考点-1 arrange 【教材原句】I've been quite busy arranging my holiday with my older brother, Colin.(P22) 我最近一直忙着和哥哥科林安排我们的假期。 【例句研读】根据英语句子完成汉语句子 ①I've arranged for Mrs. Smith to look after you
for a few days. 我已 来照顾你几天。 ②I have arranged to meet her at ten o'clock. 我 十点钟去见她。 ③We were asked to make arrangements for everything. 我们被要求 。 ④We arranged a big party for Debbie’s birthday. 我们为黛比的生日 ⑤Arrange the chairs in a circle. 一圈儿。 【自主归纳】 安排某人做某事 为??安排/准备好某事 为??作准备/安排 【即时巩固】单项选择题 ①Tom is indeed a good child; he often helps his parents clean and ________ the bedrooms on Sundays. A. move B. manage C. arrange D. serve ②In their efforts to persuade us to buy the product, shopkeepers have made a close study of human nature and have ________all our little weaknesses. A. divided B. arranged C. classified D. separated 考点-2.spend 【教材原句】Colin and I plan to spend a few weeks travelling before he goes to university. (P22) 我和科林计划在他上大学之前花上几个星期去旅游。 【例句研读】根据英语句子完成汉语句子 This book cost me ten dollars and I spent one month reading it through；in other words，I paid $10 for this book(=I bought this book for $10=I bought this book at the price of $10) and it took me one month to read it over. 这本书 而且读完这本书 【自主归纳】 cost/spend/take/pay 用法辨析 cost 花费，主语为物，不用人作主语，宾语为金钱、精力、生命等，可以接单宾语，也可 以接双宾语 spend 花费，主语为人，宾语为时间、金钱、精力 常见结构为 sb. spend...on sth； sb. spend...(in)doing sth take 花费，主语为事件或人；而宾语为时间、精力等 ，而且我 。 读完它；换言之，我 买的这本书 (不可以说： 安排做某事 .) 。
常见的句型是：It takes sb. some time to do sth； Sb. take(s)some time to do sth pay 花费，主语为人，宾语为人或金钱，常与 for 连用 常见的结构为 pay sb/money for sth 另请注意：buy sth. for money, buy sth. at the price of money 我花了 20 元买这本词典。 The dictionary ＝I ＝I ＝I ＝I me twenty yuan. twenty yuan on the dictionary. twenty yuan for the dictionary. the dictionary for twenty yuan. the dictionary at the price of twenty yuan.
【即时巩固】单项选择题 ①It ________ me 5 hours ________ from here to Edinburgh. A. spend；driving B. will take；drive C. took；drove D. took；to drive ②Mr Smith ________ $ 30,000 ________ the new car. A. takes；on B. costs；on C. pays；in D. spends；on 考点-3. advance 【教材原句】Since we’ll be walking for almost two weeks, I’ll need to buy a large backpack in advance to carry my supplies of food and water. (P23) 既然我们要步行 大约两周时间，我需要事先买个大一点的 背包来装食品和水。 【例句研读】根据英语句子完成汉语句子 ①He is far in advance of his class. 他在班上 。 ②W e benefit from the continuous advance of civilization. 我们得益于文明的 。 ③He advanced many reasonable proposals. 他 许多合理的建议。 ④The date of the meeting has been advanced from Friday to Monday. 会议日期已经 。 ⑤Please give us advance warning of any changes to the schedule. 工作日程如有改动， 【自主归纳】 advance n.前进；进展；进步；提前 v.前进，促进；提出；使提前 adj.预先的，事先的 advanced adj. advance on/towards sb/sth in advance(＝beforehand＝ahead of time) in advance of... make an advance in(doing) sth 【即时巩固】完成句子 ①Our soldiers ②America is one of the most 考点-4. supply (向??前进) the enemy bravely. (advance) countries in technology. 。
【教材原句】Since we’ll be walking for almost two weeks, I’ll need to buy a large backpack in advance to carry my supplies of food and water. (P23) 既然我们要步行大约两周时间，我需要事先买个大一点的 背包来装食品和水。 【例句研读】说出下列句中 supply 一词的意思和词性 ①The manager promised us fuel, but can she guarantee its supply? ②Planes are carrying food and medical supplies for flood-hit areas. ③An American soldier supplied hundreds of secret documents to a website. ④In summer, electricity can’t supply the increasing demand in most cities. 【自主归纳】
supply，provide 和 offer 作动词用都有“供应，提供，供给”之意，三个词的主要区别在于其搭配 的差异。
【即时巩固】一句多译 媒体每天为我们提供大量的信息。 ①The media every day. ②The media eve ry day. ③The media every day. ④The media every day. 考点-5. scare 【教材原句】Our guides will have guns with them for defence — they can use the guns to scare the animals away if they come too near.(P23) 为了防卫，我们的导游都随身带枪，如果动物靠我们太近，导游就 可以用枪把它们吓跑。 【例句研读】根据英语句子完成汉语句子 ①I was scared to death when I found I was alone in the big building. 当我发现一个人呆在这栋大建筑物里时，我 ②They managed to scare the bear away/off. 他们设法 。 ③She was scared of going out alone. 她 一个人出去。 ④People are scared to take the buses late at night. 人们在深夜 乘公交车。 ⑤Local businesses were scared into paying protection money. 当地商家 只能付保护费。 ⑥The terrible noise scared her out of leaving her room. 恐怖的声音 【自主归纳】 把/被??吓死 把??吓跑 吓唬某人做某事 吓得某人不敢做某事 对??感到恐惧, 害怕 害怕/不敢做某事 【即时巩固】单项选择题 = = 房间。 。
①Seeing the ________ fire spreading in the building, she was too________ to cry for help. A. scaring, scared B. scared, scaring C. scared, scared ②T he fierce tiger _________ but she succeeded in_________. A. scared her away, scaring herself to death B. scared her to death, being scared off C. scared her to death, scaring it away 考点-6. view 【教材原句】Take a night train to Fenghuang to view a traditional way of life.(P33) 乘坐夜班火车去凤凰城，去观看传统的生活方式。 【例句研读】 ◆说出下列句中 view 一词的意思和词性 ①The new building ruins the fine view of the Swan Lake from our window. ②A good thing about mini-blog is that you can hear different people’s views. ③The famous footballer was shot in full view of a large crowd in Madrid. ④We can take a night train to Fenghuang to view a traditional way of life. ⑤The practice adopted by the city appears to be viewed favorably by most people. ◆译出下列句中划线部分 ①Most educators hold the view that children should be given enough time to play. ②Soon after we arrived, my father’s car came into view. ③In view of the nuclear leakage, many tourists cancelled their trips to Japan. ④She is viewed as an ideal candidate for the job. ⑤In my view, he is the best person for this job. 【自主归纳】 在某人看来 鉴于，考虑到 进入视野 把??看作??
D. scaring, scaring
D. scared her into dying, being scared out of dying
【即时巩固】根据括号里的汉语提示用 view 短语完成下列句子 ①___________ (我认为), the Internet has changed the way we ___________ (看待这个世界). ② Suddenly the pyramids ___________ (出现在面前). ③___________ (鉴于) these facts, it seems useless to continue with the project. ④Li Ning ___________ (被认为是) a very successful gymnast and businessman. ⑤___________ (我认为) that our dietary (饮食的) habits determine the health of the body. 考点-7. bury 【教材原句】Take a bus to Qufu, where Confucius was buried.乘坐公共汽车去曲阜，那里葬着孔子。 【例句研读】根据英语句子完成汉语句子 ①She buried her face in her hands and wept. 她 而泣。 ②Since she left, he's buried himself in his work. 自从她走以后，他 工作上。 ③Buried in reading his newspaper, he didn't take notice of his dad. ，他没注意到他的爸爸。 【自主归纳】 be buried in主语往往是人，说明人所处的状态，并不表示被动，类似的还有：
be lost in ... be caught in ... be devoted to ... be absorbed in ... be occupied in ... be involved in ...
此类词组常考查去掉 be, 以非谓语动词形式出现在句中作状语。
【即时巩固】单项选择题 ①________ deep down in the earth, the dead forests rotted away and became coal. A. Burying B. Buried C. To bury D. Having buried ②When ______ to work, which he often was, he would forget all about eating or sleeping. A. caught B. buried C. devoted D. lost
考点-8. common 【教材原句】 Today, Shangri-la has become a common English word meaning heaven on earth. (P38) 如今， “香格里拉”已经成为指代人间天堂的常用英语单词。 【例句研读】根据英语句子完成汉语句子 ①This is just common sense. Anyone with head knows it. 这是 ，任何有头脑的人都知道。 ②Despite our disagreements, we can find some common ground. 尽管有很多分歧，我们还是能够 我和珍妮没有 【自主归纳】 common, ordinary, usual, normal, average 的区别 common：共同的，常见的。指符合或具有全体所共有的特征，强调经常发生，司空见惯， 不显赫或不特别 ordinary：普通的，平常的，平凡的，常见的。含有“仅仅符合一般标准，并无非凡或独特 之处”的意义，强调等级和类属方面普通。 normal：“正常的；合乎标准的”，强调在正常情况下应有的。 usual：“通常的；惯常的；惯例的”，强调依照某人的常例来判断，有“遵循常规”之意。 average： 平均的，一般的。强调平均水平（指的是能力，类型，特征的一个平均水平） 。 用上述词填空 ①He is an ②Jack is a ④Tom is an ⑤My worker with outstanding thought. English name. . student while Jack is an excellent student chair has been moved from its usual place. 。 。 ③Jane and I have nothing in common./I have nothing in common with Jane.
③After the earthquake, everything returned to
【即时巩固】单项选择题 ①Even students with ________ intelligence can be excellent students after bettering their study habits. A. average B. unusual C. splendid D. popular ②Calling an adult Mr. or Ms. signals the adult’s authority. When a kid uses a grown-up’s title, it shows that the adult is ______. A. in common B. in turn C. in charge D. in height 考点-9. announce
【教材原句】 In September 1997, the government of Yunnan Province announced that Zhongdian was the Shangrila of Hilton's story.(P38)1997 年 9 月，云南省人民政府宣称，中甸就是希尔顿小说中描 述的香格里拉。 【例句研读】根据英语句子完成汉语句子 ①Everyone was silent as he announced the winner of the competition. 当他 时，大家都静静地倾听。 ②It was announced that new speed restrictions would be introduced. ，将有新的速度限制出台。 ③Silence please！Mr. Dave has an announcement to make. 请安静！戴夫先生 。 ④The accident was announced to his family by telephone. 已将事故 。 ⑤Fighting has been going on for a year, but war has not yet been declared. 仗已打了一年，但 。 ⑥The chairman declared this meeting (to be) closed. 主席 。 【自主归纳】 announce v. 宣布，宣称→ n. 广播员；宣告着→ n. 公告，宣告；通告 make an announcement It is/was announced that ... announce 与 declare 的辨析 announce 更接近于汉语“公布”、“告知”的意思，它所涉及的是一件对方原来不知道的事。 如： The date of his visit has not been announced. 他来访的日期尚未公布。
declare 含有庄严宣告或交代清楚的意思，含有“正式地，来自官方”的意思。比方说“宣 战”就得用 declare，宣布会议、仪式、典礼等开始或结束也用 declare。它所涉及 的事不一定是对方所不知道的。如： The accused declared himself to be innocent. 被告宣称自己无罪。 以上两句中的 anno unce 与 declare 不可互换。 但有时两个词用在同一句中都说得通。如： The government announced(declared) the danger to be past. 政府宣布危险已经过去。 declare + sth/sb + (to be) adj/noun (其中括号内的内容可省略)，而“announce”则没有这种用法 The leader declared the meeting (to be) open. (to be 可以省略)领导宣布会议开始。 announce 后面只能接名词和从句作宾语。而 declare 没有这个限制 【即时巩固】单项选择题 ①In order to increase their vote, they ________ another candidate a traitor to the country. A. announced B. declared C. thought D. conquered ②While doing shopping, people often can't help purchasing the goods ________ through media. A. advocated B. announced C. advertised D. competed 考点-10. reflect 【教材原句】Below the mountains, the sunshine reflects on the many lakes, making them shine like diamonds against the rich countryside.(P38)山脚下，阳光照在星罗棋布的湖面上，使它们在富丽乡村景色 的映衬下，如钻石般闪耀璀璨。 【例句研读】根据英语句子完成汉语句子 ①She angled the mirror so as to reflect light from a window. 她为了 而把镜子摆成某一角度。 ②Their questions forced me to reflect on why I made the choice I did. 他们的疑问令我不得不 。
③These subjects reflect their daily lives. 这些题材 最近的失业数字 小猫看到 。 。 ，感到很好奇。 ，我决定亲自前往那儿。 【自主归纳】 考虑，反思，反省，思考，仔细考虑 对??有好的/坏的看法 经再三考虑，经深思熟虑 【即时巩固】单项选择题 ①(2010 高考湖北卷) Just as the clothes a person wears, the food he eats and the friends with whom he spends his time, his house A. resembles his personality. B. strengthens C. reflects D. shapes ④The latest unemployment figures reflect badly on the government's policies. ⑤The cat felt curious when she saw her own reflection in the mirror. ⑥On/Upon reflection, I determined to go there for myself.
②Your performance as a student will be excellent if you develop a habit of ______ how you learn. A. depending on B. basing on C. reflecting on D. relying on 考点-11. think of 【教材原句】Can you think of any other exciting places to visit？(P21) 你能想到别的令人兴奋的参观地？ 【例句研读】根据英语句子完成汉语句子 ①We should think of a good way to solve this problem. 我们应该 他那样自私，他 我 来解决这个问题。 自己。 我的家一样。 ？ think of a(n) way/plan/idea What do you think of…? 注意与类似意义的词组的区别 think out：认真考虑出(计划/方案等)，侧重于思考结果。 think over：仔细考虑（侧重过程） ，over 为副词，接名词宾语时可前可后，接代词宾语时 只能放当中，如“think it over”。 think about：思索；考虑到。about 为介词，宾语只能放在 about 之后， 如 “think about it”。 【即时巩固】用 think 的恰当词组填空 ①We can do nothing until we have ②Why don’t you it a new plan. and give me a call in a couple of days. ②He is such a selfish person that he only thinks of himself. ③I think of this place as my home. ④What do you think of the film we saw last night? 你 我们昨晚看的电影 【自主归纳】 think of think of…as… think highly of
③We’ll it and give you a reply this Saturday. ④This picture makes me _______ my childhood.
考点-12. be busy doing 【教材原句】I have been quite busy planning my holiday with my elder brother, Colin. (P22) 我最近一直忙着和哥哥科林安排我们的假期。 【例句研读】译出下列句中划线部分 ①He was busy/occupied with his homework when I came. ②Prof. Hopkins is busy writing a report on his research on DNA. ③The coming final exam keeps the students busy going over their lessons. ④Tom was kept busy practicing typing on the keyboards as there was a typing test the next day. 【自主归纳】 忙于某事 忙于做某事 使某人忙于做某事 被迫忙于做某事 【即时巩固】用上述词组的正确形式填空(注意尽可能多地给出答案) The students for the coming mid-term English exam. 考点-13. set off 【教材原句】They set off at 9 a.m. and would reach the airport an hour later.（P30） 他们上午九点动身，一个小时后就可以到达机场。 【例句研读】译出下列句子中的划线部分 ①If you want to catch that train we'd better set off for the station immediately. ②Be careful that you don't set the fireworks off by mistake. ③Whatever you say will set her off crying. ④She set aside her book and lit a cigarette . 【自主归纳】 be set in set an example to sb. set out set aside set up 【即时巩固】用含有 set 词组的恰当形式填空 ① ②We need firecrackers a traditional way to celebrate the New Year in China. finding a solution.
set about（doing） s et fire to (= set…on fire)
③This novel ④The police have
London in the 1960s. to look into the case.
⑤The police hasn't found out who the storehouse. 考点-14.be tired of 【教材原句】Are you tired of seeing the same view out of your window?(P38)你厌倦了窗外相同的风景吗？ 【例句研读】译出下列句子 ①I'm tired of the endless advertisements on TV. ②She is tired of what some socalled famous stars have done.
③He was tired out from/with the long walking. ④A tiring journey will makes you tired.
⑤At last he got home, tired and hungry 【自主归纳】 be tired out (from/with ...) be tired of 【即时 巩固】单项选择题 ①(2009 高考浙江卷)_______and short of breath, Andy and Ruby were the first to reach the top of Mount Tai. A. To be tried dog. A. being tired 考点-15. reach to 【教材原句】Hilton described a beautiful kingdom where three rivers joined together, steep mountains reached to the sky, and fields of long grass covered the earth.(P38) 希尔顿描绘了一个美丽的国度，那里三 流 交汇，奇峰高耸，深草如茵盖大地。 【例句研读】译出下列句中划线部分 ①When will they reach Los Angeles? ②An agreement was finally reached between the two sides. ③This street reaches to the beach. ④Tom's salary reached to 5,000 dollars per month. ⑤The boy reached out for book on the top of the shelf, but couldn’t reach it. ⑥I keep the medicine on the top shelf, out of the children’s reach. 【自主归纳】 到达某地 延伸到某处 伸手去抓/够某物 手不能及 达成协议 伸手 力所不能及 伸手可及 B . tiring C. tired D. to be tired B. Tired C. Tiring D. Being tired from work, I will spend some time walking my ②(2009 高考湖南卷)Every evening after dinner, if not be tired from/with ...
特别注意：tired and hungry 等形容词短语作状语以及上述词组中不用“be”被省略的情况。
【即时巩固】单项选择题 ①The boy ________ the apple on the table but couldn’t _______it. A. reached for, reach B. reached, reach for C. reached, reach D. reached for, reach for ②Please leave matches or cigarettes on the table out of the ________of the children. A. hand B. reach C. space D. distance ③I would like to put my dictionary _____. A. out of my reach B. beyond my reach C. within my reach D. reaching me ④This new model of car is so expensive that it is________ the reach of those with average incomes. A. over B. beyond C. within D. below 考点-16. in harmony with 【教材原句】In this peaceful land, people live in perfect harmony with nature far away from the noise and worry of the outside world.(P38) 在这片宁静的土地上， 人们和大自然和谐相处， 远离外界的喧嚣和烦
恼。 【例句研读】译出下列句中划线部分 ①The harmony of sea and sky makes a beautiful picture. ②The sky and the sea make a harmonious picture. ③They have Been living in harmony with each other for many years. ④They are out of harmony with each other. They often quarrel. ⑤The new building doesn’t harmonize with its surroundings . 【自主归纳】 harmony n. 和谐，协调，融洽→ adj.和谐的，友好和睦的 → v.使??和谐、协调 与??协调/和谐 (be) 与??不协调/和谐 (be) 【即时巩固】根据汉语句子完成英语句子 ①我们特别需要与我们的环境相协调。 There is great need for us to ②小提琴与其他乐器不协调。 The violin the rest of the instruments. ③您能不能告诉我怎么和别人和谐相处呢？ Could you tell me how others? our environment.
考点-1.wish+(that)宾语从句 【教材原句】Wish you were here (Page 21)如果你在这里就好了！ 【句法分析】wish 后跟 that(往往可以省略)宾语从句,意为“但愿??,希望??”，往往表示与事实情况相
【考点聚焦】从句中谓语动词的形式 意义 表示现在的愿望 表示将来的愿望 表示过去的愿望 【即时巩固】 ①—Where are the children? The dinner’s going to be completely ruined. —I wish they always late. A. weren’t B. hadn’t been C. wouldn’t be D. wouldn’t have been ②I wish that you _____ such a bad headache because I’m sure that you would have enjoyed the concert. A. hadn’t B. didn’t have had C. hadn’t had D. hadn’t have 考点-2.before 引导的从句 【教材原句】Colin and I plan to spend a few weeks travelling before he goes to university. ( P22) 我和科林打算在他上大学之前外出旅游， 玩上几个星期。 【句法分析】before 在此译为“在??之前”，引导时间状语从句。 【考点聚焦】before 引导的其它从句 ①It won't be＋一段时间＋before ... ??(before 从句用一般现在时) ②It will be＋一段时间＋before ... ??(before 从句用一般现在时) ③It wasn't ＋一段时间＋before ... ??(before 从句用一般过去时) ④It was＋一段时间＋before ... ??(before 从句用一般过去时) 【即时巩固】单项选择题 从句谓语形式 (be 动词用 +动词原形 +过去分词 )
①You can’t borrow books from the school library _______ you get your student card. A. before B. if C. while D. as ②The girl had hardly rung the bell greet her . A. before B. until the door was opened suddenly, and her friend rushed out to C. as D. since
③You must learn to consult your feelings and your reason ________ you reach any decision. A. although B. before C. because D. unless 考点-3. as…as possible 句型 【教材原句】 We’ll try to get as close as possible to the animals, even though they are dangerous, so that I can take some really good photos.(P23)尽管这些动物很危险，但是我们还是要尽可能地靠近它产，以便 能拍到一些真正好的照片。 【句法分析】as…as possible 表示“ ??” ，可以和“as…as one can”转换。 We’ll try to get as close as possible to the animals= We’ll t ry to get animals 【考点聚焦】as +形容词或副词+ as 本来表示同级比较，而我们这儿所讲的是构成一定的句式或是构成固定 的短语，表示程度。这两个方面都是高考的重点。 【即时巩固】单项选择题 ①In ancient times, people rarely travelled long distances and most farmers only travelled market. A. longer than B. more than C. as much as D. as far as ②This training program can give you a lift at work, ____ increase you r income by 40%. A. as well as B. so long as C. so much as D. as soon as ③A typhoon swept across tiffs area with heavy rains and winds _______strong as 113 miles per hour. A. too B. very C. so D. as 考点-4. This/It +连系动词+the ... time (that) ...句型 【教材原句】I was very excited because this was the first time I had seen one wildlife.(P25) 我很兴奋，因为这是我第一次见到野生动物。 【句法分析】This/It is the first time ...为常用句型，表示“这是第一次??”。 It/This is/will be the first/second ...time that 从句(现在完成时) It/This w as the first/second ...time that 从句(过去完成时) This is the second time that I Beijing.这是我第二次来到北京。 It was the first time that China her own aircraft carrier. 这是中国第一次拥有自己的航空母舰。 【考点聚焦】与“It's (high) time that sb. should do/did sth.到某人应该做某事的时候了”句型的区别 It's (high) time that we should do/did something to stop pollution. 该是我们做些什么制止污染的时候了。 另外 the first time 还可以引导时间状语从句。 The first time I saw her, she looked like an old woman. 当我第一次见到她时，她看上去就像个老太婆。 【即时巩固】单项选择题 ①This is the first time I a film in the cinema together as a family. A. see B. had seen C. saw D. have seen ②Jack is a great talker. It’s high time that he A. will do B. has done something instead of just talking. C. do D. did
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考点-5. be about to do ...when ...句型 【教材原句】Colin was about to get off the camel when a child ran towards him.(P30)
科林正打算从骆驼上下来，这时一个小孩向他跑来。 【句法分析】be about to do ...when ... 是一个常用句式，意为“ 我们正要出发，这时天开始下雨。 We it began to rain. 我正要睡觉，这时电话铃响了 I the telephone rang.。 【考点聚焦】该句型还有下列三种形式 某人正在做某事，这时??： 某人正要做某事，这时??： 某人刚做完某事，这时??： 【即时巩固】单项选择题 ①Tom was about to close the window ________ his attention was caught by a bird. A. when B. if C. and D. till ②We were just ________ calling you up ________ you come in. A. about; when B. on the point of; while C. on the point of; when D. on the point of; as