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高一必修二 Unit2 Reading
1.interview vt.& n. interviewer 面试者;采访者 interviewee 被面试者 ;被采访者 v. eg: 1) We are now going to interview the Minister of Education. 2) She has interviewed most of t

he applicants for the job. n. eg: 1) Don’t be late for your interview, or you won't get the job. 去进行面试 give an interview to sb 接受某人的采 do an interview with sb 采访某人

拓展:go for an interview 访

have an interview with sb 与某人会见 2.(1) on a journey

进行旅行 ,常与 go, start, come , be 等搭配使用。 “弄清有关…的情况”

eg: Are you going on a journey tomorrow? (2) find out about

eg: The police are trying hard to find out about the accident. 3.I lived in what you call " Ancient Greece" and I used to write about the Olympic Games a long time ago. 【句法分析】本句是由 and 连接的并列句,在第一个分句中 what 引导的从句作 介词 in 的宾语。 what 的用法 1)what 引导宾语从句,并在从句中作 call 的宾语,“Ancient Greece" 作宾补。 What 相当于 the place that。 eg: After a long journey, they came to what was called " Gebi Desert". 2)what 也相当于 all that, everything that 等,并且 what 还可引导主语从句、表语 从句等。 eg: 1) What he didn't understand was that no one believed him. 2) He is no longer what he used to be. 【注】 that 引导名词性从句时不在从句中作成分,而且 that 从句一般不作介词 的宾语。 eg: 1) He made it clear that he didn't agree with us. 2) I didn't know that you lived here. 4.used to used to, would 都表示过去常做某事,有时可以换用。但 used to do 强调是今昔对 比。 There used to be only low and dirty houses in our village. [短语]

get/be used to sth./doing sth.各种时态 be used to do sth. [练习] 1). Jack is used to ___________ to school, but today he came by bus. A. walk B. walking C. walks D. walked 2). Wood _______________ paper and other things. A. is used to make B. is used to making C. used to make D. used to making 5. How often do you hold your Games? 你们奥运会多久举行一次? How often 问________。答语有:every two days, once a week, at times 等 How soon 问________。用 in/within 短语答 ---How soon will my dress be ready? ---In a week. 我的连衣裙要多久准备好?--一周。 How long 问________。用 for 短语答,for 可省略。 ---How long did you stay there? ---Only two days. 你在那呆了多久?---只是两 天。 [练习] 1). 你多久去游泳一次? 2). 你等了多久了? Keys: 1). How often do you go swimming? 2). How long did you wait? 6.every four years 每四年,每隔三年 eg: every four days = every fourth day 每四天,每隔三天 every other day / line every few days 每隔一天/ 行 every two or three days 每隔三天


【注】every 表示“每隔...的”,其后不可接 a few, some , many, several 等词。 7.That’t why 后面跟结果,译为:“结果.......” that is because 后面跟原因,译为:“那是因为.......” 8. No other countries could join in, nor could slaves or women. “neither/nor + be 动词/助动词/情态动词+主语”意为“……也不”,承接前面 的否定句,用倒装语序。 如: I can't afford a new car, neither/nor can he. “so+ be 动词/助动词/情态动词+主语”意为“……也”,承接前面的肯定句,用 倒装语序。 如: He is tired and so are you. [练习] 1). 如果你们今晚去看电影,我也去。

2). 我以前没去过上海, 我妹妹也没去过。 Keys: 1). If you go to the cinema tonight, so will I. 2). I haven't been to Shanghai before and neither has my sister. 9. Women are not only allowed to join in but (also) play a very important role especially in… allow 短语: 1)allow sb. sth. 允许某人某事; 2)~ sb. in(out) 允许进入(出去); 3)allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事 ~ doing sth. 允许干某事。 类似词有:advise/ permit 许可/encourage 鼓励 / forbid 禁止 eg: Passengers are not allowed to smoke in the waiting room. 在候车室乘客不允许吸烟。 We don’t allow smoking here. 我们不许在这里吸烟。 Not only…but (also)可连接各种成分, 连接句子时, not only 引起的部分需要倒装。 如:Not only do the nurse want a pay increase, but also they want to reduce(减少) hours. 10.honor n. & vt. (1) [C] 光荣的人或事 It's a great honor to be given the prize. (2) [U] 荣誉;信誉;名誉 We fight for the honor of our country. (3) vt. 搭配:? honour sb with sth 用某事来向某人表达敬意 ? be / feel honoured to do sth (做某事)感到荣幸 eg: 1)I feel highly honoured by your trust. 2) You honour us with your presence. 拓展: (1)It's a great honour to ... ....十分荣幸

(2)May I have the honour of sth /doing sth ? 可以赏光...吗? (3)show honour to sb 向某人表示敬意;尊敬某人

(4)for the honour of 为了...的荣誉 (5)in honour of sb / sth = in sb's / sth's honour 为了向...表示敬意;为了纪念... eg: 1) May I have the honour of this dance? 2) We held a grand ceremony in honour of those killed in battle. 11.There's as much competition among countries to host the Olympics as to win Olympic medals.

【句子分析】as ... as 表示同级比较,其中第一个 as 是副词,第二个 as 是连词, 常用于引导一个比较状语从句, 从句中常省略与主句相同的成分。此句的第二个 as 后省略了 a competition among countries. 此句基本结构:as much + 不可数名词 / a (an) + 单数可数名词+ as ... 和...(程度上)是一样的 (much 表示程度) eg: 1)It is generally believed that teaching is as much an art as it is a science. 人们普遍相信教学如同一门科学一样,它同样是一门艺术。 2)Getting rid of a bad habit is as much a struggle as forming a good one. 摆脱一个坏习惯如同养成一个好习惯一样需要艰苦努力。 12.It’'s still all about being able to run faster, jump higher and throw further. (1) higher 是副词作状语,是 high 的比较级。 辨析: high adj & adv. 指具体高矮程度的“高”。 highly adv. 相当于 very much , 指很高程度,表抽象意义。

eg: The player can jump really high, so we all speak highly of him. 拓展:wide ---widely deep---deeply close --- closely

eg: 1)The explorers went deep into the jungle. 2) Even father was deeply moved. (2) further 在句中是副词,是 far 的比较级。 far ----farther ---- farther ; far ---- further ---- further 辨析:farther : 多指具体的距离,“ 较远、最远” further: 多指程度上 “ 进一步” 等抽象意义。 eg: " The farther village is ten miles away," said the father. " We must go, for we have to make a further investigation into it." 13.swift adj. (1) 迅速发生;马上做出的,迅速的 eg: The White House was swift to deny the rumor. (2) 速度快的;敏捷的;矫健的 eg: He is a swift runner. 辨析: fast , rapid , swift, quick (1)fast "快的,迅速的,敏捷的“,尤用于描述高速运动的人或事物。 eg: He is the world's fastest runner in 2008. (2) rapid "短时间发生的;快速的,快捷的”,常用于描述事物变化的速度, 而非运动 或完成的速度。

eg: The disease is spreading at a rapid rate. (3) swift 通常用以描述事物发生或完成的速度“快而迅疾” eg: The government took swift action. (4) quick 常用以描述迅速或立刻完成的事 。 eg: His quick thinking saved her life. comprehending 14.similarity n. 搭配:? similarity between A and B ? similarity to sb / sth ? similarity in sth A 与 B 之间的相似性

与某人/ 某物有相似性


eg: 1) The report highlights (强调)the similarity between the two groups. 2) She bears a striking similarity to her mother. 3) There is some similarity in the way they sing. 4) This game has many similarities to a boxing match. 拓展:be similar to sb / sth

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