2014 届高考英语一轮复习自选训练 阅读理解 32
I live in the land of Disney, Hollywood and year-round sun. You may think people in such a splendid, fun-filled place are happier than others. If so, you
have some mistaken ideas about the nature of happiness. Many intelligent people still equate happiness with fun. The truth is that fun and happiness have little or nothing in common. Fun is what we experience during an act. Happiness is what we experience after an act. It is a deeper, more lasting emotion 网] Going to an amusement park or ball game, watching a movie or television, are fun activities that help us relax, temporarily forget our problems and maybe even laugh. But they do not bring happiness, because their positive effects end when the fun ends. I have often thought that if Hollywood stars have a role to play, it is to teach us that happiness has nothing to do with fun. These rich, beautiful individuals have constant access to glamorous parties, fancy cars, expensive homes, everything that spells “happiness”. But in memoir（回忆录） after memoir, they reveal the unhappiness hidden beneath all their fun: depression, alcoholism, drug addiction, broken marriages, troubled children and profound loneliness. Ask a bachelor why he resists marriage, if he’s honest, and he will tell you that he is afraid of making a commitment, for commitment is in fact quite painful. The single life is filled with fun, adventure and excitement. Marriage has such moments, but they are not its most distinguishing features. Similarly, couples that choose not to have children are deciding in favor of painless fun over painful happiness. They can dine out whenever they want and sleep as late as they can. Couples with infant children are lucky to get a whole night’s sleep or a three-day vacation. I don’t know any parent who would choose the word fun to describe raising children. Understanding and accepting that true happiness has nothing to do with fun is one of the most liberating（解放性的）realizations. It liberates time: now we can devote more hours to activities that can genuinely increase our happiness. It liberates money: buying that new car or those fancy clothes that will do nothing to increase our happiness now seems pointless. And it liberates us from envy: we now understand that all those rich and glamorous people we were so sure are happy
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because they are always having so much fun actually may not be happy at all.
5. We can learn from the passage that____________.
A. fun creates long-lasting satisfaction B. fun provides enjoyment while pain leads to happiness C. happiness is lasting whereas fun is short-lived D. fun that is long-standing may lead to happiness 6. To the author, the role Hollywood stars will play is to _________. A. write memoir after memoir about their happiness B. tell the public that happiness has nothing to do with fun C. teach people how to enjoy their lives D. bring happiness to the public instead of going to parties 7. In the author’s opinion, marriage____________. A. affords greater fun C. indicates duty and devotion B. leads to raising children D. usually ends up in pain
8. Which of the following is the best example of “painful happiness”? A. Winning lottery by accident. C. Raising children. B. A bachelor resisting marriage. D. Buying some fancy clothes.
9. If one gets the meaning of the true sense of happiness, he will____________. A. stop playing games and joking with others B. keep himself with his family C. give a free hand to money D. use his time to increase happiness
阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项。 A
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Matt Scott, who was born with spina bifida (脊柱裂)，grew up in Detroit, Michigan, where he participated in a variety of sports alongside his healthy friends. Now as a member of University of Wisconsin -Whitewater wheelchair basketball team, Scott has won four national championships, and has recently been selected to the Paralympic team for the second time. The 23- year--old college senior owes his achievements to his hard work and the support of his friends and family, who never allowed him to use his disability as an excuse. "My mother was always great. Whenever I felt giving up, she had no sympathy. She really helped me build my independence by not babying me the way other mothers would have." Scott says.It was Scott' s independent nature and strong will, along with his on the - court skills, that attracted the attention of America's most influential sports apparel (衣 服 )company, Nike. Nike was searching for an athlete with a disability to represent its "Just Do It " trademark. A handful of superstar athletes with disabilities came to audition for the role, but the company picked Scott to star in the 30 --second commercial. "I think that they were looking for the prettiest face in America, and found me," Scott jokes about the selection process. After being picked, Scott flew to California to film the commercial with Oscar - winning documentary director Errol Morris. The ad gave Scott celebrity ( 名 人 ) status in the community of disabled athletes. He's been asked to speak at a number of disability - related events, and feels it's his duty to use the media to draw attention to those with disabilities. " I ' ve been given a voice, and I want to do whatever I can to break down the social barriers that are still faced by disabled athletes, and make people realize that they have a very high athletic level," Scott says. 1.When Scott was young, ______________
A. he only played basketball with other disabled children B. he became disabled during a basketball match C. his friends looked down upon him during basketball matches D. his mother didn't give him special treatment 2.Nike chose Scott to star in its commercial for his __________________ . a. pretty appearance c. strong will b. independent nature d. excellent basketball skills
e. status in the community of disabled athletes A. b c e B. a d e C. a b d D. b c d
3.The underlined phrase "audition for " in the second paragraph means " ______________________ ". A. try out for B. look out for C. take on D. pick out
4.Which of the following about Scott is TRUE? A. He has graduated from the University of Wisconsin ― Whitewater. B. He thinks it's unwise for the disabled to use disability as an excuse. C. He starred in a commercial together with Errol Morris. D. He thinks it's important to have many goals.
参考答案 1-4.DDAB **************************************************结束 B
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Everyone gathered around and Paddy read out loud, slowly, his tone growing sadder and sadder. The little headline said: BOXER RECEIVES LIFE SENTENCE. Frank Cleary,aged 26,professional boxer. was today found guilty of the murder of Albert Cumming , aged 32, laborer ,last July. The jury (陪审团)reached its decision after only ten minutes, recommending the most severe punishment the court could give out.It was, said the judge,a simple case. Cumming and Cleary had quarreled violently at the Harbour Hotel on July 23rd and police saw Cleary kicking at the head of the unconscious Cumming. When arrested,Cleary was drunk but clear-thinking… Cleary was sentenced to life imprisonment with hard labour .Asked if he had anything to say , Cleary answered，“Just don't tell my mother.” "It happened over three years ago, " Paddy said helplessly. No one answered him or moved, for no one knew what to do. "Just don't tell my mother, "said Fee numbly. "And no one did!Oh. God! My poor, poor Frank!" Paddy wiped the tears from his face and said. 'Fee, dear, pack your things. We'll go to see him. " She half-rose before sinking back. Her eyes in her small white face stared as if dead. "I can't go ." she said without a hint of pain, yet making everyone feel that the pain was there. "It would kill him to see me. I know him so well -- his pride, his ambition. Let him bear the shame alone， what he wants. We've got to help him keep his secret. What good it's will it do him to see us? " Paddy was still weeping, but not for Frank; for the life which had gone from Fee's face, for the dying in her eyes. Frank had always brought bitterness and misfortune ,always stood between Fee and himself. He was the cause of her withdrawal from his heart and the hearts of his children.Every time it looked as if there might be happenings for Fee . Frank took it away. But Paddy's love for her was as deep and impossibile to wipe out as hers was for Frank. So he said, " Well, Fee, we won't go . But we must make sure he is taken care of. How about if I write to Father Jones and ask him to look out for Frank? The eyes didn't liven ,but a faint pink stole into her cheeks " Yes. Paddy, do that . Only make sure he knows not to tell Frank we found out .Perhaps it would ease Frank to think for certain that we don't know" 5.Which of the following is true according to the passage? A. Frank was found guilty of murder because he was a professional boxer. B. The family didn't find out what happened to Frank until three years later C. The jury and the judge disagreed on whether Frank had committed murder. D. Frank didn't want his family to find out what happened because Paddy disliked him. 6. Paddy didn't cry for Frank because he thought_______. A. Frank did kill someone and deserved the punihment B .Frank should have told Fee what had happened C. what had happened to Frank was killing Fee D. Frank had always been a man of bad moral character
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7."She half-rose before sinking back…" (in Paragraph 6) shows that _____________. A. Fee was so heart-broken that she could hardly stand up B .Fee didn't want to upset Paddy by visiting Frank C .Fee couldn't leave her family to go to see Frank D .Fee struggled betwccn wanting to See Frank and respecting his wish 8.What is Fee's probable relationship with Frank and Paddy? A Son and brother B Son and husband C Brothcr and lover D Lover and husband
参考答案 5-8 BCDB *************************************************结束 C There is a boy in my gym class (I’ll call him Bill) who has unbearably yellow teeth that almost make everyone feel unpleasant. Recently another boy told Bill that he should “go Ajax” his teeth. Bill was crushed. Had the other boy been thinking, he would have realized that there is a better way to handle such a situation. He could have dealt with it with tact. He could have showed this hurtful truth in a more careful, sensitive way—that’s “tact”. If a person isn’t sensitive to another’s feelings, there is no way he or she can be tactful. Yesterday, my 5-year-old brother proudly announced that he had cleaned the screen on our television set. Unfortunately, he used furniture polish(亮光油), which produced an oily film on the television screen. My mother smiled and thanked him for his efforts—and then showed how to clean the screen properly. Her sensitivity enables my brother to keep his self-respect. Yet, sensitivity alone does not make tact. “Tactfulness” also requires “truthfulness”.Doctors, for example, must be truthful. If a patient has just been disabled in an accident, a tactful doctor will tell the truth—but express it with sensitivity. The doctor may try to give the patient hope by telling them curing techniques under study or about advanced equipment now available. Doctors must use tact with patients relatives as well. Instead of bluntly saying, “Your husband is disabled,” a doctor might say, “I’m sorry, but your husband has lost feeling in his legs and…” Tact should not be confused with trickery. Trickery occurs when a nurse is about to give a patient an injection and says, “This won’t hurt a bit.” Instead of trickery, the nurse might guarantee the patient that the discomfort of the injection is a small thing compared to the benefits of it. It would also be thoughtful for the nurse to tell the patients about some of these benefits. Tact is a wonderful skill to have, and tactful people are usually admired and respected. Without tact our society would become an intolerable place to live in. 9.When told he should “go Ajax” his teeth, Bill probably felt ________________. A．surprised B．cheated C．regretful D． painful 10.According to the author, his mother’s praise for the brother is _______________.
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A．both sensitive and tactful B．sensitive but not tactful enough C．truthful but not tactful D．sensitive but trickish 11.The fourth paragraph mainly talks about __________________. A．how to comfort the patients B．how to use trickery carefully C．differences between trickery and promises D．another feature of tact 12.Which of the following shows the structure of the passage? (The numbers stand for the paragraphs)
参考答案 9-12 DBDC **************************************************结束
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