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连词和状语从句


连词和状语从句高考考点精讲
课前体验领悟
1. The new teacher was so well-organised that she began _________________________________(昨 天停止的地方) so that no point was left out. 2. __________________________

_____________(虽然电脑对我们日常生活很方便), it may also cause other problems. 3. Your mind is running out. Change your mind_____________________________(趁着还不太晚)! 4. _______________________________________( 除非孩子们相信他们能够成功 ) , they will never become totally independent.

考点一:并列连词
1.表并列关系: and(和),not only...but (also)...(不仅...而且...),neither(也不),nor(也不),neither...nor..(既 不...也不...). E.g. The report has __________attracted much attention,_________some sharp criticism. 那篇报道不仅吸引了许多关注,同时也遭到了一些尖锐的批评。 ________does he work hard, _____does his brother. 他和他兄弟工作都不努力。 * when 用作并列连词时,常用于以下句型: be about to do...when...正准备做...这时 be doing ...when...正在做...这时 be on the point of doing ...when...正要做...这时 had just done...when...刚做完...这时 2.表选择关系:or(或者、否则), either...or...(要么...要么...)otherwise(否则)等 E.g. Don’t drive so fast __________you’ll have an accident. 不要开那么快,否则你会出事的。 3.表转折关系:but(但是),yet(然而),while(虽然、然而),whereas(然而),instead(反而),however(但是). E.g. Some people are rich, _________others are poor. 一些人很富有,但是另一些人很贫穷。 4.表因果关系:so(因此), for(因为), therefore(因此). E.g. It must have rained last night______it is wet all over. 昨晚一定下雨了,到处都这么湿。

1.when 引导时间状语从句,意为“当......时” ,主句动作和从句动作同时或先后发生。 2.while 引导时间状语从句,意为“与......同时” “在......期间” ,从句常用延续性动词或状态动词。 3.ss 引导时间状语从句,意为“正当;一边......一边......;随着”表示两个动作同时发生。 4.as soon as, immediately, directly, instantly, the moment, the minute, the instant, no sooner...than..., hardly/scarcely...when 和 once 引导时间状语从句,表示从句动作一发生,主句动作就发生。译为 “一......就......”从句中一般时态代替将来时态。 5.before 表示“还未......就......;不到.....就.....;还没来得及......就......” 6.until/till 主句为肯定句式,谓语用延续性动词;主句为否定句时,谓语用非延续性动词。 E.g. ________he knocked at the door, I was sleeping. Father was cleaning the car______ I was doing my homework. _____she sang, tears ran down her cheeks. The boy burst into tears_________________he saw his father. We won’t start our discussion _________he comes. * when 还可表原因,意为“既然” It was foolish of you to take a taxi ______ you could easily walk there in five minutes. 既然你五分钟就可以走到那儿,可你还打的去,真的太傻了。 * 几个常用的固定句型: ①No sooner had sb done ...when...did“刚一......就......”(had sb done 部分倒装) Hardly/scarcely had sb done...when...did“刚一......就......”(had sb done 部分倒装) It will be +一段时间+before...“多久之后才......” It won’t be +一段时间+before...“不久之后就......” It is/has been/was +一段时间+since...did...“自从做/不做.......已经多久了” E.g. I had hardly got to the office_________my wife phoned me to go back at home at once. John thinks it won’t be long _________he is ready for his new job. It’s three years _________the war broke out.

考点三:地点状语从句
1.通常由连词 where/wherever 引导,从句可位于主句前、后。 E.g.The little girl who got lost decided to remain _________she was and wait for her mother. 那个迷路的小女孩决定在原地等她妈妈。 2.地点状语从句在句首时常兼有抽象条件意味。 E.g. Where there is a will, there is a way. 有志者事竟成。 * where 引导的状语从句和定语从句的区别。

考点二:时间状语从句

Where 引导地点状语从句直接修饰动词, 而在定语从句中 where 作为关系副词要跟在表示地点 的先行词后面,这时可以转换为相应的“介词+which”来引导。 E.g. When solving the problem a second time, you’d better be more careful where you made a mistake. where 引导地点状从 = When solving the problem a second time, you’d better be more careful in the place where you made a mistake. Where 引导定语从句 He works ________his father once worked. He works in a factory_____________his father once worked. A number of high buildings have arisen________there was nothing a year ago but ruins. Put it back exactly_______you found it.

2. while 作“尽管”讲,引导让步状语从句时,往往放在句首。 _______the Internet is of great help, I don’t think it’s a good idea to spend too much time on it. * whatever(wherever,whoever...)和 no matter who(when, what...)的区别: no matter who(when, what...)只能引导让步状语从句 whatever(wherever,whoever...)不仅能引导让步状语从句还能引导名词性从句。 E.g. I won’t believe you______________________you say. ______________________you say has nothing to do with me.

考点六:原因状语从句
1. 由 because,since,as,for,now that, seeing that(考虑到),considering that(考虑到)引导。 because:语气最强,回答 why 提出的问题 as:表示显而易见的原因,从句位于主句前 since/now that:表示已知原因 for:解释原因,对主句补充说明 E.g. ---Why did he fail the exam? ---_______he was too careless. ---Did he pass the exam? ---No, he didn’t,_____he was too careless. It must have rained last night,___ground is all wet. ____it was fine that day, they decided to go fishing. _____everyone has come,let’s begin our meeting.

考点四:条件状语从句
1. 通常由 if “如果”unless“如果不;除非”as(so) long as “只要” ;in case (that)“结果,万一” once “一旦”when “既然”等连词引导。 E.g. You can borrow my car _____________________you promise not to drive too fast. 只要你答应不要开得太快,我可以把车借给你。 2. 由 on condition (that) , provided (that), providing (that) “倘若,假使” ;supposing (that), in case “如果”等引导条件状语从句。 E.g. You can go swimming on condition that you don’t go too far from the river bank. 只有不离河岸太远你才能下去游泳. E.g. One’s life has value____________one brings value to the life of others. A.so that B. no matter how C.as long as D.except that ---May I borrow your book Steve Jobs? ---_________you return it before Friday. A If only .B.The moment C. On condition that D.Now that It’s hard for the Greek government to get over the present difficulties _____it gets more financial support form the European Union. A. if B. unless C. because D. since

考点七:目的状语从句
1.由 so that, in order that, in case( 以 防 ),for fear that( 担 心 发 生 某 事 ) 引 导 , 从 句 常 用 would,might,could,can,may 等情态动词。 E.g. Jose cupped his hands together to cover his mouth____________other people would see him cry. I usually take something to read when I travel by train___________I feel bored. I opened the window ___________fresh air might come in.

考点八:方式状语从句
1.由 as if, as though 引导。若从句后面的句子与事实不符,应采用虚拟语气。 E.g. He talked about the topic as if he_______an adult. He told us a lot about the moon as if he ____________to the moon.

考点五:让步状语从句
1. 让步状语从句可由 although(虽然), though(虽然), as(尽管), while(尽管), even if(though)(虽然), whatever(wherever,whoever...)(无论什么), whether...or..(无论是......还是......).,no matter who(when, what...)等引导。 E.g._________serious a problem you may have, you should gather your courage to face the challenge. _________much I practice, I shall never win a Olympic gold medal.

考点九:结果状语从句
1.由 so that, so...that, such...that 来引导 E.g. I got up earlier_____________I caught the first bus. Harry Porter is ____interesting a book _____almost all kids like reading it. Harry Porter is _____an interesting book ____almost all kids like reading it.


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