由的,套 用即可。

? (三) 总结部分 Consequently, due to analysis and reasons mentioned above, we may safely arrive at the conclusion that… 综合上面的理由和分析,我们能得出结 论…… Taking into account the above factors, we can draw a conclusion that… 考虑到上面提到的因素,我们能得出…… (四) 同时要学会用for example或者是 For instance举例子论证。

? 二、应用文体(故事类及演说类 故事类及演说类) 应用文体 故事类及演说类 2003年6月的写一份目击事故的描述 2003年9月描述一位同学病了的故事 2004年1月写信 2004年6月导游辞 2005年1月竞选辞 2005年6月Teachers’ Day故事 2006年6月招募志愿者申明,演说 2007年6月Welcome to Our Club演说

演说辞类一定要学会一句话: Today it’s my great honor to be here to … 今天我很荣幸在这里…… 还有就是煽动性 煽动性的排比句。如2007年6月的 煽动性 Welcome to Our Club,用了 Do you have the questions on how to overcome the difficulties in English learning? Do you want to know how to pass the College English Test? Do you want to improve your oral English? You will find out the answers from our activities.

还有就是切勿漏点:如还是2007年的这道 题,当年很多人忘了写这个club的联系方式。 还要注意格式:如信件的格式等。 但是同时别忘记,即使是第二类故事类及 演说类的文章,也有很多情况下是可以套 用我们的Argument的格式及句型的,连词 就更加用得多了,切记。

说明利弊题型 这种题型往往要求先说明一下现状, 再对比事物本身的利弊,有时也会单从一 个角度(利或弊)出发,最后往往要求考 生表明自己的态度(或对事物前景提出预 测) 1. 说明事物现状 2. 事物本身的优缺点(或一方面) 3. 你对现状(或前景)的看法

(1) Nowadays many people prefer A because it has a significant role in our daily life. Generally, its advantages can be seen as follows. First ________(A的优点之一). Besides ____________(A的优点之二). But every coin has two sides. The negative aspects are also apparent. One of the important disadvantages is that ________(A的第一个缺点).To make matters worse,____________ A worse,____________(A的第二个缺点). Through the above analysis, I believe that the positive aspects overweigh the negative ones. Therefore, I would like to ________(我的看法). (From the comparison between these positive and negative effects of A, we should take it reasonably and do it according to the circumstances we are in. Only by this way, ________(对前景的预测).

(2) Nowadays, there is a widespread concern over (the issue that)___作文题目_____. In fact, there are both advantages and disadvantages in __题目议题____. Generally speaking, it is widely believed there are several positive aspects as follows. Firstly, ___优点一 ______. And secondly ___优点二_____. Just As a popular saying goes, "every coin has two sides", __讨论议题______ is no exception, and in another word, it still has negative aspects. To begin with, ___缺点一______. In addition, ____ 缺点二______. To sum up, we should try to bring the advantages of __讨论议题___ into full play, and reduce the disadvantages to the minimum at the same time. In that case, we will definitely make a better use of the ____讨 论议题___.

(3) There is a widespread concern over the issue that __ 作文题目____. But it is well known that the opinion concerning this hot topic varies from person to person. A majority of people think that _ 观点一______. In their views there are two factors contributing to this attitude as follows: in the first place, ___原因一____.Furthermore, in the second place, ___原因二____. So it goes without saying that ___观点一____. People, however, differ in their opinions on this matter. Some people hold the idea that ___观点二_____. In their point of view, on the one hand, ___原因一______. On the other hand, ___原因二____. Therefore, there is no doubt that ___观点二_____. As far as I am concerned, I firmly support the view that __观点一或二_____. It is not only because ______, but also because _______. The more ______, the more ________.

解决方法题型 要求考生列举出解决问题的多种途径 1. 问题现状 2. 怎样解决(解决方案的优缺点) (1) In recent days, we have to face one problem——A, which is becoming more and more serious. First, ________(说明A的现状).Second, ________(举例 进一步说明现状) Confronted with A, we should take a series of effective measures to cope with the situation. For one thing, ________(解决方法一). For another ________(解决方法二). Finally, ________(解决方法 三). Personally, I believe that ________(我的解决方法). Consequently, I’m confident that a bright future is awaiting us because ________(带来的好处).

(2) Currently, there is a widespread concern over (the issue that)__作文题目______ .It is really an important concern to every one of us. As a result, we must spare no efforts to take some measures to solve this problem. As we know that there are many steps which can be taken to undo this problem. First of all, __途径一______. In addition, another way contributing to success of the solving problem is ___途径二_____. Above all, to solve the problem of ___作文 题目______, we should find a number of various ways. But as far as I am concerned, I would prefer to solve the problem in this way, that is to say, ____方法_____.


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